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Municipalities and cities of Serbia

The municipalities and cities (Serbian: општине и градови, romanizedopštine i gradovi) are the second level administrative subdivisions of Serbia. The country is divided into 145 municipalities (Serbian Latin: opštine, singular: opština; 38 in Southern and Eastern Serbia, 42 in Šumadija and Western Serbia, 37 in Vojvodina and 28 in Kosovo and Metohija) and 29 cities (Serbian Latin: gradovi, singular: grad; 9 in Southern and Eastern Serbia, 10 in Šumadija and Western Serbia, 8 in Vojvodina and one in Kosovo and Metohija), forming the basic level of local government.[1][2]

Municipalities and cities of Serbia
Општине и градови Србије
Opštine i gradovi Srbije
Also known as:
Opštine i gradovi
Municipalities of Serbia.png
Municipalities and cities of Serbia
CategoryUnitary state
LocationRepublic of Serbia
Created byDecree of 29 January 1992
Created29 January 1992 (1992-01-29)
Number145 municipalities + 29 cities
117 municipalities + 28 cities (de facto, excluding Kosovo[a]) (as of 2018)
Populations1,663 (Crna Trava) – 1,659,440 (Belgrade)
Areas20 sq mi (51 km2) (Sremski Karlovci) – 1,245 sq mi (3,225 km2) (Belgrade)
GovernmentMunicipal/City Assembly
SubdivisionsSettlements

Municipalities and cities are the administrative units of Serbia, and they form 29 districts in groups, except the City of Belgrade which is not part of any district.

A city may and may not be divided into city municipalities (Serbian Latin: gradske opštine, singular: gradska opština) depending on their size. Currently, there are six cities in Serbia with city municipalities: Belgrade, Novi Sad, Niš, Požarevac, Užice and Vranje comprise several city municipalities each, divided into "urban" (in the city proper) and "other" (suburban). There are 30 city municipalities (17 in Belgrade, 5 in Niš, and 2 each in Novi Sad, Požarevac, Užice and Vranje).[3]

DefinitionEdit

Municipalities and citiesEdit

Municipalities

Like in many other countries, municipalities are the basic entities of local government in Serbia. The head of the municipality is the President of the municipality, while the executive power is held by the Municipal council, and legislative power by the Municipal assembly. Municipal assembly is elected on local elections (held every 4 years), while the President and the Council are elected by the Assembly. Municipalities have their own property (including public service companies) and budget. Only the cities officially have mayors (Serbian Latin: gradonačelnici), although the municipal presidents are often informally referred to as such.

The territory of a municipality is composed of a town (seat of the municipality) and surrounding villages (e.g. the territory of the Municipality of Čoka is composed of the town of Čoka, which is the seat of the municipality, and surrounding villages). The municipality bears the name of the seat town. Only one municipality (Municipality of Gora) does not share the name with the seat town, as the seat of that municipality is the town of Dragaš. This municipality is located in Kosovo, and thus exists only on paper. The territory of the municipality was merged with part of the Municipality of Prizren in 2000 by UNMIK to form new Municipality of Dragaš. This move is not recognised by Serbian Government (see Municipalities and cities of Kosovo section).

Advocates of reform of Serbian local self-government system point out that Serbian municipalities (with 50,000 citizens in average) are the largest in Europe, both by territory and number of residents, and as such can be inefficient in handling citizens' needs and distributing the income from the country budget into most relevant projects.[4][5]

Cities and city municipalities

Cities are another type of local self-government. The territory with the city status usually has more than 100,000 inhabitants,[1] but is otherwise very similar to municipality. There are 27 cities (Serbian Latin: gradovi, singular: grad), each having an assembly and budget of its own. Only the cities have mayors (Serbian Latin: gradonačelnici, singular: gradonačelnik), although the presidents of the municipalities are often referred to as "mayors" in everyday usage.

As with a municipality, the territory of a city is composed of a city proper and surrounding villages (e.g. the territory of the City of Subotica is composed of the Subotica town and surrounding villages). Every city (and municipality) is part of a district. The exception is the capital Belgrade, which is not part of any district.[6]

The city may or may not be divided into city municipalities. Six cities: Belgrade, Novi Sad, Niš, Požarevac, Užice and Vranje comprise several city municipalities. Competences of cities and these municipalities are divided. The municipalities of these cities also have their assemblies and other prerogatives. Two largest city municipalities by number of residents are the Novi Sad (307,760) and New Belgrade (212,104).[7]

Of these six cities, only Novi Sad did not undergo the full transformation, as the newly formed municipality of Petrovaradin exists pretty much only formally;[8] thus, the City municipality of Novi Sad is largely equated to city of Novi Sad. The city of Kragujevac had its own city municipalities from 2002 until 2008. In 2013, the city municipality of Sevojno within the city of Užice was established.[9]

