President of Azerbaijan
|President of |
the Republic of Azerbaijan
Standard of the President
|Type||head of state|
|Residence||Zuğulba Residence in Baku|
Presidential Palace in Ganjlik
|Term length||Seven years,|
unlimited number of terms
|Formation||30 August 1991 (de facto)|
27 November 1995 (de jure)
|First holder||Ayaz Mutalibov|
|Deputy||Vice President of Azerbaijan|
|Salary||180,000 AZN annually|
|Website||The President of Azerbaijan|
The Constitution states that the president will be the embodiment of executive power, commander-in-chief, "representative of Azerbaijan in home and foreign policies", and that he "shall have the right of immunity [from prosecution]." The president rules through his executive office, the Presidential Administration, consisting of a group of secretaries and departmental ministers. Additionally, there is a Cabinet of Ministers regarding economic and social policy and a Security Council regarding foreign, military, and judicial matters.
Chief military advisors to the president of Azerbaijan have included Turkish Air Force Brig. Gen. Yasar Demirbulak (1992–1994), Maj. Gen. Nuraddin Sadykhov (1993–1999), Col. Gen. Tofig Aghahuseynov (1997–2002) and National Security Lt. Gen. Vahid Aliyev (since April 2002).
Among the agencies directly subordinate to the president is the Special State Protection Service.
According to the Constitution of Azerbaijan, the same person can be on the post of President an unlimited number of terms.
Candidates for the position must be Azerbaijani citizens without age restrictions and have lived in Azerbaijan for at least 10 years.
Each faction in the National Assembly has the right to nominate a candidate for the presidential elections. The minimum number of signatures for a presidential candidate fielded by a political party with no parliamentary representation is 40,000, before amendments to the law.
Term of office
Prior to 2009, the term of office was five years, with a maximum of two terms. A referendum in 2009 removed the limit on the number of terms, and in 2016, another referendum increased the term to seven years. According to the Azerbaijani administration, a longer term would provide for more continuity in decision-making. The Venice Commission, of which Azerbaijan is a member, warned that this and other provisions of the referendum gave "unprecedented" authority to the president, and could severely upset the balance of power.
After the oath of office has been taken by the elected president, these following insignia are handed over to the president. These devices are used to display the rank of his office and are used on special occasions.
The standard is a square version of the Azerbaijani flag, charged in the center with the Azerbaijani coat of arms. Golden fringe is added to the standard. Copies of the standard are used inside his office, other state agencies, and while the president is traveling in a vehicle inside Azerbaijan. A 2:3 ratio version of the flag is used when the President is at sea. This is the most used symbol to denote the presence of the Azerbaijan president.
Powers and duties
Guarantor of the Constitution
As the guarantor of the Constitution and the entire system of constitutional law, the president ensures that the constitutions, laws and regulations of the constituent territories of the Azerbaijan be in full compliance with the country's Constitution and federal laws.
The president is invested with extensive rights to implement the state's foreign policy. The president determines Azerbaijan's position in international affairs and represents the state in international relations, conducts negotiations and signs ratification documents.
Also, the president has several vacation residences outside of Baku.
- Honorary escort (motorcycles)
- Airplanes for long-distance travel
- Boeing 767-300ER 4K-AI01 "Baku-1" Main aircraft
- Airbus A319-100 4K-AI02 "Baku-2"
- Gulfstream G550 4K-AI06
The presidential aircraft uses the same colour scheme as standard AZAL aircraft, except for the use of the Azerbaijan coat of arms or the Presidential Standard on the empennage instead of the flag of Azerbaijan.
Presidents of the Republic of Azerbaijan (1991–present)
- For leaders before independence, see List of leaders of Azerbaijan
|Term of office||Political party||Government||Elected||Ref|
|Portrait||Name||Took office||Left office||Days|
Azerbaijani: Ayaz Mütəllibov
|30 August 1991||6 March 1992||189||None||1. Mütəllibov II||1991|
|Nagorno-Karabakh War; Khojaly Massacre; Capture of Shusha; 1991 Azerbaijani Mil Mi-8 shootdown. Forced to submit his resignation after pressure from Azerbaijan Popular Front.|
|-||Yagub Mammadov (acting)
Azerbaijani: Yaqub Məmmədov
|6 March 1992||14 May 1992||69||None||—||—|||
|Ousted by the armed revolt led by Azerbaijan Popular Front.|
Azerbaijani: Ayaz Mütəllibov
|14 May 1992||18 May 1992||4||None||Mütəllibov II||—|
|Deposed from his duty after takeover by Azerbaijan Popular Front.|
|-||Isa Gambar (acting)
Azerbaijani: İsa Qəmbər
|19 May 1992||16 June 1992||28||Azerbaijani Popular Front Party||—||—|||
|Took temporary duties of president until the national elections in 1992.|
Azerbaijani: Əbülfəz Elçibəy
|16 June 1992||1 September 1993||442||Azerbaijani Popular Front Party||2. Elçibəy I||1992|||
|Among the Soviet republics the Russian army was first withdrawn from Azerbaijan; The national currency of Azerbaijan was put into circulation; State Treasure Foundation was established; Entrance examinations to the high and vocational educational was held with test method for the first time; The foundation of private institutions in the education field was permitted; The passage to the Latin alphabet; Founded the SOCAR; Re-established Azerbaijani Armed Forces; Operation Goranboy.|
Azerbaijani: Heydər Əliyev
|3 October 1993||31 October 2003||3680||New Azerbaijan Party||3. H.Əliyev II||1993
|Founded the YAP; Heydar Aliyev's cult of personality; Baku–Tbilisi–Ceyhan pipeline; South Caucasus Pipeline; 1994 Baku Metro bombings. Survived coup attempt in 1995.|
Azerbaijani: İlham Əliyev
|31 October 2003||Incumbent||6203||New Azerbaijan Party||6. İ.Əliyev I||2003
|Azerbaijan was elected as a non-permanent member to United Nations Security Council; foiled 2007 Baku terrorist plot; Azerbaijan State Oil Academy shooting; 2010 Mardakert skirmishes; Forced evictions in Baku; 2011 Azerbaijani protests; Eurovision Song Contest 2012; 2013 Baku protests; He was criticised for restricting the freedom of media and accused of violating human rights; 2014 Armenian–Azerbaijani clashes; 2014 Nagorno-Karabakh Mil Mi-24 shootdown; 2015 Baku residence building fire; 2015 European Games; 2016 Nagorno-Karabakh clashes; 2020 Armenian–Azerbaijani clashes; 2020 Nagorno-Karabakh conflict.|
|Ilham Aliyev||New Azerbaijan Party||3,394,898||86.02|
|Sardar Mammadov||Azerbaijan Democratic Party||119,621||3.03|
|Gudrat Hasanguliyev||Whole Azerbaijan Popular Front Party||119,311||3.02|
|Hafiz Hajiyev||Modern Equality Party||59,924||1.52|
|Araz Alizadeh||Social Democratic Party||54,533||1.38|
|Faraj Guliyev||National Revival Movement Party||45,967||1.17|
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|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ilham Aliyev.|
- The President of Azerbaijan
- The President of Azerbaijan (in Azerbaijani)
- The President of Azerbaijan (in Russian)