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The Yugoslav Radical Union (Serbian: Jugoslovenska radikalna zajednica, Југословенска радикална заједница; Slovene: Jugoslovanska radikalna skupnost, Croatian: Jugoslavenska radikalna zajednica; or JRZ) was a political party founded by Yugoslav Prime Minister Milan Stojadinović in 1935 as the ruling party of Yugoslavia that sponsored authoritarian mass mobilization. The party, whose agenda was based upon fascism, was the dominant political movement in the country until 1939, when Stojadinović was removed as Prime Minister.[1] Party members wore green shirt uniforms and Šajkača caps and addressed Stojadinović as Vođa ("Leader").[1]The party also had a paramilitary wing called the Greenshirts, who assaulted and clashed with those who were against Stojadinović's rule. Stojadinović told Italian foreign minister Galeazzo Ciano that although the party was initially established as a moderate authoritarian movement, his intention was to model the party after the Italian National Fascist Party.[1]

Yugoslav Radical Union

Југословенска радикална заједница
Jugoslovenska radikalna zajednica
ChairmanMilan Stojadinović
Founded1934 (1934)
Dissolved1941 (1941)
Merger ofPeople's Radical Party, Slovene People's Party, Yugoslav Muslim Organization
HeadquartersBelgrade,
Kingdom of Yugoslavia
Trade Union wingJUGORAS
Paramilitary wingGreenshirts
IdeologyFascism
Yugoslav nationalism
Authoritarianism
Political positionFar-right
International affiliationNone
Colours     Black (official)
     Green (costumary)

Contents

IdeologyEdit

The party advocated closer ties with Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy.

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Payne (1996), p. 325

ReferencesEdit

  • Payne, Stanley G. (1996). A History of Fascism, 1914–1945. University of Wisconsin Press. ISBN 0299148742.