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2016 Montenegrin parliamentary election

Parliamentary elections were held in Montenegro on 16 October 2016.

2016 Montenegrin parliamentary election
Montenegro
← 2012 16 October 2016 Next →
Turnout73.33%
Party Leader % Seats ±
DPS Milo Đukanović 41.41 36 +3
DF Andrija Mandić 20.32 18 -2
Ključ Miodrag Lekić 11.05 9 0
DCG Aleksa Bečić 10.01 8 New
SDP Ranko Krivokapić 5.23 4 -2
SD Ivan Brajović 3.26 2 New
BS Rafet Husović 3.16 2 -1
AO Genci Nimanbegu 1.27 1 0
HGI Marija Vučinović 0.47 1 0
This lists parties that won seats. See the complete results below.
Montenegro parliamentary election 2016.png
Results by municipality
     DPS      Ključ
Prime Minister before Prime Minister after
Milo Đukanović
DPS
Duško Marković
DPS

Contents

BackgroundEdit

Protests against incumbent Prime Minister Milo Djukanovic occurred in the preceding year over issues ranging from NATO membership to electoral fraud.[citation needed]

Electoral systemEdit

The 81 seats of the Parliament of Montenegro are elected in a single nationwide constituency by closed list proportional representation. Seats are allocated using the d'Hondt method with a 3% electoral threshold. However, minority groups that account for at least 15% of the population in a district are given an exemption that lowers the electoral threshold to 0.7% if their list fails to cross the 3% threshold. For ethnic Croats, if no list representing the population passes the 0.7% threshold, the list with the most votes will win one seat if it receives more than 0.35% of the vote.[1]

CampaignEdit

On 31 August 2016, the Democratic Serb Party (DSS) decided to sign an agreement with Democratic Front Alliance,[2] as did the far-left Yugoslav Communist Party (JKP)[3] and right-wing Democratic Party of Unity (DSJ).

The Socialist People's Party (SNP), United Reform Action (URA) and DEMOS agreed to form a pre-election alliance under the name Key Coalition,[4] with Miodrag Lekić as leader.[5]

On 8 September 2016 the ruling Democratic Party of Socialists (DPS) decided to run independently, with two Liberal Party (LP) representatives on their electoral list.[6]

Electoral listsEdit

# List name Leader Note
1 Albanians Decisively - FORCA, DUA, AA Genci Nimanbegu M
2 SDP - Ranko Krivokapić - Country for everyone! Ranko Krivokapić
3 Albanian Coalition with One Goal - DP, DS, GI and Perspective Gëzim Hajdinaga M
4 Alternative Montenegro Vesko Pejak
5 Positive Montenegro - Darko Pajović - Because we love Montenegro Darko Pajović
6 Safe step! DPS - Milo Đukanović Milo Đukanović
7 Croatian Civic Initiative - HGI from the heart Marija Vučinović M
8 Mr Aleksa Bečić - Democrats - Victories, not divisions. Aleksa Bečić
9 Key Coalition - DEMOS, SNP, URA - The best for Montenegro! Miodrag Lekić
10 Serb Party - Prof. dr Milovan Živković Milovan Živković
11 Party of Pensioners, Disabled and Social Justice Smajo Šabotić
12 List of Democratic Alliance of Albanians Nikola Camaj M
13 Democratic Front - Either us, or him Andrija Mandić
14 Bosniak Party - Rafet Husović - Our strength Ervin Ibrahimović M
15 Bosniak Democratic Community in Montenegro - Hazbija Kalač Hazbija Kalač M
16 Social Democrats of Montenegro - Consistently Ivan Brajović
17 Party of Serb Radicals - Montenegro in safe hands. Aleksandar Janković
Source: DIK

MNational minority list

Opinion pollsEdit

Poll results are listed in the table below in reverse chronological order, showing the most recent first, and using the date the survey's fieldwork was done, as opposed to the date of publication. If such date is unknown, the date of publication is given instead. The highest percentage figure in each polling survey is displayed in bold, and the background shaded in the leading party's colour. In the instance that there is a tie, then no figure is shaded. The lead column on the right shows the percentage-point difference between the two parties with the highest figures. When a specific poll does not show a data figure for a party, the party's cell corresponding to that poll is shown empty. The threshold for a party to elect members is 3%.

Date Polling Firm/Source DPS SDP DF Key Coalition DCG SD PCG BS Others Lead
SNP DEMOS URA
Jun 2016 CeDem 43.1 4.2 11.1 8.8 10.3 4.1 7.2 2.4 2.2 3.8 2.8 32
Jun 2016 Nspm 29.2 3.1 22.1 6.1 5 2.4 5 1.8 >1 3.8 5.1 16.9
Apr 2016 Ipsos 45 6 8 6 15 4 7 >1 2 2 5 30
Feb 2016 Damar 40.9 4.3 11.9 6.4 12.2 6.1 6.8 2.2 1.9 3.6 3.7 28.7
Dec 2015 Ipsos 45 4 8 6 13 8 6 >1 2 2 6 32
Nov 2015 Damar 41.7 4 11.5 6.4 11.4 4 7.4 2.4 3 4.5 3.7 30.2
Nov 2015 CeDem 45.1 4.6 8.7 9.1 10.2 4.2 6.7 2.5 1.8 3.3 3.8 34.9
Oct 2015 Ipsos 45 4 8 7 13 7 6 1 1 3 5 32
Sep 2015 Damar 40.3 3.8 9.4 6.9 10.2 3.5 10.1 2.4 3.6 5 4.8 30.1
July 2015 CeDem 42.7 5.2 5.8 8.5 14.4 5.5 9.2 2.2 1.6 2.1 2.8 28.3
May 2015 Ipsos 42 3 7 7 16 5 7 >1 2.9 3 7.1 26
Oct 2012 Election results 45.6 22.8 11.1 Did not exist 8.2 4.1 8.1 22.8

