District of Mitrovica

Mitrovica District (Serbian Cyrillic: Косовскомитровачки округ, Kosovskomitrovački okrug, Albanian: Rajoni i Mitrovicës) is one of the unified seven districts of Kosovo.[a] Its administrative center and the largest city is Mitrovica. The district borders on the District of Peć to the south-west, the District of Pristina to the south-east and east, and the Republic of Serbia to the north and northwest.

Косовскомитровачки округ
Rajoni i Mitrovicës
Location of Mitrovica District in Kosovo
Location of Mitrovica District in Kosovo
CountryKosovo[a]
CapitalMitrovica
Area
 • Total2,077 km2 (802 sq mi)
Population
 (2011 census)
 • Total232,833
 • Estimate 
(2014[b])
272,247
 • Rank3rd
 • Density110/km2 (290/sq mi)
Postal code
40000
Vehicle registration02
Municipalities6
Settlements[1]267
HDI (2017)0.755[2]
high · 2nd

HistoryEdit

The first human habitations here can be traced back to the Prehistoric period. Some Neolithic sites have been discovered in the Mitrovica District, such as in Runik, Žitkovac-Karagaç, Vallaç and Fafos. This region was populated by Dardanians, an Illyrian tribe that lived in the territory of modern-day Kosovo.

 
Castle of Vučitrn

By the end of the 1st century BC, the Romans invaded the region. At the time, one of the most important centres in the region was Municipium Dardanorum, located in Sočanica, Leposavić. Archeological sites from the Roman period were also found in the territory of Vučitrn (Vicianum), for example the ruins in Pestova and the Rashan Fortress.

 
Mitrovica city center

Following Roman downfall, the Mitrovica was occupied by Byzantium. During the Justinian I period (527-565AD), the Old Fortress in Vučittn was built, which remains the city center today.[3][4] By the end of the 9th century, the region of Mitrovica became part of the Bulgarian state of Samuel.[5][6] The area was conquered by the Nemanjić dynasty in 1185. During Serbian rule, the region and Kosovo in general became a political and spiritual centre of the kingdom. The Ottomans later conquered the region in the 14th century and stayed until the 17th century. During this Ottoman period, Islam spread and many mosques, Turkish baths, madrasah, bridges and Ottoman houses were built. The cities of Vučitrn, Mitrovica and Zvečan became some of the largest cities in the region, and some of the most important in the Ottoman Empire. In 1912, after the Ottoman capitulation, Serbia acquired the territory of Kosovo. In the first World War, the region was part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire (1915–18), then part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes. In World War II, Germany conquered most of the territory in the region, while other areas fell to the Italians. After World War II, the economy grew in the region under Yugoslavia.

GeographyEdit

ReliefEdit

 
The Mountains of Bajgora

The terrain of the Mitrovica District is rugged and mountainous, comprising the south portion of Kopaonik mountain on the north-east, with the highest point Pančić's Peak 2,017 meters above sea level (the northernmost extremity of Kosovo). The mountain ranges of Rogozna and Mokra Gora extend on the north-west by Zubin Potok with the peak of Berim, 1,731 meters (5,679 ft). The northern part of Drenica and Qyqavica mountain occupies the south-west part of region, while in the south east the boundary extends on the Plain of Kosovo. In the center of the region is the Ibar valley, where Mitrovica lies.

HydrographyEdit

 
Waterfall in Bajgora Village

Regarding hydrography, Mitrovica District constitutes one of the richest regions in Kosovo. While a mountainous area, there are many small river sources in the region, and two of the most important rivers in Kosovo, Ibar and Sitnica, flow here.

Ibar originates in Rožaje, eastern Montenegro, passes through Sandžak and enters Kosovo by the town of Zubin Potok. Near this town, the river is dammed by the Gazivoda Dam, creating the artificial Lake Gazivode.