Municipalities and cities of KosovoEdit

Serbian law still treats Kosovo as an integral part of Serbia (officially the Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija), although Kosovo declared independence in 2008. The Law on Territorial Organization defines 28 municipalities and 1 city on the territory of Kosovo.[1] Kosovo was under official United Nations' administration (UNMIK) from 1999 to 2008. The UNMIK administration changed the territorial organisation on the territory of Kosovo. In 2000 the municipality of Gora was merged with Opolje (part of the Municipality of Prizren) into the new municipality of Dragaš and one new municipality was created: Mališevo. Later, from 2005 to 2008, seven new municipalities were created: Gračanica, Elez Han, Junik, Parteš, Klokot, Ranilug and Mamuša.[10] However, the Government of Serbia does not recognise the territorial re-organisation of Kosovo, although some of these new-formed municipalities have Serb majority, and some Serbs participate in local elections. In three of those municipalities: Gračanica, Klokot-Vrbovac and Ranilug, Serbian parties won a majority in the 2009 elections.[11][12]

In the Brussels Agreement, in 2013, Serbia agreed to disband its parallel municipal institutions in Kosovo, while the authorities of Kosovo agreed on creation of the Community of Serb Municipalities. However, both parties acted slowly to put this agreement in power.[13][14]

List of municipalitiesEdit

This is a list of the municipalities in Serbia, as defined by the Law on territorial organisation[1] It does not include municipalities in Kosovo created by UNMIK after 1999. The data on population is taken from the 2011 census.[7]

The census was not conducted in Kosovo, which is under administration of UNMIK, so the population numbers are not given for the municipalities in Kosovo.

[15] Crest Municipality District Area [km²] Population[3]
63 Kladovo Bor District 629 20,635
86 Majdanpek Bor District 932 18,686
93 Negotin Bor District 1,089 37,056
29 Veliko Gradište Braničevo District 344 17,610
41 Golubac Braničevo District 368 8,331
89 Malo Crniće Braničevo District 271 11,458
50 Žabari Braničevo District 264 11,380
105 Petrovac na Mlavi Braničevo District 655 31,259
77 Kučevo Braničevo District 721 15,516
51 Žagubica Braničevo District 760 12,737
21 Bojnik Jablanica District 264 11,104
80 Lebane Jablanica District 337 22,000
90 Medveđa Jablanica District 524 7,438
33 Vlasotince Jablanica District 308 29,893
145 Crna Trava Jablanica District 312 1,663
102 Osečina Kolubara District 319 12,536
143 Ub Kolubara District 456 29,101
78 Lajkovac Kolubara District 186 15,475
92 Mionica Kolubara District 329 14,335
84 Ljig Kolubara District 279 12,754
20 Bogatić Mačva District 384 28,883
31 Vladimirci Mačva District 338 17,462
73 Koceljeva Mačva District 257 13,129
87 Mali Zvornik Mačva District 184 12,482
74 Krupanj Mačva District 342 17,295
85 Ljubovija Mačva District 356 14,469
43 Gornji Milanovac Moravica District 836 44,406
83 Lučani Moravica District 454 20,897
56 Ivanjica Moravica District 1,090 31,963
3 Aleksinac Nišava District 707 51,863
123 Svrljig Nišava District 497 14,249
91 Merošina Nišava District 193 13,968
117 Ražanj Nišava District 289 9,150
47 Doljevac Nišava District 121 18,463
38 Gadžin Han Nišava District 325 8,389
32 Vladičin Han Pčinja District 366 20,871
134 Surdulica Pčinja District 628 20,319
24 Bosilegrad Pčinja District 571 8,129
138 Trgovište Pčinja District 370 5,091
26 Bujanovac Pčinja District 461 18,0672
112 Preševo Pčinja District 264 3,0802
15 Bela Palanka Pirot District 951 12,126
8 Babušnica Pirot District 529 12,307
46 Dimitrovgrad Pirot District 483 10,118
127 Smederevska Palanka Podunavlje District 422 50,284
28 Velika Plana Podunavlje District 345 40,902
142 Ćuprija Pomoravlje District 287 30,645
104 Paraćin Pomoravlje District 542 54,242
122 Svilajnac Pomoravlje District 326 23,551
44 Despotovac Pomoravlje District 623 23,191
120 Rekovac Pomoravlje District 366 11,055
27 Varvarin Rasina District 249 17,966
139 Trstenik Rasina District 448 42,966
141 Ćićevac Rasina District 124 9,476
2 Aleksandrovac Rasina District 387 26,522
25 Brus Rasina District 606 16,317
35 Vrnjačka Banja Raška District 239 27,527
119 Raška Raška District 670 24,678
140 Tutin Raška District 742 31,155
6 Aranđelovac Šumadija District 376 46,225
137 Topola Šumadija District 356 22,329
118 Rača Šumadija District 216 11,503
10 Batočina Šumadija District 136 11,760
65 Knić Šumadija District 413 14,237
79 Lapovo Šumadija District 55 7,837
19 Blace Toplica District 306 11,754
76 Kuršumlija Toplica District 952 19,213
53 Žitorađa Toplica District 214 16,368
22 Boljevac Zaječar District 828 12,994
66 Knjaževac Zaječar District 1,202 31,491
128 Sokobanja Zaječar District 525 16,021
9 Bajina Bašta Zlatibor District 673 26,022
69 Kosjerić Zlatibor District 358 12,090
111 Požega Zlatibor District 426 29,638
146 Čajetina Zlatibor District 647 14,745
7 Arilje Zlatibor District 349 18,792
94 Nova Varoš Zlatibor District 581 16,638
115 Prijepolje Zlatibor District 827 37,059
126 Sjenica Zlatibor District 1,059 26,392
113 Priboj Zlatibor District 553 27,133
96 Novi Bečej Central Banat District 609 23,925
95 Nova Crnja Central Banat District 273 10,272
52 Žitište Central Banat District 525 16,841
125 Sečanj Central Banat District 523 13,267
13 Bačka Topola North Bačka District 596 33,321
88 Mali Iđoš North Bačka District 175 12,031
60 Kanjiža North Banat District 399 25,343
124 Senta North Banat District 293 23,316
1 Ada North Banat District 229 16,991
147 Čoka North Banat District 321 11,398
97 Novi Kneževac North Banat District 305 11,269
130 Srbobran South Bačka District 284 16,317
11 Bač South Bačka District 367 14,405
18 Bečej South Bačka District 487 37,351
34 Vrbas South Bačka District 376 42,092
12 Bačka Palanka South Bačka District 579 55,528
14 Bački Petrovac South Bačka District 158 13,418
49 Žabalj South Bačka District 400 26,134
136 Titel South Bačka District 262 15,738
135 Temerin South Bačka District 170 28,287
17 Beočin South Bačka District 186 15,726
131 Sremski Karlovci South Bačka District 51 8,750
109 Plandište South Banat District 383 11,336
100 Opovo South Banat District 203 10,440
67 Kovačica South Banat District 419 25,274
4 Alibunar South Banat District 602 20,151
16 Bela Crkva South Banat District 353 17,367
68 Kovin South Banat District 730 33,722
148 Šid Srem District 687 34,188
57 Inđija Srem District 384 47,433
58 Irig Srem District 230 10,866
121 Ruma Srem District 582 54,339
132 Stara Pazova Srem District 351 65,792
107 Pećinci Srem District 489 19,720
5 Apatin West Bačka District 333 28,929
103 Odžaci West Bačka District 411 30,154
75 Kula West Bačka District 481 43,101
39 Glogovac Kosovo District 290
70 Kosovo Polje Kosovo District 89
82 Lipljan Kosovo District 401
99 Obilić Kosovo District 105
110 Podujevo Kosovo District 625
144 Uroševac Kosovo District 344
149 Štimlje Kosovo District 134
61 Kačanik Kosovo District 294
150 Štrpce Kosovo District 248
71 Kosovska Kamenica Kosovo-Pomoravlje District 509
98 Novo Brdo Kosovo-Pomoravlje District 81
40 Gnjilane Kosovo-Pomoravlje District 510
30 Vitina Kosovo-Pomoravlje District 289
72 Kosovska Mitrovica Kosovska Mitrovica District 336
81 Leposavić Kosovska Mitrovica District 539
129 Srbica Kosovska Mitrovica District 374
37 Vučitrn Kosovska Mitrovica District 353
55 Zubin Potok Kosovska Mitrovica District 328
54 Zvečan Kosovska Mitrovica District 123
106 Peć Peć District 603
59 Istok Peć District 464
64 Klina Peć District 403
48 Đakovica Peć District 587
45 Dečani Peć District 402
101 Orahovac Prizren District 401
133 Suva Reka Prizren District 434
114 Prizren Prizren District 757
42 Gora1 Prizren District 310
1.^ The seat of the municipality is Dragaš
2.^ Incomplete coverage

