President of Kazakhstan
The President of the Republic of Kazakhstan (Kazakh: Қазақстан Республикасының Президенті; Russian: Президент Республики Казахстан) is the head of state, commander-in-chief and holder of the highest office within the Republic of Kazakhstan. The powers of this position are described in a special section of the Constitution of Kazakhstan.
|President of the Republic of Kazakhstan|
Қазақстан Республикасының Президенті
|Residence||Ak Orda Presidential Palace|
|Appointer||Direct popular vote|
|Term length||5 years, renewable|
|Inaugural holder||Nursultan Nazarbayev|
|Formation||24 April 1990|
|Succession||Chairwoman of the Senate of Kazakhstan|
|Website||(in Kazakh) akorda.kz|
(in English) www.akorda.kz/en
The position was established on 24 April 1990, a year before the dissolution of the Soviet Union. The current President is Kassym-Jomart Tokayev, who assumed office on 20 March 2019 following the resignation of the first President, Nursultan Nazarbayev.
None of the presidential elections held in Kazakhstan have been considered free or fair by Western countries or international observers with issues noted including ballot tampering, multiple voting, harassment of opposition candidates and press censorship.
The President of Kazakhstan's decorations include a breast mark and a Presidential Standard.
The Standard of the President of Kazakhstan is similar to the national flag in that it is rectangular in shape with a ratio of 1:2. In the center of the standard is the Emblem of Kazakhstan. It is bordered on three sides with golden fringe.
The current presidential standard has been in service as recently as 2012. The former standard, which was used from 1995–2012, was a light blue rectangle there with a golden circle in which the figure of the young Kazakh leader Sakas riding a snow leopard.
Altyn Qyran OrderEdit
The Order of the Golden Eagle (Kazakh: Алтын Қыран ордені or Altyn Qyran Order) is the highest civilian award that can be awarded by the President of Kazakhstan. Its purpose is to recognize outstanding service to the country by Kazakh and foreign citizens. As head of state, the President is de facto Commander special class of the Order of Altyn Kyran.
President in the ConstitutionEdit
Item 5 of Article 42 of the Constitution determines that no one can be elected president more than two terms in a row, but it also states that "The present restriction shall not extend on the First President of the Republic of Kazakhstan." 
Article 46 says that the President's "honor and dignity shall be inviolable" and that his expenses shall be paid by the state. Item 4 of the article outlines the special status and authority of the first president, and refers to a special constitutional act for definitions. According to this act, the first president possesses total, absolute and termless immunity for all actions he performs while in office, and that he remains a government official until his death. He also retains the ability to speak to the people of Kazakhstan, keeps guards, communication, transport, and state support of his activity, and that his official apartment and summer residence became his property with official maintenance. He is also provided with medical care, sanatorium, pensions and insurance.
On April 26, 2015 Nursultan Nazarbayev was re-elected for his 5th presidential term. The official ceremony of the inauguration took place at the Palace of Independence in Astana on April 29. At the inauguration ceremony the re-elected president assured the nation that he would continue the 5 institutional reforms that he had offered earlier, which would contribute to the consistent growth and development of the country.
On January 25, 2017 President Nursultan Nazarbayev laid the groundwork for reforms to the constitution that would redistribute executive powers to the parliament and ministries for the purpose of more open and efficient governance.
The Presidential Administration of the Republic of Kazakhstan (Kazakh: Қазақстан Республикасы Президентінің Әкімшілігі/Russian: Администрация Президента Республики Казахстан) reports directly to the president and aids him/her in their everyday dates. It was established in accordance of Presidential Decree No. 2565 on October 20, 1995. It is currently based at the Ak-Orda Presidential Palace in the capital city of Astana. Prior to that, it was based in Almaty.
