Venceslau Brás

Venceslau Brás Pereira Gomes (Portuguese pronunciation: [vẽsezˈlaw ˈbɾas peˈɾejɾɐ ˈɡõmis]; 26 February 1868 – 15 May 1966)[1] was a Brazilian politician who served as ninth president of Brazil between 1914 and 1918, during the First Brazilian Republic. Brás was born in Brasópolis (formerly São Caetano da Vargem Grande), Minas Gerais State. He became governor of that state in 1909, and in 1910 he was elected vice-president under Hermes Rodrigues da Fonseca. As the sixth vice president of Brazil, he also served as the President of the Senate.[2] He was elected president in 1914 and served until 1918. His government declared war on the Central Powers in October 1917 during World War I. He was the longest-lived Brazilian president, reaching 98 years of age.

Venceslau Brás
Venceslau Brás.jpg
President of Brazil
In office
15 November 1914 – 14 November 1918
Vice PresidentUrbano Santos
Preceded byHermes da Fonseca
Succeeded byDelfim Moreira
Vice President of Brazil
In office
15 November 1910 – 14 November 1914
PresidentHermes da Fonseca
Preceded byNilo Peçanha
Succeeded byUrbano Santos
Personal details
Born(1868-02-26)26 February 1868
Brasópolis, Minas Gerais, Empire of Brazil
Died15 May 1966(1966-05-15) (aged 98)
Itajubá, Minas Gerais, Brazil
Political partyPRM
Other offices held
  • 1909–1910:
    President of Minas Gerais
  • 1903–1909:
    Federal Deputy for Minas Gerais
  • 1898–1899:
    Mayor of Belo Horizonte
  • 1898–1902:
    Secretary of the Interior, Minas Gerais
  • 1890–1891:
    Mayor of Monte Santo

Spelling of nameEdit

Throughout his life Brás spelled his name Wenceslau Braz, although there exist postage stamps with the spelling Wenceslao as well. The 1943 reform of Portuguese orthography stipulates that the names of deceased persons must be spelled according to standard Portuguese spelling rules. All Portuguese-language texts about Brás published after 1966 must therefore spell his name Venceslau Brás.


See alsoEdit

Brazil during World War I


  1. ^ Profile of Venceslau Brás
  2. ^ "República Velha (1889 - 1930) - Senado Federal".

External linksEdit

Political offices
Preceded by
Hermes da Fonseca
President of Brazil
Succeeded by
Delfim Moreira
Preceded by
Nilo Peçanha
Vice President of Brazil
Succeeded by
Urbano Santos da Costa Araújo
Government offices
Preceded by
Júlio Bueno Brandão
Governor of Minas Gerais
Succeeded by
Júlio Bueno Brandão
Preceded by
Christopher Hornsrud
Oldest living state leader
12 December 1960 – 15 May 1966
Succeeded by
Juan José Estrada