The president of Cyprus, officially the President of the Republic of Cyprus,[a] is the head of state and the head of government of Cyprus, as well as the commander-in-chief of the Cypriot National Guard. The office was established by the Constitution of 1960, after Cyprus gained its independence from the United Kingdom.
|President of the Republic of Cyprus|
|Πρόεδρος της Κυπριακής Δημοκρατίας (Greek)|
Kıbrıs Cumhuriyeti Cumhurbaşkanı (Turkish)
since 28 February 2023
|Executive branch of the Government of Cyprus|
|Style||Mr President (informal)|
His Excellency (diplomatic)
|Status||Head of State, Head of Government|
|Member of||European Council|
|Term length||Five years, renewable once consecutively|
|Constituting instrument||Cypriot Constitution|
|Formation||16 August 1960|
|First holder||Makarios III|
|Deputy||Vice President of Cyprus (de jure)|
President of the House of Representatives (de facto)
|Salary||119,000 EUR annually|
Uniquely among member states of the European Union, in Cyprus the roles of head of state and government are combined, making Cyprus the only EU state with a full presidential system of government.
The Constitution requires the president to be a Greek Cypriot, over the age of thirty-five, elected directly in a two-round system. The president's term lasts for five years, and under the Thirteenth Amendment of the Constitution no person can serve more than two consecutive presidential terms.
Nikos Christodoulides is the 8th and current president of Cyprus, having assumed office on February 28, 2023.
According to the Constitution, the President of the Republic is the Head of State, and is elected for a five year term through direct, universal and secret ballot.
Among the most important powers granted to the President of the Republic by the Constitution, are the power to put into effect laws passed by the House of Representatives or the right of veto to prevent legislation passed by the House from being enacted, if a given law concerns issues of the external policy, security and defense of the Republic, the right to refer such legislation back to the legislative body, as well as the right to refer it to the Supreme Court for the purposes of checking its constitutionality.
In addition, the President convenes the meetings of the Council of Ministers and draws up their agenda, while maintaining the right of veto for council meetings as well, provided that they concern issues of external policy, security and defense of the Republic, as well as the right to refer them back to the aforementioned body.
Today, under the doctrine of necessity, the president appoints eleven ministers, who constitute the country's Cabinet, and with the exception of the powers reserved by the 9Constitution explicitly for the President and Vice President of the Republic, exercise the executive authority of the state.
Furthermore, the Constitution grants the president the power to unilaterally appoint independent state officials and Supreme Court judges.
Removal from the officeEdit
There are two ways for the President of the Republic to be removed from office. In the first case, they must be convicted by the Supreme Court for high treason, following prosecution by the prosecutor general and the deputy prosecutor general, which has to been approved by a resolution of at least three-quarters of Members of Parliament. In the second case, they must be convicted of a dishonorable offense or an offense of moral turpitude, following prosecution by the prosecutor general and the deputy prosecutor general, which has to be approved by the President of the Supreme Court.
§ Elected unopposed
† Died in office
|Took office||Left office||Time in office|
|16 August 1960||15 July 1974|
|13 years, 333 days||Independent||1959|
|15 July 1974||23 July 1974||8 days||Progressive Front||–|
|23 July 1974||7 December 1974||137 days||Eniaion||–|
|7 December 1974|
|3 August 1977 †||2 years, 239 days||Independent||–|
|3 August 1977||28 February 1988||10 years, 209 days||DIKO||1978[§]|
|28 February 1988||28 February 1993||5 years||Independent|
supported by AKEL
|28 February 1993||28 February 2003||10 years||DISY||1993|
|28 February 2003||28 February 2008||5 years||DIKO|
supported by AKEL
|28 February 2008||28 February 2013||5 years||AKEL||2008|
|28 February 2013||28 February 2023||10 years||DISY||2013|
|28 February 2023||Incumbent||89 days||Independent|
supported by DIKO, EDEK, DIPA, Solidarity
|Candidate||Party||First round||Second round|
|Averof Neofytou||Democratic Rally||103,748||26.11|
|Christos Christou||National Popular Front||23,988||6.04|
|Constantinos Christofides||New Wave – The Other Cyprus||6,326||1.59|
|Celestina de Petro||Independent||575||0.14|
|Ioulia Khovrina Komninou||United Cyprus Republican Party||330||0.08|
|Loukas Stavrou||National Communitarian Reconstruction||165||0.04|
|Source: Central Electoral Service, Central Electoral Service|
|#||President||Date of birth||Age at inauguration
|Time in office
|Age at retirement
|Date of death||Longevity|
|1||Makarios III||August 13, 1913||47 years, 3 days||16 years, 211 days||63 years, 355 days||August 3, 1977||63 years, 355 days|
|2||Spyros Kyprianou||October 28, 1932||44 years, 310 days||10 years, 178 days||55 years, 123 days||March 12, 2002||69 years, 135 days|
|3||Georgios Vassiliou||May 20, 1931||56 years, 284 days||5 years, 0 days||61 years, 284 days||Living||92 years, 8 days (Living)|
|4||Glafcos Clerides||April 24, 1919||73 years, 310 days||10 years, 0 days||83 years, 310 days||November 15, 2013||94 years, 205 days|
|5||Tassos Papadopoulos||January 7, 1934||69 years, 52 days||5 years, 0 days||74 years, 52 days||December 12, 2008||74 years, 340 days|
|6||Demetris Christofias||August 29, 1946||61 years, 183 days||5 years, 0 days||66 years, 183 days||June 21, 2019||72 years, 296 days|
|7||Nicos Anastasiades||September 27, 1946||66 years, 154 days||10 years, 0 days||76 years, 154 days||Living||76 years, 243 days (Living)|
|8||Nikos Christodoulides||6 December 1973||49 years, 85 days||89 days (Ongoing)||Incumbent||Living||49 years, 173 days (Living)|
- ^ Supported by DIKO, EDEK, DIPA, Solidarity, Active Citizens – United Cypriot Hunters Movement and Animal Party Cyprus
- ^ Supported by AKEL and Generation Change
- ^ Supported by Famagusta for Cyprus