Prime Minister of Montenegro

The Prime Minister of Montenegro (Montenegrin: Премијер/Премијерка Црне Горе, romanizedPremijer/Premijerka Crne Gore) officially the President of the Government of Montenegro (Montenegrin: Предсједник/Предсједница Владе Црне Горе, romanizedPredsjednik/Predsjednica Vlade Crne Gore), is the head of the Government of Montenegro. The role of the Prime Minister is to direct the work of the government, and to submit to the Parliament the government's program, which includes a list of proposed ministers. The resignation of the prime minister would cause the dissolution of his government.

President of the Government of Montenegro
Coat of arms of Montenegro (seal).svg
Zdravko Krivokapić, June 2021.jpg
Incumbent
Zdravko Krivokapić

since 4 December 2020
AppointerParliament of Montenegro
Term lengthNo term limit
Inaugural holderBožo Petrović-Njegoš
Formation20 March 1879
Salary15,522 USD annually[1]
Websitewww.gov.me

The current prime minister, Zdravko Krivokapić, an Independent candidate, was elected by the Parliament of Montenegro on 4 December 2020, following the results of the 2020 Montenegrin parliamentary election.

History of the officeEdit

The first modern Montenegrin government was established on March 20, 1879, during the Principality of Montenegro. The title of the head of government was President of the Ministerial Council (Предсједниk Министарског савјета).

On August 28, 1910 Montenegro was proclaimed a Kingdom. During both the Principality and the Kingdom, the office was of no major importance or influence but depended solely on the will of the Sovereign Nikola I. After the capitulation of Montenegro to the Central Powers on January 15, 1916 during World War I, the Government went into exile and remained abroad until it ceased to exist. After the decision of the Podgorica Assembly on November 26, 1918 to unify Montenegro with Serbia and the subsequent formation of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, Stojan Protić became the prime minister of the newly formed Kingdom on December 20, 1918. However, the deposed King Nikola I continued to appoint prime ministers of Montenegro in exile until his death in 1921. The Government of Montenegro in exile ceased to exist shortly afterwards, in 1922.

Under the communist regime, Montenegro obtained its own government on March 7, 1945. On that day, a ministry for Montenegro was created within the government of Yugoslavia (as for all the other five republics), with a minister for Montenegro in charge of creating the first real government of post-war Montenegro, which took place on April 17, 1945. Governments were headed by a prime minister until February 4, 1953, by a president of the Executive Council until January 15, 1991, and again by a prime minister since then.

List of prime ministersEdit

MonarchyEdit

  True People's Party   People's Party   Non-party

Head of Government Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political party Monarch
Took office Left office Time in office
Principality of Montenegro Nikola I
 
(1860–1921)
1   Vojvoda
Božo Petrović-Njegoš
(1846–1929)
20 March 1879 19 December 1905 26 years,

272 days

Independent
2   Lazar Mijušković
(1867–1936)
19 December 1905 24 November 1906 340 days True People's Party
3   Marko Radulović
(1866–1935)
24 November 1906 1 February 1907 69 days People's Party
4   Andrija Radović
(1872–1947)
1 February 1907 17 April 1907 75 days People's Party
5   Lazar Tomanović
(1845–1932)
17 April 1907 28 August 1910 3 years,

132 days

Independent
Kingdom of Montenegro
(5)   Lazar Tomanović
(1845–1932)
28 August 1910 19 June 1912 1 year,

295 days

Independent
6   Vojvoda
Mitar Martinović
(1870–1954)
19 June 1912 8 May 1913 323 days True People's Party
7   Serdar
Janko Vukotić
(1866–1927)
8 May 1913 16 July 1915 2 years,

68 days

Independent
8   General
Milo Matanović
(1879–1955)
16 July 1915 2 January 1916 170 days Independent
(2)   Lazar Mijušković
(1867–1936)
2 January 1916 25 January 1916 23 days True People's Party
Montenegrin government-in-exile.
(2)   Lazar Mijušković
(1867–1936)
25 January 1916 12 May 1916 108 days True People's Party
(4)   Andrija Radović
(1872–1947)
12 May 1916 17 January 1917 245 days People's Party
(8)   General
Milo Matanović
(1879–1955)
17 January 1917 11 June 1917 150 days Independent
9   Evgenije Popović
(1842–1931)
11 June 1917 17 February 1919 1 year,

