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The Republic of Peru has two Vice Presidents who are elected along with the President in democratic elections. Their only mission is to replace the President in case of death, travel, judge, and other cases. Vice Presidents are first in the Presidential line of succession.

Vice President of
the Republic of Peru
Flag of Peru (state).svg
Mercedes Aráoz (cropped).png
Incumbent
Mercedes Aráoz

since 28 July 2016
StyleMadame Vice President
ResidenceGovernment Palace
AppointerDirect popular election
Term lengthFive years, not renewable immediately
Inaugural holderAntonio Gutiérrez de la Fuente (1829)
Formation1829-1831 and since 1858
SuccessionSecond Vice President
President of Congress
Websitewww.presidencia.gob.pe

Historically, position of unique Vice President was in place between 1829–1831 and 1858–1862. Positions of First and Second Vice Presidents has been in place since 1862.

The current Vice President of Peru is Mercedes Araoz, who succeeded Martin Vizcarra in 2018 after he assumed the presidency per constitutional succession following the resignation of President Pedro Pablo Kuczynski. She is the third woman to become Vice President of Peru, and she is the second Peruvians for Change vice president.

In contemporary history, only one vice president has assumed the presidency of Peru via constitutional succession. The 66th Vice President of Peru, Martin Vizcarra, assumed the office of the presidency on March 28, 2018 after the graft scandal that led to the ousting of Pedro Pablo Kuczynski.

Contents

HistoryEdit

The position of Vice President of Peru appeared for the first time in the Constitution of 1823:

"ARTICLE 76: There will be a Vice President in whom the same qualities concur. He/she will administer and withhold Executive Power in event of the death, resignation, or impeachment of the President, or when the president is unable to control the armed forces." Constitution of 1823

First Vice PresidentEdit

The Constitution of 1828 and the Life Constitution of 1826 also proposed only one vice president, who had to be appointed by the president. In the Constitution of 1834, the office was disbanded until the Magna Carta of 1856, which reinstated the sole vice-presidency.

Second Vice PresidentEdit

The Constitution of 1860 established two vice-presidents, elected jointly with the President.

Article 89: "There will be two Vice Presidents of the Republic, named first and second, who will be elected at the same time, with the same qualities and for the same period as the President. Constitution of 1860

In the Constitution of 1867, the power of vice-presidents was eminently curtailed. However, this constitution held in place for a short period until a successful revolution of that same year restored the Constitution of 1860.

Similarly, the Constitution of 1920 abolished the positions of vice-presidents. The Constitution of 1933 failed to change this, but the office was eventually restored by the second presidency of Óscar R. Benavides, by law on April 1, 1936. In 1939, via plebiscitary consultation, a constitutional amendment was made restoring the office of vice president and second vice president.

The 1993 Constitution and the current constitution in force—put forth by President Alberto Fujimori— recognizes the double vice-presidency in the Executive Branch.

