List of cities by GDP

This is a list of cities in the world by gross domestic product (GDP). The United Nations uses three definitions for what constitutes a city, as not all cities may be classified using the same criteria. Cities may be defined as the cities proper, the extent of their urban area, or their metropolitan regions.[3] The methodology of calculating GDP may differ between the studies and are widely based on projections and sometimes approximate estimations, notably for cities that are not within the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Refer to sources for more information. Click on the headers to reorganize columns.

GDP of the ten largest metropolitan economies in the OECD, 2001-2018.[1][2]

ListEdit

Each of the columns in the table is sortable by pressing on the arrows at the head of the column:

City proper /
Metropolitan area
Country/Region UNSD
sub‑region[4]
Official est.
up to date
Nominal
GDP ($BN)
Brookings[5]
2014 est.
PPP-adjusted
GDP ($BN)
Aachen-Liège-Maastricht  
  Germany
  Belgium
  Netherlands
Western Europe 99.7
Aberdeen   United Kingdom Northern Europe 11.3 (2008)[6]
Abidjan   Ivory Coast Africa
Abu Dhabi   United Arab Emirates Western Asia 119[7] 178.3
Addis Ababa   Ethiopia Africa
Adelaide   Australia Oceania 59.1 (2015–16)[8] 47.4
Ahmedabad   India South Asia 68[9]
Akron   United States North America 36.800 (2018)[10] 32.8
Albany   United States North America 59.657 (2018)[10] 58.4
Albuquerque   United States North America 42.896 (2018)[10] 39.9
Alexandria   Egypt Africa 32.4
Algiers   Algeria Africa
Allentown   United States North America 45.024 (2018)[10] 37.3
Almaty   Kazakhstan East Asia 53.1
Amsterdam    Netherlands Western Europe 154.0 (2015)[11] 320.6[Note 1]
Anápolis   Brazil South America 6.740 (2011)[12]
Ankara   Turkey Western Asia 104.9
Anshan   China East Asia 67.4
Arnhem-Nijmegen    Netherlands Western Europe 27.9 (2016)[11] 44.4
Athens    Greece Southern Europe 93.7 (2015)[11] 129.6
Atlanta   United States North America 397.261 (2018)[10] 294.4
Auckland   New Zealand Oceania 49.5
Austin   United States North America 146.784 (2018)[10] 107.4
Bakersfield   United States North America 49.514 (2018)[10] 47.9
Baghdad   Iraq Western Asia
Baltimore   United States North America 205.313 (2018)[10] 173.7
Bandung    Indonesia South-East Asia 62.3 [13]
Batam    Indonesia South-East Asia 35.3
Bangkok    Thailand South-East Asia 147.97 306.8
Baotou   China East Asia 40.8 (2017)[14] 94.1
Barcelona    Spain Southern Europe 173.315 (2017)[11] 171.0
Basel-Mulhouse    Switzerland  France Western Europe 56.2
Baton Rouge   United States North America 56.315 (2018)[10] 53.5
Beijing   China East Asia 513 (2019)[15] 506.1
Belfast   United Kingdom Northern Europe 25.5 (2015)[11]
Belgrade   Serbia Southern Europe 17.4 (2014)[16]
Belo Horizonte   Brazil South America 54.996 (2011)[12] 84.7
Bengaluru   India South Asia 45.1
Berlin    Germany Western Europe 215.2 (2015)[17] 157.7
Bielefeld-Detmold    Germany Western Europe 50.5
Bilbao    Spain Southern Europe 36.9 (2015)[11] 38.5
Birmingham   United Kingdom Northern Europe 81.8 (2016)[11] 121.1
Birmingham, Alabama   United States North America 62.881 (2018)[10] 54.164
Bogotá   Colombia South America 159.9
Bologna    Italy Southern Europe 43.4 (2015)[11] 36.3
Bordeaux    France Western Europe 55.9 (2015)[11] 40.2
