The Littoral Banovina or Littoral Banate (Croatian: Primorska banovina) was a province (banovina) of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia between 1929 and 1939. This province consisted of much of the Croatian region of Dalmatia and parts of present-day Bosnia and Herzegovina and was named for its coastal (maritime) location. The capital city of the Littoral Banovina was Split.
|Banovina of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia|
Kingdom of Yugoslavia (light yellow)
|•||Established||3 October 1929|
|•||Disestablished||26 August 1939|
|•||1931||19,653 km2 (7,588 sq mi)|
|Density||45.9 /km2 (118.8 /sq mi)|
|Today part of|| Croatia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
According to the 1931 Constitution of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia,
- The Littoral Banovina is bounded on the north by the southern boundaries already drawn of the Sava and Vrbas Banovinas as far as the intersection of the limits of the three districts of Jajce, Bugojno, and Travnik (Rakovce, hill 1217). From this point the boundary of the Banovina follows the eastern border of the district of Bugojno, then the northern boundary of the district of Konjic, to continue along the eastern boundary of the districts of Konjic and Mostar up to the intersection of the boundaries of the districts of Mostar, Stolac, and Nevesinje. It then continues along the eastern boundary of the district of Stolac, which it includes. On the Adriatic, the boundary of the Banovina passes through the Neretva and Pelješac channels to join the maritime frontier of the State.
In 1941, the World War II Axis Powers occupied the former area of the Littoral Banovina. Coastal areas from Split to Zadar were annexed by Fascist Italy with the remainder becoming a part of the Independent State of Croatia. Following World War II, the region was divided between Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina within a federal Communist Yugoslavia.