2001 Montenegrin parliamentary election

Parliamentary elections were held in Montenegro on 22 April 2001. The result was a victory for the Victory is of Montenegro alliance formed by the Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro and the Social Democratic Party of Montenegro, which won 36 of the 77 seats.

2001 Montenegrin parliamentary election
Montenegro
← 1998 22 April 2001 2002 →
Party Leader % Seats +/–
PCG Milo Đukanović 42.36 36 -1
ZZJ Predrag Bulatović 40.87 33 -1
LSCG Miodrag Živković 7.91 6 +1
UDSH Fuad Nimani 1.16 1 0
DSCG Mehmet Bardhi 0.98 1 0
This lists parties that won seats. See the complete results below.
MontenegroParliament2001.png
Dark Blue: absolute SNP-SNS-NS majority
Light Blue: relative SNP-SNS-NS majority
Red: DPS-SDP absolute majority
Orange: relative DPS-SDP majority
Light Green: Liberal relative majority
Prime Minister before Prime Minister after
Filip Vujanović
DPS
Filip Vujanović
DPS

Electoral systemEdit

Of the 77 seats in Parliament, 72 were elected by proportional representation in a nationwide constituency and five were elected in a special constituency for the Albanian minority. The electoral threshold was set at 3% and seats allocated using the d'Hondt method. Closed lists were used with a single list for both constituencies, although parties only had to award half their seats according to the order of the list, with the remaining half free for them to allocate.

Contesting partiesEdit

Name Abbreviation Main ideology Leader
Victory is Montenegro's
Pobjeda je Crne Gore
Побједа је Црнe Горe
Democratic Party of Socialists
Demokratska partija socijalista
Демократска партија социјалиста
DPS Social democracy
Separatism
Milo Đukanović
Social Democratic Party
Socijaldemokratska partija
Социјалдемократска партија
SDP Social democracy
Separatism
Žarko Rakčević
Together for Yugoslavia
Заједно за Југославију
Socialist People's Party
Socijalistička narodna partija
Социјалистичка народна партија
SNP Social conservatism
Unionism
Predrag Bulatović
People's Party
Narodna stranka
Народна странка
NS Cultural conservatism
Unionism
Dragan Šoć
Serb People's Party
Srpska Narodna stranka
Српска Народна странка
SNS National conservatism
Unionism
Božidar Bojović
Liberal Alliance of Montenegro
Liberalni savez Crne Gore
Либерални савез Црне Горе
LSCG Liberalism
Separatism
Miroslav Vicković
Democratic League in Montenegro
Demokratski savez u Crnoj Gori
Lidhja Demokratike në Mal të Zi
DS Albanian minority interests
Liberal conservativism
Mehmet Bardhi
Democratic Union of Albanians
Demokratska unija Albanaca
Unioni Demokratik i Shqipëtarëve
DUA Albanian minority interests
Social conservatism
Fuad Nimani

Victory is of MontenegroEdit

The coalition lost parliamentary majority, winning just 36 of 77 seats (30 for DPS and 6 for SDP). Contrary to everyone's expectation, the now opposing, once former ally, Liberal Alliance supported it to form a minority government under Filip Vujanović. But closer aligning of LSCG with the Together for Yugoslavia bloc distanced it from the minority coalition. The government signed the Belgrade Agreement in 2002, by which the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was transformed into the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro, and the Republic of Montenegro re-integrated into political structure with Serbia.

Together for YugoslaviaEdit

The Socialist People's Party of Montenegro received 21 seat, People's Party of Montenegro got 9 and the Serbian People's Party of Montenegro 3. The coalition won these elections and had support of the majority of the Parliament, but inner conflicts and organized obstruction from the opposition under Milo Djukanovic, prevented it from succeeding in forming the government which was supposed to be led by Prime Minister candidate Predrag Bulatović. The deadline passed an Predrag reformed a more organized and stronger coalition determined to repeat the election in 2002, however disappointment returned Milo Đukanović's DPS CG to power which won the election.

Liberal Alliance of MontenegroEdit

At the election, LSCG received a larger number of votes: 7,85% (almost 28.000 votes), winning 6 seats in the Assembly. Due do the political deadlock, in which no party had won absolute power, LSCG made an agreement with DPS to support the minority government, following a pledge from DPS that within a year a referendum on independence will have been held. However, LSCG still retained the resolute opposition attitude, and withdrew support to the minority government due to the fact that the referendum has not been announced in the promised period.

ResultsEdit

PartyVotes%Seats
GeneralAlbanianTotal+/–
Victory is Montenegro's153,94642.3633336−1
Together for Yugoslavia148,51340.8733033−1
Liberal Alliance of Montenegro28,7467.91606+1
People's Socialist Party of Montenegro10,7022.94000New
Serbian Radical Party4,2751.180000
Democratic Union of Albanians4,2321.160110
Bosniak-Muslim Coalition4,0461.11000New
Democratic League in Montenegro3,5700.980110
Communist and Workers' Parties1,6400.450000
Party of Democratic Prosperity1,5720.43000New
Party of Foreign Currency Savers6390.180000
Natural Law Party of Montenegro5120.140000
Liberal Democratic Party3540.10000New
People's Concord of Montenegro2680.07000New
Party of Savings and Social Security1990.050000
Yugoslav Left in Montenegro1900.050000
Total363,404100.0072577−1
Valid votes363,40499.25
Invalid/blank votes2,7480.75
Total votes366,152100.00
Registered voters/turnout447,67381.79
Source: Slavic-Eurasian Research Centre

ReferencesEdit