2009 Montenegrin parliamentary election

Early parliamentary elections were held in Montenegro on 29 March 2009. In addition to elections for the unicameral Parliament of Montenegro, concurrent local elections were held in Nikšić and Budva, as well as municipal presidential elections in Herceg Novi and Tivat.[1] The parliamentary elections were the eighth since the reintroduction of multi-party system in 1990, and the second since regaining full independence in 2006.

2009 Montenegrin parliamentary election
Montenegro
← 2006 29 March 2009 2012 →
Turnout66.19% (Decrease5.18pp)
Party Leader % Seats +/–
ECG Milo Đukanović 51.94 48 +5
SNP Srđan Milić 16.84 16 +8
NSD Andrija Mandić 9.22 8 New
PzP Nebojša Medojević 6.03 5 -6
UDSH Ferhat Dinosha 1.47 1 0
FORCA Nazif Cungu 0.91 1 +1
DSAA Mehmet Bardhi 0.89 1 0
AKP Vasilj Siništaj 0.81 1 New
This lists parties that won seats. See the complete results below.
Prime Minister before Prime Minister after
Milo Đukanović
DPS
Milo Đukanović
DPS

BackgroundEdit

President Filip Vujanović called the parliamentary elections on 27 January 2009, after the parliament decided the previous day to shorten its term, although this decision was controversial.

Constitutional Act that proclaimed the new constitution of 2007 stipulated that elections had to be held by the end of 2009.[2]

Application of electoral lists occurred from 16 February to 4 March 2009, and election silence began on 27 March 2009.[3] The number of MPs being elected was uncertain, because the matter was never solved before the election was scheduled. Based on a count of one MP per six thousand eligible voters, the number of MPs should have been 82. However, the Constitution stipulated 81, as there were in the present outgoing session, and this was the number of MPs actually elected.

The pre-electoral process had been marked by several major incidents, such as the revocation of citizenship of Predrag Popović, president of the People's Party,[4] the violation of the human right to work during the formation of the coalition treaty of Prime Minister Milo Đukanović's ruling coalition, which would make party affiliation a criterion for employment, and repeated protests by discontented workers pushed into poverty.[5][6] Additionally, representative groups of Montenegro's minority communities unanimously declared the forthcoming elections illegal and contrary to constitutional protections granted to ethnic communities.

Electoral systemEdit

Elections in Montenegro are free, with the right of secret ballot guaranteed. Because the country has a single national voting district, all votes cast at individual voting stations across the country went towards a single total. The electoral threshold was 3%, so electoral lists receiving under three percent of the total votes cast were crossed out, and the MPs within the assembly were split amongst the remaining lists. Seats were distributed by the D'Hondt method, which slightly favors leading lists above the smaller ones. The Parliament's mandate lasts four years.

CampaignEdit

Several alliances were created prior to the elections; the Coalition for a European Montenegro led by Milo Đukanović included the Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro, the Social Democratic Party of Montenegro, the Croatian Civic Initiative and the Bosniak Party. The People's Coalition was formed by the People's Party and the Democratic Serb Party, whilst For a Different Montenegro, led by Goran Batričević, consisted of the Democratic Centre and the Liberal Party of Montenegro.

ResultsEdit

The Coalition for a European Montenegro won an absolute majority of seats, with approximately 65 percent voter turnout, securing Milo Đukanović (DPS) new term as Prime Minister.[7][8]

PartyVotes%Seats
GeneralAlbanianTotal+/–
European Montenegro168,29051.94471485
Socialist People's Party of Montenegro54,54716.84160168
New Serb Democracy29,8839.22808New
Movement for Changes19,5466.03505–6
People's Coalition (NSDSS)9,4482.92000–3
For a Different Montenegro (LPDC)8,7592.70000–1
Party of United Pensioners and the Disabled7,6912.37000New
Democratic Union of Albanians4,7471.470110
Serb National List (SSRSSN)4,2911.32000New
Bosniaks and Muslims, Together as One3,4891.08000New
New Democratic Force2,9390.91011+1
Albanian List (DSCGAA)2,8980.890110
Albanian Coalition "Perspective"2,6190.81011New
Serb Fatherland Party2,4460.75000New
Montenegrin Communists1,5940.490000
Party of Democratic Prosperity8050.25000
Total323,992100.00765810
Valid votes323,99298.23
Invalid/blank votes5,8271.77
Total votes329,819100.00
Registered voters/turnout498,30566.19
Source: Nohlen & Stöver[9]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "SNP CG". Archived from the original on 2011-07-22. Retrieved 2010-06-06.
  2. ^ Official Paper of Montenegro, n. 1/2007[dead link]
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-04-04. Retrieved 2009-02-11.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ "Lider Narodne stranke Crne Gore gubi crnogorsko državljanstvo?". Archived from the original on 2009-04-06. Retrieved 2009-02-11.
  5. ^ "Sezona štrajkova – dogorelo do Vlade". Archived from the original on 2009-04-04. Retrieved 2009-02-11.
  6. ^ "Tražimo samo svoje". Archived from the original on 2009-04-04. Retrieved 2009-02-11.
  7. ^ "Milo Djukanovic wins a sixth term with 50,8% of the vote". Archived from the original on 2015-09-24. Retrieved 2009-03-30.
  8. ^ Rezultati izbora – Crna Gora – 2009 Archived 2009-03-30 at archive.today
  9. ^ Dieter Nohlen & Philip Stöver (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p2052 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7