249 days

Independent
10   General
Anto Gvozdenović
(1853–1935)
17 February 1919 1 March 1921 2 years,

12 days

Independent
11   Jovan Plamenac
(1873–1944)
1 March 1921 13 January 1922 318 days True People's Party Michael
 
(1921–1922)
12   General
Milutin Vučinić
(1869–1922)
13 January 1922 13 February 1922 31 days True People's Party
(10)   General
Anto Gvozdenović
(1853–1935)
13 February 1922 13 July 1922 150 days Independent
From 1922 until 1941 territory of Montenegro was part of Zeta oblast and later banovina within Kingdom of Yugoslavia.

BanovinaEdit

  Military   Yugoslav National Party (JRSD)   Yugoslav Radical Union (JRZ)

Head of Government Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political party Monarch
Start End Time in office
1
General
Krsta Smiljanić
(1868–1944)
3 October 1929 3 September 1931 1 year,

335 days

Military
Alexander I
 
(1929–1934)
2   Uroš Krulj
(1875–1961)
3 September 1931 3 July 1932 304 days JRSD
3   Aleksa Stanišić
(1877–1934)
3 July 1932 9 October 1934 2 years,

98 days

JRSD
4   Mujo Sočica 9 October 1934 20 June 1936 1 year,

255 days

JRZ
Paul
 
(1934–1941)
5   Petar Ivanišević 20 June 1936 4 February 1939 2 years,

229 days

JRZ
6   Božidar Krstić 4 February 1939 27 March 1941 2 years,

52 days

JRZ
7   General
Blažo Đukanović
(1883–1943)
27 March 1941 17 April 1941 21 days Military
Peter II
 
(1941)

GovernorateEdit

  Montenegrin Federalist Party   Chetniks

Head of Government Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political party Governor
Start End Time in office
President of the Governing Committee
Alessandro Pirzio Biroli
 

(1941–1943)
1   Sekula Drljević
(1884–1945)
12 July 1941 3 October 1941 83 days Montenegrin Federalist Party
Head of the National Committee
2   General
Blažo Đukanović
(1883–1943)
24 July 1942 19 October 1943 452 days Chetniks

German occupationEdit

  Whites

Head of Government Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political party General Representative
Start End Time in office
Head of the National Administrative Council Wilhelm Keiper
(1943–1944)
1 Ljubomir Vuksanović
(1875–1945)
10 November 1943 15 December 1944 400 days Whites

Socialist RepublicEdit

  Communist Party / League of Communists

Head of Government Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political party President
Took office Left office Time in office
Minister for Montenegro
Niko Miljanić
 
(1943–1946)
  Milovan Đilas
(1911–1995)
7 March 1945 17 April 1945 41 days Communist Party
Prime Minister of NR Montenegro
1
(13)
  General
Blažo Jovanović
(1907–1976)
17 April 1945 4 February 1953 7 years,

291 days

Communist Party
(party renamed)


League of Communists
(party renamed)

Miloš Rašović
 
(1946–1950)
Nikola Kovačević
 
(1950–1953)
President of the Executive Council
1
(13)
  General
Blažo Jovanović
(1907–1976)
4 February 1953 16 December 1953 315 days League of Communists
2
(14)
  Filip Bajković
(1910–1985)
16 December 1953 12 July 1962 8 years,

208 days

League of Communists
Blažo Jovanović
 
(1953–1962)
3
(15)
  Đorđije Pajković
(1917–1980)
12 July 1962 25 June 1963 348 days League of Communists
Filip Bajković
 
(1962–1963)
4
(16)
  Veselin Đuranović
(1925–1997)
25 June 1963 8 December 1966 3 years,

165 days

League of Communists
Andrija Mugoša
 
(1963–1967)
5
(17)
  Mijuško Šibalić
(1915–1995)
8 December 1966 5 May 1967 148 days League of Communists
6
(18)
  Vidoje Žarković
(1927–2000)
5 May 1967 7 October 1969 2 years,

