President of Azerbaijan

The president of the Republic of Azerbaijan is the head of state of Azerbaijan.

President of
the Republic of Azerbaijan
Azərbaycan Prezidenti
Flag of the President of Azerbaijan.svg
Standard of the President
Ilham Aliyev was interviewed by Euronews TV (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Ilham Aliyev

since 31 October 2003
Typehead of state
ResidenceZuğulba Residence in Baku
Presidential Palace in Ganjlik
Term lengthSeven years,
unlimited number of terms[1]
Formation30 August 1991 (de facto)
27 November 1995 (de jure)
First holderAyaz Mutalibov
DeputyVice President of Azerbaijan
Salary180,000 AZN annually[2]
WebsiteThe President of Azerbaijan

The Constitution states that the president will be the embodiment of executive power, commander-in-chief, "representative of Azerbaijan in home and foreign policies", and that he "shall have the right of immunity [from prosecution]." The president rules through his executive office, the Presidential Administration, consisting of a group of secretaries and departmental ministers. Additionally, there is a Cabinet of Ministers regarding economic and social policy and a Security Council regarding foreign, military, and judicial matters.

Chief military advisors to the president of Azerbaijan have included Turkish Air Force Brig. Gen. Yasar Demirbulak (1992–1994), Maj. Gen. Nuraddin Sadykhov (1993–1999), Col. Gen. Tofig Aghahuseynov (1997–2002) and National Security Lt. Gen. Vahid Aliyev (since April 2002).

Among the agencies directly subordinate to the president is the Special State Protection Service.

According to the Constitution of Azerbaijan, the same person can be on the post of President an unlimited number of terms.

Ilham Aliyev, son of the former president, Heydar Aliyev, elected as 4th and current president on 31 October 2003 after his father's resignation due to his deterioation health.

Selection process

Eligibility

Candidates for the position must be Azerbaijani citizens without age restrictions and have lived in Azerbaijan for at least 10 years.[3]

Election

Each faction in the National Assembly has the right to nominate a candidate for the presidential elections. The minimum number of signatures for a presidential candidate fielded by a political party with no parliamentary representation is 40,000, before amendments to the law.[4]

Term of office

Prior to 2009, the term of office was five years, with a maximum of two terms. A referendum in 2009 removed the limit on the number of terms, and in 2016, another referendum increased the term to seven years. According to the Azerbaijani administration, a longer term would provide for more continuity in decision-making. The Venice Commission, of which Azerbaijan is a member, warned that this and other provisions of the referendum gave "unprecedented" authority to the president, and could severely upset the balance of power.[1]

Insignia

After the oath of office has been taken by the elected president, these following insignia are handed over to the president. These devices are used to display the rank of his office and are used on special occasions.

Standard (flag)

The standard is a square version of the Azerbaijani flag, charged in the center with the Azerbaijani coat of arms. Golden fringe is added to the standard. Copies of the standard are used inside his office, other state agencies, and while the president is traveling in a vehicle inside Azerbaijan.[5] A 2:3 ratio version of the flag is used when the President is at sea. This is the most used symbol to denote the presence of the Azerbaijan president.

Powers and duties

Guarantor of the Constitution

As the guarantor of the Constitution and the entire system of constitutional law, the president ensures that the constitutions, laws and regulations of the constituent territories of the Azerbaijan be in full compliance with the country's Constitution and federal laws.

Foreign policy

The president is invested with extensive rights to implement the state's foreign policy. The president determines Azerbaijan's position in international affairs and represents the state in international relations, conducts negotiations and signs ratification documents.

Residences

The primary working president's residence is the presidential building (also known as the presidential apparatus) on Istiglaliyyat Street in Baku.[6][7][8]

The current (since 2008) home president's residence is Zagulba (Azerbaijani: Zaqulba).[9]

Also, the president has several vacation residences outside of Baku.

Transport

National transport services for the Azerbaijan president are provided by the Special Purpose Garage,[10] which is a unit within the Special State Protection Service.[11]

The presidential aircraft uses the same colour scheme as standard AZAL aircraft, except for the use of the Azerbaijan coat of arms or the Presidential Standard on the empennage instead of the flag of Azerbaijan.

Presidents of the Republic of Azerbaijan (1991–present)

