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The President of Guatemala (Spanish: Presidente de Guatemala) officially known as the President of the Republic of Guatemala (Spanish: Presidente de la República de Guatemala), is the head of state and head of government of Guatemala, elected to a single four-year term.

President of the
Republic of Guatemala
Presidente de la República de Guatemala
Coat of Arms of the President of the Republic of Guatemala.png
Flag of the President of Guatemala.svg
Jimmy Morales Cabrera (Guatemala).jpg
Incumbent
Jimmy Morales Cabrera

since 14 January 2016
Office of the President of Guatemala
National Security Council
StyleMr. President
(informal)
Most Excellent Mr. President of the Republic
(official)
His Excellency
(alternative formal, diplomatic outside of Guatemala)
Member ofCabinet
ResidencePresidential House
SeatGuatemala City
AppointerSupreme Electoral Court
Term lengthFour years
non-renewable
Constituting instrumentGuatemala Constitution
Inaugural holderMariano Rivera Paz
FormationDecember 3, 1839; 179 years ago (1839-12-03)
DeputyVice President of Guatemala
Salary146,950 GTQ monthly
($19,742 as of May 2018)[1]
Websitehttp://www.presidencia.gob.gt/

The position of President was created in 1839. From 1821 until 1839, the head of state of Guatemala was styled simply as Head of State (Spanish: Jefe de Estado).

Contents

Requirements to hold officeEdit

According to article 185 of the constitution, the following is required to be president:

  • A Guatemalan of origin who is a citizen in good standing.
  • Forty years of age.

Duties and competencesEdit

According to article 183 of the constitution, the following duties and competences are conferred to the president:

  • Comply with and enforce the Constitution and laws.
  • Provide the defense and security of the Nation, as well as the preservation of public order.
  • Exercise the command of the Armed Forces of Guatemala with all the respective functions and attributions.
  • Exercise the command of the National Police.
  • Approve, promulgate, execute and enforce laws.
  • Dictate the provisions that are necessary in cases of serious emergency or public calamity, having to report to the Congress in its immediate sessions.
  • Submit proposals of laws to the Congress.
  • Exercise the right of veto with respect to the laws issued by the Congress, except in cases in which it is not necessary to sanction the executive branch in accordance with the Constitution.
  • Present annually to the Congress, at the beginning of its session, written report on the general situation of the Republic and of the business of its administration carried out during the previous year.
  • Submit annually to the Congress, for approval with no less than one hundred and twenty days prior to the date on which the fiscal year begins, through the Ministry of Public Finance, the draft budget that contains in detail the income and expenditures of the State. If the Congress is not in session, it must hold extraordinary sessions to hear about the project.
  • Submit for consideration of the Congress for approval, and before ratification, treaties and conventions of international character and contracts and concessions on public services.
  • To summon the Legislative Organism to extraordinary sessions when the interests of the Republic demand it.
  • Coordinate the development policy of the Nation through the Council of Ministers.
  • Preside over the Council of Ministers and exercise the function of hierarchical superior of the officials and employees of the Executive Organism.
  • Maintain the territorial integrity and dignity of the Nation.
  • Direct foreign policy and international relations, pronounce, ratify and denounce treaties and agreements in accordance with the Constitution.
  • Receive the diplomatic representatives, as well as issue and withdraw the exequatur to the patents of the consuls.
  • Administer public finances in accordance with the law.
  • Exonerate of fines and surcharges to the taxpayers who have incurred in them for not covering the taxes within the legal terms for acts or omissions in the administrative order.
  • Appoint and remove ministers of state, deputy ministers, secretaries and undersecretaries of the presidency, ambassadors and other officials that correspond to it according to the law.
  • Grant premiums, pensions and subsidies in accordance with the Law.
  • Award decorations to Guatemalans and foreigners.
  • Within the fifteen days following its conclusion, inform the Congress about the purpose of any trip that has taken place outside the national territory and about the results thereof.
  • Submit every four months to the Congress through the respective ministry an analytical report on the budget execution, for its knowledge and control.
  • Exercise all other functions assigned by the Constitution or the law.

