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Gacko (Serbian: Гацко) is a town and municipality located in Republika Srpska, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is situated in the region of East Herzegovina. As of 2013, the town has a population of 5,784 inhabitants, while the municipality has 8,990 inhabitants.

Gacko

Гацко
View on Gacko
View on Gacko
Location of Gacko
Gacko is located in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Gacko
Gacko
Coordinates: 43°10′N 18°32′E / 43.167°N 18.533°E / 43.167; 18.533Coordinates: 43°10′N 18°32′E / 43.167°N 18.533°E / 43.167; 18.533
Country Bosnia and Herzegovina
Entity Republika Srpska
Boroughs71 (as of 2008)
Government
 • MayorMilan Radmilović (SDS)
 • Municipality735.88 km2 (284.12 sq mi)
Population
 (2013 census)
 • Town
5,784
 • Municipality
8,990
 • Municipality density12/km2 (32/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Area code(s)59

GeographyEdit

The municipality covers an area of 736 km2 (284 sq mi), making it one of the larger municipalities in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

The town is near the state border with Montenegro.

HistoryEdit

Middle AgesEdit

In the 14th century the region was governed by the powerful Vojinović family.[1]

In 1359, veliki čelnik Dimitrije held the region.[2]

Ottoman periodEdit

The rebels were defeated at the field of Gacko. It ultimately failed due to lack of foreign support.[3]

Modern historyEdit

Austro-Hungarian authorities took it over in 1878, a decision which was made at the Berlin Congress. In 1908, Austria-Hungary annexed Bosnia and Herzegovina sparking the Bosnian crisis which eventually led to World War I.

After that war, Gacko joined the State of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, going on to the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes by the end of 1918. These were the first incarnations of Yugoslavia where Gacko remained until Bosnia and Herzegovina declared independence in 1992.

SettlementsEdit

DemographicsEdit

YearPop.±% p.a.
194814,424—    
195314,628+0.28%
196113,296−1.19%
197112,033−0.99%
198110,279−1.56%
199110,788+0.48%
20138,990−0.83%

According to the 2013 census results, the municipality of Gacko has 8,990 inhabitants.

Ethnic groupsEdit

The ethnic composition of the municipality:[4]

Census year Total Serbs Muslims Croats Yugoslavs Others
2013 8,990 8,556 (95.20%) 369 (4.10%) 15 (0.20%) - 50 (0.60%)
1991 10,788 6,661 (61.74%) 3,858 (35.76%) 29 (0.26%) 84 (0.77%) 156 (1.44%)
1981 10,279 6,215 (60.46%) 3,424 (33.31%) 21 (0.20%) 346 (3.36%) 273 (2.65%)
1971 12,033 7,634 (63.44%) 4,184 (34.77%) 15 (0.12%) 20 (0.16%) 180 (1.49%)

EconomyEdit

 
Gacko Power Plant

The Gacko coal mine and thermoelectric powerplant is located the municipality, and is also the largest employer in the area.

The following table gives a preview of total number of registered employed people per their core activity (as of 2016):[5]

Activity Total
Agriculture, forestry and fishing 29
Mining and quarrying 754
Manufacturing 31
Distribution of power, gas, steam and air-conditioning 1,012
Distribution of water and water waste management 124
Construction 244
Wholesale and retail, repair 160
Transportation and storage 80
Hotels and restaurants 80
Information and communication 18
Finance and insurance 23
Real estate activities -
Professional, scientific and technical activities 14
Administrative and support services 2
Public administration and defence 155
Education 172
Healthcare and social work 80
Art, entertainment and recreation 35
Other service activities 33
Total 3,046

SportEdit

Notable peopleEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Fine, John Van Antwerp, Jr. (1994). The Late Medieval Balkans: A Critical Survey from the Late Twelfth Century to the Ottoman Conquest. University of Michigan Press. p. 53. ISBN 978-0-472-08260-5.
  2. ^ SANU (1908). Glas. 78–80. SANU. p. 196.
  3. ^ Ćorović, Vladimir (2001) [1997]. "Преокрет у држању Срба". Историја српског народа (in Serbian). Belgrade: Јанус.
  4. ^ "Popis 2013 - Gacko". statistika.ba. Retrieved 29 December 2018.
  5. ^ "Cities and Municipalities of Republika Srpska 2017" (PDF). rzs.rs.ba (in Serbian). December 2017. Retrieved 21 October 2018.

BibliographyEdit

External linksEdit