Gacko (Serbian: Гацко) is a town and municipality located in Republika Srpska, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is situated in the region of East Herzegovina. As of 2013, the town has a population of 5,784 inhabitants, while the municipality has 8,990 inhabitants.
View on Gacko
|Country||Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|Boroughs||71 (as of 2008)|
|• Mayor||Milan Radmilović (SDS)|
|• Municipality||735.88 km2 (284.12 sq mi)|
|• Municipality density||12/km2 (32/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
The municipality covers an area of 736 km2 (284 sq mi), making it one of the larger municipalities in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The town is near the state border with Montenegro.
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Austro-Hungarian authorities took it over in 1878, a decision which was made at the Berlin Congress. In 1908, Austria-Hungary annexed Bosnia and Herzegovina sparking the Bosnian crisis which eventually led to World War I.
After that war, Gacko joined the State of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, going on to the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes by the end of 1918. These were the first incarnations of Yugoslavia where Gacko remained until Bosnia and Herzegovina declared independence in 1992.
Aside from the town of Gacko, the municipality includes the following settlements:
- Donja Bodežišta
- Gornja Bodežišta
- Ljeskov Dub
- Novi Dulići
- Rudo Polje
- Stari Dulići
According to the 2013 census results, the municipality of Gacko has 8,990 inhabitants.
The ethnic composition of the municipality:
|2013||8,990||8,556 (95.20%)||369 (4.10%)||15 (0.20%)||-||50 (0.60%)|
|1991||10,788||6,661 (61.74%)||3,858 (35.76%)||29 (0.26%)||84 (0.77%)||156 (1.44%)|
|1981||10,279||6,215 (60.46%)||3,424 (33.31%)||21 (0.20%)||346 (3.36%)||273 (2.65%)|
|1971||12,033||7,634 (63.44%)||4,184 (34.77%)||15 (0.12%)||20 (0.16%)||180 (1.49%)|
The Gacko coal mine and thermoelectric powerplant is located the municipality, and is also the largest employer in the area.
The following table gives a preview of total number of registered employed people per their core activity (as of 2016):
|Agriculture, forestry and fishing||29|
|Mining and quarrying||754|
|Distribution of power, gas, steam and air-conditioning||1,012|
|Distribution of water and water waste management||124|
|Wholesale and retail, repair||160|
|Transportation and storage||80|
|Hotels and restaurants||80|
|Information and communication||18|
|Finance and insurance||23|
|Real estate activities||-|
|Professional, scientific and technical activities||14|
|Administrative and support services||2|
|Public administration and defence||155|
|Healthcare and social work||80|
|Art, entertainment and recreation||35|
|Other service activities||33|
- Fine, John Van Antwerp, Jr. (1994). The Late Medieval Balkans: A Critical Survey from the Late Twelfth Century to the Ottoman Conquest. University of Michigan Press. p. 53. ISBN 978-0-472-08260-5.
- SANU (1908). Glas. 78–80. SANU. p. 196.
- Ćorović, Vladimir (2001) . "Преокрет у држању Срба". Историја српског народа (in Serbian). Belgrade: Јанус.
- "Popis 2013 - Gacko". statistika.ba. Retrieved 29 December 2018.
- "Cities and Municipalities of Republika Srpska 2017" (PDF). rzs.rs.ba (in Serbian). December 2017. Retrieved 21 October 2018.
- Bataković, Dušan T. (1996). The Serbs of Bosnia & Herzegovina: History and Politics. Dialogue Association.
- HadžiMuhamedović, Safet (2018) Waiting for Elijah: Time and Encounter in a Bosnian Landscape. New York and Oxford: Berghahn Books.