 
Gazivoda Lake, Zubin Potok

As the largest lake in Kosovo (area 11.9 km2 or 4.6 sq mi, altitude 693 m or 2,274 ft, depth 105 m or 344 ft), Gazivoda Lake represents one of the most important assets of Kosovo's economy. Below Gazivode, another reservoir is created, Lake Pridvorice. In Mitrovica, the Ibar receives Lushta river and Sitnica, which consist of the longest river in Kosovo. Sitnica passes through the town of Vushtrri what makes an important element for agriculture in this area. In Mitrovica it receives Trepça river which originates from Bajgora mountains, of Kopaonik range.

DemographicsEdit

PopulationEdit

According to the results of 2011 census and Kosovo Agency of Statistics 2008-2009 data for the municipalities with Serbian majority : Zveçan, Leposaviç, Zubin Potok and North part of Mitrovica, in this region live approximately 232,833 inhabitants or 13.38% of total population of Kosovo.[7]

City Municipal area Urban area
2011 pop. Rank 2011 pop. Rank
Mitrovica 84,235
1
46,230
1
Vushtrri 69,870
2
26,964
2
Skenderaj 50,858
3
6,612
3
Leposaviq 13,773
4
3,702
4
Zveçan 7,481
5
1,297
5
Zubin Potok 6,616
6
1,724
6

Note: North Mitrovica is also included into Mitrovica.

EthnicitiesEdit

The municipalities of Mitrovica, Vučitrn and Skenderaj have an Albanian majority, whilst the municipalities of Zubin Potok, Zveçan and Leposaviq have an ethnic Serb majority. Serbs also form the majority of population in the northern part of Mitrovica, which is their cultural and political center in Kosovo.

Population by ethnicityEdit

Data on municipalities of South Mitrovica, Vushtrri and Skenderaj according to 2011 population census.[8]

Municipality Total Ethnicity
Albanians Serbs Turks Bosniaks Romani Ashkali Egyptians Gorani Others Prefer not

to Answer

Not Available
South Mitrovica 71,909 69,497 14 518 416 528 647 6 23 47 61 152
Vushtrri 69,870 68,840 384 278 33 68 143 1 3 50 17 53
Skenderaj 50,858 50,685 50 1 42 - 10 1 - 5 4 60

As it is known, municipalities with Serbian majority: Zvečan, Leposavić, Zubin Potok and North part of Mitrovica did not participate in the population census conducted in April, 2011. For this part-municipalities the data is taken from the update 2008-2009.[9]

Municipality Total Ethnicity
Albanians Serbs and Others
Leposaviq 13,773 323 13,450
Zubin Potok 6,616 995 5,621
Zveçan 7,481 386 7,095
North Mitrovica 12,326 867 11,459

Official languagesEdit

In the municipalities of Mitrovica Region, Albanian and Serbian languages are official languages, while in Mitrovica and Vushtrri, Turkish is recognized as a language in official use.[10]

Administrative divisionsEdit

MunicipalitiesEdit

Until 2012 Mitrovica region was divided into six municipalities. In 2013, after November elections in Kosovo, North Mitrovica officially became a separate municipality. The largest city is Mitrovica (46,230 inhabitants) and municipality of South Mitrovica (71,909 inhabitants).[11]

Municipality Population (2011) Area (km2) Density (km2) Settlements
Mitrovica 71,909 350 205.5
Vushtrri 69,870 344 203.1
Skenderaj 50,858 378 134.5
North Mitrovica 29,460[b] 11 2,678.2
Leposaviq 18,600[b] 539 34.5
Zveçan 16,650[b] 122 136.5
Zubin Potok 14,900[b] 333 44.7
Mitrovica District 272,247 2,077 131.1 267

Settlements in Mitrovica DistrictEdit

This is the list of 48 settlements in the municipality of Mitrovica.

This is the list of 67 settlements in the municipality of Vushtrri.