Boston   United States North America 463.570 (2018)[10] 360.1
Bhopal   India South Asia (2018)[18] 26.1
Brasília   Brazil South America 164.482 (2011)[12] 141.9
Braunschweig-Wolfsburg    Germany Western Europe 45.5
Bremen    Germany Western Europe 30.4 (2015)[17] 47.9
Bridgeport   United States North America 89.387 (2018)[10] 70.0
Brisbane   Australia Oceania 120.6 (2015–16)[19] 96.6
Bristol   United Kingdom Northern Europe 88.448 (2017)[11] 47.7
Brussels    Belgium Western Europe 144.359 (2016)[11] 254.3
Bucharest    Romania Southern Europe 49.407 (2016)[11] 72.4
Budapest    Hungary Central Europe 58.5 (2016)[11] 98.0
Buenos Aires   Argentina South America 315.9
Buffalo   United States North America 68.989 (2018)[10] 72.7
Bursa   Turkey Western Asia 80.1
Busan-Ulsan   South Korea East Asia 241 (2018)[20] 296.5
Cairo   Egypt Africa 102.2
Calgary   Canada North America 97.9
Cambridge   United Kingdom Northern Europe
Campinas   Brazil South America 40.525 (2011)[12] 59.3
Campo Grande   Brazil South America 9.211 (2011)[12]
Campos dos Goytacazes   Brazil South America 16.174 (2011)[12]
Cape Town   South Africa Africa 58.9
Caracas   Venezuela South America 51.8
Cardiff-Newport   United Kingdom Northern Europe 33.7 (2016)[11] 36.0
Casablanca   Morocco Africa 37.9
Chandigarh   India South Asia
Changchun   China East Asia 96.7 (2017)[14] 124.5
Changsha   China East Asia 156.0 (2017)[14] 186.4
Changzhou   China East Asia 98.1 (2017)[14] 110.9
Charlotte   United States North America 169.862 (2018)[10] 126.2
Chengdu   China East Asia 205.7 (2017)[14] 233.5
Chennai   India South Asia 200 78.6 [9]
Chicago   United States North America 689.464 (2018)[10] 563.2
Chittagong   Bangladesh South Asia
Chongqing   China East Asia 342 (2019)[15] 315.6
Cincinnati   United States North America 141.052 (2018)[10] 110.9
Cleveland   United States North America 134.369 (2018)[10] 115.1
Columbia   United States North America 43.118 (2018)[10] 37.2
Columbus   United States North America 129.328 (2018)[10] 108.9
Copenhagen    Denmark Northern Europe 134.3 (2016)[11] 127.0[Note 2]
Cork    Ireland Northern Europe

24.0 (2015)

Cracow    Poland Central Europe 22.0 (2015)[11] 33.1
Coventry   United Kingdom Northern Europe 7.4 (2008)[6]
Curitiba   Brazil South America 58.082 (2011)[12] 57.7
Daegu   South Korea East Asia 56.9 (2018)[10] 54.5
Daejeon   South Korea East Asia 39.6 (2018)[10] 39.6
Dalian   China East Asia 109.1 (2017)[14] 198.8
Dallas–Fort Worth   United States North America 512.509 (2018) 412.7
Daqing   China East Asia 39.7 (2017)[14] 98.5
Dayton   United States North America 43.254 (2018)[10] 37.5
Dar es Salaam   Tanzania Africa
Delhi (NCR)   India South Asia 300 293.6[9]
Denver   United States North America 214.157 (2017)[10] 169.7
Des Moines   United States North America 50.339 (2018)[10] 39.5
Detroit   United States North America 267.731 (2018)[10] 207.5
Dhaka   Bangladesh South Asia 78
Doha   Qatar Western Asia
Dongguan   China East Asia 112.3 (2017)[14] 141.1
Dongying   China East Asia 56.3 (2017)[14] 83.7
Dubai   United Arab Emirates Western Asia 82.9
Dublin    Ireland Northern Europe 127.8 (2015)[11] 90.1
Durban   South Africa Africa 48.9
Durham   United States North America 54.687 (2018)[10] 37.0
East Rand   South Africa Africa 55.3
Edinburgh   United Kingdom Northern Europe 41.8 (2016)[11] 32.5
