Tutin, Serbia

Tutin (Serbian Cyrillic: Тутин) is a town and municipality located in the Raška District of southwestern Serbia. According to a 2011 census, the municipality of Tutin has a population of 31,155 people.

Tutin
Тутин (Serbian)
Tutin.JPG
Pešter, Tutin (Pester Plateau in Serbia) 7694.NEF.jpg
Pešter, Tutin (Pester Plateau in Serbia) 7698.NEF.jpg
Pešter, Tutin (Pester Plateau in Serbia) 7712.NEF.jpg
Pešter, Tutin (Pester Plateau in Serbia) 7708.NEF.jpg
Panorama of Tutin
Coat of arms of Tutin
Location of the municipality of Tutin within Serbia
Location of the municipality of Tutin within Serbia
Coordinates: 42°59′N 20°20′E / 42.983°N 20.333°E / 42.983; 20.333Coordinates: 42°59′N 20°20′E / 42.983°N 20.333°E / 42.983; 20.333
Country Serbia
RegionŠumadija and Western Serbia
DistrictRaška
Settlements93
Government
 • MayorSalih Hot (SDA)
Area
 • Town2.94 km2 (1.14 sq mi)
 • Municipality743 km2 (287 sq mi)
Elevation
867 m (2,844 ft)
Population
 (2011 census)[2]
 • Town
10,094
 • Town density3,400/km2 (8,900/sq mi)
 • Municipality
31,155
 • Municipality density42/km2 (110/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
36320
Area code+381(0)20
Car platesTT
Websitewww.tutin.rs

HistoryEdit

The settlement of Gluhavica in the territory of Tutin is likely the oldest village attested by name in the municipality. It was an iron mining center of Stefan Milutin, King of Serbia in the early 14th century century.[3] After the battle of Kosovo (1389), the Gluhavica mine was the first to be placed under direct Ottoman control in the area. A kadi of Gluhavica is attested as early as 1396.

There is no information about the foundation of the town of Tutin and its etymology is unknown. The village is mentioned for the first time in a 1868 travelogue by British writer M. Mackenzie.[4] In 1700, after the Great Serb Migration, the Albanian Kelmendi and Kuçi and other Albanian tribes like the Shkreli of Rugova established themselves in the region of Rožaje and the neighboring town of Tutin in Serbia. The Shala, Krasniqi, and Gashi also moved into the region.[5][6][7] Starting in the 18th century many people originating from the Hoti tribe have migrated to and live in Sandžak, mainly in the Tutin area, but also in Sjenica.[8] Catholic Albanian groups which settled in Tutin in the early 18th century were converted to Islam in that period. Their descendants make up the large majority of the population of Tutin and the Pešter plateau.[9]

The name of Tutin first appeared in 1868 in the work of English travelers. According to that work, Tutin had only 7 houses of which 6 belonged to the Hamzagić family and one was Serb. Until 1912, Tutin was a small settlement with 20 houses. In the 20th century, the settlement was greatly developed: public buildings, a health station, a school and shops were built. During World War II, Tutin belonged to the Italian protectorate of Albania from 1941 to 1943 and to the Albanian Kingdom from 1943 to 1944, which was a client state of Nazi Germany.

Tutin was the first municipality in Serbia to have renewable wind power. It was opened in 2011 with an installed capacity of 600 KW.[10]

ClimateEdit

Tutin has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification: Dfb).

Climate data for Tutin
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 1.3
(34.3)
3.8
(38.8)
8.8
(47.8)
13.0
(55.4)
17.7
(63.9)
21.2
(70.2)
23.6
(74.5)
23.8
(74.8)
20.3
(68.5)
14.5
(58.1)
7.2
(45.0)
2.7
(36.9)
13.2
(55.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) −1.9
(28.6)
0.0
(32.0)
4.4
(39.9)
8.2
(46.8)
12.6
(54.7)
16.0
(60.8)
18.0
(64.4)
18.1
(64.6)
14.8
(58.6)
9.8
(49.6)
3.8
(38.8)
−0.2
(31.6)
8.6
(47.5)
Average low °C (°F) −5.1
(22.8)
−3.7
(25.3)
0.0
(32.0)
3.4
(38.1)
7.6
(45.7)
10.8
(51.4)
12.5
(54.5)
12.4
(54.3)
9.4
(48.9)
5.2
(41.4)
0.4
(32.7)
−3.1
(26.4)
4.1
(39.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 82
(3.2)
72
(2.8)
75
(3.0)
82
(3.2)
98
(3.9)
82
(3.2)
72
(2.8)
67
(2.6)
77
(3.0)
88
(3.5)
105
(4.1)
94
(3.7)
994
(39)
Source: Climate-Data.org [11]

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
194824,662—    
195327,963+2.54%
196129,959+0.87%
197129,944−0.01%
198132,779+0.91%
199134,631+0.55%
200230,054−1.28%
201131,155+0.40%
Source: [12]

According to the last official census done in 2011, the Municipality of Tutin has 31,155 inhabitants. Population that lives in urban areas comprises 32.4% of the municipality's total population. Depopulation is typical for villages because of the migrations to urban and other areas. Population density on the territory of the municipality is 41.99 inhabitants per square kilometer.

