The prime minister of Fiji is the head of government of the Republic of Fiji. The prime minister is appointed under the terms of the 2013 Constitution. The prime minister is the head of the Cabinet and appoints and dismisses ministers.
|Prime Minister of the Republic of Fiji|
|Paraiminisita ni Viti (Fijian)|
Fiji ke Pradhaan Mantri (Fiji Hindi)
since 24 December 2022
|Style||The Right Honourable|
|Status||Head of government|
|Term length||Four years|
|Precursor||Chief Minister of Fiji|
|Inaugural holder||Kamisese Mara|
|Formation||10 October 1970|
Description of the officeEdit
As a former British colony, Fiji has largely adopted British political models and follows the Westminster, or Cabinet, system of government, in which the executive branch of government is responsible to the legislature. Under the 2013 Constitution, the prime minister is the leader of the political party which has won more than half of the total number of seats in Parliament. If no such party exist, the Parliament elects the prime minister.
The prime minister of Fiji is technically the "first among equals," whose vote in meetings of the Cabinet carries no greater weight than that of any other minister. In practice, the prime minister dominates the government. Other ministers are appointed by the prime minister.
History of the officeEdit
Ratu Sir Kamisese Mara was appointed Fiji's first prime minister on 10 October 1970, when Fiji attained its independence from Britain. Mara previously served as Fiji's first and only chief minister, from 20 September 1967 (while Fiji still was a British colony). Mara's first term as prime minister lasted until 13 April 1987. He returned to the office for the second term on 5 December 1987, serving until 2 June 1992. As of 2014, Mara is the longest-serving prime minister of Fiji.
List of prime ministers of Fiji (1970–present)Edit
|Portrait||Prime Minister||Took office||Left office||Time in office||Party||Election||Head(s) of state|
|Prime Ministers of the Dominion of Fiji|
|10 October 1970||13 April 1987||16 years, 185 days||Alliance||1972|
|13 April 1987||14 May 1987||31 days||Labour||1987||Elizabeth II|
|Vacant (14 May 1987 – 5 December 1987)[a]|
|Prime Ministers of the Republic of Fiji|
|5 December 1987||2 June 1992||4 years, 180 days||Independent||—||Ganilau|
|Major General (Rtd)|
|2 June 1992||19 May 1999||6 years, 351 days||SVT||1992|
|19 May 1999||27 May 2000||1 year, 8 days||Labour||1999||Mara|
|27 May 2000||27 May 2000||0 days||Labour||—||Mara|
|Vacant (27 May 2000 – 4 July 2000)[a]|
|4 July 2000||14 March 2001||253 days||Independent||—||Bainimarama|
|14 March 2001||16 March 2001||2 days||Labour||—||Iloilo|
|16 March 2001||5 December 2006||5 years, 264 days||SDL||2001|
|5 December 2006||4 January 2007||30 days||Independent||—||Bainimarama|
|5 January 2007||22 September 2014||7 years, 260 days||RFMF||—||Iloilo|
|Rear Admiral (Rtd)|
|22 September 2014||24 December 2022||8 years, 93 days||FijiFirst||2014|
|Major General (Rtd)|
|24 December 2022||Incumbent||93 days||People's Alliance||2022||Katonivere|
- ^ a b Fiji was left without a prime minister following two military coups in 1987 and a civilian coup d'état in 2000.
- ^ Mara's party, the Alliance Party, was dissolved in the wake of the 1987 coups, so he was effectively a nonpartisan prime minister in his last term.
- ^ Ratu Momoedonu was appointed Prime Minister on 27 May 2000, by the then-president, Ratu Sir Kamisese Mara, in order to meet a constitutional technicality. He resigned only a few minutes later, as soon as the technicality had been attended to, in order to allow the president to assume full executive power.
- ^ Qarase was not a member of a political party when he headed the interim government in 2000 and early 2001. Following his reinstatement on 16 March 2001 (after two days' absence from office), he founded the United Fiji Party to contest the general election that was to be held later that year.
- ^ Senilagakali was installed as Interim Prime Minister as Commodore Josaia Voreqe (Frank) Bainimarama took control of the government. He was previously a highly esteemed medical doctor, the former president of the Fijian Medical Association, and was military doctor at the time of the coup d'état in 2006.
- ^ The Bainimarama government was dismissed as illegal by Fiji's Court of Appeal on 10 April 2009, leading to the prime minister's immediate resignation. He was re-appointed the next day by President Josefa Iloilo, following the latter's abrogation of the Constitution.
- ^ "PARLIAMENTARY REMUNERATIONS DECREE 2014 (DECREE NO. 29 OF 2014)" (PDF). Government of Fiji. 3 October 2014.
- ^ "Military now in charge in Fiji". Fiji Times. 5 December 2006. Archived from the original on 30 September 2007. Retrieved 5 December 2006.
- ^ "Fiji's Bainimarama steps down as PM", Australian Broadcasting Corporation, 10 April 2009
- ^ "Commodore Bainimarama sworn in as Prime Minister" Archived 15 April 2009 at the Wayback Machine, Fiji government, 11 April 2009