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The Vice President of Brazil (Portuguese: Vice-Presidente do Brasil), officially the Vice President of the Federative Republic of Brazil (Vice-Presidente da República Federativa do Brasil), or simply the Vice President of the Republic (Vice-Presidente da República) is the second-highest ranking government official in the executive branch of the Government of Brazil, preceded only by the president. The Vice President's primary role is to replace the president on the event of his or her death, resignation, or impeachment, and to temporarily take over the presidential powers and duties while the President is abroad, or otherwise temporarily unable to carry out his or her duties. The Vice President is elected jointly with the president as his or her running mate.

Vice President of the Federative Republic of Brazil
Vice Presidente da República Federativa do Brasil
Coat of arms of Brazil.svg
Flag of the Vice President of Brazil.svg
Vice Presidential Standard
Hamilton Mourão em 25 de junho de 2019 (2; recorte).jpg
Incumbent
Hamilton Mourão

since 1 January 2019
Federal government of Brazil
StyleMr. Vice President
(Informal)
His Excellency
(Formal)
Status2nd highest in executive branch
Member ofCabinet
National Defense Council
ResidencePalácio do Jaburu
SeatBrasilia
NominatorPresident of Brazil, Political party
AppointerNational Congress of Brazil
Term lengthFour years, renewable once
Constituting instrumentConstitution of Brazil
Inaugural holderMarshal Floriano Peixoto
FormationFebruary 26, 1891
SuccessionFirst
WebsiteVice Presidency

The office has existed since the Proclamation of the Republic in 1889, although it was only officially instituted as of the 1891 Constitution. It has been in place throughout all of Brazil's republican history, save for the fifteen years of the Vargas Era, when it was abolished.

RequirementsEdit

The requirements to run for the office of Vice President are exactly those of the Presidency itself. In addition to the ordinary requirements to run for political office in Brazil, under the terms of article 14 of the Constitution, a candidate for the Vice Presidency must be a natural born citizen of Brazil (which under certain circumstances may include the offspring of one or two Brazilian parents living abroad) and be at least 35 years of age.

Election and tenureEdit

The President and Vice President are elected on a single ticket for a four-year term and are inaugurated on 1 January of the year following that of the election. Both may be re-elected for a subsequent term.

If the Vice President succeeds a sitting President, he or she may be reelected for an additional term. However, he or she is not eligible to run for a second full term, as under Brazilian law any partial term counts toward the limit of two consecutive terms. This limit applies whenever the Vice President serves as Acting President when the President is either abroad or suspended from office as a result of impeachment.

Workplace and official residenceEdit

The Vice President works in an annex building of the Palácio do Planalto. The official residence of the Vice President is the Palácio do Jaburu, inaugurated in 1977.

Ascension to the PresidencyEdit

Since the Proclamation of the Republic in 1889, eight Vice Presidents have been called upon to replace former Presidents: four due to death of the incumbent (Nilo Peçanha, Delfim Moreira, Café Filho, and José Sarney), two due to resignation (Floriano Peixoto and João Goulart), and two due to impeachment conviction[a] (Itamar Franco and Michel Temer).

List of Vice PresidentsEdit

     Vice Presidents elect directly
     Vice Presidents elect indirectly

# Vice President Period of the term
(duration of the term)
Party President Notes Election
First Republic
(Old Republic)}}
1 Floriano Peixoto   26 February 1891
to
23 November 1891
(8 months and 28 days)
None (military) Deodoro da Fonseca Ascended to the Presidency due to resignation of the holder. 1891
Vacant
(2 years, 11 months and 23 days)
Floriano Peixoto
2 Manuel Vitorino   15 November 1894
to
15 November 1898
(4 years)
Federal Republican Party
PR Federal
Prudente de Morais 1894
3 Francisco Rosa e Silva   15 November 1898
to
15 November 1902
(4 years)
Federal Republican Party
PR Federal
Campos Sales 1898
Silviano Brandão   Died before taking office Mineiro Republican Party
PRM
Rodrigues Alves 1902
Vacant
(7 months and 2 days)
4 Afonso Pena   17 June 1903
to
15 November 1906
(3 years, 4 months and 29 days)
Mineiro Republican Party
PRM
Elected for Vice President in 1903 after the death of predecessor. 1903
5 Nilo Peçanha   15 November 1906
to
14 June 1909
(2 years, 6 months and 30 days)
Fluminense Republican Party
PRF
Afonso Pena Ascended to the Presidency due to death of the holder. 1906
Vacant
(1 year, 5 months and 1 day)
Nilo Peçanha
6 Venceslau Brás   15 November 1910
to
15 November 1914
(4 years)
Mineiro Republican Party
PRM
Hermes da Fonseca 1910
7 Urbano Santos   15 November 1914
to
15 November 1918
(4 years)
Mineiro Republican Party
PRM
Venceslau Brás 1914
8 Delfim Moreira   15 November 1918
to
16 January 1919
(2 months and 1 day)
Mineiro Republican Party
PRM
Rodrigues Alves Assumed as Acting President, in the condition of Vice President, due to illness of President-elect Rodrigues Alves. After Alves' death on 16 January 1919, Moreira assumed as Acting President, leaving the Vice Presidency temporarily vacant. 1918
Vacant
(6 months and 12 days)
Delfim Moreira
8 Delfim Moreira   28 July 1919
to
1 July 1920
(11 months and 3 days)
Mineiro Republican Party
PRM
Epitácio Pessoa Died while in office. 1918
Vacant
(4 months and 9 days)
9 Bueno de Paiva   10 November 1920
to
15 November 1922
(2 years and 5 days)
Mineiro Republican Party
PRM
Elected to substitute his predecessor. 1920
- Urbano Santos   Died before taking office Mineiro Republican Party
PRM
Artur Bernardes 1922
10 Estácio Coimbra   15 November 1922
to
15 November 1926
(4 years)
Barreiros Republican Party
PR Barreiros
1922
11 Fernando de Melo Viana   15 November 1926
to
24 October 1930
(3 years, 11 months and 9 days)
Mineiro Republican Party
PRM
Washington Luís In the end of his term, Melo was removed from office by the Revolution of 1930. 1926
- Vital Soares   Didn't took office due to the Revolution of 1930 Baiano Republican Party
PRB
Júlio Prestes Vital Soares and Júlio Prestes, elected on 1 March 1930, didn't took office due to the coup d'état that removed Washington Luís and Fernando de Melo Viana. 1930