Heads of State of Guatemala within the Federal Republic of Central America (1821–1839)Edit

Presidents of independent Guatemala (1839–present)Edit

[a 1]

No. President
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Affiliation
1 Mariano Rivera Paz
(1804–1849)
  3 December 1839 25 February 1842 Conservative
2 José Venancio López Requena
(1791–1863)
Acting Head of State
  25 February 1842 14 May 1842 Liberal
3 Mariano Rivera Paz
(1804–1849)
  14 May 1842 14 December 1844 Conservative
4 Rafael Carrera
(1814–1865)
  14 December 1844 16 August 1848 Conservative
5 Juan Antonio Martínez
(?–1854)
Acting President
  16 August 1848 28 November 1848 Conservative
6 José Bernardo Escobar
(1797–1849)
Acting President
  28 November 1848 1 January 1849 Conservative
7 Mariano Peredes
(1800–1856)
Acting President
  1 January 1849 6 November 1851 Independent
8 Rafael Carrera
(1814–1865)
  6 November 1851 14 April 1865 Conservative
9 Pedro de Aycinena y Piñol
(1802–1897)
Acting President
  14 April 1865 24 May 1865 Conservative
10 Vicente Cerna Sandoval
(1815–1885)
  24 May 1865 29 June 1871 Conservative
11 Miguel García Granados
(1809–1878)
  29 June 1871 4 June 1873 Liberal
12 Justo Rufino Barrios
(1835–1885)
  4 June 1873 2 April 1885 Liberal
13 Alejandro M. Sinibaldi
(1825–1896)
Acting President
  2 April 1885 5 April 1885 Liberal
14 Manuel Barillas
(1845–1907)
  6 April 1885 15 March 1892 Liberal
15 José María Reina Barrios
(1854–1898)
  15 March 1892 8 February 1898 Liberal
16 Manuel Estrada Cabrera
(1857–1924)
  8 February 1898 15 April 1920 Liberal
17 Carlos Herrera
(1856–1930)
  15 April 1920 10 December 1921 Unionist Party
18 José María Orellana
(1872–1926)
  10 December 1921 26 September 1926 Liberal
19 Lázaro Chacón González
(1873–1931)
  26 September 1926 2 January 1931 Unionist Party
20 José María Reina Andrade
(1860–1947)
Acting President
  2 January 1931 14 February 1931 Liberal
21 Jorge Ubico Castañeda
(1878–1946)
  14 February 1931 4 July 1944 Liberal
22 Juan Federico Ponce Vaides
(1889–1956)
Acting President
  4 July 1944 20 October 1944 Liberal
23 Revolutionary Government Junta   20 October 1944 15 March 1945 Military
24 Juan José Arévalo Bermejo
(1904–1990)
  15 March 1945 15 March 1951 Revolutionary Action Party
25 Jacobo Árbenz Guzmán
(1913–1971)
  15 March 1951 27 June 1954
(Deposed)
Revolutionary Action Party /
Party of the Guatemalan Revolution
26 Carlos Enrique Díaz de León
(1915–2014)
Provisional President
  27 June 1954 28 June 1954 Military
27 Elfego Hernán Monzón Aguirre
(1912–1981)
Chairman of Military Junta
  29 June 1954 8 July 1954 Military
28 Carlos Castillo Armas
(1914–1957)
  8 July 1954 26 July 1957 Military
29 Luis Arturo González López
(1900–1965)
Acting President
  27 July 1957 24 October 1957 National Progress Party
30 Óscar Mendoza Azurdia
(1917–1995)
Chairman of Military Junta
  24 October 1957 26 October 1957 Military
31 Guillermo Flores Avendaño
(1894–1982)
Acting President
  26 October 1957 2 March 1958 Military
32 Miguel Ydígoras Fuentes
(1895–1982)
  2 March 1958 31 March 1963 Military /
National Democratic Reconciliation Party
33 Enrique Peralta Azurdia
(1908–1997)
  31 March 1963 1 July 1966 Institutional Democratic Party
34 Julio César Méndez Montenegro
(1915–1996)
  1 July 1966 1 July 1970 Revolutionary Party
35 Carlos Manuel Arana Osorio
(1918–2003)
  1 July 1970 1 July 1974 Institutional Democratic Party
36 Kjell Eugenio Laugerud García
(1930–2009)
  1 July 1974 1 July 1978 Institutional Democratic Party
37 Fernando Romeo Lucas García
(1924–2006)
  1 July 1978 23 March 1982 Institutional Democratic Party
38 José Efraín Ríos Montt
(1926–2018)
  23 March 1982 8 August 1983 Military
39 Óscar Humberto Mejía Víctores
(1930–2016)
  8 August 1983 14 January 1986 Military
40 Marco Vinicio Cerezo Arévalo
(born 1942)
  14 January 1986 14 January 1991 Guatemalan Christian Democracy
41 Jorge Antonio Serrano Elías
(born 1945)
  14 January 1991 1 June 1993 Solidarity Action Movement
42 Gustavo Adolfo Espina Salguero
(born 1946)
  1 June 1993 5 June 1993 Solidarity Action Movement
43 Ramiro de León Carpio
(1942–2002)
  6 June 1993 14 January 1996 Independent
44 Álvaro Enrique Arzú Irigoyen
(1946–2018)
  14 January 1996 14 January 2000 National Advancement Party /
Unionist Party
45 Alfonso Antonio Portillo Cabrera
(born 1951)
  14 January 2000 14 January 2004 Guatemalan Republican Front
46 Óscar Rafael Berger Perdomo
(born 1946)
  14 January 2004 14 January 2008 National Solidarity Party /
Grand National Alliance
47 Álvaro Colom Caballeros
(born 1951)
  14 January 2008 14 January 2012 National Unity of Hope
48 Otto Fernando Pérez Molina
(born 1950)
  14 January 2012 3 September 2015 Patriotic Party /
Grand National Alliance
49 Alejandro Baltasar Maldonado Aguirre
(born 1936)
Acting President
  3 September 2015 14 January 2016 Independent
50 Jimmy Ernesto Morales Cabrera
(born 1969)
  14 January 2016 Incumbent National Convergence Front

