Zeta Banovina

The Zeta Banovina (Serbo-Croatian: Zetska banovina / Зетска бановина), was a province (banovina) of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia between 1929 and 1941. This province consisted of all of present-day Montenegro as well as adjacent parts of Central Serbia, Croatia, Kosovo and Bosnia and Herzegovina. It was named after the Zeta River which also gave its name to the medieval state of Zeta that roughly corresponds to modern-day Montenegro. The capital city of the Zeta Banovina was Cetinje.

Zetska Banovina
Zetska banovina
Зетска бановина
Banovina of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia
1929–1941
Locator map Zeta Banovina in Yugoslavia 1929-1939.svg
Zeta Banovina (red) within
Kingdom of Yugoslavia (light yellow)
CapitalCetinje
Area 
• 1931
30,997 km2 (11,968 sq mi)
Population 
• 1931
925,516
Government
Ban of Zeta 
• 1929-1931
Krsta Smiljanić (first)
• 1941
Blažo Đukanović (last)
Historical eraInterwar period
• Established
3 October 1929
• Disestablished
17 April 1941
Succeeded by
Banovina of Croatia
Governorate of Montenegro
Independent State of Croatia
German-occupied Serbia
Kingdom of Albania
Today part of Montenegro
 Kosovo
 Bosnia and Herzegovina
 Serbia
 Croatia
Map of Zeta Banovina

BordersEdit

According to the 1931 Constitution of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia,

The Zeta Banovina is bounded on the north by the southern boundaries of the Littoral and Drina Banovinas ... as far as the intersection of the boundaries of the three districts of Dragačevo, Žiča and Studenica. From this point and as far as the national frontier with Albania, the boundary of this Banovina follows the eastern boundaries of the districts of Studenica, Deževa, Mitrovica, Drenica and Drin, including all these districts. Then the boundary coincides, up to the Adriatic Sea, with the Yugoslav-Albanian State frontier.[citation needed]

HistoryEdit

In 1939, predominantly Catholic areas of the Zeta Banovina from the Konavle to Pelješac including Dubrovnik were merged with a new Banovina of Croatia.

World War IIEdit

In 1941, the World War II Axis Powers occupied the remaining area of the Zeta Banovina. A small area around the Gulf of Kotor was annexed by Fascist Italy while much of the rest was joined with Italian-occupied Montenegro and Albania. Eastern areas were made part of German-occupied Serbia and western areas part of Independent State of Croatia.

Following World War II, the region was divided between Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, and Croatia within a federal Socialist Yugoslavia.

DemographicsEdit

According to the 1931 census, the Zeta Banovina had a population of 925,516 and an area of 30,997 km².

Cities and townsEdit

List of Bans of ZetaEdit

Name Term of office Born Party
affiliation
Monarch
Start End
1
Krsta Smiljanić 1929 1931   Ljubiš
(now Serbia)
Military
Alexander I
 
(1929–1934)
2   Uroš Krulj
1931
  Mostar
(now Bosnia-Herzegovina)
JRSD
3   Aleksa Stanišić 1932 1934   Prijepolje
(now Serbia)
JRSD
4   Mujo Sočica 1934 1936   Plužine
(now Montenegro)
JRZ
Paul
 
(1934–1941)
5   Petar Ivanišević 1936 1939   Trebinje
(now Bosnia-Herzegovina)
JRZ
6   Božidar Krstić 1939 1941   Jagodina
(now Serbia)
JRZ
7   Blažo Đukanović
1941
  Nikšić
(now Montenegro)
Military
Peter II
 
(1941)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit