Nevesinje (Serbian Cyrillic: Невесиње) is a town and municipality located in the Republika Srpska entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina. As of 2013, the town has a population of 5,162 inhabitants, while the municipality has 12,961 inhabitants.
|Country||Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|Boroughs||56 (as of 1991)|
|• Municipal mayor||Milenko Avdalović (SNSD)|
|• Municipality||923.04 km2 (356.39 sq mi)|
|• Municipality density||14/km2 (36/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
Geography and climate edit
The municipality of Nevesinje covers 1,040 km2 (402 sq mi) and is located in southern part of Bosnia and Herzegovina. A large polje called Nevesinjsko polje dominates the municipality, and is encircled by mountains of Crvanj at the north-northeast, Prenj at the northwest, and Velež at the south-southwest. The entire municipality, as well as the entire region of eastern Herzegovina beyond municipal borders, is an elevate at the average 860 metres (2,820 ft) above the sea level.
This section needs additional citations for verification. (September 2016)
The annals of the Patriarchal Monastery of Peć mentioned Nevesinje in 1219, which is the earliest appearance of Nevesinje in preserved historical sources. The župa (county) of Nevesinje was held by Serbian prince Stefan Konstantin between 1303–06.
The Nevesinje area was the scene of numerous robberies and crimes in the Middle ages, which has been recorded several times in the Dubrovnik archives.
The region was under the rule of different medieval lords until the end of the 15th century. The most significant ruler of Nevesinje from this period was Bosnian nobleman Stjepan Vukčić Kosača, known as Herceg Stefan. The whole land Herzegovina was named after him. His lands were under constant threat from advancing Ottoman forces in the 15th century. Herzegovina, and thus Nevesinje were gradually incorporated into the Ottoman Empire by the first quarter of the 15th century (1422).
There is a large number of stećak tombstones in the Nevesinje area. Every village in the Nevesinje municipality contains a number of stećak tombstones, while the village of Krekovi has the most medieval necropolises in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
In 1463, the Ottoman headquarters was established in the vicinity of Nevesinje. Within a few years they had conquered and placed under their administration the whole župa.
The Ottomans conducted a census of the villages by villages first 1468–1469 and then 1475–1477. Most of the villages mentioned in the Middle Ages contained the same names to this day. The voluntary conversion of part of the population to Islam has also been noticed in the available defectors, most likely due to high taxes and other levies.
Under the Ottoman Empire, Nevesinje was mostly part of Bosnian Pashaluk and was a seat of a qadi. The Great Eastern Crisis was ignited at Nevesinje, with the outbreak of the Herzegovinian rebellion of 1875–78 when Serbs of the region rebelled against Ottoman tax collectors. The rebellion soon spread to the rest of Herzegovina and to Bosnia and other parts of the Ottoman Empire.
Neighboring states, Serbia, Montenegro and Bulgaria got involved in the conflict which in turn pulled in great powers of the time. The conflict ended with Congress of Berlin in 1878 and the province of Bosnia and Herzegovina was placed under the administration of Austria-Hungary. At the same time Romania, Serbia and Montenegro were declared independent principalities.
In 2019, Nevesinje experienced a power outage that was named one of the worst crises in the country of Bosnia.
Aside from the village of Nevesinje, there are 55 other settlements that comprise the municipality:
- Donja Bijenja
- Donji Drežanj
- Donji Lukavac
- Gornja Bijenja
- Gornji Drežanj
- Gornji Lukavac
- Kifino Selo
- Zovi Do
|Population of settlements – Nevesinje municipality|
Ethnic composition edit
|Ethnic composition – Nevesinje town|
|Total||5,162 (100,0%)||4,068 (100,0%)||3,605 (100,0%)||3,055 (100,0%)|
|Serbs||5,125 (99,28%)||3,247 (79,82%)||2,622 (72,73%)||2,268 (74,24%)|
|Bosniaks||6 (0,116%)||634 (15,59%)||593 (16,45%)||642 (21,01%)|
|Croats||6 (0,116%)||39 (0,959%)||59 (1,637%)||91 (2,979%)|
|Others||6 (0,116%)||44 (1,082%)||4 (0,111%)||10 (0,327%)|
|Yugoslavs||2 (0,039%)||104 (2,557%)||304 (8,433%)||25 (0,818%)|
|Slovenes||1 (0,019%)||4 (0,111%)||3 (0,098%)|
|Montenegrins||13 (0,361%)||12 (0,393%)|
|Albanians||6 (0,166%)||4 (0,131%)|
|Ethnic composition – Nevesinje municipality|
|Total||12,961 (100,0%)||14,448 (100,0%)||16,326 (100,0%)||19,333 (100,0%)|
|Serbs||12,353 (95,31%)||10,711 (74,13%)||11,587 (70,97%)||14,479 (74,89%)|
|Bosniaks||538 (4,151%)||3,313 (22,93%)||3,853 (23,60%)||4,370 (22,60%)|
|Croats||28 (0,216%)||210 (1,453%)||276 (1,691%)||384 (1,986%)|
|Others||10 (0,077%)||91 (0,630%)||26 (0,159%)||37 (0,191%)|
|Montenegrins||3 (0,023%)||34 (0,208%)||28 (0,145%)|
|Yugoslavs||2 (0,015%)||123 (0,851%)||539 (3,301%)||28 (0,145%)|
|Slovenes||1 (0,008%)||4 (0,025%)||3 (0,016%)|
|Albanians||6 (0,037%)||4 (0,021%)|
The following table gives a preview of total number of registered people employed in legal entities per their core activity (as of 2018):
|Agriculture, forestry and fishing||106|
|Mining and quarrying||5|
|Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply||50|
|Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities||66|
|Wholesale and retail trade, repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles||280|
|Transportation and storage||56|
|Accommodation and food services||120|
|Information and communication||20|
|Financial and insurance activities||19|
|Real estate activities||2|
|Professional, scientific and technical activities||27|
|Administrative and support service activities||8|
|Public administration and defense; compulsory social security||169|
|Human health and social work activities||155|
|Arts, entertainment and recreation||52|
|Other service activities||42|
Nevesinje's bus station offers daily buses to Podgorica, Nikšić and Danilovgrad in Montenegro via the towns Gacko, Bileća and Trebinje within Bosnia and Herzegovina. Local buses link the town with nearby larger metropolitan city of Mostar, the common destination of commutes. The bus station also offers direct routes to major transportation hubs of Dubrovnik in Croatia and Belgrade in Serbia.
Notable people edit
- Ljubo Mihić (1975). Ljubinje sa okolinom. Dragan Srnic. p. 117.
- Obrad Mićov Samardžić; Mirjana Samardžić; Saša Samardžić; Aleksandra Samardžić (2006). Svadbe i pogrebni običaji pravoslavnih u Nevesinju. Čigoja štampa. p. 11.
први познати господар жупе Невесиње спомиње се Константин Немањић (1303-1306)
- Пекић, Радмило (2005). "Насеља средњовјековног Невесиња". Трибуниа. 11: 31–50.
- "Nevesinje do petka bez struje". ATV (in Serbian (Latin script)). Retrieved 2021-02-13.
- "Cities and Municipalities of Republika Srpska" (PDF). rzs.rs.ba. Republika Srspka Institute of Statistics. 25 December 2019. Retrieved 31 December 2019.
- Ljubibratić, Dragoslav (1961). Vladimir Gaćinović. Nolit. p. 35.
- Kapidžić, dr Hamdija: Hercegovački ustanak 1882.godine, Sarajevo, "Veselin Masleša", 1958.