Prime Minister of Montenegro

The prime minister of Montenegro (Montenegrin: Predsednik Vlade Crne Gore) (President of the government of Montenegro), is the head of the Government of Montenegro. The role of the Prime Minister is to direct the work of the Government, and to submit to the Parliament the Government's Program, including a list of proposed ministers. The resignation of the prime minister will cause the dissolution of his Government.

President of the government of Montenegro
Coat of arms of Montenegro (seal).svg
PM Dusko Markovic.jpg
Incumbent
Duško Marković

since 28 November 2016
AppointerParliament of Montenegro
Term lengthNo term limit
Inaugural holderBožo Petrović-Njegoš
Formation20 March 1879
Salary15,522 USD annually[1]
Websitewww.gov.me

The current prime minister, Duško Marković, member of the Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro, was elected by the Parliament on 28 November 2016.

History of the officeEdit

The first modern Montenegrin government was established on March 20, 1879, during the Principality of Montenegro. The title of the head of government was President of the Ministerial Council. On August 28, 1910 Montenegro was proclaimed a kingdom. During both the principality and the kingdom, the office was of no major importance or influence but depended solely on the will of the prince (later king) Nikola I.

After the capitulation of Montenegro to the Central Powers on January 15, 1916 during World War I, the Government went into exile and remained abroad until it ceased to exist.

After the decision of the Podgorica Assembly on November 26, 1918 to unify Montenegro with Serbia and the subsequent formation of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, Stojan Protić became the prime minister of the newly formed Kingdom on December 20, 1918. However, the deposed King Nikola I continued to appoint prime ministers of Montenegro in exile until his death in 1921. The Government of Montenegro in exile ceased to exist shortly afterwards, in 1922.

Under the communist regime, Montenegro obtained its own government on March 7, 1945. On that day, a ministry for Montenegro was created within the government of Yugoslavia (as for all the other five republics), with a minister for Montenegro in charge of creating the first real government of post-war Montenegro, which took place on April 17, 1945. Governments were headed by a prime minister until February 4, 1953, by a president of the Executive Council until January 15, 1991, and again by a prime minister since then.

List of prime ministersEdit

MonarchyEdit

  True People's Party   People's Party   Non-party

Head of Government Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political party Monarch
Took office Left office Time in office
Principality of Montenegro Nikola I
 
(1860–1921)
1   Vojvoda
Božo Petrović-Njegoš
(1846–1929)
20 March 1879 19 December 1905 26 years,

272 days

Independent
2   Lazar Mijušković
(1867–1936)
19 December 1905 24 November 1906 340 days True People's Party
3   Marko Radulović
(1866–1935)
24 November 1906 1 February 1907 69 days People's Party
4   Andrija Radović
(1872–1947)
1 February 1907 17 April 1907 75 days People's Party
5   Lazar Tomanović
(1845–1932)
17 April 1907 28 August 1910 3 years,

132 days

Independent
Kingdom of Montenegro
(5)   Lazar Tomanović
(1845–1932)
28 August 1910 19 June 1912 1 year,

295 days

Independent
6   Vojvoda
Mitar Martinović
(1870–1954)
19 June 1912 8 May 1913 323 days True People's Party
7   Serdar
Janko Vukotić
(1866–1927)
8 May 1913 16 July 1915 2 years,

68 days

Independent
8   General
Milo Matanović
(1879–1955)
16 July 1915 2 January 1916 170 days Independent
(2)   Lazar Mijušković
(1867–1936)
2 January 1916 25 January 1916 23 days True People's Party
Montenegrin government-in-exile.
(2)   Lazar Mijušković
(1867–1936)
25 January 1916 12 May 1916 108 days True People's Party
(4)   Andrija Radović
(1872–1947)
12 May 1916 17 January 1917 245 days People's Party
(8)   General
Milo Matanović
(1879–1955)
17 January 1917 11 June 1917 150 days Independent
9   Evgenije Popović
(1842–1931)
11 June 1917 17 February 1919 1 year,

249 days

Independent
10   General
Anto Gvozdenović
(1853–1935)
17 February 1919 1 March 1921 2 years,

12 days

Independent
11   Jovan Plamenac
(1873–1944)
1 March 1921 13 January 1922 318 days True People's Party Michael
 
(1921–1922)
12   General
Milutin Vučinić
(1869–1922)
13 January 1922 13 February 1922 31 days True People's Party
(10)   General
Anto Gvozdenović
(1853–1935)
13 February 1922 13 July 1922 150 days Independent
From 1922 until 1941 territory of Montenegro was part of Zeta oblast and later banovina within Kingdom of Yugoslavia.

