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The President of Tajikistan is the head of state and the highest position within the Government of Tajikistan. The position of President was created in November 1990 while Tajikistan was still a Soviet Republic. The President of Tajikistan lives in the capital, Dushanbe.

President of Tajikistan
Президенти Тоҷикистон
Президент Таджикистана
Flag of the President of Tajikistan.svg
Presidential Standard
Emomali Rahmon (2017-02-27).jpg
Emomali Rahmon

since 16 November 1994
ResidencePalace of Nations, Dushanbe
AppointerPopular vote
Term length7 years, renewable optional
Inaugural holderQahhor Mahkamov
Formation30 November 1990
Salary13,200 USD[1]

History of the PresidencyEdit

The first President of Tajikistan was Qahhor Mahkamov, who held the position of First Secretary of the Communist Party of Tajikistan and was appointed President of the Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic in November 1990. Mahkamov served both as First Secretary and President but was forced to resign in August 1991 due to the unpopularity of his support for the August Coup of 1991 in Moscow and the resulting street demonstrations in Dushanbe. From 1991 to 1992 the post of the president changed hands several times due to the political changes and uncertainty following the dissolution of the Soviet Union and ensuing social unrest and violence in the Tajikistan Civil War. Since 1994, Emomali Rahmon has held the position of the presidency. The presidential elections were last held in 2013. Presidential elections in Tajikistan have consistently been criticized by international observers as unfair and favoring the ruling party.

Constitutional roleEdit

The President of Tajikistan is the head of the state and the de facto head of government, making him/her the highest ranking chief government official in the country. The President is elected by a national vote and is limited to one seven-year term which can only be renewed once. The President is also the Supreme Commander-in-Chief of the Tajik National Army.

The office of the President consisting of 5 departments and 24 offices is the executive arm of the President, including, inter alia, the following are the most important ones:

  • Department of the constitutional rights of citizens
  • Department of Public affairs, information and cultural affairs
  • Department of Social Policy
  • Department of economic policy

In addition to the executive office of the President, there is a Security Council that advises the president on matters of national security. As Supreme Commander-in-Chief, he also is entitled to use the Center for the Management of the Armed Forces (opened on National Army Day in 2018), which would serve as the main military command center for the president, similarly to the Russian Armed Forces National Defense Management Center.[2] The president also has five State Advisors who aide the president on policy issues:

  • State Advisor on Economic Issues
  • State Advisor on International Affairs
  • State Advisor on Science and Social issues
  • State Advisor on Public Affairs Information and Culture and State
  • State Advisor on Defense and Law Enforcement

Presidential StandardEdit

The Standard of the President of the Republic of Tajikistan is the official symbol of the office of president in the country. It was made a legal state symbol in accordance with an amendment to Law No. 192 on July 28, 2006.[3] It was introduced in time for the inauguration ceremony for Emomali Rahmon in his third term as head of state. The standard is a rectangular panel consisting of three horizontally arranged color bars which are similar to the colors on the Flag of Tajikistan. In it, there is a symbolic Derafsh Kaviani banner the center, with its upper part having spear, symbolizing the will and power of the authorities for the defense of the country. The banner is four-sided and has four branches inside (which represents the four regions of Tajikistan), while the center depicts a winged lion with a crown and seven stars, which are the basis of the Emblem of Tajikistan. The Derafsh Kaviani is embroidered with two gold threads on both sides of the standard.


Since 2008, the Palace of Nations (also called the Kohi Millat or the White House) has been the official residence of the President of Tajikistan. The president often receives foreign dignitaries and public official at the palace, as well as holds public events at its main hall. Its construction was dedicated to Tajik poet Ismail Samani. It opened in August 2008, hosting a SCO summit in its first day. The palace is portrayed on the back of a 500 Somoni banknote.[4]

List of Presidents of TajikistanEdit

Order Name Image Term Start Term End Political Party
1 Qahhor Mahkamov (1932 – 2016) 30 November 1990 August 1991 Communist Party of Tajikistan
Acting Kadriddin Aslonov (1947 – 1992) 31 August 1991 23 September 1991 Communist Party of Tajikistan
2 Rahmon Nabiyev (1930 – 1993) 23 September 1991 6 October 1991 Communist Party of Tajikistan
Acting Akbarsho Iskandrov (born 1951) 6 October 1991 2 December 1991 Communist Party of Tajikistan
(2) Rahmon Nabiyev (1930 – 1993) 2 December 1991 7 January 1992 Communist Party of Tajikistan
Acting Akbarsho Iskandrov (born 1951) 7 January 1992 20 January 1992 Communist Party of Tajikistan
3 Emomali Rahmon (born 1952)   20 January 1992 (as Chairman of the Supreme Assembly)
16 November 1994 (as President)
Independent (1992–1994)
People's Democratic Party of Tajikistan (1994–Present)

Latest electionEdit

Candidate Party Votes %
Emomali Rahmon People's Democratic Party 3,023,754 83.92
Ismoil Talbakov Communist Party 181,675 5.04
Talibek Buhariyev Agrarian Party 166,224 4.61
Alim Babayev Economic Reform Party 140,733 3.91
Abduhalim Gaffarov Socialist Party 54,148 1.50
Saidcafar Ismanov Democratic Party 36,573 1.02
Invalid/blank votes 36,949
Total 3,640,056 100
Registered voters/turnout 4,201,156 86.64
Source: IFES

See alsoEdit


External linksEdit