Coup plotEdit

A group of 20 Serbian and Montenegrin citizens were arrested on election day. Fourteen remain in custody (as of 12 November 2016), including former head of Serbian Gendarmery Bratislav Dikić, and some that fought for the pro-Russian side in the War in Donbass. On 6 November, the Montenegrin prosecutor Milivoje Katnić has stated that there is no evidence of Russian state involvement, but that two Russian nationalists organized the plot.[7] Two GRU agents, Vladimir Popov and Eduard Shishmakov, have been tried in absentia.[8] Russian citizens in Serbia, monitoring Prime Minister Đukanović, had been supervised by the Special prosecution, which prevented them from realizing the plan. The Serbian authorities found €125,000 in cash and uniforms, and deported an unknown number of Russian citizens. At the same time, Serbian Prime Minister Aleksandar Vučić told that there had been increased activity by a number of different intelligence agencies, 'from both the East and the West', against Serbian interests, and that members of these agencies had been apprehended. The Montenegrin prosecutor said that the intention was to have 500 people enter Montenegro on election night to "cause violence", and hire assassin snipers to murder Prime Minister Đukanović – to stop Montenegro from entering NATO and prevent Russia from losing an ally in the Balkans. All opposition parties claimed that the coup attempt was staged by the Government of Montenegro and DPS as a publicity stunt to improve their electoral results, and denounced elections as irregular, refusing to accept the results.[9][10][11]

ResultsEdit

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Democratic Party of Socialists 158,490 41.41 36 +3
Democratic Front 77,784 20.32 18 –2
Key Coalition 42,295 11.05 9 0
Democratic Montenegro 38,327 10.01 8 New
Social Democratic Party 20,011 5.23 4 –2
Social Democrats 12,472 3.26 2 New
Bosniak Party 12,089 3.16 2 –1
Positive Montenegro 5,062 1.32 0 –7
Albanians Decisively 4,854 1.27 1 0
Albanian Coalition 3,394 0.89 0 -1
Croatian Civic Initiative 1,801 0.47 1 0
Democratic Alliance of Albanians 1,542 0.40 0 New
Serb Party 1,201 0.31 0 New
Bosniak Democratic Community in Montenegro 1,140 0.30 0 New
Alternative Montenegro 878 0.23 0 New
Party of Serb Radicals 693 0.18 0 0
Party of Pensioners, Disabled and Social Justice 672 0.18 0 0
Invalid/blank votes 5,513
Total 388,220 100 81 0
Registered voters/turnout 528,817 73.41
Source: DIK
Vote share
DPS
41.41%
DF
20.32%
Ključ
11.05%
DCG
10.01%
SDP
5.23%
SD
3.26%
BS
3.16%
Others
5.56%

SeatsEdit

 

Government (42)        

  DPS-LP  (36)
  SD  (2)
  BS  (2)
  AO  (1)
  HGI  (1)

Opposition (39)

  DF  (18)
  Ključ (9)
  DCG (8)
  SDP (4)

AftermathEdit

Following the events which surrounded the elections, the entire opposition started a collective boycott of all parliamentary sittings. In mid-February 2017, Montenegro's opposition announced it would boycott local elections in the country's second city, Niksic, over the government's bid to prosecute two members of Parliament, Andrija Mandić and Milan Knežević of the pro-Russian opposition Democratic Front alliance, who had been charged with involvement in a coup plot allegedly planned for election day.[12]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Electoral system IPU
  2. ^ Demokratska srpska stranka pristupila Demokratskom frontu Vijesti, 31 Aug 2016
  3. ^ Komunisti se pridružili DF-u RTCG, 3 August 2016
  4. ^ KOALICIJA DEMOSA SNP-A I URA USAGLASILA VIZUELNI IDENTITET Vijesti, 8 September 2016
  5. ^ Odlučeno: SNP, Demos i URA u koaliciji Vijesti, 31 August 2016
  6. ^ Na listi DPS-a i dva predstavnika Liberalne partije Vijesti, 8 September 2016
  7. ^ "Montenegrin prosecutor says Russian nationalists behind alleged coup plot". The Guardian. 6 November 2016. Retrieved 11 July 2018.
  8. ^ Bajrović, Reuf; Garčević, Vesko; Kramer, Richard. "Hanging by a Thread: Russia's Policy of Destabilization in Montenegro" (PDF). Foreign Policy Research Institute. Retrieved 11 July 2018.
  9. ^ "Case "Coup d'etat" and Đukanović's "old recipe"".
  10. ^ "Montenegro prosecutor Katnić: Russian nationalists behind alleged coup plot".
  11. ^ "Common decision: Opposition does not recognise election results".
  12. ^ Montenegro Opposition to Boycott Poll Over ‘Coup’ Claims Balkan Insight, 15 February 2017.