Movement for Changes

Movement for Changes (Serbian: Покрет за промјене / Pokret za promjene, PZP) is a right-wing populist, sovereignist and conservative political party in Montenegro. Its current leader is Nebojša Medojević, the party's founder.

Movement for Changes
Pokret za promjene
Покрет за промјене
LeaderNebojša Medojević
FoundedSeptember 2002 (as an NGO)
17 July 2006 (as a party)
HeadquartersPodgorica
Ideology
Political positionRight-wing
Internal factions:
Centre-right[10] to far-right[9]
National affiliationDemocratic Front[11]
European affiliationEuropean Conservatives and Reformists (ECR)
International affiliationInternational Democrat Union (IDU)
The Movement
ColoursNavy, yellow, light blue
Parliament
5 / 81
Local Parliaments
20 / 853
Website
promjene.org

HistoryEdit

Party was founded by a group of economists and academics in September 2002 and was modeled after the Group 17 Plus in Serbia. It is led by Nebojša Medojević It operated as a non-governmental organization under the name Group for Changes (Grupa za promjene) until July 17, 2006, when it reconstituted itself as a political party.[12][13]

In the 2006 Montenegrin independence referendum, PzP remained neutral and did not campaign for either option, their choice being an outcome without the Movement's involvement. Although prominent members of the party supported an independent Montenegrin state, they refused to join the Bloc for an Independent Montenegro, led by the DPS. After the referendum, they stated that they did so out of opposition to Đukanović's rule, which they see as corrupt and undemocratic. In the 2006 parliamentary election, the party ran for the first time, winning 11 of 81 seats. It became a vocal opposition party and forged links with the Serb People's Party and the Socialist People's Party of Montenegro in an attempt to unify the country's political opposition.

The party put forward amendments as part of the drafting process for the new Constitution of Montenegro, including the suggestion of official language status for the Serbian language alongside the existing proposal to declare Montenegrin the state language. The proposal was adopted by the ruling coalition, and PzP gave its support for the required two-thirds super-majority to adopt the Constitution. This support damaged its ties with other opposition parties to some extent. The presence of senior officials of the PzP at protests against Montenegrin recognition of Kosovo, in turn, alienated some Albanian supporters of the Movement. The party saw a fall in support at the 2009 parliamentary election, falling from 11 seats to 5. The Movement for Changes leader, Nebojša Medojević, was a candidate in the 2008 presidential election. He came in third, gathering nearly 17% of the vote. Since the 2012 parliamentary election, the party operates within the populist Democratic Front (DF) alliance.

PzP joined the Alliance of European Conservatives and Reformists in May 2015.[14] In 2019, following Nebojsa Medojevic's meeting with Mischaël Modrikamen PzP announced its membership in The Movement, a coalition of populist parties chaired by former White House Chief Strategist Steve Bannon.[15] In September 2020, the PzP left the DF parliamentary group.[16]

IdeologyEdit

Initially, the ideological profile of the Movement for Changes was a mix of fiscal conservatism, economic liberalism and anti-corruption in economic policy,[17][13] atlanticism and pro-Europeanism in foreign policy, and moderate conservatism on social issues.[4][18] Since founding, party has as a proclaimed goal the integration of their country into the European Union and political and economic reforms to bring it into line with European norms,[19] PzP has also been a vocal advocate for Montenegro's NATO membership.[20] Recently it takes a cautiously supportive attitude towards the country's EU integrations, opposing the European Union's further federalisation and frequently criticising the Brussels bureaucracy.[5][4] The party, like its NGO predecessor, advocates as part a reform agenda change in the "undemocratic regime of the Democratic Party of Socialists" the party that has ruled Montenegro as the dominant partner in every coalition government since the end of communism, and the "dethroning" of multiple-term Prime-Minister and President Milo Đukanović. PzP also often referred to the Đukanovic regime as example of the Mafia state. In recent years, the Movement for Changes has increasingly employed a more antiglobalist, right-wing populist and anti-immigrant discourse, frequently depicting the Montenegrin society as fundamentally divided between ordinary citizens and a corrupt partocracy.[4][9]

ElectionsEdit

Parliamentary electionsEdit

Parliament of Montenegro
Year Popular vote % of popular vote Overall seats won Seat change Coalition Government
2006 44,483 13.13%
11 / 81
  11 opposition
2009 19,546 5.92%
5 / 81
  6 opposition
2012 82,773 22.82%
5 / 81
  DF opposition
2016 77,784 20.32%
5 / 81
  DF opposition
2020 133,261 32.55%
5 / 81
  ZBCG gov′t support 2020–22
opposition 2022–

Presidential electionsEdit

President of Montenegro
Election # Candidate 1st round votes % 2nd round % Notes
2008 3rd Nebojša Medojević 54,874 16.64%
2013 2nd Miodrag Lekić 154,289 48.79% Independent, support
2018 2nd Mladen Bojanić 111,711 33.40% Independent, support

FootnotesEdit

  1. ^ "Medojević prozvao Kacina i Lajčaka za primanje mita". rtv.rs (in Serbian). RTV. 16 April 2013.
  2. ^ "Evropski populisti stižu u Crnu Goru". slobodnaevropa.org (in Serbian). RFE/RL. 5 February 2019.
  3. ^ "Medojević u Briselu: U "Movementu" vidimo istorijski pokret za odbranu suvereniteta". vijesti.me (in Serbian). Vijesti. 4 February 2019.
  4. ^ a b c d "Party passport, Montenegro" (PDF). Konrad Adenauer Foundation. October 2020.
  5. ^ a b c "Montenegro". europeelects.eu. Europe Elects.
  6. ^ Nordsieck, Wolfram (2020). "Montenegro". Parties and Elections in Europe. Retrieved 2 September 2020.
  7. ^ Medojević: Kriminal i korupcija najveći problemi Crne Gore
  8. ^ "Montenegro jails opposition leader over his refusal to testify". reuters.com. Reuters. 30 November 2018.
  9. ^ a b c "Movement for Changes, Montenegro". europeanforum.net. European Forum.
  10. ^ MONTENEGRIN POLITICAL OUTLINE, santandertrade.com
  11. ^ Montenegro: PzP leader Nebojša Medojević resigned as MP, balkaneu.com, 8 June 2021
  12. ^ Pokret za promjene proslavio deceniju postojanja CdM
  13. ^ a b Bakke, Elisabeth (2010), "Central and East European party systems since 1989", Central and Southeast European Politics Since 1989, Cambridge University Press, p. 80, ISBN 9781139487504
  14. ^ Konzervativci i PzP nastavljaju saradnju Dan
  15. ^ Zajedno ka progresivnoj viziji EU, Radio i televizija Crne Gore, 6 February 2019
  16. ^ Medojević se odvaja, NATO i Zapad prioritet, 22 September 2020. Retrieved 17 July 2021
  17. ^ Medojević: Kriminal i korupcija najveći problemi Crne Gore
  18. ^ Nordsieck, Wolfram (2020). "Montenegro". Parties and Elections in Europe. Retrieved 2 September 2020.
  19. ^ Medojević: Samo ja ubrzavam put u EU, mondo.me, 13 March 2008. Retrieved 17 July 2021
  20. ^ "Montenegro jails opposition leader over his refusal to testify". reuters.com. Reuters. 30 November 2018.

External linksEdit