Ethnic groupsEdit

Most of Tutin's population are Bosniaks (90.0%), followed by Muslims and Serbs. Ethnic composition of the municipality:

Ethnic group Population
1991
Population
2002
Population
2011
Bosniaks - 28,320 28,041
Muslims 32,671 222 1,092
Serbs 1,503 1,298 1,090
Romani - - 67
Gorani - - 55
Others 457 214 810
Total 34,631 30,054 31,155

Note: Most of those who in 1991 census declared themselves as ethnic Muslims, in the next census in 2002 declared themselves as Bosniaks, while the smaller number of them still declare themselves as ethnic Muslims.

EconomyEdit

The following table gives a preview of total number of registered people employed in legal entities per their core activity (as of 2018):[13]

Activity Total
Agriculture, forestry and fishing 78
Mining and quarrying 55
Manufacturing 898
Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 43
Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities 52
Construction 210
Wholesale and retail trade, repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles 516
Transportation and storage 121
Accommodation and food services 135
Information and communication 27
Financial and insurance activities 20
Real estate activities -
Professional, scientific and technical activities 91
Administrative and support service activities 18
Public administration and defense; compulsory social security 357
Education 720
Human health and social work activities 416
Arts, entertainment and recreation 38
Other service activities 189
Individual agricultural workers 739
Total 4,722

Notable peopleEdit

International relationsEdit

Twin towns – Sister citiesEdit

Tutin is twinned with:

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Municipalities of Serbia, 2006". Statistical Office of Serbia. Retrieved 2010-11-28.
  2. ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia: Comparative Overview of the Number of Population in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2002 and 2011, Data by settlements" (PDF). Statistical Office of Republic Of Serbia, Belgrade. 2014. ISBN 978-86-6161-109-4. Retrieved 2014-06-27.
  3. ^ Velović Popović 2021, p. 173.
  4. ^ Velović Popović, Bojana M. (2021). "Морфолошке одлике глаголских облика говора Тутина, Новог Пазара и Сјенице" [Morphological features of verb forms in speech from Tutin, Novi Pazar and Sjenica] (PDF). Српски дијалектолошки зборник (68): 168.
  5. ^ Mušović, Ejup (1985). Tutin i okolina. Serbian Academy of Science and Arts. p. 27.
  6. ^ The Tribes of Albania,: History, Culture and Society. Robert Elsie. 24 April 2015. p. 104. ISBN 9780857739322.
  7. ^ Kaser, Karl (1992). Hirten, Kämpfer, Stammeshelden: Ursprünge und Gegenwart des balkanischen Patriarchats. Böhlau Verlag Wien. p. 163. ISBN 3205055454.
  8. ^ Biber, Ahmet. "HISTORIJAT RODOVA NA PODRUČJU BJELIMIĆA". Fondacija "Lijepa riječ".
  9. ^ Veljović 2021, pp. 197–199.
  10. ^ "Prva srpska vetrenjača u Tutinu". b92.net (in Serbian). Tanjug. 11 April 2011. Retrieved 19 February 2020.
  11. ^ "Climate: Tutin, Serbia". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved January 10, 2018.
  12. ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 11 January 2017.
  13. ^ "MUNICIPALITIES AND REGIONS OF THE REPUBLIC OF SERBIA, 2019" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. 25 December 2019. Retrieved 28 December 2019.
  14. ^ "Mostar Gradovi prijatelji" [Mostar Twin Towns]. Grad Mostar [Mostar Official City Website] (in Macedonian). Archived from the original on 2013-10-30. Retrieved 2013-12-19.
  15. ^ "Kardeş Belediyeler" [Gaziosmanpaşa Twin Towns]. Gaziosmanpaşa [Gaziosmanpaşa Official Website] (in Turkish). Archived from the original on 2017-10-30. Retrieved 2017-12-19.
  16. ^ "Kardeş Belediyeler" [Iznik Twin Towns]. Iznik [Iznik Official Website] (in Turkish). Retrieved 2017-12-19.

External linksEdit