Janko Vukotić (Serbian Cyrillic: Јанко Вукотић; 18 February 1866 – 4 February 1927) was a Montenegrin serdar, general in the armies of the Principality and Kingdom of Montenegro in the Balkan Wars and World War I.

Janko Vukotić
Јанко Вукотић

3rd Prime Minister of Kingdom of Montenegro
In office
8 May 1913 – 2 January 1916
[1] [2]
MonarchNicholas I
Preceded byMitar Martinović
Succeeded byLazar Mijušković
[3]

5th Minister of Foreign Affairs of Kingdom of Montenegro
In office
10 September 1915 – 2 January 1916
MonarchNicholas I
Prime MinisterHimself
Preceded byPetar Plamenac
Succeeded byLazar Mijušković

2nd Minister of War of the Principality of Montenegro
In office
19 December 1905 – 24 November 1906
MonarchNicholas I
Prime MinisterLazar Mijušković
Preceded byIlija Plamenac
Succeeded byDanilo Gatalo

4th and 6th Minister of War of the Kingdom of Montenegro
In office
23 August 1911 – 19 June 1912
MonarchNicholas I
Prime MinisterLazar Tomanović
Preceded byMarko Đjukanović
Succeeded byMitar Martinović
In office
8 May 1913 – 17 July 1914
MonarchNicholas I
Prime MinisterHimself
Preceded byMitar Martinović
Succeeded byRisto Popović

Commander of the Herzegovina Detachment
In office
28 August 1910 – 16 January 1916
Serving with Luka Gojnić,[4] Mitar Martinović[5] and Radomir Vešović[6]
Commander-in-chiefNicholas I
Ministers of War of Kingdom of MontenegroMitar Martinović
Ivo Đurović
Marko Đjuvanović
Himself
Mitar Martinović
Himself
Risto Popović
Mašan Božović

Chief of the General Staff of the Army of the Kingdom of Montenegro
In office
6 August 1914 – 16 January 1916
Commander-in-chiefNicholas I of Montenegro
Chief of the Montenegrin Supreme CommandBožidar Janković
Petar Pešić
Minister of War of Kingdom of MontenegroRisto Popović [7]
Mašan Božović
Personal details
Born18 February 1866
Čevo, Principality of Montenegro
Died4 February 1927 (age 60)
Belgrade, Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
Resting placeBelgrade New Cemetery
Military service
Branch/serviceKingdom of Montenegro Montenegrin Army
Kingdom of Yugoslavia Royal Yugoslav Army
RankArmy General
Battles/warsBalkan Wars
World War I

Biography

edit
 
Vukotić meets with Field Marshal Petar Bojović

Vukotić was born in Čevo,[8] belonging to the Vukotić brotherhood; he was related to Petar and Milena Vukotić. He studied at the lower gymnasium at Cetinje, and at the Military Academy of Modena in Italy.[8]

Politics

edit

Vukotić served as Minister of Defence of Kingdom of Montenegro in the periods of 1905–1907, 1911–1912 and 1913–1915, and as Prime Minister of Montenegro in 1913–1916.

Balkan Wars

edit

Vukotić commanded the Montenegrin Eastern Army during the First Balkan War and the Montenegrin division of the First Serbian Army during the Second Balkan War, in which he distinguished himself at the Battle of Bregalnica.

World War I

edit

During the First World War, Vukotić was the Chief of Staff of the Montenegrin Army and the Commander of the Sandžak Army of Montenegrin forces. He is most famous for winning the Battle of Mojkovac, in which his daughter, the only female participant, Vasilija Vukotić was assigned to his headquarters to conduct correspondence. Despite frequent writings, he was not taken prisoner after the fall of Montenegro in January 1916. According to information from his son, Vukasin Vukotic, after the fall of Montenegro, a treaty was signed with the Austrians and the Montenegrins went home. Later there were uprisings in the north, attacks on Austrian troops and slaying of Austrian officers. When they requested he subside the attacks of komits in the north who assaulted Austrian officers, he refused explaining that they had a right to do so because the Austrians were occupants. He was interned - house arrest with his family - in Bjelovar because he refused to cooperate with the Austrian authorities. In his free time there he wrote his memoirs, the text beginning with: "Today in Bjelovar..."

Later years

edit

After the war, Vukotić served as a general in the Royal Yugoslav Army until his death in 1927. He is interred in the Belgrade New Cemetery.[9]

References

edit
  1. ^ Since 16 July 1915 Minister without portfolio
  2. ^ Risto Popović, Minister of Finance and Defence, was interim Prime Minister since 17 July 1915, and Mirko Mijušković alongside him since 3 October 1915
  3. ^ Risto Popović as acting Prime Minister
  4. ^ Plvelja division
  5. ^ Lovćen Detachment
  6. ^ 'Old Serbia' Detachmemt
  7. ^ As acting Prime Minister alongside Mirko Mijušković
  8. ^ a b Martinović 1957, p. 5.
  9. ^ Јавно комунално предузеће "Погребне услуге". "Јанко Вукотић". Сахрањен је на Новом гробљу, Аркаде, гробница 8, реда I.

Sources

edit