List of presidents of Madagascar

  (Redirected from President of Madagascar)

This is a list of presidents of Madagascar, since the establishment of the office of President in 1959, during the Malagasy Republic.

President of the
Republic of Madagascar
Presidential Standard of Madagascar.svg
Presidential Standard
Andry Rajoelina portrait UN.jpg
Incumbent
Andry Rajoelina

since 19 January 2019
ResidenceIavoloha Palace
Term length5 years
Inaugural holderPhilibert Tsiranana
Formation1 May 1959

KeyEdit

Political parties
Other factions
Status
  •   Denotes Acting President

List of officeholdersEdit

(Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office)

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Elected Term of office Political affiliation Prime Minister(s)
Took office Left office Time in office
Malagasy Republic (within the French Community)
  Philibert Tsiranana
(1912–1978)
1 May 1959 26 June 1960 1 year, 56 days PSD Position abolished
Malagasy Republic (independent country)
1   Philibert Tsiranana
(1912–1978)
1965
1972
26 June 1960 11 October 1972
(resigned.)[a]
12 years, 107 days PSD Ramanantsoa
2   Gabriel Ramanantsoa
(1906–1979)[b]
1972
(referendum)
11 October 1972 5 February 1975
(resigned.)
2 years, 117 days Military Himself
  Richard Ratsimandrava
(1931–1975)[b]
5 February 1975 11 February 1975
(assassinated.)
6 days Military Position abolished
  Gilles Andriamahazo
(1919–1989)[c]
12 February 1975 15 June 1975 123 days Military
  Didier Ratsiraka
(1936–)[d]
15 June 1975 30 December 1975 198 days Military
Democratic Republic of Madagascar
3   Didier Ratsiraka
(1936–)[e]
1982
1989
30 December 1975 12 January 1992 16 years, 13 days Military /
AREMA
Rakotomalala
Rakotoniaina
Rakotoarijaona
Ramahatra
Razanamasy
Third Republic of Madagascar
3   Didier Ratsiraka
(1936–)
12 January 1992 27 March 1993 1 year, 74 days AREMA Razanamasy
4   Albert Zafy
(1927–2017)
1992–93 27 March 1993 5 September 1996
(resigned.)
3 years, 162 days UNDD Razanamasy
Ravony
Rakotovahiny
Ratsirahonana
  Norbert Ratsirahonana
(1938–)
5 September 1996 9 February 1997 157 days AVI Himself
3   Didier Ratsiraka
(1936–)
1996 9 February 1997 (25 February 2002)[f]
15 July 2002
5 years, 146 days AREMA Ratsirahonana
Rakotomavo
Andrianarivo
Rasolondraibe
5   Marc Ravalomanana
(1949–)
2001
2006
(22 February 2002)[g]
15 July 2002
17 March 2009
(deposed.)
6 years, 255 days TIM Sylla
Rabemananjara
  Hyppolite Ramaroson
(1951–)[h]
17 March 2009
(several hours.)
0 days Military Position vacant
High Transitional Authority
  Andry Rajoelina
(1974–)
(7 February 2009)
17 March 2009
25 January 2014 4 years, 314 days TGV Roindefo
Mangalaza
Manorohanta
Vital
Beriziky
Fourth Republic of Madagascar
6   Hery Rajaonarimampianina
(1958–)
2013 25 January 2014 7 September 2018 4 years, 225 days HVM Beriziky
Kolo
Ranelonarivo
Solonandrasana
Ntsay
  Rivo Rakotovao
(1960–)
7 September 2018 19 January 2019 134 days HVM Ntsay
7   Andry Rajoelina
(1974–)
2018 19 January 2019 Incumbent 360 days TGV Ntsay

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Stepped down amidst massive political protests, and handed over power to the military (after the referendum on military rule).
  2. ^ a b Styled as Head of State.
  3. ^ Styled as Chairman of the National Military Leadership Committee.
  4. ^ Styled as Chairman of the Supreme Revolutionary Council.
  5. ^ Styled as Chairman of the Supreme Revolutionary Council until 4 January 1976.
  6. ^ Based in Toamasina.
  7. ^ Based in Antananarivo.
  8. ^ Styled as Head of Military Directorate.

Latest electionEdit

Candidate Party First round Second round
Votes % Votes %
Andry Rajoelina Young Malagasies Determined 1,954,023 39.23 2,586,938 55.66
Marc Ravalomanana Tiako I Madagasikara 1,760,837 35.35 2,060,847 44.34
Hery Rajaonarimampianina Hery Vaovao ho an'ny Madagasikara 439,070 8.82
Andre Christian Dieu Donne Mailhol GFFM 63,391 1.27
Joseph Martin Randriamampionona Total Refoundation of Madagascar 57,903 1.16
Ny Rado Rafalimanana FOMBA 57,476 1.15
Andrianiaina Paul Rabary MIASA 48,980 0.98
Randriamanantsoa Tabera KINTANA 48,705 0.98
Haingo Andrianjakamalala Rasolofonjoa Avotra ho an'ny firenena 47,932 0.96
Mamy Richard Radilofe Roso ho amin'ny Demokrasia Sosialy 42,748 0.86
Eliana Bezaza Social Democratic Party 40,882 0.82
Jean Ravelonarivo Antokom-Bahoaka 29,224 0.59
Lalaoarisoa Marcellin Andriantseheno Tafajiaby 28,252 0.57
José Michel Andrianoelison ARO-RIAKA 26,572 0.53
Richard Razafy Rakotofiringa SJIAM 26,534 0.53
Andriamparany Benjamin Radavidson National Unity, Freedom & Development 25,420 0.51
Saraha Rabeharisoa Liberal Democratic Party 23,685 0.48
Olivier Mahafaly Solonandrasana PARRAINAGE 23,437 0.47
Didier Ratsiraka Association for the Rebirth of Madagascar 22,222 0.45
Roland Ratsiraka Malagasy Tonga Saina 21,377 0.43
Serge Jovial Imbeh Antoky ny Fivoaran'ny Malagasy 18,962 0.38
Zafimahaleo Dit Dama Mahaleo Rasolofondraosolo Manajary Vahoaka 16,367 0.33
Omer Beriziky Antsika Madagasikara 15,352 0.31
Jean Jacques Ratsietison Fahefa-Mividy no Ilain'ny Malagasy 15,281 0.31
Erick Francis Rajaonary Malagasy Miray sy Mifankatia 14,758 0.30
Rivomanantsoa Orlando Robimanana Madagsikara Vina sy Fanantenana 14,561 0.29
Fanirisoa Ernaivo ZAMA–PATRAM 14,117 0.28
Arlette Ramaroson PARRAINAGE 12,645 0.25
Falimampionona Rasolonjatovo FITAMBOLAGNELA/IAD 12,276 0.25
Jean Max Rakotomamomjy LEADER-Fanilo 11,377 0.23
Rolland Jules Etienne Madagasikara Fivoarana 10,756 0.22
Bruno Rabarihoela Fahazavan'i Madagasikara 9,981 0.20
Roseline Emma Rasolovoahangy Ezaka Mampandroso Antsika 8,578 0.17
Jean Louis Zafivao Gasy Mifankatia 6,162 0.12
Stephan Narison Antoko Gasy Miara Mandroso 5,675 0.11
Solo Norbert Randriamorasata Democratic Union of the Christians of Madagascar 5,086 0.10
Invalid/blank votes 386,946 119,557
Total 5,367,550 100 4,767,342 100
Registered voters/turnout 9,949,083 53.95 9,912,599 48.09
Source: Constitutional Court (first round, second round)

External linksEdit