List of cities and city municipalitiesEdit

[15] Crest City District Crest City municipality Area [Km²] Population
1 Bor Bor District none 856 48,615
2 Valjevo Kolubara District none 905 90,301
3   Vranje Pčinja District Vranje 860 82,782
Vranjska Banja
3a Vršac South Banat District none 1,324 54,369
4 Zaječar Zaječar District none 1,069 59,461
5 Zrenjanin Central Banat District none 1,324 123,362
6 Jagodina Pomoravlje District none 470 71,195
6a Kikinda North Banat District none 782 59,329
7 Kragujevac Šumadija District none 835 179,417
8 Kraljevo Raška District none 1,530 125,488
9 Kruševac Rasina District none 854 128,752
10 Leskovac Jablanica District none 1,025 144,206
11 Loznica Mačva District none 612 78,788
12 Niš Nišava District Medijana 16 88,010
Palilula 117 71,707
Pantelej 142 52,290
Crveni Krst 182 31,762
  Niška Banja 145 14,098
13 Novi Pazar Raška District none 742 100,410
14 Novi Sad South Bačka District Novi Sad 671.8 307,760
Petrovaradin 27.2 33,865
15 Pančevo South Banat District none 759 123,414
15a Pirot Pirot District none 1,232 63,791
16 Požarevac Braničevo District Požarevac 482 74,902
Kostolac
17 Priština Kosovo District none 854
18 Prokuplje Toplica District none 759 44,419
19 Smederevo Podunavlje District none 484 107,528
20 Sombor West Bačka District none 1,178 87,815
21 Sremska Mitrovica Srem District none 762 85,902
22 Subotica North Bačka District none 1,008 141,554
23 Užice Zlatibor District Užice 667 78,018
Sevojno
24 Čačak Moravica District none 636 115,337
25 Šabac Mačva District none 795 115,347
special
status
Belgrade none Barajevo 213 24,641
Čukarica 155 179,031
Grocka 289 83,398
Lazarevac 384 58,224
Mladenovac 339 53,050
Novi Beograd 41 212,104
Obrenovac 411 71,419
Palilula 447 170,593
Rakovica 29 108,413
Savski Venac 16 38,660
Sopot 271 20,199
Stari Grad 7 48,061
Surčin 285 42,012
Voždovac 150 157,152
Vračar 3 55,463
Zemun 154 166,292
Zvezdara 31 148,014

See alsoEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

Notes

  1. ^ Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the 2013 Brussels Agreement. Kosovo has been recognized as an independent state by 112 out of 193 United Nations member states, while 12 states have recognized Kosovo only to later withdraw their recognition.

References

  1. ^ a b c d "Закон о територијалној организацији Републике Србије" [Law on the Territorial Organisation of the Republic of Serbia]. Службени гласник Републике Србије (129): 3–41. 2007. ISSN 0353-8389.
    "Закон о изменама и допунама Закона о територијалној организацији Републике Србије" [Law on the Amendment of the Law on the Territorial Organisation of the Republic of Serbia]. Службени гласник Републике Србије (18): 32–34. 2016. ISSN 0353-8389.
  2. ^ "Pirot, Kikinda i Vršac dobili status grada" [Pirot, Kikinda and Vršac Awarded City Status]. B92. 29 February 2016. Retrieved 5 March 2016.
  3. ^ a b "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia" (PDF). Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. ISSN 0354-3641. Retrieved 21 November 2011.
  4. ^ Jerinić, Jelena (2006-12-01). "Konkretni oblici učešća građana" (PDF). Lokalna samouprava (in Serbian). Permanent conference of cities and municipalities/Vreme. p. 6. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 10, 2007. Retrieved 2007-07-31.
  5. ^ "Local Communities in Serbia: How to Become an Effective Voice for Citizens". USAID/Serbia Local Government Report Program. 2004-07-01. p. 4. Archived from the original (pdf) on 2011-07-27. Retrieved 2007-07-31.
  6. ^ "Уредба о управним окрузима" [Regulation on Administrative Districts]. Службени гласник Републике Србије (15): 3–6. 2006. ISSN 0353-8389.
  7. ^ a b Comparative overview of the number of population in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2002 and 2011, pod2.stat.gov.rs; accessed 15 October 2016.
  8. ^ Mijušković, Miroljub (13 August 2012). "Petrovaradin traži pravu opštinu". politika.rs (in Serbian). Retrieved 22 March 2017.
  9. ^ "ОДЛУКА О ИЗМЕНАМА И ДОПУНАМА СТАТУТА ГРАДА УЖИЦА" (PDF). graduzice.org (in Serbian). Службени лист града Ужица. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 22 March 2017.
  10. ^ "Municipal profiles". Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe.
  11. ^ "UNMIK: Serb boycott creates new problems". B92. 22 November 2007. Archived from the original on 8 June 2011. Retrieved 4 December 2009.
  12. ^ "Srbima većina u tri opštine" (in Serbian). B92. 16 November 2009. Retrieved 4 December 2009.
  13. ^ "Kosovo Accuses Serbia of Delaying Brussels Agreement". Balkan Insight. 24 March 2015. Retrieved 4 May 2015.
  14. ^ Morina, Die (21 November 2016). "Kosovo Stalls on Serbian Municipal Association". balkaninsight.com. BIRN. Retrieved 19 March 2017.
  15. ^ a b As given in the Law, in Serbian Cyrillic order

External linksEdit