  • Akrashticë/Okraštica
  • Balincë/Balince
  • Banjskë/Banjska
  • Beçiq/Bečić
  • Beçuk/Benčuk
  • Begaj/Novo Selo Begovo
  • Bivolak/Bivoljak
  • Boshlan/Bošljane
  • Brusnik
  • Bukosh/Bukoš
  • Ceceli/Cecelija
  • Dalak/Doljak
  • Dobërllukë/Dobra Luka
  • Druar/Drvare
  • Duboc/Dubovac
  • Dumnicë e Epërme/Gornja Dubnica
  • Dumnicë e Llugave/Lug Dubnica
  • Dumnicë e Poshtme /Donja Dubnica
  • Galicë/Galica
  • Gllavatin/Glavotina
  • Gojbulë/Gojbulja
  • Gracë/Grace
  • Gumnishtë/Gumnište
  • Hercegovë/Hercegovo
  • Karaçë/Karače
  • Kollë/Kolo
  • Kunovik
  • Kurillovë/Kurilovo
  • Liqej/Jezero
  • Lumadh/Velika Reka
  • Mavriq/Mavrić
  • Maxhunaj/Novo Selo Mađunsko
  • Mihaliq/Mijalić
  • Miraçë/Miroče
  • Nevolan/Nevoljane
  • Nedakoc/Nedakovac
  • Oshlan]/Ošljane
  • Pantinë/Pantina
  • Pasomë/Pasoma
  • Pestovë/Pestovo
  • Prelluzhë/Prilužje
  • Reznik/Resnik
  • Ropicë/Ropica
  • Samadrexhë/Samodreža
  • Sfaraçak i Epërm/Gornji Svračak
  • Sfaraçak i Poshtëm/Donji Svračak
  • Shalë/Šalce
  • Shlivovicë/Šljivovica
  • Shtitaricë/Štitarica
  • Skoçan/Skočna
  • Skromë/Skrovna
  • Sllakoc/Slakovce
  • Sllatinë/Slatina
  • Smrekonicë/Smrekovnica
  • Stanoc i Epërm/Gornje Stanovce
  • Stanoc i Poshtëm/Donje Stanovce
  • Stroc/Strovce
  • Studime e Epërme/Gornja Sudimlja
  • Studime e Poshtme/Donja Sudimlja
  • Taraxhë/Taradža
  • Tërllabuq/Trlabuć
  • Vërmicë /Vrnica
  • Vesekoc/Vesekovce
  • Vilanc/Viljance
  • Vushtrri/Vučitrn
  • Zagorë/Zagorje
  • Zhilivodë/Žilivoda

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

a.   ^ Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008. Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the 2013 Brussels Agreement. Kosovo is currently (this note self-updates) recognized as an independent state by 98 out of the 193 United Nations member states. In total, 113 UN member states recognized Kosovo at some point, of which 15 later withdrew their recognition.
b.   ^ Due to the boycott by most municipalities in the north in the 2011 Kosovo census, the exact number of the population is unknown. Estimates are taken according to a 2014 OSCE report.[12][13][14][15]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Komunat në rajonin e Mitrovicës".
  2. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  3. ^ http://www.invest-ks.org/repository/docs/Invest_in_Vushtrri_618202.pdf
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2014-03-02.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-08-15. Retrieved 2014-03-02.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ http://www.informatat.com/index.php?id=16&page=2
  7. ^ "TË DHËNAT DEMOGRAFIKE SIPAS KOMUNAVE" (PDF). Agjencia e statistikave te Kosoves. Retrieved 8 March 2014.
  8. ^ https://esk.rks-gov.net/rekos2011/repository/docs/Population%20by%20gender,%20ethnicity%20at%20settlement%20level.pdf
  9. ^ Census. "Population by ethnicity" (PDF). Retrieved 8 March 2014.
  10. ^ http://www.osce.org/kosovo/32762
  11. ^ "Census 2011". pop-stat.mashke.org/kosovo-census-ks.htm. Retrieved 14 September 2014.
  12. ^ "OSCE Leposavic estimates". OSCE.
  13. ^ "OSCE Mitrovica North estimate". OSCE.
  14. ^ "OSCE Zubin Potok estimate". OSCE.
  15. ^ "OSCE Zvecan estimates". OSCE.

Coordinates: 42°53′24″N 20°52′12″E / 42.89000°N 20.87000°E / 42.89000; 20.87000