Duško Marković

Duško Marković (Serbian Cyrillic: Душко Марковић; born 6 July 1958) is a Montenegrin politician who served as the Prime Minister from 2016 to 2020.[1]

Duško Marković
Душко Марковић
Душко Маркович (13-07-2020) (cropped).jpg
Marković in July 2020
Member of Parliament
Assumed office
23 September 2020
PresidentAleksa Bečić
Prime Minister of Montenegro
In office
28 November 2016 – 4 December 2020
PresidentFilip Vujanović
Milo Đukanović
Preceded byMilo Đukanović
Succeeded byZdravko Krivokapić
Deputy Prime Minister of Montenegro
In office
29 December 2010 – 28 November 2016
Prime MinisterIgor Lukšić
Milo Đukanović
Preceded byIgor Lukšić
Succeeded byZoran Pažin
Minister of Justice of Montenegro
In office
29 December 2010 – 12 May 2016
Prime MinisterIgor Lukšić
Milo Đukanović
Preceded byMiraš Radović
Succeeded byZoran Pažin
Head of the National Security Agency
In office
5 May 2005 – 29 December 2010
Prime MinisterMilo Đukanović
Željko Šturanović
Preceded byPosition established
Succeeded byVladan Joković
Personal details
Born (1958-07-06) 6 July 1958 (age 63)
Mojkovac, Montenegro, Yugoslavia
NationalityMontenegrin
Political partyDemocratic Party of Socialists
Alma materUniversity of Kragujevac

Early and personal lifeEdit

Marković was born on 6 July 1958 in Mojkovac, Yugoslavia. He finished elementary and middle school in Mojkovac, and graduated in law at the University of Kragujevac.[2] After he graduated from Kragujevac, he began working in legal consulting for the Brskovo mine in Mojkovac.[3] He is married and has three children.[3]

Political careerEdit

In 1986, Marković was appointed secretary of the municipal assembly of Mojkovac, and mayor in 1989.[3] He left the post in 1991 to be appointed Secretary-General of the Montenegrin government led by Milo Đukanović within Yugoslavia. In 1997, he was elected to the Montenegrin Assembly, and the following year he became assistant Minister of the Interior, in charge of the State Security Service.[3]

During his time in the State Security Service, the editor-in-chief of daily newspaper Dan, Duško Jovanović, was killed on 27 May 2004. In 2014, Marković was sued for concealing information which may have exposed Jovanović's killers.[4] Jovanović's wife testified in court that Marković threatened to kill Jovanović during a phone call in April 2003, the same month the Dan office was set on fire.[5]

In 2005, following the establishment of the new National Security Agency (ANB) in May that year, Marković was appointed by Parliament to head the agency, a position he held until 2010.[3] In 2010, Igor Lukšić's government appointed him first as a minister without portfolio, then as deputy prime minister and Justice Minister.[3] In March 2012, he was appointed Minister of Human and Minority Rights.[3] He left the government in 2015 and the same year the congress of the ruling Democratic Party of Socialists (DPS) elected him Deputy president of the party. In 2016, he was again appointed the Minister of the Justice in Provisional government.

On 25 October 2016, ten days after the parliamentary election, the DPS bureau chose Marković to replace Milo Đukanović as prime minister.[6] His nomination was condemned by the opposition, who accused Marković of involvement in corruption scandals and of omission of information in the inquiry about the murder of Duško Jovanović in 2004.[7]

Prime MinisterEdit

 
Marković with US Vice President Mike Pence, Podgorica, 1 August 2017

On 9 November 2016, Marković was nominated as prime minister by the president of Montenegro Filip Vujanović,[8] and on 28 November he was confirmed by 41 out of 81 members of the parliament (with the opposition boycotting the assembly), with the support of the Albanian, Croat and Bosniak minority parties.[9]