Edmonton   Canada North America 83.0
Eindhoven-Den Bosch    Netherlands Western Europe 91.5
El Paso   United States North America 32.570 (2018)[10] 32.7
Faisalabad   Pakistan South Asia 20.55[21]
Faridabad   India South Asia
Florence    Italy Southern Europe 40.1 (2015)[11] 52.5
Fortaleza   Brazil South America 42.010 (2011)[12] 35.2
Foshan   China East Asia 141.4 (2017)[14] 184.5
Frankfurt    Germany Western Europe 230.0
Fresno   United States North America 47.408 (2018)[10] 45.5
Fukuoka–Kitakyushu   Japan East Asia 185 (2013)[22] 193.3
Fuzhou   China East Asia 105.2 (2017)[14] 117.4
Geneva    Switzerland Western Europe 44.0
George Town    Malaysia South-East Asia 38.0
Glasgow   United Kingdom Northern Europe 66.4 (2016)[11] 56.7
Gothenburg    Sweden Northern Europe 84.4 (2016)[11] 40.0
Ghaziabad   India South Asia
Grand Rapids   United States North America 61.615 (2018)[10] 51.6
Greensboro   United States North America 43.154 (2018)[10] 40.9
Greenville   United States North America 46.431 (2018)[10] 35.6
Goiânia   Brazil South America 22.763 (2011)[12]
Guadalajara   Mexico North America 80.7
Guangzhou   China East Asia 341.9 (2019)[14] 380.3
Gujranwala   Pakistan South Asia 21 (2017)[14] 20.3
Gurgaon   India South Asia 25 (2018)
Guwahati   India South Asia 2.7 (2018)
Gwangju   South Korea East Asia 36.8 (2018)[10] 36.7
Gwalior   India South Asia (2018)[18] 24
Haifa   Israel
Western Asia 40.4
Hamamatsu   Japan East Asia 52.3
Hamburg    Germany Western Europe 120.1 (2015)[17] 161.4
Hangzhou   China East Asia 150.8 (2015)[23] 219.5
Hannover    Germany Western Europe 51.5 (2015)[17] 59.6
Hanoi    Vietnam South-East Asia
Harbin   China East Asia 94.1 (2017)[14] 127.9
Harrisburg   United States North America 39.896 (2018)[10] 35.1
Hartford   United States North America 99.465 (2018)[10] 101.2
Hefei   China East Asia 106.8 (2017)[14] 120.9
Helsinki    Finland Northern Europe 90.8 (2015)[11] 77.1
Hiroshima   Japan East Asia 74.9
Ho Chi Minh City    Vietnam South-East Asia 71.1
Hong Kong   Hong Kong East Asia 373 (2019)[24] 416.0
Honolulu   United States North America 69.252 (2018)[10] 58.6
Houston   United States North America 478.778 (2018)[10] 483.2
Hsinchu   Taiwan East Asia 38.4
Huhehaote   China East Asia 70.1
Huntsville   United States North America 27.558 (2018)[10]
Hyderabad   India South Asia 75.2 [9]
Indianapolis   United States North America 140.762 (2018)[10] 113.606
Indore   India South asia (2018)[25] 40
Islamabad   Pakistan South Asia 18.7
Istanbul   Turkey Western Asia 348.7
Izmir   Turkey Western Asia 80.1
Jacksonville   United States North America 83.186 (2018)[10] 63.8
Jakarta    Indonesia South-East Asia 200.9[26] 321.3
Jammu   India South Asia 1
Jeddah   Saudi Arabia Western Asia 160.6
Jerusalem   Israel
  Palestine
Western Asia 48.0 (2015)[27]
Jinan   China East Asia 106.7 (2017)[14] 136.8
Johannesburg   South Africa Africa 82.9
Jundiaí   Brazil South America 20.081 (2011)[12]
Kabul   Afghanistan South Asia 6
Kagoshima   Japan East Asia 34.3
Kano   Nigeria Africa
Kansas City   United States North America 132.703 (2018)[10] 105.9
Kaohsiung   Taiwan East Asia 113.647
Karachi   Pakistan South Asia 57 (2017)
Karlsruhe    Germany Western Europe 37.6 (2015)[11] 137.1
Katowice    Poland Central Europe 37.9 (2015)[11] 122.3
Kaunas    Lithuania Northern Europe 10.0 (2016)[28]
Khartoum   Sudan Africa
