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Venceslau Brás Pereira Gomes (Portuguese pronunciation: [vẽsezˈlaw ˈbɾas peˈɾejɾɐ ˈɡõmis]; 26 February 1868 – 15 May 1966) was a Brazilian politician who served as ninth president of Brazil between 1914 and 1918, during the First Brazilian Republic. Brás was born in Brasópolis (formerly São Caetano da Vargem Grande), Minas Gerais State. He became governor of that state in 1909, and in 1910 he was elected vice-president under Hermes Rodrigues da Fonseca. As the sixth vice president of Brazil, he also served as the President of the Senate. He was elected president in 1914 and served until 1918. His government declared war on the Central Powers in October 1917 during World War I. He was the longest-lived Brazilian president, reaching 98 years of age.
|President of Brazil|
15 November 1914 – 14 November 1918
|Vice President||Urbano Santos|
|Preceded by||Hermes da Fonseca|
|Succeeded by||Delfim Moreira|
|Vice President of Brazil|
15 November 1910 – 14 November 1914
|President||Hermes da Fonseca|
|Preceded by||Nilo Peçanha|
|Succeeded by||Urbano Santos|
|Born||26 February 1868|
Brasópolis, Minas Gerais, Empire of Brazil
|Died||15 May 1966 (aged 98)|
Itajubá, Minas Gerais, Brazil
Other offices held
Spelling of nameEdit
Throughout his life Brás spelled his name Wenceslau Braz, although there exist postage stamps with the spelling Wenceslao as well. The 1943 reform of Portuguese orthography stipulates that the names of deceased persons must be spelled according to standard Portuguese spelling rules. All Portuguese-language texts about Brás published after 1966 must therefore spell his name Venceslau Brás.
- Presidente Venceslau, a municipality in the state of São Paulo
- Rafael Pinheiro de Araujo: Brás, Venceslau, in: 1914-1918-online. International Encyclopedia of the First World War.