On 25 May 2017, Marković made headlines around the world when the United States president Donald Trump appeared to brusquely shove him aside to get in front of him at a photo op during a NATO summit meeting, which was attended by Montenegro for the first time, days prior to its formal accession to the alliance.[10] Later, Marković responded to questions about the incident by shrugging it off.[11]

On 10 October 2018, Marković expressed his support[12] for amendments on the Law on State Symbols and Day of Statehood, which would penalize those who don't stand up for the Montenegrin national anthem by up to 2,000.[13] The amendment included tiers depending on the subject's occupation, with penalties for businessmen up to €6,000, and up to €20,000 for those working in the legal system.[13]

 
Marković with US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, Podgorica, 4 October 2019

"Who ever doesn't stand up for the anthem must pay a penalty. We won't force anyone to stand up. And every time when someone doesn't stand they will pay a penalty if we find out they didn't stand" - Duško Marković responding to journalists in Golubovci on 10 October 2018.[12]

When a journalist asked Marković whether the amendments could be enforced, Marković suggested that it could be enforced at stadiums, saying that "everyone will be watching, every institution which bears a flag, every citizen who loves this country. And of course state agencies, inspection agencies. Whoever we recognize at the stadium who wouldn't stand, if we identify them we'll file a charge."[12]

Protests against corruption within Marković-led government have started in February 2019 soon after the revelation of footage and documents that appear to implicate top officials in obtaining suspicious funds for the ruling Democratic Party of Socialists 2016 parliamentary election campaign.[14]

As of late December 2019, the newly proclaimed religion law which de jure transfers the ownership of church buildings and estates from the Serbian Orthodox Church in Montenegro to the Montenegrin state, sparked a series of massive protests followed with road blockages, which continued to 2020.[15]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Murić, Darvin; Gudović, Ivana (28 November 2016). "Crna Gora dobila novu Vladu". vijesti.me. Retrieved 3 December 2016.
  2. ^ "Prime Minister Duško Marković - Biography". gov.me. Retrieved 5 January 2017.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g "Ko je Duško Marković, čovjek od povjerenja Mila Đukanovića". Dnevni avaz (in Bosnian). October 27, 2016. Retrieved October 30, 2018.
  4. ^ Dušica Tomović (January 29, 2014). "Montenegin Minister Sued For Concealing Murder Facts". Balkan Insight. Retrieved October 30, 2018.
  5. ^ "Dusko Jovanovic". Committee to Protect Journalists. Retrieved March 26, 2019.
  6. ^ Ouest-France (26 October 2016). "Monténégro. Dusko Markovic va devenir Premier ministre". ouest-france.fr/ (in French). Retrieved 6 December 2016.
  7. ^ Eurasia Times (28 November 2016). "Monténégro : l'opposition ne tolère pas la candidature de Dusko Markovic". eurasiatimes.org/ (in French). Retrieved 15 December 2016.
  8. ^ Boursorama (9 November 2016). "Au Monténégro, un ex-chef de la police secrète Premier ministre". boursorama.com/ (in French). Retrieved 15 December 2016.
  9. ^ Le Courrier des Balkans (29 November 2016). "Monténégro : un nouveau gouvernement qui ne tient qu'à une voix". courrierdesbalkans.fr/ (in French). Retrieved 6 December 2016.
  10. ^ At NATO gathering, Trump brushes past Montenegro’s prime minister
  11. ^ Breaking down Trump’s ‘shove’
  12. ^ a b c "Marković: Svako ko voli ovu zemlju će pratiti ko ne ustaje na himnu". Vijesti (in Serbian). Archived from the original (via Wayback Machine) on 31 October 2018.
  13. ^ a b "Za neustajanje na himnu kazna do 2.000 eura". Vijesti. Archived from the original (via Wayback Machine) on 5 October 2018.
  14. ^ Objavljen snimak: Knežević uručio kovertu Stijepoviću, Antena M
  15. ^ "Montenegro Adopts Law on Religious Rights Amid Protests by pro-Serbs". Voice of America. Retrieved 2020-01-05.