Vargas Era
(Second and Third Republics)

Vargas Era
(Second and Third Republics)
The office of Vice President was extinct by the Constitution of 1934, but was later restored by the Constitution of 1946

Fourth Republic
(Populist Republic)

Fourth Republic
(Populist Republic)
12 Nereu Ramos   19 September 1946
to
31 January 1951
(4 years, 4 months and 12 days)
Social Democratic Party
PSD
Eurico Gaspar Dutra 1945
13 Café Filho   31 January 1951
to
24 August 1954
(3 years, 6 months and 24 days)
Social Progressive Party
PSP
Getúlio Vargas Ascended to the Presidency due to death of the holder. 1950
Vacant
(1 year, 5 months and 7 days)
Café Filho
Carlos Luz
Nereu Ramos
14 João Goulart   31 January 1956
to
25 August 1961
(5 years, 6 months and 25 days)
Brazilian Labour Party
PTB
Juscelino Kubitschek Ascended to the Presidency due to the resignation of the holder. 1955
Jânio Quadros 1960
Vacant
(2 years, 7 months and 8 days)
Ranieri Mazzilli
João Goulart

Fifth Republic
(Military Dictatorship)

Fifth Republic
(Military Dictatorship)
Vacant
(13 days)
Ranieri Mazzilli
15 José Maria Alkmin   15 April 1964
to
15 March 1967
(2 years and 11 months)
Social Democratic Party
PSD
Humberto Castelo Branco 1964
None (civilian)
National Renewal Alliance
ARENA
16 Pedro Aleixo   15 March 1967
to
31 August 1969
2 years, 5 months and 16 days)
National Renewal Alliance
ARENA
Artur da Costa e Silva Prevented from assuming the Presidency due to the holder's vacancy by the Provisory Governative Junta of 1969. 1966
Vacant
(1 month and 30 days)
Provisory Governative Junta of 1969
17 Augusto Rademaker   30 October 1969
15 March 1974
(4 years, 4 months and 15 days)
National Renewal Alliance
ARENA
Emílio Garrastazu Médici 1969
18 Adalberto Pereira dos Santos   15 March 1974
to
15 March 1979
(5 years)
National Renewal Alliance
ARENA
Ernesto Geisel 1974
19 Aureliano Chaves   15 March 1979
to
15 March 1985
(6 years)
National Renewal Alliance
ARENA
João Figueiredo 1978
Democratic Social Party
PDS
Liberal Front Party
PFL

Sixth Republic
(New Republic)

Sixth Republic
(New Republic)
20 José Sarney   15 March 1985
to
21 April 1985
(1 month and 6 days)
Brazilian Democratic Movement Party
PMDB
Tancredo Neves Ascended to the Presidency due to death of the holder. 1985
Vacant
(4 years, 10 months and 22 days)
José Sarney
21 Itamar Franco   15 March 1990
to
29 December 1992
(2 years, 9 months and 14 days)
National Reconstruction Party
PRN
Fernando Collor Ascended to the Presidency due to resignation of the holder. 1989
Brazilian Democratic Movement Party
PMDB
Vacant
(2 years and 3 days)
Itamar Franco
22 Marco Maciel   1 January 1995
to
1 January 2003
(8 years)
Liberal Front Party
PFL
Fernando Henrique Cardoso 1994
1998
23 José Alencar   1 January 2003
to
1 January 2011
(8 years)
Liberal Party
PL
Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva 2002
Brazilian Republican Party
PRB
2006
24 Michel Temer   1 January 2011
to
31 August 2016
(5 years, 7 months and 30 days)
Brazilian Democratic Movement Party
PMDB
Dilma Rousseff Ascended to the Presidency due to impeachment of the holder. 2010
Brazilian Democratic Movement
MDB
2014
Vacant
(2 years, 4 months and 1 day)
Michel Temer
25 Hamilton Mourão   1 January 2019
(9 months and 10 days)
Brazilian Labour Renewal Party
PRTB
Jair Bolsonaro 2018

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ President Fernando Collor de Mello was impeached by the Chamber of Deputies, but resigned before being convicted in the Senate, resulting in Itamar Franco becoming President while the trial of Collor continued (eventually resulting in a conviction and his disqualification from public office for eight years).

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit