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Bijelo Polje (Montenegrin Cyrillic: Бијело Поље, pronounced [bîjɛlɔː pɔ̂ʎɛ]) is a town in northeastern Montenegro on the Lim River. It has an urban population of 15,400 (2011 census). It is the administrative, economic, cultural and educational centre of northern Montenegro.

Bijelo Polje
Бијело Поље
Town and municipality
Cityscape of Bijelo Polje
Cityscape of Bijelo Polje
Coat of arms of Bijelo Polje
Coat of arms
Bijelo Polje is located in Montenegro
Bijelo Polje
Bijelo Polje
Location of Bijelo Polje in Montenegro
Coordinates: 43°02′N 19°45′E / 43.04°N 19.75°E / 43.04; 19.75Coordinates: 43°02′N 19°45′E / 43.04°N 19.75°E / 43.04; 19.75
Country  Montenegro
Settlements 98
Government
 • Mayor Petar Smolović (DPS)
 • Ruling party DPS - SD
Area
 • Town and municipality 924 km2 (357 sq mi)
Elevation 578 m (1,896 ft)
Population (2011 census)
 • Density 50.5/km2 (131/sq mi)
 • Urban 15,400
 • Rural 30,651
 • Municipality 46,051
Demonym(s) Bjelopoljci
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 84000
Area code +382 50
ISO 3166-2 code ME-04
Car plates BP
Climate Cfb
Website www.bijelopolje.co.me

Bijelo Polje is the center of Bijelo Polje Municipality (population of 46,051). It is the unofficial center of the north-eastern region of Montenegro. Bijelo Polje means "White Field" in Montenegrin and all related South Slavic languages.

Contents

HistoryEdit

Bijelo Polje was within the Ottoman Empire until its liberation during the Balkan Wars (1912). Under Ottoman rule the city was known as Akova. Bijelo Polje's Church of Saint Peter and Paul is the place where the famous UNESCO Miroslav's Gospel of Miroslav, brother of Serb ruler Stefan Nemanja was written.

During World War II, Bijelo Pole was a prominent location for the anti-fascist resistance movement in Yugoslavia, Montenegro in particular.[1]

PopulationEdit

Bijelo Polje is the administrative centre of the Bijelo Polje municipality, which in 2011 had a population of 46,251. The town of Bijelo Polje itself has 15,400 citizens.

Population of Bijelo Polje (town):

  • 1981 - 11,927
  • 1991 - 16,464
  • 2003 - 15,883
  • 2011 - 15,400

Population of Bijelo Polje (municipality):

  • 1948 - 36,795
  • 1953 - 41,432
  • 1961 - 46,651
  • 1971 - 52,598
  • 1981 - 55,634
  • 1991 - 55,268
  • 2003 - 50,284
  • 2011 - 46,051

Religion (2011 census):

  • Orthodox (53.55%)
  • Islam (45.18%)
  • Catholic (0.17%)
  • Atheist (0.17%)
  • Christians (0.17%)

Ethnic composition in 2011

Ethnicity Number Percentage
Serbs 16,562 35.94%
Bosniaks 12,592 27.23%
Montenegrins 8,808 19.11%
Muslims 5,985 12.99%
Romani 334 0.72%
Albanians 57 0.12%
Croats 41 0.09%
Yugoslavs 27 0.06%
Other 454 0.98%
undeclared 952 2.07%
no data 269 0.58%
Total 46,081 100%

Culture and sightsEdit

Bijelo Polje was the birthplace of the oral poet Avdo Međedović and of many prominent writers, such as Ćamil Sijarić, Miodrag Bulatović, as well as basketball player Nikola Peković and Swedish footballing brothers Ajsel Kujović and Emir Kujović.

TransportEdit

 
Bijelo Polje is the end of the Montenegrin part of the Belgrade - Bar railway

Bijelo Polje is connected to the rest of Montenegro by two major roads. It is situated on the main road connecting Montenegro's coast and Podgorica with northern Montenegro and Serbia (E65, E80).

Bijelo Polje is also a station on Belgrade - Bar railway, the last station in Montenegro for trains leaving for Belgrade, and it serves as a regional train station. Podgorica Airport is 130 km (81 mi) away, and has regular flights to major European destinations.

ClimateEdit

Bijelo Polje has a humid continental climate (Köppen: Dfb) with warm summers, cold winters, and abundant precipitation year round.

Climate data for Bijelo Polje
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 2.6
(36.7)
6.4
(43.5)
11.1
(52)
15.7
(60.3)
20.8
(69.4)
23.7
(74.7)
26.2
(79.2)
26.4
(79.5)
22.7
(72.9)
17.1
(62.8)
9.7
(49.5)
3.3
(37.9)
15.5
(59.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) −1.9
(28.6)
0.9
(33.6)
4.7
(40.5)
9.0
(48.2)
13.3
(55.9)
16.0
(60.8)
17.7
(63.9)
17.3
(63.1)
14.0
(57.2)
9.3
(48.7)
4.3
(39.7)
−0.4
(31.3)
8.7
(47.6)
Average low °C (°F) −5.3
(22.5)
−3.3
(26.1)
−0.4
(31.3)
3.1
(37.6)
7.1
(44.8)
10.2
(50.4)
11.5
(52.7)
11.1
(52)
8.6
(47.5)
4.5
(40.1)
0.6
(33.1)
−3.5
(25.7)
3.7
(38.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 79.6
(3.134)
63.8
(2.512)
60.8
(2.394)
79.8
(3.142)
74.5
(2.933)
77.5
(3.051)
68.3
(2.689)
61.3
(2.413)
72.7
(2.862)
73.3
(2.886)
107.9
(4.248)
90.8
(3.575)
910.3
(35.839)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 12 12 12 13 13 13 11 9 9 9 12 14 139
Average relative humidity (%) 82 76 71 69 72 75 74 74 78 79 82 85 76
Source: Hydrological and Meteorological Service of Montenegro[2]

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Morrison, Kenneth (2008). Montenegro: A Modern History. I.B.Tauris,. ISBN 0857714872. 
  2. ^ "Climate: Bijelo Polje". Hydrological and Meteorological Service of Montenegro. Retrieved May 28, 2018. 

External linksEdit

Official website