Kiev   Ukraine Eastern Europe 30.4 (2018)[29]
Kingston-upon-Hull   United Kingdom Northern Europe 17.7 (2016)[11]
Kinshasa   DR Congo Africa
Klaipėda    Lithuania Northern Europe 6.0 (2016)[30]
Knoxville   United States North America 43.307 (2018)[10] 38.3
Kolkata   India South Asia 150[31]
Kuala Lumpur    Malaysia South-East Asia 171.8
Kumamoto   Japan East Asia 41.8
Kunming   China East Asia 72.0 (2017)[14] 88.6
Kuwait City   Kuwait Western Asia 166.5
Lagos   Nigeria Africa 74.67 (2010)[32]
Lahore   Pakistan South Asia 58.14 (2015)[33][34]
Las Vegas   United States North America 122.423 (2018)[10] 93.9
Leeds   United Kingdom Northern Europe 44.8 (2016)[11] 74.6[Note 3]
Leicester   United Kingdom Northern Europe 46.8 (2016)[11]
Leipzig-Halle    Germany Western Europe 33.4 (2015)[11] 39.6
Lille    France Western Europe 83.3 (2015)[11] 98.5
Lima   Peru South America 176.5
Linz    Austria Central Europe 37.9 (2015)[11] 44.6
Lisbon    Portugal Southern Europe 72.0 (2015)[11] 96.3
Little Rock   United States North America 38.252 (2018)[10] 40.7
Liverpool   United Kingdom Northern Europe 47.8 (2016)[11] 65.8
London   United Kingdom Northern Europe 633.9 (2018)[35] 835.7
Los Angeles   United States North America 1,048 (2018)[36][37][38] 860.5
Louisville   United States North America 72.093 (2018)[10] 62.397
Luanda   Angola Africa
Lucknow   India South Asia 25 [39][circular reference]
Ludhiana   India South Asia 15
Luxembourg-Trier    Luxembourg  Germany Western Europe 62 (2014)[40] 62
Luton   United Kingdom Northern Europe
Lyon    France Western Europe 88.2 (2016)[11] 97.0
Macau   Macau East Asia 53.7 (2018)[41] 53.9
Madison   United States North America 51.481 (2018)[10] 41.8
Madrid    Spain Southern Europe 248.56 (2017)[11] 262.3
Makassar    Indonesia South-East Asia 37.7
Manaus   Brazil South America 51.025 (2011)[12]
Manchester   United Kingdom Northern Europe 113.7 (2016)[11] 92.3
Manila    Philippines South-East Asia 192.6 (2018) 190.8
Marseille    France Western Europe 104.1 (2015)[11] 60.3
Medellín   Colombia South America 43.5
Medan    Indonesia South-East Asia 52.4[42]
Melbourne   Australia Oceania 229.2 (2015–16)[43] 178.4
Memphis   United States North America 76.749 (2018)[10] 65.0
Mexico City   Mexico North America 266 403.6
Miami   United States North America 354.740 (2018)[10] 262.7
Milan    Italy Southern Europe 304.5 (2017) 312.1
Milwaukee   United States North America 103.731 (2018)[10] 86.5
Minneapolis/St. Paul   United States North America 263.690 (2018)[10] 211.4
Minsk   Belarus Eastern Europe 16.1 (2018)[44]
Monterrey   Mexico North America 122.9
Montevideo   Uruguay South America
Montreal   Canada North America 155.9
Moscow   Russia Eastern Europe 225.0 (2015)[45] 553.3
Multan   Pakistan South Asia 17.425 (2016) 24.15
Mumbai   India South Asia 370 368[9]
Munich    Germany Western Europe 190.0 (2016)[11] 219.9
Nagoya   Japan East Asia 368 (2013)[46] 363.8
Nagpur   India South Asia 15.1[47]
Nairobi   Kenya Africa
Nanchang   China East Asia 74.1 (2017)[14] 96.0
Nanjing   China East Asia 173.5 (2017) 202.7
Nanning   China East Asia 61.0 (2017)[14] 70.3
Nantes    France Western Europe 51.0 (2016)[11] 32.0
Nantong   China East Asia 114.6 (2017)[14] 128.3
Naples    Italy Southern Europe 62.8 (2015)[11] 85.5
Nashville   United States North America 132.202 (2018)[10] 95.0
