2012 Montenegrin parliamentary election

Snap parliamentary elections were held in Montenegro on 14 October 2012.[1] The parliamentary elections were the ninth since the reintroduction of multi-party system in 1990, and the third since regaining full independence in 2006. The result was a victory for the ruling European Montenegro alliance (based around the Democratic Party of Socialists) led by Milo Đukanović, which won 39 of the 81 seats, remaining without the majority by itself for the first time since the 2001 election, and subsequently forming a majority coalition government with the ethnic minority Bosniak Party (BS) and Croatian Civic Initiative (HGI) parties.

2012 Montenegrin parliamentary election
← 2009 14 October 2012 2016 →
Turnout70.56% (Increase4.37pp)
Party Leader % Seats +/–
ECG Milo Đukanović 46.33 39 −7
DF Miodrag Lekić 23.19 20 +7
SNP Srđan Milić 11.24 9 −7
PCG Darko Pajović 8.37 7 New
BS Rafet Husović 4.24 3 +2
ZJ Nazif Cungu 1.47 1 −1
KSH Fatmir Gjeka 1.07 1 0
HGI Marija Vučinović 0.41 1 0
This lists parties that won seats. See the complete results below.
Prime Minister before Prime Minister after
Igor Lukšić
Milo Đukanović

Electoral system edit

The 81 members of Parliament were elected by proportional representation from a single nationwide constituency with an electoral threshold of 3%, although the threshold was reduced to 0.7% for ethnic minority parties in districts where ethnic minorities accounted for at least 15% of the population. For ethnic Croats, the electoral list wins one seat if it receives more than 0.35% of the popular vote. Seats were distributed using the D'Hondt method, which slightly favors larger lists.

Electoral lists edit

Several coalitions were formed or continued for the election:[2]

Coalition Party Main ideology Leader
DPS-SDP-LP Social democracy Milo Đukanović
NOVA-PzP Big tent, populism Miodrag Lekić
Social conservatism Srđan Milić
Positive Montenegro Social liberalism Darko Pajović
Bosniak Party Minority politics Rafet Husović
NS-SL-DCB Conservatism Jovan Markuš
FORCA-AKP Minority politics Nazif Cungu
DS-DP-AA Minority politics Fatmir Gjeka
DSS-SSR Conservatism Ranko Kadić
Democratic Union of Albanians Minority politics Ferhat Dinosha
Croatian Civic Initiative Minority politics Marija Vučinović
JKP-PUPI Left-wing populism Zoran Radošević

Opinion polls edit

Poll results are listed in the table below in reverse chronological order, showing the most recent first, and using the date the survey's fieldwork was done, as opposed to the date of publication. If such date is unknown, the date of publication is given instead. The highest percentage figure in each polling survey is displayed in bold, and the background shaded in the leading party's colour. In the instance that there is a tie, then no figure is shaded. The lead column on the right shows the percentage-point difference between the two parties with the highest figures. When a specific poll does not show a data figure for a party, the party's cell corresponding to that poll is shown empty. The threshold for a party to elect members is 3%.

Date Polling Firm/
Nova PzP
Oct 2012 CeDem 47.2 2.3 14.9 18.5 10.2 6.9 28.7
Oct 2012 Ipsos 47 2.5 11 24 8 7.5 23
July 2012 DeFacto 50.7 2.9 18.2 9.4 7.1 8.3 3.4 32.5
Dec 2011 CeDem 54.4 ECG 17.2 9.1 6.8 15.5 37.2
Sep 2011 CeDem 54.1 ECG 17.9 8.2 7.7 12.2 28.2
Dec 2010 CeDem 56.4 ECG 19.7 6.1 6.9 10.7 28.2
Oct 2010 CeDem 56.9 ECG 17.8 9.2 4.7 11.3 30.3
July 2010 CeDem 53.2 ECG 18.6 8.1 4.9 15.2 30.3
Oct 2009 Election 51.9 16.8 9.2 6.0 16.1 35.1

Results edit

Results of election by municipality;
*Red - DPS-SDP list absolute majority (left photo)
*Pink - DPS-SDP list relative majority (left photo)
*Blue - SNP list absolute majority (left photo)
*Green and light blue - ethnic minority parties (both)
*Maroon - government (DPS-SDP) majority (right)
*Cyan - opposition united (DF-SNP-PCG) majority (right)
European Montenegro165,38046.3339–7
Democratic Front82,77323.1920+7
Socialist People's Party of Montenegro40,13111.249–7
Positive Montenegro29,8818.377New
Bosniak Party15,1244.243+2
Serb Unity (NSSLDCB)5,2751.480New
For Unity5,2441.471–1
Albanian Coalition3,8241.0710
Serb National Alliance (DSSSSR)3,0850.860New
Democratic Union of Albanians2,8480.800–1
Croatian Civic Initiative1,4700.4110
Together (JKPPUPI)1,3840.390New
Albanian Youth League5310.150New
Valid votes356,95098.41
Invalid/blank votes5,7641.59
Total votes362,714100.00
Registered voters/turnout514,05570.56
Source: State Electoral Commission of Montenegro

References edit

  1. ^ "Montenegro to hold October election as EU talks begin".
  2. ^ Election Profile IFES