154 days

League of Communists
Veljko Milatović
 
(1967–1969)
7
(19)
  Žarko Bulajić
(1922–2009)
7 October 1969 6 May 1974 4 years,

211 days

League of Communists
Vidoje Žarković
 
(1969–1974)
8
(20)
  Marko Orlandić
(1930–2019)
6 May 1974 28 April 1978 3 years,

356 days

League of Communists
Veljko Milatović
 
(1974–1982)
9
(21)
  Momčilo Cemović
(1928–2001)
28 April 1978 7 May 1982 4 years,

9 days

League of Communists
10
(22)
  Radivoje Brajović
(1935–)
7 May 1982 6 June 1986 4 years,

30 days

League of Communists
Veselin Đuranović
 
(1982–1983)
Marko Orlandić
 
(1983–1984)
Miodrag Vlahović
 
(1984–1985)
Branislav Šoškić
 
(1985–1986)
11
(23)
  Vuko Vukadinović
(1937–1993)
6 June 1986 29 March 1989 2 years,

296 days

League of Communists
Radivoje Brajović
 
(1986–1988)
Božina Ivanović
 
(1988–1989)
12
(24)
  Radoje Kontić
(1937–)
29 March 1989 15 February 1991 1 year,

321 days

League of Communists
Branko Kostić
 
(1989–1990)
Momir Bulatović
 
(1990–1991)

RepublicEdit

  Democratic Party of Socialists   Independent

Head of Government Name
(Birth–Death)
Election Term of office Political party President
Took office Left office Time in office
Republic of Montenegro
1
(25)
  Milo Đukanović
(1962–)
1990
1992
1996
15 February 1991 5 February 1998 6 years,

355 days

Democratic Party of Socialists Momir Bulatović
 
(1990–1998)
2
(26)
  Filip Vujanović
(1954–)
1998
2001
5 February 1998 8 January 2003 4 years,

337 days

Democratic Party of Socialists Milo Đukanović
 
(1998–2002)
(1)
(25)
  Milo Đukanović
(1962–)
2002 8 January 2003 21 May
2006
3 years,

134 days

Democratic Party of Socialists Filip Vujanović
 
(2003–2018)
Independent Montenegro
(1)
(25)
  Milo Đukanović
(1962–)
 — 21 May
2006
10 November 2006 173 days Democratic Party of Socialists
3
(27)
  Željko Šturanović
(1960–2014)
2006 10 November 2006 29 February 2008 1 year,

110 days

Democratic Party of Socialists
(1)
(25)
  Milo Đukanović
(1962–)
2009 29 February 2008 29 December 2010 2 years,

304 days

Democratic Party of Socialists
4
(28)
  Igor Lukšić
(1976–)
 — 29 December 2010 4 December 2012 1 year,

339 days

Democratic Party of Socialists
(1)
(25)
  Milo Đukanović
(1962–)
2012 4 December 2012 28 November
2016
3 years,

358 days

Democratic Party of Socialists
5
(29)
  Duško Marković
(1958–)
2016 28 November
2016
4 December 2020 4 years, 6 days Democratic Party of Socialists Milo Đukanović
 
(2018–present)
6
(30)
  Zdravko Krivokapić
(1958–)
2020 4 December 2020 Present 282 days Independent
Ne damo Crnu Goru

Living former prime ministersEdit

Name Term Date of birth
Radivoje Brajović 1982–1986 (1935-01-11) January 11, 1935 (age 86)
Radoje Kontić 1989–1991 (1937-05-31) May 31, 1937 (age 84)
Milo Đukanović 1991–1998,
2003–2006,
2008–2010,
2012–2016
(1962-02-15) February 15, 1962 (age 59)
Filip Vujanović 1998–2003 (1954-09-01) September 1, 1954 (age 67)
Igor Lukšić 2010–2012 (1976-06-14) June 14, 1976 (age 45)
Duško Marković 2016–2020 (1958-07-06) July 6, 1958 (age 63)

The most recent deaths of a former prime minister of Montenegro is that of Željko Šturanović (2006–2008) in 2014, and Marko Orlandić (1974–1978) in 2019.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Kosovo's PM is the highest paid in the region". 19 August 2018.

External linksEdit