List of Vice Presidents of PeruEdit

Portrait # Vice President Political Party Inaugurated Left office President Notes
1 - Antonio Gutiérrez de la Fuente 1 September 1829 16 April 1831 Agustín Gamarra
2 - Juan Manuel del Mar 24 October 1858 16 June 1862 Ramón Castilla
3 First Juan Antonio Pezet Military 24 October 1862 5 August 1863 Miguel de San Román
4 Second Pedro Diez Canseco Military 24 October 1862 5 August 1863
5 First Mariano Herencia Zevallos Military 2 August 1868 27 July 1872 José Balta
6 Second Francisco Diez Canseco Military 2 August 1868 27 July 1872
7 First Manuel Costas Arce Civilista Party 2 August 1872 2 August 1876 Manuel Pardo y Lavalle
8 Second Francisco Garmendia Puértolas Civilista Party 2 August 1872 2 August 1876
9 First Luis La Puerta 2 August 1876 18 December 1879 Mariano Ignacio Prado
10 Second José Francisco Canevaro 2 August 1876 18 December 1879
11 First Lizardo Montero Flores 12 March 1881 6 November 1881 Francisco García Calderón
12 Second Andrés Avelino Cáceres 12 March 1881 6 November 1881
13 First Remigio Morales Bermúdez Constitutional Party 3 June 1886 10 August 1890 Andrés Cáceres
14 Second Aurelio Denegri Constitutional Party 3 June 1886 10 August 1890
15 First Pedro Alejandrino del Solar Constitutional Party 10 August 1890 1 April 1894 Remigio Morales Bermúdez
16 Second Justiniano Borgoño Constitutional Party 10 August 1890 1 April 1894
17 First César Canevaro Constitutional Party 10 August 1894 20 March 1895 Andrés Cáceres
18 Second Cesáreo Chacaltana Reyes Constitutional Party 10 August 1894 20 March 1895
19 First Guillermo Billinghurst Democratic Party 8 September 1895 8 September 1899 Nicolás de Piérola
20 Second Augusto Seminario Váscones Democratic Party 8 September 1895 8 September 1899
21 First Isaac Alzamora Alianza Civil-Demócrata 8 September 1899 8 September 1903 Eduardo López de Romaña
22 Second Federico Bresani Alianza Civil-Demócrata 8 September 1899 8 September 1903
23 First Lino Alarco Brediñana Civilista Party 8 September 1903 7 May 1904 Manuel Candamo
24 Second Serapio Calderón Civilista Party 8 September 1903 7 May 1904
25 First José Salvador Cavero Ovalle Civilista Party 24 September 1904 24 September 1908 José Pardo y Barreda
26 First Eugenio Larrabure y Unanue Civilista Party 24 September 1908 24 September 1912 Augusto Leguía
27 Second Belisario Sosa Constitutional Party 24 September 1908 24 September 1912
28 First Roberto Leguía Civilista Party 24 September 1912 4 February 1914 Guillermo Billinghurst
29 Second Miguel Echenique Civilista Party 24 September 1912 4 February 1914
30 First Ricardo Bentín Sánchez Alianza Civil-Constitucional-Liberal 18 August 1915 4 July 1919 José Pardo y Barreda
31 Second Melitón Carvajal Alianza Civil-Constitucional-Liberal 18 August 1915 4 July 1919
32 First César Canevaro 12 October 1919 31 October 1922 Augusto Leguía
33 Second Agustín de la Torre González 12 October 1919 12 October 1924
34 First Ernesto Montagne Markholz Peruvian Army 13 April 1936 8 December 1939 Óscar R. Benavides
35 Second Antonio Rodríguez Ramírez Peruvian Army 13 April 1936 8 December 1939
36 First Rafael Larco Herrera Conservative 8 December 1939 28 July 1945 Manuel Prado Ugarteche
37 Second Carlos D. Gibson Conservative 8 December 1939 28 July 1945
38 First José Gálvez Barrenechea National Democratic Front 28 July 1945 29 October 1948 José Bustamante y Rivero
39 Second Eduardo Ganoza y Ganoza National Democratic Front 28 July 1945 29 October 1948
40 - Zenón Noriega Agüero Peruvian Army 29 October 1948 1 June 1950 Manuel A. Odría
41 First Héctor Boza Odriíst National Union 28 July 1950 28 July 1956
42 Second Federico Bolognesi Odriíst National Union 28 July 1950 28 July 1956
43 First Luis Gallo Porras Peruvian Democratic Movement 28 July 1956 18 July 1962 Manuel Prado Ugarteche
43 Second Carlos Moreyra y Paz Soldán Peruvian Democratic Movement 28 July 1956 18 July 1962
44 First Nicolás Lindley López Peruvian Army 18 July 1962 3 March 1963 Ricardo Pérez Godoy
45 Second Pedro Vargas Prada Peruvian Army 18 July 1962 3 March 1963
46 First Edgardo Seoane Corrales Popular Action 28 July 1963 3 October 1968 Fernando Belaúnde Terry
47 Second Mario Polar Ugarteche Christian Democracy 28 July 1963 3 October 1968
48 - Luis Edgardo Mercado Jarrín Peruvian Army 3 October 1968 30 August 1975 Juan Velasco Alvarado
49 - Pedro Richter Prada Peruvian Army 30 August 1975 28 July 1980 Francisco Morales Bermúdez
50 First Fernando Schwalb López Aldana Popular Action 28 July 1980 28 July 1985 Fernando Belaúnde Terry [1]
51 Second Javier Alva Orlandini Popular Action 28 July 1980 28 July 1985 [1]
52 First Luis Alberto Sánchez Peruvian Aprista Party 28 July 1985 28 July 1990 Alan García Pérez [1]
53 Second Luis Alva Castro Peruvian Aprista Party 28 July 1985 28 July 1990 [1]
54 First Máximo San Román Change 90 28 July 1990 5 April 1992 Alberto Fujimori [1]
55 Second Carlos García y García Change 90 28 July 1990 5 April 1992 [1]
56 First Ricardo Márquez Flores Change 90-New Majority 28 July 1995 28 July 2000 [1]
57 Second César Paredes Canto Change 90-New Majority 28 July 1995 28 July 2000 [1]
58 First Francisco Tudela Peru 2000 28 July 2000 22 November 2000 [1]
59 Second Ricardo Márquez Flores Peru 2000 28 July 2000 22 November 2000 [1]
60 First Raúl Diez Canseco Popular Action 28 July 2001 30 January 2004 Alejandro Toledo Manrique [1]
61 Second David Waisman Possible Peru 28 July 2001 28 July 2006 [1]
62   First

His ExcellencyEdit

Luis Giampietri

Peruvian Aprista Party 28 July 2006 28 July 2011 Alan García Pérez [1]
63   Second

Second Vice President of PeruEdit

Lourdes Mendoza

Peruvian Aprista Party 28 July 2006 28 July 2011 [1]
64   First

Her ExcellencyEdit

Marisol Espinoza

Peruvian Nationalist Party 28 July 2011 28 July 2016 Ollanta Humala [1]
65   Second

Second Vice President of PeruEdit

Omar Chehade

Peruvian Nationalist Party 28 July 2011 16 January 2012 [1]
66   First

His Excellency the PresidentEdit

Martín Vizcarra

Peruvians for Change 28 July 2016 21 March 2018 Pedro Pablo Kuczynski
637   Second

Her ExcellencyEdit

Mercedes Aráoz

Peruvians for Change 28 July 2016 23 March 2018
68 First 23 March 2018 Incumbent Martín Vizcarra

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p "Presidentes y vicepresidentes desde 1980 en Perú, crisis y realidades". 26 July 2018.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Vice Presidents of Peru at Wikimedia Commons