Socialist RepublicEdit

  Communist Party / League of Communists

Head of Government Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political party
Took office Left office Time in office
Minister for Montenegro
N/A   Milovan Đilas
(1911–1995)
7 March 1945 17 April 1945 41 days Communist Party
Prime Minister of NR Montenegro
N/A   General
Blažo Jovanović
(1907–1976)
17 April 1945 4 February 1953 7 years,

291 days

Communist Party (renamed)



League of Communists

President of the Executive Council
1
(13)
  General
Blažo Jovanović
(1907–1976)
4 February 1953 16 December 1953 315 days League of Communists
2
(14)
  Filip Bajković
(1910–1985)
16 December 1953 12 July 1962 8 years,

208 days

League of Communists
3
(15)
  Đorđije Pajković
(1917–1980)
12 July 1962 25 June 1963 348 days League of Communists
4
(16)
  Veselin Đuranović
(1925–1997)
25 June 1963 8 December 1966 3 years,

165 days

League of Communists
5
(17)
  Mijuško Šibalić
(1915–1995)
8 December 1966 5 May 1967 148 days League of Communists
6
(18)
  Vidoje Žarković
(1927–2000)
5 May 1967 7 October 1969 2 years,

154 days

League of Communists
7
(19)
  Žarko Bulajić
(1922–2009)
7 October 1969 6 May 1974 4 years,

211 days

League of Communists
8
(20)
  Marko Orlandić
(1930–2019)
6 May 1974 28 April 1978 3 years,

356 days

League of Communists
9
(21)
  Momčilo Cemović
(1928–2001)
28 April 1978 7 May 1982 4 years,

9 days

League of Communists
10
(22)
  Radivoje Brajović
(1935–)
7 May 1982 6 June 1986 4 years,

30 days

League of Communists
11
(23)
  Vuko Vukadinović
(1937–1993)
6 June 1986 29 March 1989 2 years,

296 days

League of Communists
12
(24)
  Radoje Kontić
(1937–)
29 March 1989 15 February 1991 1 year,

321 days

League of Communists

RepublicEdit

  Democratic Party of Socialists

Head of Government Name
(Birth–Death)
Elected Term of office Political party President
Took office Left office Time in office
Republic of Montenegro Momir Bulatović
 
(1990–1998)
Prime Minister
1
(25)
  Milo Đukanović
(1962–)
1990
1992
1996
15 February 1991 5 February 1998 6 years,

355 days

Democratic Party of Socialists
2
(26)
  Filip Vujanović
(1954–)
1998
2001
5 February 1998 8 January 2003 4 years,

337 days

Democratic Party of Socialists Milo Đukanović
 
(1998–2002)
(1)
(25)
  Milo Đukanović
(1962–)
2002 8 January 2003 21 May 2006 3 years,

134 days

Democratic Party of Socialists Filip Vujanović
 
(2003–2018)
Independent Montenegro
Prime Minister
(1)
(25)
  Milo Đukanović
(1962–)
 — 21 May 2006 10 November 2006 173 days Democratic Party of Socialists
3
(27)
  Željko Šturanović
(1960–2014)
2006 10 November 2006 29 February 2008 1 year,

110 days

Democratic Party of Socialists
(1)
(25)
  Milo Đukanović
(1962–)
2009 29 February 2008 29 December 2010 2 years,

304 days

Democratic Party of Socialists
4
(28)
  Igor Lukšić
(1976–)
 — 29 December 2010 4 December 2012 1 year,

339 days

Democratic Party of Socialists
(1)
(25)
  Milo Đukanović
(1962–)
2012 4 December 2012 28 November 2016 3 years,

358 days

Democratic Party of Socialists
5
(29)
  Duško Marković
(1959–)
2016 28 November 2016 Incumbent 3 years, 210 days Democratic Party of Socialists Milo Đukanović
 
(2018–present)

Living former prime ministersEdit

Name Term Date of birth
Radivoje Brajović 1982–1986 11 January 1935
Radoje Kontić 1989–1991 31 May 1937
Milo Đukanović 1991–1998,
2003–2006,
2008–2010,
2012–2016
15 February 1962
Filip Vujanović 1998–2003 1 September 1954
Igor Lukšić 2010–2012 14 June 1976

The most recent death of a former prime minister of Montenegro is that of Željko Šturanović (2006–2008) on 30 June 2014.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Kosovo's PM is the highest paid in the region". 19 August 2018.

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit