Prime Minister of Montenegro

The prime minister of Montenegro (Montenegrin: Премијер/Премијерка Црне Горе, romanizedPremijer/Premijerka Crne Gore), officially the president of the Government of Montenegro (Montenegrin: Предсједник/Предсједница Владе Црне Горе, romanizedPredsjednik/Predsjednica Vlade Crne Gore), is the head of the government of Montenegro. The role of the prime minister is to direct the work of the government, and to submit to the Parliament the government's program, which includes a list of proposed ministers. The resignation of the prime minister would cause the dissolution of his government.

Prime Minister of Montenegro
Предсједник Владе Црне Горе
Coat of arms of Montenegro (seal).svg
Dritan Abazovic (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Dritan Abazović

since April 28, 2022
AppointerParliament of Montenegro
Term lengthNo term limit
Inaugural holderBožo Petrović-Njegoš
FormationMarch 20, 1879
SalaryUS$15,522 annually[1]
Websitewww.gov.me

The current prime minister, Dritan Abazović, a leader of civic political party United Reform Action, was approved by the Parliament of Montenegro on April 28, 2022, after the formation of the 43rd government of Montenegro in Cetinje.[2]

HistoryEdit

The first modern Montenegrin government was established on March 20, 1879, during the Principality of Montenegro. The title of the head of government was President of the Ministerial Council (Предсједник Министарског савјета).

On August 28, 1910, Montenegro was proclaimed a kingdom. During both the principality and the kingdom, the office was of no major importance or influence but depended solely on the will of the sovereign Nikola I. After the capitulation of Montenegro to the Central Powers on January 15, 1916, during World War I, the government went into exile and remained abroad until it ceased to exist. After the decision of the Podgorica Assembly on November 26, 1918, to unify Montenegro with Serbia and the subsequent formation of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, Stojan Protić became the prime minister of the newly formed Kingdom on December 20, 1918. The deposed King Nikola I continued to appoint prime ministers of Montenegro in exile until his death in 1921. The government of Montenegro in exile ceased to exist shortly afterwards, in 1922.

Under the communist regime, Montenegro obtained its own government on March 7, 1945. On that day, a ministry for Montenegro was created within the government of Yugoslavia (as for all the other five republics), with a minister for Montenegro in charge of creating the first real government of post-war Montenegro, which took place on April 17, 1945. Governments were headed by a prime minister until February 4, 1953, by a president of the Executive Council until January 15, 1991, and again by a prime minister since then.

List of prime ministers of MontenegroEdit

Preceding postsEdit

MonarchyEdit

  True People's Party   People's Party   Non-party

Head of Government Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political party Monarch
Took office Left office Time in office
Principality of Montenegro Nikola I
 
(1860–1921)
1   Vojvoda
Božo Petrović-Njegoš
(1846–1929)
March 20, 1879 December 19, 1905 26 years, 274 days Independent
2   Lazar Mijušković
(1867–1936)
December 19, 1905 November 24, 1906 340 days True People's Party
3   Marko Radulović
(1866–1935)
November 24, 1906 February 1, 1907 69 days People's Party
4   Andrija Radović
(1872–1947)
February 1, 1907 April 17, 1907 75 days People's Party
5   Lazar Tomanović
(1845–1932)
April 17, 1907 August 28, 1910 3 years, 133 days Independent
Kingdom of Montenegro
(5)   Lazar Tomanović
(1845–1932)
August 28, 1910 June 19, 1912 1 year, 296 days Independent
6   Vojvoda
Mitar Martinović
(1870–1954)
June 19, 1912 May 8, 1913 323 days True People's Party
7   Serdar
Janko Vukotić
(1866–1927)
May 8, 1913 July 16, 1915 2 years, 69 days Independent
8   General
Milo Matanović
(1879–1955)
July 16, 1915 January 2, 1916 170 days Independent
(2)   Lazar Mijušković
(1867–1936)
January 2, 1916 January 25, 1916 23 days True People's Party
Montenegrin government-in-exile
(2)   Lazar Mijušković
(1867–1936)
January 25, 1916 May 12, 1916 108 days True People's Party
(4)   Andrija Radović
(1872–1947)
May 12, 1916 January 17, 1917 250 days People's Party
(8)   General
Milo Matanović
(1879–1955)
January 17, 1917 June 11, 1917 145 days Independent
9   Evgenije Popović
(1842–1931)
June 11, 1917 February 17, 1919 1 year, 251 days Independent
10   General
Anto Gvozdenović
(1853–1935)
February 17, 1919 March 1, 1921 2 years, 12 days Independent
11   Jovan Plamenac
(1873–1944)
March 1, 1921 January 13, 1922 318 days True People's Party Mihailo
 
(1921–1922)
12   General
Milutin Vučinić
(1869–1922)
January 13, 1922 February 13, 1922 31 days True People's Party
(10)   General
Anto Gvozdenović
(1853–1935)
February 13, 1922 July 13, 1922 150 days Independent
From 1922 until 1941 territory of Montenegro was part of Zeta oblast and later banovina within Kingdom of Yugoslavia.

Heads of administrations before 1945Edit

Socialist republicEdit

  Communist Party/League of Communists

Head of Government Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political party
Took office Left office Time in office
Minister for Montenegro
  Milovan Đilas
(1911–1995)
March 7, 1945 April 17, 1945 41 days Communist Party
Prime Minister of NR Montenegro
1
(13)
  General
Blažo Jovanović
(1907–1976)
April 17, 1945 February 4, 1953 7 years, 293 days Communist Party
(party renamed)
League of Communists
(party renamed)
President of the Executive Council
1
(13)
  General
Blažo Jovanović
(1907–1976)
February 4, 1953 December 16, 1953 315 days League of Communists
2
(14)
  Filip Bajković
(1910–1985)
December 16, 1953 July 12, 1962 8 years, 208 days League of Communists
3
(15)
  Đorđije Pajković
(1917–1980)
July 12, 1962 June 25, 1963 348 days League of Communists
4
(16)
  Veselin Đuranović
(1925–1997)
June 25, 1963 December 8, 1966 3 years, 166 days League of Communists
5
(17)
  Mijuško Šibalić
(1915–1995)
December 8, 1966 May 5, 1967 148 days League of Communists
6
(18)
  Vidoje Žarković
(1927–2000)
May 5, 1967 October 7, 1969 2 years, 155 days League of Communists
7
(19)
  Žarko Bulajić
(1922–2009)
October 7, 1969 May 6, 1974 4 years, 211 days League of Communists
8
(20)
  Marko Orlandić
(1930–2019)
May 6, 1974 April 28, 1978 3 years, 357 days League of Communists
9
(21)
  Momčilo Cemović
(1928–2001)
April 28, 1978 May 7, 1982 4 years, 9 days League of Communists
10
(22)
  Radivoje Brajović
(born 1935)
May 7, 1982 June 6, 1986 4 years, 30 days League of Communists
11
(23)
  Vuko Vukadinović
(1937–1993)
June 6, 1986 March 29, 1989 2 years, 296 days League of Communists
12
(24)
  Radoje Kontić
(born 1937)
March 29, 1989 February 15, 1991 1 year, 323 days League of Communists

Parliamentary republicEdit

  Democratic Party of Socialists   United Reform Action   Independent

Head of Government Name
(Birth–Death)
Election Term of office Political party President
Took office Left office Time in office
Republic of Montenegro
1
(25)
  Milo Đukanović
(born 1962)
1990
1992
1996
February 15, 1991 February 5, 1998 6 years, 355 days Democratic Party of Socialists Momir Bulatović
 
(1990–1998)
2
(26)
  Filip Vujanović
(born 1954)
1998
2001
February 5, 1998 January 8, 2003 4 years, 337 days Democratic Party of Socialists Milo Đukanović
 
(1998–2002)
(1)
(25)
  Milo Đukanović
(born 1962)
2002 January 8, 2003 May 21, 2006 3 years, 133 days Democratic Party of Socialists Filip Vujanović
 
(2003–2018)
Independent Montenegro
(1)
(25)
  Milo Đukanović
(born 1962)
 — May 21, 2006 November 10, 2006 173 days Democratic Party of Socialists
3
(27)
  Željko Šturanović
(1960–2014)
2006 November 10, 2006 February 29, 2008 1 year, 111 days Democratic Party of Socialists
(1)
(25)
  Milo Đukanović
(born 1962)
2009 February 29, 2008 December 29, 2010 2 years, 304 days Democratic Party of Socialists
4
(28)
  Igor Lukšić
(born 1976)
 — December 29, 2010 December 4, 2012 1 year, 341 days Democratic Party of Socialists
(1)
(25)
  Milo Đukanović
(born 1962)
2012 December 4, 2012 November 28, 2016 3 years, 360 days Democratic Party of Socialists
5
(29)
  Duško Marković
(born 1959)
2016 November 28, 2016 December 4, 2020 4 years, 6 days Democratic Party of Socialists Milo Đukanović
 
(2018–present)
6
(30)
  Zdravko Krivokapić
(born 1957)
2020 December 4, 2020 April 28, 2022 1 year, 145 days Independent
Ne damo Crnu Goru
7
(31)
  Dritan Abazović
(born 1985)
 — April 28, 2022 Incumbent 225 days United Reform Action

Living former prime ministersEdit

There are currently 7 living former prime ministers of Montenegro:

Name Term Date of birth
Radivoje Brajović 1982–1986 (1935-01-11) January 11, 1935 (age 87)
Radoje Kontić 1989–1991 (1937-05-31) May 31, 1937 (age 85)
Milo Đukanović 1991–1998
2003–2006
2008–2010
2012–2016
(1962-02-15) February 15, 1962 (age 60)
Filip Vujanović 1998–2003 (1954-09-01) September 1, 1954 (age 68)
Igor Lukšić 2010–2012 (1976-06-14) June 14, 1976 (age 46)
Duško Marković 2016–2020 (1959-07-06) July 6, 1959 (age 63)
Zdravko Krivokapić 2020–2022 (1957-09-02) September 2, 1957 (age 65)

The most recent deaths of a former prime minister of Montenegro are those of Željko Šturanović (2006–2008) in 2014, and Marko Orlandić (1974–1978) in 2019.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Tota, Elton (26 December 2017). "Kosovo's PM is the highest paid in the region". Independent Balkan News Agency. Archived from the original on 19 August 2018. Retrieved 4 May 2022.
  2. ^ "Izabrana 43. Vlada Crne Gore". vijesti.me (in Serbian). Retrieved 28 April 2022.

External linksEdit