New Haven   United States North America 53.613 (2018)[10] 53.3
New Orleans   United States North America 80.287 (2018)[10] 74.2
New York   United States North America 1,732 (2019)[48] 1,403
Newcastle   United Kingdom Northern Europe 36.0 (2016)[11] 44.6
Nice    France Western Europe 36.1 (2015)[11] 46.0
Niigata   Japan East Asia 50.3
Ningbo   China East Asia 145.8 (2017)[14] 179.0
Noida   India South Asia
Nottingham-Derby   United Kingdom Northern Europe 51.0
Nürnberg-Fürth    Germany Western Europe 164.6 (2014)[49] 74.5
Okayama   Japan East Asia 56.8
Oklahoma City   United States North America 81.016 (2018)[10] 70.010
Omaha   United States North America 62.760 (2018)[10] 51.2
Orlando   United States North America 138.947 (2018)[10] 116.2
Osaka–Kobe   Japan East Asia 681 (2015) 671.3[Note 4]
Oslo   Norway Northern Europe 74.0 (2014)[50] 74.4
Ottawa   Canada North America 58.2
Oxnard   United States North America 59.631 (2018)[10] 46.3
Palembang    Indonesia South-East Asia 33.5
Paris    France Western Europe 866 (2018)[51] 715.1
Patna   India South Asia
Perth   Australia Oceania 112.2 (2015–16)[52] 134.0
Philadelphia   United States North America 444.148 (2018)[10] 346.5
Phoenix   United States North America 255.211 (2018)[10] 207.1
Pittsburgh   United States North America 152.840 (2018)[10] 138.4
Portland   United States North America 164.419 (2018)[10] 158.5
Porto    Portugal Southern Europe 31.3 (2015)[11] 43.0
Porto Alegre   Brazil South America 45.506 (2011)[12] 62.1
Portsmouth   United Kingdom Northern Europe 25.9 (2016)[11] 51.6[Note 5]
Prague    Czech Republic Central Europe 64 (2018)[53] 89.2
Pretoria   South Africa Africa 49.9
Providence   United States North America 87.414 (2018)[10] 78.114
Puebla   Mexico North America 38.1
Pune   India South Asia 69[9]
Pyongyang   North Korea East Asia
Qingdao   China East Asia 163.5 (2017)[14] 208.7
Quebec City   Canada North America 33.4
Raleigh   United States North America 83.665 (2018)[10] 64.4
Rangoon    Myanmar South-East Asia
Recife   Brazil South America 36.448 (2011)[12] 40.5
Rhine-Ruhr    Germany Western Europe 350.30 (2014)[49] 485.2
Richmond   United States North America 85.792 (2018)[10] 71.589
Riga    Latvia Northern Europe 16.0 (2014)[54]
Rio de Janeiro   Brazil South America 209.366 (2011)[12] 176.6
Riverside–San Bernardino   United States North America 187.109 (2018)[10] 154.904
Riyadh   Saudi Arabia Western Asia 163.5
Rochester   United States North America 63.870 (2018)[10] 67.8
Rome    Italy Southern Europe 166.8 (2015)[11] 163.2
Rotterdam    Netherlands Western Europe 69.0 (2015)[11] 320.6[Note 6]
Saarbrucken    Germany Western Europe 41.7
Sacramento   United States North America 145.479 (2018)[10] 127.4
Salt Lake City   United States North America 94.306 (2018)[10] 73.836
St. Louis   United States North America 169.839 (2018)[10] 140.6
Saint Petersburg   Russia Eastern Europe 63[45] 119.6
Salvador   Brazil South America 38.819 (2011)[12] 38.5
San Antonio   United States North America 133.633 (2018)[10] 102.771
San Diego   United States North America 245.138 (2018)[10] 202.5
San Francisco   United States North America 548.613 (2018)[10] 331.0
San Jose   United States North America 331.020 (2018)[10] 160.3
San Juan   Puerto Rico Caribbean 42.7
Santiago   Chile South America 171.4
Santos   Brazil South America 28.609 (2011)[12]