Heads of the Presidential AdministrationEdit
- Nurtai Abykayev (1990–1995)
- Saginbek Tursunov (1995–1996)
- Akhmetzhan Yesimov (1996)
- Oralbay Abdykarimov (1996–1997)
- Sarybai Kalmurzaev (1997–1998)
- Vladimir Shepel (1998)
- Akhmetzhan Yesimov (1998)
- Alikhan Baimenov (1998–1999)
- Sarybai Kalmurzaev (1999—2002)
- Nurtai Abykayev (January 29, 2002 – March 10, 2004)
- Imangali Tasmagambetov (March 10 – December 9, 2004)
- Adilbek Dzhaksybekov (December 19, 2004 – January 23, 2008)
- Kairat Kelimbetov (January 23 – October 13, 2008)
- Aslan Musin (October 13, 2008 – September 21, 2012)
- Karim Massimov (September 24, 2012 – April 3, 2014)
- Nurlan Nigmatulin (April 3, 2014 – June 21, 2016)
- Adilbek Dzhaksybekov (June 21, 2016 – September 10, 2018)
- Aset Issekeshev (September 10, 2018 – present)
Kazakhstan's fifth presidential election was held on April 26, 2015. Nursultan Nazarbayev was re-elected with 97.7% of the vote. A total of 858 observers from 19 countries were present at the polling stations during the election.
The Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) and other international monitors criticised the election as unfair, with issues noted including the closure of media outlets critical of the government and the jailing of opposition activists. OSCE spokesperson Cornelia Jonker criticised the lack of a "genuine choice" for voters and also argued that there were "significant restrictions to the freedom of expression."
Presidents of Kazakhstan (1990–present)Edit
The "No." column consecutively numbers the individuals who have served as president, while the "Elected" column consecutively numbers the Presidential terms or administrations.
|No.||Name||Portrait||Elected||Term of office||Political party|
|—||24 April 1990||1 December 1991||Communist Party of Kazakhstan|
|1 December 1991||14 December 1991|
|(1)||14 December 1991||20 January 1999||Independent|
|20 January 1999||1 March 1999|
|(1)||1 March 1999||11 January 2006||Otan|
|11 January 2006||1 December 2006|
|(1)||1 December 2006||8 April 2011||Nur Otan|
|8 April 2011||29 April 2015|
|29 April 2015||20 March 2019|
(resigned from office)
|20 March 2019||Incumbent||Nur Otan|
Rank by time in officeEdit
|Rank||President||Time in office|
|1||Nursultan Nazarbayev||27 years, 94 days|
|2||Kassym-Jomart Tokayev||30 days|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Nursultan Nazarbayev.|
- Kazakhstan President Embassy of Kazakhstan
- Kazakhstan's long term president to run in snap election – again, The Guardian, 11 March 2015
- Указ Президента Республики Казахстан от 29 декабря 1995 г. № 2736
- Символы власти Президента Казахстана
- "Symbols of power". Akorda. Retrieved 25 March 2019.
- "Awards and orders of the Republic of Kazakhstan". Government of Kazakhstan. Retrieved 25 March 2019.
- Constitution of the Republic of Kazakhstan Archived 2007-10-20 at the Wayback Machine Constitutional Council of the Republic of Kazakhstan
- "Re-elected President Inaugurated, Announces Five Reform Efforts". astanatimes.com.
- "Kazakh President Unveils Plans of Constitutional Reforms". The Astana Times.
- Электронное правительство Республики Казахстан
- Kazakhstan’s steady progress toward democracy Washington Post
- "Nearly 10 mn voters to head to polls to elect Kazakh president". latino.foxnews.com. Archived from the original on 2016-01-01.
- "Kazakhstan strongman leader re-elected with 97.7% amid record voter turnout". rt.com.
- "Kazakh strongman says sorry for landslide election victory". telegraph.co.uk. 27 April 2015.
- Kazakhstan president Nursultan Nazarbayev wins re-election with 97.7 per cent of vote, ABC Australia, 28 April 2015
- "Early presidential election in Kazakhstan set for June 9; President Tokayev pledges fair and transparent vote". The Astana Times.
- "Kazakh President Nazarbaev Abruptly Announces Resignation". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. Retrieved 2019-03-19.
- Обязанности президента Казахстана будет исполнять спикер Сената Токаев
- Counting from the declaration of independence on 16 December 1991.