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The Prime Minister of Armenia is the head of government and most senior minister within the Armenian government, and is required by the constitution to "determine the main directions of policy of the Government, manage the activities of the Government and coordinate the work of the members of the Government." Also, according to the constitution, the Prime Minister heads the Security Council, which prescribes the main directions of the country's defense policy; thus, the Prime Minister is effectively the commander-in-chief of the Armed Forces of Armenia.[2]. Under the new 2015 constitution, the Prime Minister is the most powerful and influential person in Armenian politics. The Prime Minister is appointed by the President of Armenia upon the vote of the National Assembly. The Prime Minister can be removed by a vote of no confidence in Parliament. In the constitutional referendum held in 2015, citizens voted in favor of transferring Armenia into a parliamentary republic.

Prime Minister of the Republic of Armenia
Հայաստանի Հանրապետության վարչապետ
Coat of arms of Armenia.svg
Nikol Pashinyan.jpg
Incumbent
Nikol Pashinyan

since 8 May 2018
Member of Cabinet of Armenia
Residence Prime Minister's Residence
Seat Yerevan
Appointer President of Armenia, based on appointee's ability to command confidence in the National Assembly
Term length No term limit
Parliamentary elections to the National Assembly are held every five years at most. After election Prime Minister and the Cabinet resigns and the newly elected National Assembly approves the Prime Minister.
Inaugural holder Hovhannes Kajaznuni
Formation 30 June 1918
Salary annual: 15,079,920 AMD[1]
27,532 / $31,220 / £24,607
Website www.primeminister.am

The office of Prime Minister was first established in 1918 with the foundation of the First Republic of Armenia. It vanished when the First Republic of Armenia was incorporated into the Transcaucasian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic. When Armenia regained its independence, the office of Prime Minister was reintroduced.

Contents

List of Heads of Government of Armenia: 1918–1920, 1991-presentEdit

Republic of Armenia (1918–1920) and Republic of Armenia (1991-present):

Prime Ministers
No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party
Took Office Left office
1   Hovhannes Kajaznuni
(1868–1938)
30 June 1918 28 May 1919 Armenian Revolutionary Federation
2   Alexander Khatisian
(1874–1945)
28 May 1919 5 May 1920 Armenian Revolutionary Federation
3   Hamo Ohanjanyan
(1873–1947)
5 May 1920 25 November 1920 Armenian Revolutionary Federation
4   Simon Vratsian
(1882–1969)
25 November 1920 2 December 1920 Armenian Revolutionary Federation
Armenia was part of the Soviet Union from 1920 to 1991 (see below)
1   Vazgen Manukyan
(1946–)
25 September 1991 22 November 1991 National Democratic Union
2   Gagik Harutyunyan
(1948–)
22 November 1991 30 July 1992 Independent
3   Khosrov Harutyunyan
(1948–)
30 July 1992 2 February 1993 Independent
4   Hrant Bagratyan
(1948–)
2 February 1993 4 November 1996 Pan-Armenian National Movement
5   Armen Sarkissian
(1953–)
4 November 1996 20 March 1997 Independent
6   Robert Kocharyan
(1954–)
20 March 1997 10 April 1998 Independent
7   Armen Darbinyan
(1965–)
10 April 1998 11 June 1999 Independent
8   Vazgen Sargsyan
(1959–1999)
11 June 1999 27 October 1999[α] Republican Party
9   Aram Sargsyan
(1962–)
3 November 1999 2 May 2000 Republican Party
10 Andranik Margaryan
(1949–2007)
12 May 2000 25 March 2007[β] Republican Party
11   Serzh Sargsyan
(1954–)
26 March 2007 7 April 2008 Republican Party
12   Tigran Sargsyan
(1962–)
9 April 2008 13 April 2014 Republican Party
13   Hovik Abrahamyan
(1959–)
13 April 2014 8 September 2016[3] Republican Party
14   Karen Karapetyan
(1963–)
13 September 2016[4] 17 April 2018[5] Republican Party
15   Serzh Sargsyan
(1954–)
17 April 2018[6] 23 April 2018[7] Republican Party
  Karen Karapetyan

