Skenderaj (Albanian: Skënderaj or Skënderaji) or Srbica (Serbian Cyrillic: Србица) is a town and municipality located in the Mitrovica District of Kosovo.[a] According to the 2011 census, the town of Skënderaj has 9,372 inhabitants, while the municipality has 50,858 inhabitants.
Location of the municipality of Skenderaj within Kosovo
|District||District of Mitrovica|
|• Mayor||Bekim Jashari (Independent)|
|• Municipal||374 km2 (144 sq mi)|
|Elevation||620 m (2,030 ft)|
|• Municipal density||140/km2 (350/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|Area code(s)||+383 28|
It is the largest city in the Drenica geographical region of Kosovo. It is mainly populated by ethnic Albanians. It is claimed to be the poorest city in Kosovo. It is the place where the Kosovo War began in 1998, and to which the most damage was done.
The settlement is by the Klina river, in the Klina field (Klinsko polje). It is the main settlement of the Drenica region. The Klina river belongs to the Metohija region, while the settlement morphologically and hydrologically gravitates towards the Kosovo region.
The municipality covers an area of 378 km2, including the town of Skenderaj and 51 villages.
The village of Runik, 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) northwest of Skenderaj, is one of the most prominent Neolithic sites in Kosovo to date, contains artefacts from the Starcevo and Vinca cultures. Research was conducted in about 35 private parcels in the Dardania neighborhood of Runik. Starcevo and Vinca pottery fragments dating to 6500-3500 BC have been found at the site. A significant find is a baked-clay ocarina 8 centimetres (3.1 in) in length, known as the Runik Ocarina, the oldest musical instrument found in Kosovo to date.
The municipality cadastral area includes several settlements that existed during the Middle Ages, among which some exist still today, such as Leočina, Poljance, Banja, and others. There are ruins of a church dating to the 14th century in southern Leočina. The Church of St. Nicholas was built in 1436, in Banja, as the endowment of Serbian magnate Rodop. The Devič monastery was built in Lauša near Srbica in the 15th century, dedicated to the local monk, St. Joanikije (d. 1430). The Church of St. John was built in the 16th century on the ruins of a 14th-century church, in Leočina; the church is surrounded by an old and large Serbian graveyard with tombs dating to the 17th–19th centuries. A 16th-century church and cemetery is located in Rudnik.
In the early 20th century Albanian resistance began with the Kachak movement led by Azem Bejta and his wife Shote Galica, who fought against Bulgarian, Austro-Hungarian and Yugoslav forces. At the end of World War II in 1944, the leader of the Drenica Brigade Shaban Polluzha refused to lead his 12,000 men north and join the Partisans in order to pursue the retreating Germans, because Serbian Chetnik groups were attacking the Albanian population in Kosovo.
Skënderaj has historically been the poorest municipality in Kosovo, with little investment having been made since the time of the former Yugoslavia. It suffers from low economic activity and continuous high unemployment. Agriculture is the major local industry but the municipality has not fully developed existing arable land. Today, the local economy consists of small enterprises such as family-run shops and restaurants while two privatized factories, a brick and a flour mill, employ a few hundred people. The other major sector of employment is the municipality's civil service.
Skënderaj is home of the Kosovar Superliga football club KF Drenica, which plays their home games in the Bajram Aliu Stadium. Skënderaj is also home of the Kosovar Superliga volleyball club KV Skenderaj women's and KV Drenica men's.
- Devič, Serbian Orthodox abbey
|Source: Division of Kosovo|
According to the last official census done in 2011, the municipality of Skenderaj has 50,858 inhabitants.
The ethnic composition of the municipality:
|Ethnic group||1991 census||2011 census|
|Ashkali and Egyptians||37||11|
- Adem Jashari, Kosovo Liberation Army leader, born in Prekaz
- Hashim Thaçi, President of Kosovo (2016–present)
- Hamëz Jashari, co-founder of KLA and brother of Adem Jashari
- Hasan Prishtina, political leader of Albanian National Movement
- Sylejman Selimi, comrade of Jashari
- Shote Galica, Kachak leader
- Përparim Hetemaj, footballer
- Mehmet Hetemaj, footballer
- Ahmet Delia, activist of League of Prizren
References and NotesEdit
- OSCE Municipal Profile, April 2008
- Marković 1967, p. 407.
- Berisha 2012, p. 18.
- Božanić, S. (2009). "O zemljišnim međama srpskog srednjovekovnog sela" (PDF). Istraživanja, no. 20: 47–64.[permanent dead link]
- "Преобрашка-Калуђерска црква". Споменици културе у Србији.
- "Црква Св. Николе". Споменици културе у Србији.
- "Манастир Девич у близини Србице". Споменици културе у Србији.
- "Црква Св. Јована". Споменици културе у Србији.
- "Црква Св. Ђорђа са гробљем". Споменици културе у Србији.
- Elsie, Robert (2004). Historical Dictionary of Kosova. The Scarecrow Press. p. 63. ISBN 0-8108-5309-4.
- Robert Elsie (1 December 2010). Historical Dictionary of Kosovo. Scarecrow Press. p. 219. ISBN 978-0-8108-7231-8. Retrieved 30 August 2012.
- Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008. Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the 2013 Brussels Agreement. Kosovo is currently (this note self-updates) recognized as an independent state by 98 out of the 193 United Nations member states. In total, 113 UN member states recognized Kosovo at some point, of which 15 later withdrew their recognition.
- Berisha, Milot (2012). "Archaeological Guide of Kosovo" (PDF). Ministry of Culture of Kosovo.
- Radovanović, Milovan (2004). Etnički i demografski procesi na Kosovu i Metohiji. Liber Press.
- Marković, Jovan Đ. (1967). Geografske oblasti Socijalističke Federativne Republike Jugoslavije. Zavod za izdavanje udžbenika Socijalističke Republike Srbije.
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