Latest electionEdit

Candidate Party First round Second round
Votes % Votes %
Jimmy Morales National Convergence Front 1,167,030 23.85 2,750,847 67.44
Sandra Julieta Torres Casanova National Unity of Hope 967,242 19.76 1,328,381 32.56
Manuel Antonio Baldizón Méndez Renewed Democratic Liberty 961,284 19.64
Alejandro Eduardo Giammattei Falla Fuerza 315,774 6.45
Zury Maité Ríos Sosa Vision with Values 288,421 5.89
Lizardo Arturo Sosa López Todos 260,801 5.33
Mario David Antonio García Velásquez Patriotic Party 226,372 4.63
Roberto González Díaz-Durán CREOUnionist Party 168,715 3.45
Mario Amilcar Estrada Orellana National Change Union 168,664 3.45
Juan Guillermo Gutiérrez Strauss National Advancement Party 151,655 3.10
Miguel Ángel Sandoval WinaqURNG–MAIZ 103,300 2.11
José Ángel López Camposeco Encounter for Guatemala 44,360 0.91
Luis Fernando Pérez Martínez Institutional Republican Party 41,964 0.86
Rodolfo Aníbal García Hernández New Republic Movement 28,427 0.58
Invalid/blank votes 495,996 176,647
Total 5,390,005 100 4,079,228 100
Registered voters/turnout 7,556,873 71.33 7,556,873 56.32
Source: TSE

Living former presidentsEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Note: Regarding the numbering of the terms, as a control it is to be noted that several reliable sources state that Jimmy Morales is the 50th president[2][3][4]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Rony Ríos (17 January 2017). "Jimmy Morales el presidente mejor pagado de Latinoamérica". elPeriódico. Archived from the original on 19 January 2018. Retrieved 19 May 2018.
  2. ^ "Jimmy Morales tomó la banda presidencial como el 50° Presidente de la República de Guatemala". TN23 (news station, original in video). 16 January 2016. Retrieved 5 April 2019.
  3. ^ "Jimmy Morales asume como nuevo presidente de Guatemala". CNN Español. 14 January 2016. Archived from the original on 4 February 2016. Retrieved 5 April 2019.
  4. ^ Tulio Juárez (17 March 2017). "¿Qué le obsequiaría usted este sábado al presidente Jimmy Morales en su 48 cumpleaños?". elPeriódico. Archived from the original on 5 April 2019. Retrieved 5 April 2019.