For leaders before independence, see List of leaders of Azerbaijan
No. President
(birth–death)
Term of office Political party Government Elected Ref
Portrait Name Took office Left office Days
1   Ayaz Mutallibov
Azerbaijani: Ayaz Mütəllibov
(born 1938)
30 August 1991 6 March 1992 189 None 1. Mütəllibov II 1991
Nagorno-Karabakh War; Khojaly Massacre; Capture of Shusha; 1991 Azerbaijani Mil Mi-8 shootdown. Forced to submit his resignation after pressure from Azerbaijan Popular Front.
-   Yagub Mammadov (acting)
Azerbaijani: Yaqub Məmmədov
(born 1941)
6 March 1992 14 May 1992 69 None [12]
Ousted by the armed revolt led by Azerbaijan Popular Front.
(1)   Ayaz Mutallibov
Azerbaijani: Ayaz Mütəllibov
(born 1938)
14 May 1992 18 May 1992 4 None Mütəllibov II
Deposed from his duty after takeover by Azerbaijan Popular Front.
-   Isa Gambar (acting)
Azerbaijani: İsa Qəmbər
(born 1957)
19 May 1992 16 June 1992 28 Azerbaijani Popular Front Party [13]
Took temporary duties of president until the national elections in 1992.
2   Abulfaz Elchibey
Azerbaijani: Əbülfəz Elçibəy
(1938–2000)
16 June 1992 1 September 1993 442 Azerbaijani Popular Front Party 2. Elçibəy I 1992 [14]
Among the Soviet republics the Russian army was first withdrawn from Azerbaijan; The national currency of Azerbaijan was put into circulation; State Treasure Foundation was established; Entrance examinations to the high and vocational educational was held with test method for the first time; The foundation of private institutions in the education field was permitted; The passage to the Latin alphabet; Founded the SOCAR; Re-established Azerbaijani Armed Forces; Operation Goranboy.
3   Heydar Aliyev
Azerbaijani: Heydər Əliyev
(1923–2003)
3 October 1993 31 October 2003 3680 New Azerbaijan Party 3. H.Əliyev II 1993
1998
[15]
Founded the YAP; Heydar Aliyev's cult of personality; Baku–Tbilisi–Ceyhan pipeline; South Caucasus Pipeline; 1994 Baku Metro bombings. Survived coup attempt in 1995.
4   Ilham Aliyev
Azerbaijani: İlham Əliyev
(born 1961)
31 October 2003 Incumbent 6203 New Azerbaijan Party 6. İ.Əliyev I 2003
2008
2013
2018
[16]
Azerbaijan was elected as a non-permanent member to United Nations Security Council; foiled 2007 Baku terrorist plot; Azerbaijan State Oil Academy shooting; 2010 Mardakert skirmishes; Forced evictions in Baku; 2011 Azerbaijani protests; Eurovision Song Contest 2012; 2013 Baku protests; He was criticised for restricting the freedom of media and accused of violating human rights; 2014 Armenian–Azerbaijani clashes; 2014 Nagorno-Karabakh Mil Mi-24 shootdown; 2015 Baku residence building fire; 2015 European Games; 2016 Nagorno-Karabakh clashes; 2020 Armenian–Azerbaijani clashes; 2020 Nagorno-Karabakh conflict.

Last election

Candidate Party Votes %
Ilham Aliyev New Azerbaijan Party 3,394,898 86.02
Zahid Oruj Independent 122,956 3.12
Sardar Mammadov Azerbaijan Democratic Party 119,621 3.03
Gudrat Hasanguliyev Whole Azerbaijan Popular Front Party 119,311 3.02
Hafiz Hajiyev Modern Equality Party 59,924 1.52
Araz Alizadeh Social Democratic Party 54,533 1.38
Faraj Guliyev National Revival Movement Party 45,967 1.17
Razi Nurullayev Independent 29,229 0.74
Invalid/blank votes 12,413
Total 3,958,852 100
Registered voters/turnout 5,332,817 74.24
Source: CEC

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Azerbaijan holds referendum to extend president's term". Reuters. 26 September 2016. Retrieved 24 April 2019 – via www.reuters.com.
  2. ^ "5 Highest Paid Asian Political Leaders". Archived from the original on 26 July 2018.
  3. ^ "AZƏRBAYCAN RESPUBLİKASINDA DÖVLƏT HAKİMİYYƏTİ HAQQINDA ÜMUMİ MƏLUMAT". www.taxes.gov.az (in Azerbaijani). Archived from the original on 13 August 2014. Retrieved 10 August 2014.
  4. ^ "Ten Candidates Registered For Azerbaijani Presidential Election". www.rferl.org. Archived from the original on 28 October 2014. Retrieved 28 October 2014.
  5. ^ "Standard of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan" (PDF). Administrative Department of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan Presidential Library. Archived (PDF) from the original on 25 July 2014. Retrieved 19 April 2018.
  6. ^ "Kompass catalog". Archived from the original on 10 March 2012. Retrieved 10 August 2014.
  7. ^ "ПРЕЗИДЕНТСКИЙ АППАРАТ АЗЕРБАЙДЖАНСКОЙ РЕСПУБЛИКИ". Archived from the original on 12 August 2014. Retrieved 10 August 2014.
  8. ^ Baku Information Archived 2011-10-04 at the Wayback Machine
  9. ^ ВИЗИТ НЕ ВЕЖЛИВОСТИ. gazeta-nv.info (in Russian). Archived from the original on 12 August 2014. Retrieved 10 August 2014.
  10. ^ Republic of Azerbaijan - Special State Protection Service Archived 2011-07-06 at the Wayback Machine
  11. ^ Heydar Aliyev's Heritage International Online Library: Speech by President of the Republic of Azerbaijan, Heydar Aliyev, the High Chief in a ceremony marking the 5th anniversary of the founding of the National Guard - National Guard headquarters in Azerbaijan, 25 December 1996 Archived 24 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine (in Russian)
  12. ^ "Yaqub Məmmədov nurçuları Azərbaycana gətirənin adını açıqladı - MÜSAHİBƏ". publika.az (in Azerbaijani). Archived from the original on 19 August 2014. Retrieved 19 August 2014.
  13. ^ "İsa Qəmbər on adam.az". adam.az (in Azerbaijani). Archived from the original on 19 August 2014. Retrieved 19 August 2014.
  14. ^ (in French) "Les liaisons dangereuses de la police turque" Archived 2013-11-05 at the Wayback Machine, Le Monde diplomatique, March 1997
  15. ^ Lewis, Paul. "H.A. Aliyev, K.G.B. Officer And Azeri Leader, 80, Dies". www.nytimes.com. The New York Times. Archived from the original on 11 August 2014. Retrieved 2 August 2014.
  16. ^ "Azerbaijan's Ilham Aliyev claims election victory". www.bbc.co.uk. BBC. Archived from the original on 23 February 2015. Retrieved 19 August 2014.

External links