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Prime Minister of Mongolia

The Prime Minister of Mongolia (Mongolian: Монгол Улсын Ерөнхий Сайд, Mongol Ulsyn Yerönkhii Said) is the head of government, and heads the Mongolian cabinet. The Prime Minister is appointed by the President of Mongolia, and can be removed by the State Great Hural with a vote of no confidence.

Prime Minister of Mongolia
State emblem of Mongolia.svg
Official Emblem of Mongolia
Secretary Pompeo meets with Mongolian Prime Minister Khurelsukh Ukhnaa (44084216754) (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Ukhnaagiin Khürelsükh

since 4 October 2017
AppointerPresident of Mongolia
Term length4 years or less per election term
(No limits are imposed on total times or length of Prime Minister tenures of the same person.)
Inaugural holderTögs-Ochiryn Namnansüren (1912)
Puntsagiin Jasrai (1992)
FormationNovember 1912
21 July 1992

Contents

PowersEdit

The Prime Minister appoints the governors of the 21 aimags of Mongolia, as well as the governor of the capital, Ulaanbaatar.[1]

HistoryEdit

The office of Prime Minister was established in 1912, shortly after (Outer) Mongolia first declared independence from the Manchu Qing Dynasty. This was not recognized by many nations. By the time of Mongolia's second (and more generally recognized) declaration of independence (from the Chinese republic) in 1921, the office was controlled by a Communist group known as the Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party. 1924 the party established the Mongolian People's Republic, and the Prime Minister's post was superseded by one known by the title "Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars". This was changed to "Chairman of the Council of Ministers" in 1946. The title of Prime Minister was only revived in 1990, when the People's Revolutionary Party gradually released its hold on power. Regardless of the changes of name, however, the modern Mongolian government recognizes the office as having existed continuously since 1912, and counts all holders of the office as Prime Ministers.

There is some confusion as to the first holder of the office. A lama named Tseren (or Tserenchimed) held office as "Prime Minister" during a provisional government, and is sometimes cited as the first holder of the modern office. However, the current[needs update] Mongolian government considers Tögs-Ochiryn Namnansüren, the first formal office-holder, to be the first. There is also some confusion over the status of Tsengeltiin Jigjidjav - some consider him to have only been acting Prime Minister, while some consider him to have been a full Prime Minister. The Mongolian government[needs update] takes the latter view.

List of Prime Ministers (since 1992)Edit

Ukhnaagiin KhürelsükhJargaltulgyn ErdenebatChimediin SaikhanbilegNorovyn AltankhuyagSükhbaataryn BatboldSanjaagiin BayarMiyeegombyn EnkhboldTsakhiagiin ElbegdorjNambaryn EnkhbayarRinchinnyamyn AmarjargalNyam-Osoryn TuyaaJanlavyn NarantsatsraltTsakhiagiin ElbegdorjMendsaikhany EnkhsaikhanPuntsagiin Jasrai 

     People's Revolutionary Party & People's Party      Democratic Party

Portrait Name Term of office Electoral mandates Party
Took Office Left Office Days
1 Puntsagiin Jasrai 21 July 1992 19 July 1996 1459 1992 — 56.90% People's Revolutionary Party
2   Mendsaikhany Enkhsaikhan 19 July 1996 23 April 1998 643 1996 — 47.00% Democratic Party
3   Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj
(1st term)
23 April 1998 9 December 1998 230 State Great
Khural Resolution
Democratic Party
4   Janlavyn Narantsatsralt 9 December 1998 22 July 1999 225 State Great
Khural Resolution
Democratic Party
During this interval, Nyam-Osoryn Tuyaa was the Acting Prime Minister.
5   Rinchinnyamyn Amarjargal 30 July 1999 26 July 2000 362 State Great
Khural Resolution
Democratic Party
6   Nambaryn Enkhbayar 26 July 2000 20 August 2004 1486 2000 — 51.60% People's Revolutionary Party
(3)   Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj
(2nd term)
20 August 2004 13 January 2006 511 2004 — 44.27%
(Hung State Great Khural)
Democratic Party
7   Miyeegombyn Enkhbold 25 January 2006 22 November 2007 678 State Great
Khural Resolution

(Hung State Great Khural)
People's Revolutionary Party
8   Sanjaagiin Bayar
(1st term)
22 November 2007 29 June 2008 707 State Great
Khural Resolution

(Hung State Great Khural)
People's Revolutionary Party
Sanjaagiin Bayar
(2nd term)
29 June 2008 29 October 2009 2008 — 52.67%
9   Sükhbaataryn Batbold 29 October 2009 10 August 2012 1016 State Great
Khural Resolution
People's Revolutionary Party (2009-10)
People's Party (2010-12)
10   Norovyn Altankhuyag 10 August 2012 5 November 2014 817 2012 — 35.32%
(Hung State Great Khural)
Democratic Party
During this interval, Dendeviin Terbishdagva was the Acting Prime Minister.
11   Chimediin Saikhanbileg 21 November 2014 7 July 2016 594 State Great
Khural Resolution
Democratic Party
12   Jargaltulgyn Erdenebat 7 July 2016 4 October 2017 891 2016 — 45.69% People's Party
13   Ukhnaagiin Khürelsükh 4 October 2017 437 State Great
Khural Resolution
People's Party

Living former Prime MinistersEdit

Name Term of office Date of birth
Dumaagiin Sodnom 1984.12.12–1990.03.21 (1933-07-14) 14 July 1933 (age 85)
Sharavyn Gungaadorj 1990.03.21–1990.09.11 (1935-05-02) 2 May 1935 (age 83)
Dashiin Byambasüren 1990.09.11–1992.07.21 (1942-06-02) 2 June 1942 (age 76)
Mendsaikhany Enkhsaikhan 1996–1998 1955 (age 62–63)
Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj 1998–1999
2004–2006
(1963-03-30) 30 March 1963 (age 55)
Rinchinnyamyn Amarjargal 1999–2000 (1961-02-02) 2 February 1961 (age 57)
Nambaryn Enkhbayar 2000–2004 (1958-06-01) 1 June 1958 (age 60)
Miyeegombyn Enkhbold 2006–2007 (1964-07-19) 19 July 1964 (age 54)
Sanjaagiin Bayar 2007–2009 (1956-03-04) 4 March 1956 (age 62)
Sükhbaataryn Batbold 2009–2012 (1963-06-24) 24 June 1963 (age 55)
Norovyn Altankhuyag 2012–2014 (1958-01-20) 20 January 1958 (age 60)
Chimediin Saikhanbileg 2014–2016 (1969-02-17) 17 February 1969 (age 49)
Jargaltulgyn Erdenebat 2016–2017 (1973-06-17) 17 June 1973 (age 45)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Montsame News Agency. Mongolia. 2006, Foreign Service office of Montsame News Agency, ISBN 99929-0-627-8, p. 47

External linksEdit