Prime Minister of Armenia
The Prime Minister of Armenia is the head of government and most senior minister within the Armenian government, and is required by the constitution to "determine the main directions of policy of the Government, manage the activities of the Government and coordinate the work of the members of the Government." Also, according to the constitution, the Prime Minister heads the Security Council, which prescribes the main directions of the country's defense policy; thus, the Prime Minister is effectively the commander-in-chief of the Armed Forces of Armenia.. Under the new 2015 constitution, the Prime Minister is the most powerful and influential person in Armenian politics. The Prime Minister is appointed by the President of Armenia upon the vote of the National Assembly. The Prime Minister can be removed by a vote of no confidence in Parliament. In the constitutional referendum held in 2015, citizens voted in favor of transferring Armenia into a parliamentary republic.
|Prime Minister of the Republic of Armenia|
Հայաստանի Հանրապետության վարչապետ
|Style||Mr. Prime Minister (formal)|
His Excellency (diplomatic, abroad)
|Status||Head of government|
|Member of||Cabinet of Armenia|
|Residence||Prime Minister's Residence|
|Appointer||President of Armenia, based on appointee's ability to command confidence in the National Assembly|
|Term length||No term limit|
Parliamentary elections to the National Assembly are held every five years at most. After election Prime Minister and the Cabinet resigns and the newly elected National Assembly approves the Prime Minister.
|Constituting instrument||Constitution of Armenia|
|Inaugural holder||Hovhannes Kajaznuni|
|Formation||30 June 1918|
|Deputy||Deputy Prime Minister|
|Salary||annual: AMD 15,079,920|
The office of Prime Minister was first established in 1918 with the foundation of the First Republic of Armenia. It vanished when the First Republic of Armenia was incorporated into the Transcaucasian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic. When Armenia regained its independence, the office of Prime Minister was reintroduced.
List of Heads of Government of Armenia: 1918–1920, 1991-presentEdit
- Prime Ministers
|Term of Office||Political Party|
|Took Office||Left office|
|30 June 1918||28 May 1919||Armenian Revolutionary Federation|
|28 May 1919||5 May 1920||Armenian Revolutionary Federation|
|5 May 1920||25 November 1920||Armenian Revolutionary Federation|
|25 November 1920||2 December 1920||Armenian Revolutionary Federation|
|Armenia was part of the Soviet Union from 1920 to 1991 (see below)|
|25 September 1991||22 November 1991||National Democratic Union|
|22 November 1991||30 July 1992||Independent|
|30 July 1992||2 February 1993||Independent|
|2 February 1993||4 November 1996||Pan-Armenian National Movement|
|4 November 1996||20 March 1997||Independent|
|20 March 1997||10 April 1998||Independent|
|10 April 1998||11 June 1999||Independent|
|11 June 1999||27 October 1999[α]|
|3 November 1999||2 May 2000||Republican Party|
|12 May 2000||25 March 2007[β]||Republican Party|
|26 March 2007||7 April 2008||Republican Party|
|9 April 2008||13 April 2014||Republican Party|
|13 April 2014||8 September 2016||Republican Party|
|13 September 2016||17 April 2018|
|17 April 2018||23 April 2018||Republican Party|
|—||Karen Karapetyan (acting)
|23 April 2018||8 May 2018||Republican Party|
|8 May 2018||Incumbent||Civil Contract|
Transcaucasian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic (1922–1936) and Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic (1936–1991)Edit
|Term of Office||Political Party||Title(s)|
|Took Office||Left office|
|1 January 1921||30 January 1922||Communist Party of Armenia||Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars|
|21 May 1922||24 June 1925||Communist Party of Armenia||Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars|
|24 June 1925||22 March 1928||Communist Party of Armenia||Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars|
|22 March 1928||10 February 1935||Communist Party of Armenia||Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars|
|10 February 1935||February 1937||Communist Party of Armenia||Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars|
|February 1937||May 1937||Communist Party of Armenia||Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars|
|7||Stepan Akopyan||May 1937||21 September 1937||Communist Party of Armenia||Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars|
|23 November 1937||October 1943||Communist Party of Armenia||Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars|
|October 1943||1946||Communist Party of Armenia||Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars|
|1946||29 March 1947||Chairmen of the Council of Ministers|
|29 March 1947||20 November 1952||Communist Party of Armenia||Chairmen of the Council of Ministers|
|20 November 1952||5 February 1966||Communist Party of Armenia||Chairmen of the Council of Ministers|
|5 February 1966||21 November 1972||Communist Party of Armenia||Chairmen of the Council of Ministers|
|21 November 1972||28 November 1976||Communist Party of Armenia||Chairmen of the Council of Ministers|
|—||G.A. Martirosyan||28 November 1976||17 January 1977||Communist Party of Armenia||Chairmen of the Council of Ministers|
|17 January 1977||16 January 1989||Communist Party of Armenia||Chairmen of the Council of Ministers|
|16 January 1989||13 August 1990||Communist Party of Armenia||Chairmen of the Council of Ministers|
|13 August 1990||25 September 1991||National Democratic Union||Chairmen of the Council of Ministers|
- "PM Nikol Pashinyan receives congratulations on 27th anniversary of Armenia's independence". Retrieved 2019-01-19., The Prime Minister of the Republic of Armenia
- "How much salary does the Prime Minister get?". iravaban.net. 2018-05-09.
- LLC, Helix Consulting. "Constitution of the Republic of Armenia - Library - The President of the Republic of Armenia [the official site]". www.president.am. Retrieved 2018-04-10.
- RFE/RL; Press, Associated (2016-09-08). "Armenian PM Hovik Abrahamyan resigns after weeks of unrest". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2016-09-13.
- Sputnik. "Ex-Mayor of Yerevan Karen Karapetyan Is Appointed As Armenian PM". sputniknews.com. Retrieved 2016-09-13.
- Bedevian, Astghik. "Armenia's Ruling Party 'Open' To Opposition Candidates For PM". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. Retrieved 2018-04-16.
- RFE/RL's Armenian Service; Gabrielian, Sisak; Aslanian, Karlen; Ghalechian, Narine; Chapple, Amos; AFP; Reuters (April 17, 2018). "Lawmakers Approve Sarkisian As Armenia's PM Despite Countrywide Protests". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. Retrieved 2018-04-17.
- Hairenik (2018-04-23). "Breaking: Serge Sarkisian Resigns as Prime Minister". The Armenian Weekly. Retrieved 2018-04-23.