Prime Minister of South Korea
The Prime Minister of the Republic of Korea (Korean: 국무총리; Hanja: 國務總理; RR: Gungmuchongni) (informally referred to as PMOTROK or PMOSK) is appointed by the President of South Korea, with the National Assembly's approval. The officeholder is not required to be a member of the National Assembly. The Prime Minister is not the head of government but rather serves in a role similar to that of a vice president.
|Prime Minister of the|
Republic of Korea
Prime ministerial emblem
Prime ministerial standard
|Executive branch of the Government of South Korea|
State Council of South Korea
|Style||Prime Minister (총리님)|
|Status||2nd highest in executive branch|
|Member of||State Council|
National Security Council
|Seat||Seoul, South Korea|
|Appointer||President of South Korea|
(Subject to the National Assembly's approval)
|Term length||No fixed term|
At the President's pleasure
|Constituting instrument||South Korean constitution|
|Inaugural holder||Lee Beom-seok|
|Formation||31 July 1948|
|Deputy||Deputy Prime Minister of South Korea|
|Website||(in English) pmo.go.kr/|
(in Korean) pmo.go.kr/
|Prime Minister of South Korea|
The Sino-Korean word gungmu (국무/國務) means "state affairs" and chongni (총리/總理) means "prime minister", "premier" or "chancellor", so the full title in Korean means literally "Prime Minister for State Affairs", but it is not used as official English title. The short title in Korean is just Chongni.
The position was created on 31 July 1948, two weeks before the government of South Korea was founded, and was held by Lee Beom-seok until 1950. The title was Chief Cabinet Minister from 1961 until 1963.
On 23 January 2015, President Park Geun-hye named Saenuri's Floor Leader Lee Wan-koo as the new Prime Minister. Lee was confirmed by the National Assembly as Prime Minister on 16 February 2015. However, on April 20 of the same year, he offered his resignation to the President in the midst of a bribery scandal.
The Prime Minister is the principal executive assistant to the President, while the president is the actual head of government, but not the Prime Minister. The Prime Minister holds the second position after the President in the State Council of South Korea, which is the nominal cabinet of South Korea. The Prime Minister assists the President by supervising ministries, making recommendations for ministers, and serves as the Vice-Chairman of the Cabinet. The Prime Minister is the first in the order of succession to discharge the duties of the office of the President as the Acting President should the president be unable to discharge her or his office. The most recent person to have served as Acting President was Hwang Kyo-ahn, during the impeachment of Park Geun-hye in 2016.
A Prime Minister that has been appointed by the President but not yet confirmed by the National Assembly is informally called as the acting Prime Minister. The term may also be applied to a Prime Minister that has resigned but in the interim remains in office in a caretaker role.
The Prime Minister is supported by two deputy prime ministers. The Prime Minister of South Korea sometimes holds some professional or technological knowledge whereas the President is always a sole politician.
Prime Minister's OfficeEdit
The Prime Minister's Office consists of two organisations - Office for Government Policy Coordination and Prime Minister's Secretariat which are led by ministerial-level Minister for Government Policy Coordination and vice-ministerial-level Chief of Staff to the Prime Minister respectively.
Office for Government Policy Coordination assists the Prime Minister with:
- various tasks, responsible for directing, adjusting and overseeing central administrative authorities underneath the Prime Minister's Office;
- planning and adjusting key national policies;
- managing, analyzing and assessing policies in regard to social risks, conflicts and pending problems;
- implementing regulatory reform;
- and doing other tasks specifically delegated by the Prime Minister.
Prime Minister's Secretariat assists the Prime Minister with:
- activities related to the National Assembly, responsible for matters regarding collaboration between the executive branch and the majority party in the legislature;
- providing PM with counsel on state affairs;
- matters regarding key information and situations both domestic and international;
- management and arbitration of civil complaints;
- supporting and collaborating with civil groups;
- promoting PM's activities in relation to state affairs;
- drafting PM's remarks and statements;
- supporting the promotion of activities by the Office for Government Policy Coordination;
- protocols and armed escort regarding PM and receiving VIPs;
- maintaining the official residence of PM;
- and handling other matters as instructed by PM.
Lists of Prime Ministers of South KoreaEdit
- "S. Korean PM resigns over government response to ferry disaster" AsiaOne. Retrieved 29 September 2016.
- "Parliament endorses PM nominee" Yonhap News Agency. Retrieved 29 September 2016.
- The Associated Press (21 April 2015). "S. Korean PM to resign after 2 months amid bribe scandal". The Yomiuri Shimbun. Italic or bold markup not allowed in:
- "Government > Executive Branch" Office for Government Policy Coordination Prime Minister's Secretariat.
- "Government > Organization Chart" Office for Government Policy Coordination Prime Minister's Secretariat.
- Office for Government Policy Coordination, Prime Minister's Secretariat
- South Korea at worldstatesmen.org