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First Secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba

The First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Cuba (Spanish: Primer Secretario del Comité Central del Partido Comunista de Cuba) is the highest office within the Communist Party of Cuba and is ranked first in the Politburo hierarchy, the highest decision-making body in Cuba, which makes the office holder the most powerful person in Cuban government.

First Secretary of the
Central Committee of the Communist Party of Cuba
Raul-castro-2015 (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Raúl Castro

since 19 April 2011
Style Comrade
Type Party leader
Status Highest-ranked in Cuba
Member of Central Committee
Politburo
Residence Palacio de la Revolución
Appointer Central Committee
Term length Five years
renewable once
Inaugural holder José Miguel Pérez
Fidel Castro
Formation August 1925
July 1961
Deputy Second Secretary

From 1961 until 2011, the position of First Secretary was held by Fidel Castro, who was Prime Minister of Cuba and, until 2008, President of the Council of State. The current first secretary is his brother, Raúl Castro, who has been President and Prime Minister since 2008.

The post was named in imitation of the office of First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, which was staffed by Leonid Brezhnev at the time.

OfficeholdersEdit

Name
(birth–death)
Portrait Took office Left office Second Secretary
General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Cuba
(1925–1939)
José Miguel Pérez
(1896–1936)
20 August 1925 1925
José Peña Vilaboa
(1891–1927)
1925 1926
Jorge Vivo
(?)
1927 August 1933
Blas Roca Calderio
(1908–1987)
  December 1933 1939
General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Revolutionary Communist Union
(1939–1944)
Blas Roca Calderio
(1908–1987)
  1939 1944
General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Popular Socialist Party
(1944–1961)
Blas Roca Calderio
(1908–1987)
  1944 24 June 1961
First Secretary of the Integrated Revolutionary Organizations
(1961–1962)
Fidel Castro
(1926–2016)
  July 1961 26 March 1962 Raúl Castro
(1961–1962)
First Secretary of the Central Committee of the United Party for the Socialist Revolution of Cuba
(1962–1965)
Fidel Castro
(1926–2016)
  26 March 1962 3 October 1965 Raúl Castro
(1962–1965)
First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Cuba
(1965–present)
Fidel Castro
(1926–2016)
  3 October 1965 19 April 2011 Raúl Castro
(1965–2011)
Raúl Castro
(born 1931)
  19 April 2011 Incumbent José Ramón Machado Ventura
(2011–present)

ReferencesEdit

See alsoEdit