2006 Montenegrin parliamentary election
Constitutional Assembly elections were held in the newly independent Republic of Montenegro on 10 September 2006. Prime Minister Milo Đukanović's Coalition for a European Montenegro (based around Democratic Party of Socialists) won 41 seats in the 81-seat Parliament. The opposition blocs together won 34 seats; 12 for the Serbian List and 11 each for the Socialist People's Party and the Movement for Changes. Other seats were won by parties representing ethnic minorities, mainly Albanians.
This lists parties that won seats. See the complete results below.
As rival groups conceded defeat, the Đukanović stated "These elections showed that Montenegro is stable and firm on its road to Europe."
Of the 81 seats in Parliament, 76 were elected by proportional representation in a nationwide constituency and five were elected in a special constituency for the Albanian minority. The electoral threshold was set at 3% and seats allocated using the d'Hondt method. Closed lists were used with a single list for both constituencies, although parties only had to award half their seats according to the order of the list, with the remaining half free for them to allocate.
The main campaign issues were the economy, unemployment, the environment and European integration. The government campaigned on the recent successful independence referendum and international recognition of the country. Opposition parties criticised the performance of state institutions, as well as criticising their politicisation, but suffered from internal divisions and the formation of new parties.
Although the Đukanović government made a decision not to pay for parties' election campaigns using state funds, it eventually relented and funding was distributed equally between all parties. However, the opposition claimed the amount distributed was too low.
One opinion poll leading up to the elections suggested Đukanović's Democratic Party of Socialists (DPS) could win as much as 30%-45% of the vote, but that would still leave him needing a coalition partner. According to the same poll, the three pro-Serb opposition alliances could each win between 10% and 20% of the vote - potentially enough to unseat the Prime Minister if they succeed in uniting against him. All three claimed their main priority was to replace Đukanović. However, the Prime Minister himself did not rule out joining forces with the main opposition bloc, led by the Socialist People's Party.
|Coalition for a European Montenegro (DPS–SDP–HGI)||164,737||48.62||39||2||41||+2|
|Serb List (SNS–SSR–NSS–DSJ)||49,730||14.68||12||0||12||–|
|Movement for Changes||44,483||13.13||11||0||11||New|
|Liberals and Bosniak Party||12,748||3.76||3||0||3||–|
|Democratic Union of Albanians||3,693||1.09||0||1||1||–|
|Communists of Montenegro||2,343||0.69||0||0||0||–|
|New Democratic Force||2,197||0.65||0||0||0||–|
|Democratic Party of Montenegro||1,286||0.38||0||0||0||–|
|Source: Nohlen & Stöver|
- Djukanovic's coalition claims absolute victory Podgorica Makfax, 11 September 2006
- Dieter Nohlen & Philip Stöver (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p1370 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
- Nohlen & Stöver, p1367
- Q&A: Montenegro votes BBC News, 11 September 2006