Military camp

A military camp or bivouac is a semi-permanent military base, for the lodging of an army. Camps are erected when a military force travels away from a major installation or fort during training or operations, and often have the form of large campsites.[1]

Camp of the Brazilian Expeditionary Force in Italy during World War II, 1945

In the British Army, Commonwealth armies, the United States Marine Corps, and other military forces, permanent military bases are also called camps, including Tidworth Camp,[2] Blandford Camp, Bulford Camp, and Devil's Tower Camp of the British Army and Camp Lejeune and Camp Geiger of the United States Marine Corps.


LeaguerEdit

 
Crusader tanks going into leaguer after a patrol

Leaguer and harbour are British terms for military camps; 'harbour' for temporary camps. The name, coming from 16th Century Dutch leger,[3] was used for a military camp particularly one laying siege.

During World War II leaguer was used in the Western Desert campaign particularly for camps of armoured formations.[4] The arrangement of the leaguer depended on purpose and whether day or night. By day dispersed for protection against air attack with elements of the formation able to cover each other, at night ("close leaguer") the tank regiment forming a square or triangle, the tanks facing out with the support vehicles drawn up in the middle (but moving out of the leaguer and to the rear just before dawn).[5]

See alsoEdit

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Gilman, D. C.; Peck, H. T.; Colby, F. M., eds. (1905). "Bivouac" . New International Encyclopedia (1st ed.). New York: Dodd, Mead.
  2. ^ https://postcodebyaddress.co.uk/sp97ab
  3. ^ "laager, n.", OED Online, Oxford University Press., September 2021, retrieved September 20, 2021
  4. ^ TM 30-410 Handbook on the British army : with supplements on the Royal Air Force and civilian defense organizations, September 30, 1942, p. 210
  5. ^ TM 30-410 p211-212

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