(Acting)
(1963–)

23 April 2018 8 May 2018 Republican Party
16   Nikol Pashinyan
(1975–)
8 May 2018 Incumbent Civil Contract

Transcaucasian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic (1922–1936) and Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic (1936–1991)Edit

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party Title(s)
Took Office Left office
1   Sargis Lukashin
(1883–1937)
21 May 1922 24 June 1925 Communist Party of Armenia Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars
2   Sargis Hаmbardzumyan
(1870–1944)
24 June 1925 22 March 1928 Communist Party of Armenia Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars
3   Sahak Ter-Gabrielyan
(1886–1937)
22 March 1928 10 February 1935 Communist Party of Armenia Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars
4   Abraham Guloyan
(1893–1938)
10 February 1935 February 1937 Communist Party of Armenia Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars
5   Sargis Hаmbardzumyan
(1870–1944)
February 1937 May 1937 Communist Party of Armenia Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars
6   Stepan Akopyan May 1937 21 September 1937 Communist Party of Armenia Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars
7   Aram Piruzyan
(1907–1996)
23 November 1937 October 1943 Communist Party of Armenia Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars
8   Aghasi Sargsyan
(1905–1971)
October 1943 1946 Communist Party of Armenia Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars
1946 29 March 1947 Chairmen of the Council of Ministers
9   Sahak Karapetyan
(1906–1987)
29 March 1947 20 November 1952 Communist Party of Armenia Chairmen of the Council of Ministers
10   Anton Kochinyan
(1913–1990)
20 November 1952 5 February 1966 Communist Party of Armenia Chairmen of the Council of Ministers
11   Badal Muradyan
(1915–1991)
5 February 1966 21 November 1972 Communist Party of Armenia Chairmen of the Council of Ministers
12   Grigory Arzumanyan
(1919–1976)
21 November 1972 28 November 1976 Communist Party of Armenia Chairmen of the Council of Ministers
  G.A. Martirosyan 28 November 1976 17 January 1977 Communist Party of Armenia Chairmen of the Council of Ministers
13   Fadey Sargsyan
(1923–2010)
17 January 1977 16 January 1989 Communist Party of Armenia Chairmen of the Council of Ministers
14   Vladimir Markaryants
(1934–2000)
16 January 1989 13 August 1990 Communist Party of Armenia Chairmen of the Council of Ministers
15   Vazgen Manukyan
(1946–)
13 August 1990 25 September 1991 National Democratic Union Chairmen of the Council of Ministers

NotesEdit

     α.   ^ Assassinated while in office in the 1999 Armenian parliament shooting.

     β.   ^ Died of heart attack while in office.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "How much salary does the Prime Minister get?". iravaban.net. 2018-05-09. 
  2. ^ LLC, Helix Consulting. "Constitution of the Republic of Armenia - Library - The President of the Republic of Armenia [the official site]". www.president.am. Retrieved 2018-04-10. 
  3. ^ RFE/RL; Press, Associated (2016-09-08). "Armenian PM Hovik Abrahamyan resigns after weeks of unrest". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2016-09-13. 
  4. ^ Sputnik. "Ex-Mayor of Yerevan Karen Karapetyan Is Appointed As Armenian PM". sputniknews.com. Retrieved 2016-09-13. 
  5. ^ Bedevian, Astghik. "Armenia's Ruling Party 'Open' To Opposition Candidates For PM". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. Retrieved 2018-04-16. 
  6. ^ RFE/RL's Armenian Service; Gabrielian, Sisak; Aslanian, Karlen; Ghalechian, Narine; Chapple, Amos; AFP; Reuters (April 17, 2018). "Lawmakers Approve Sarkisian As Armenia's PM Despite Countrywide Protests". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. Retrieved 2018-04-17. 
  7. ^ Hairenik (2018-04-23). "Breaking: Serge Sarkisian Resigns as Prime Minister". The Armenian Weekly. Retrieved 2018-04-23. 

External linksEdit