First Secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba

The First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Cuba (Spanish: Primer Secretario del Comité Central del Partido Comunista de Cuba) is the de facto leader of Cuba. The First Secretary is the highest office within the Communist Party of Cuba as well as ranking first in the Politburo, the highest decision-making body in Cuba, which makes the office holder the most powerful person in the Cuban government. In communist states the First or General Secretary of the Communist Party is typically the de facto leader of the country and a more powerful position than state offices such as President (head of state) or Prime Minister (head of government), when those positions are held by different individuals.[1] From 1961 until 2011, the position of First Secretary was held by Fidel Castro, who was Prime Minister of Cuba and, until 2008, President of the Council of State. Miguel Díaz-Canel, who has been President of Cuba since 2019, was elected First Secretary of the Communist Party on 19 April 2021, succeeding Raúl Castro, who was First Secretary from 2011 until 2021.[2][3][4] The post was named in imitation of the title of First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, which was used by Nikita Khrushchev and, briefly, Leonid Brezhnev.

First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Cuba
Primer Secretario del Comité Central del Partido Comunista de Cuba
Miguel Díaz-Canel (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Miguel Díaz-Canel

since 19 April 2021
Central Committee
StyleComrade (formal)
TypeParty leader
Supreme leader
Member ofCentral Committee, Politburo, Secretariat
SeatPalace of the Revolution
Havana, Cuba
AppointerCentral Committee
Term lengthFive years, renewable once
Constituting instrumentStatute of the Communist Party of Cuba
Formation3 October 1965; 56 years ago (1965-10-03)
First holderFidel Castro
DeputySecond Secretary

OfficeholdersEdit

Portrait Name
(Born-Died)
Term Second Secretary
Took office Left office Duration
General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Cuba
(1925–1939)
José Miguel Pérez
(1896–1936[5])
20 August 1925[5]19250 years
José Peña Vilaboa
(1891–1927)
192519260–1 years
Jorge Vivo
(1890–1950)
1927August 19335–6 years
General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Cuba
(1925–1939)
Blas Roca Calderio
(1908–1987)
December 193319395–6 years
General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Revolutionary Communist Union
(1939–1944)
Blas Roca Calderio
(1908–1987)
193919444–5 years
General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Popular Socialist Party
(1944–1961)
Blas Roca Calderio
(1908–1987)
194424 June 196116–17 years
First Secretary of the Integrated Revolutionary Organizations
(1961–1962)
Fidel Castro
(1926–2016)
July 196126 March 19628 monthsRaúl Castro
(1961 – 1962)
First Secretary of the Central Committee of the United Party for the Socialist Revolution of Cuba
(1962–1965)
Fidel Castro
(1926–2016)
26 March 19623 October 19653 years, 191 daysRaúl Castro
(1962 – 1965)
First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Cuba
(1965–present)
Fidel Castro
(1926–2016)
3 October 196519 April 2011[6]45 years, 198 daysRaúl Castro
(1965 – 2011)
Raúl Castro
(born 1931)
19 April 2011[6]19 April 2021[4]10 years, 0 daysJosé Ramón Machado Ventura
(2011 – 2021)
Miguel Díaz-Canel
(born 1960)
19 April 2021[4]Incumbent1 year, 76 daysJosé Ramón Machado Ventura[7]
(since 2021)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Raul Castro to lead Cuba's Communist Party until 2021". FRANCE 24. 19 April 2018. "I confirm to this assembly that Raul Castro, as first secretary of the Communist Party, will lead the decisions about the future of the country," Diaz-Canel said.
  2. ^ "Los comunistas cubanos eligen a la nueva cúpula del PCC". swissinfo.ca. 18 April 2021. Retrieved 18 April 2021.
  3. ^ "Raul Castro to lead Cuba's Communist Party until 2021". France 24. 19 April 2018. 'I confirm to this assembly that Raul Castro, as first secretary of the Communist Party, will lead the decisions about the future of the country,' Diaz-Canel said.
  4. ^ a b c "Cuba's Communist Party appoints Miguel Diaz-Canel as leader". RTÉ. 19 April 2021. Retrieved 19 April 2021.
  5. ^ a b Canarias-semanal.org. "JOSÉ MIGUEL PÉREZ, EL PALMERO QUE FUNDÓ NADA MENOS QUE DOS PARTIDOS COMUNISTAS". Canarias-semanal I Digital informativo de ámbito internacional y actualización diaria (in Spanish). Retrieved 2021-04-19.
  6. ^ a b "Fidel Castro at Cuba congress alongside Raul". BBC News. 2011-04-19. Retrieved 2021-04-19.
  7. ^ Meneses, Yaima Puig (April 21, 2021). "Díaz-Canel chairs the Extraordinary Plenary of the Party in Havana (+ Video)". Retrieved April 21, 2021.