First Secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba

The First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Cuba (Spanish: Primer Secretario del Comité Central del Partido Comunista de Cuba) is the de facto head of state of Cuba and is the highest office within the Communist Party of Cuba as well as ranking first in the Politburo, the highest decision-making body in Cuba, which makes the office holder the most powerful person in Cuban government.In Communist states the First or General Secretary of the Communist Party is typically the de facto leader of the country and a more powerful position than state offices such as President (head of state) or Prime Minister (head of government), when those positions are held by different individuals.[1]From 1961 until 2011, the position of First Secretary was held by Fidel Castro, who was Prime Minister of Cuba and, until 2008, President of the Council of State. The current first secretary is his brother, Raúl Castro, who was President and Prime Minister of Cuba from 2008 until 2018.The post was named in imitation of the office of First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, which was staffed by Leonid Brezhnev.

First Secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba
Primer Secretario del Comité Central del Partido Comunista de Cuba
Logo del Partido Comunista de Cuba.svg
Raul-castro-2015 (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Raúl Castro

since 19 April 2011
Central Committee
Member ofCentral Committee, Politburo, Secretariat
SeatPalace of the Revolution
Havana, Cuba
AppointerCentral Committee
Term lengthFive years
renewable once
Constituting instrumentStatute of the Communist Party of Cuba
Formation3 October 1965
First holderFidel Castro
DeputySecond Secretary

OfficeholdersEdit

Portrait Name
(Born-Died)
Term Second Secretary
Took office Left office Duration
General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Cuba
(1925–1939)
José Miguel Pérez
(1896–1936)
20 August 192519250 years
José Peña Vilaboa
(1891–1927)
192519260–1 years
Jorge Vivo
(1890–1950)
1927August 19335–6 years
General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Cuba
(1925–1939)
Blas Roca Calderio
(1908–1987)
December 193319395–6 years
General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Revolutionary Communist Union
(1939–1944)
Blas Roca Calderio
(1908–1987)
193919444–5 years
General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Popular Socialist Party
(1944–1961)
Blas Roca Calderio
(1908–1987)
194424 June 196116–17 years
First Secretary of the Integrated Revolutionary Organizations
(1961–1962)
Fidel Castro
(1926–2016)
July 196126 March 19628 monthsRaúl Castro
(1961 – 1962)
First Secretary of the Central Committee of the United Party for the Socialist Revolution of Cuba
(1962–1965)
Fidel Castro
(1926–2016)
26 March 19623 October 19653 years, 191 daysRaúl Castro
(1962 – 1965)
First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Cuba
(1965–present)
Fidel Castro
(1926–2016)
3 October 196519 April 201145 years, 198 daysRaúl Castro
(1965 – 2011)
Raúl Castro
(born 1931)
19 April 2011Incumbent9 years, 187 daysJosé Ramón Machado Ventura
(since 2011)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Raul Castro to lead Cuba's Communist Party until 2021". FRANCE 24. 19 April 2018. "I confirm to this assembly that Raul Castro, as first secretary of the Communist Party, will lead the decisions about the future of the country," Diaz-Canel said.