São José dos Campos   Brazil South America 30.148 (2011)[12]
São José dos Pinhais   Brazil South America 14.726 (2011)[12]
São Paulo   Brazil South America 408.938 (2013)[12][55] 430.5
Sapporo   Japan East Asia 80.5
Seattle   United States North America 392.036 (2018)[10] 267.5
Semarang    Indonesia South-East Asia 41.1
Sendai   Japan East Asia 75.3
Seoul   South Korea East Asia 894.9 (2018)[56] 845.9
Seville    Spain Southern Europe 44.665 (2018)[11] 35.8
Shanghai   China East Asia 552.1 (2019)[57][58] 594.0
Shantou   China East Asia 34.8 (2017)[59] 38.7
Sheffield   United Kingdom Northern Europe 17.4 (2016)[11] 39.8
Shenyang   China East Asia 93.9 (2019)[60] 189.3
Shenzhen   China East Asia 389.6 (2019)[61] 363.2
Shijiazhuang   China East Asia 95.7 (2017)[59] 130.5
Surat   India South Asia

59.8

Shimla   India South Asia
Shizuoka   Japan East Asia 58.4
Singapore    Singapore South-East Asia 349.5 (2018)[62][63] 365.9
Sofia    Bulgaria Southern Europe 24.0 (2016)[11] 43.8
Sorocaba   Brazil South America 21.313 (2011)[12]
Southampton   United Kingdom Northern Europe 9.6 (2016)[11] 51.6[Note 7]
Springfield   United States North America 34.706 (2018)[10] 32.8
Stockholm    Sweden Northern Europe 180[64] 143.0
Strasbourg    France Western Europe 37.3
Stuttgart    Germany Western Europe 173.5 (2016)[11] 157.8
Surabaya    Indonesia South-East Asia 128.2 [65]
Suwon   South Korea East Asia 296.5
Suzhou   China East Asia 256.5 (2017)[14] 339.0
Sydney   Australia Oceania 302.7 (2015–16)[66] 223.4
Syracuse   United States North America 41.356 (2018)[10] 40.6
Taichung   Taiwan East Asia 114.7
Tainan   Taiwan East Asia 76.7
Taipei   Taiwan East Asia 327.3
Taiyuan   China East Asia 63.0
Tallinn    Estonia Northern Europe 20 (2018)[67]
Tampa   United States North America 159.002 (2018)[10] 130.3
Tangerang    Indonesia South-East Asia 38.6
Tangshan   China East Asia 105.3 (2017)[59] 162.3
Taoyuan   Taiwan East Asia 86.8
Tbilisi   Georgia Eastern Europe 8.0 (2017)[68]
Tehran   Iran South Asia
Tel Aviv   Israel
Western Asia 153.3 [69] 153.3
Thessaloniki    Greece Southern Europe 19.8 (2011)[70]
Tianjin   China East Asia 204 (2019)[15] 372.0
Tokyo   Japan East Asia 1,893 (2015)[71] 1,617
Toronto   Canada North America 334 (2014)[72] 276.3
Toulouse    France Western Europe 58.7 (2015)[11] 47.4
Tucson   United States North America 44.876 (2018)[10] 41.2
Tulsa   United States North America 57.232 (2018)[10] 48.6
Turin    Italy Southern Europe 76.9 (2015)[11] 78.8
Uberlandia   Brazil South America 14.728 (2011)[12]
Ulsan   South Korea East Asia 67.9 (2017)[10] 296.5
Valencia    Spain Southern Europe 60.274 (2016)[11] 52.7
Vancouver   Canada North America 109.8
Venice-Padua    Italy Southern Europe 62.2 (2015)[11] 57.3
Vienna    Austria Central Europe 131.9 (2015)[11] 183.7[Note 8]
Vilnius    Lithuania Northern Europe 20.0 (2016)[30]
Virginia Beach   United States North America 100.976 (2018)[10] 92.1
Visakhapatnam   India South Asia 26.5[9]
Vitória   Brazil South America 28.357 (2011)[12] 35.6
Warsaw    Poland Central Europe 100 (2017)[73] 141.1
Washington, D.C.   United States North America 540.684 (2018)[10] 442.2
Wenzhou   China East Asia 80.8 (2017)[14] 101.9
Winnipeg   Canada North America 32.5
Wichita   United States North America 32.832 (2018)[74]" />
Worcester   United States North America 50.934 (2018)[10] 44.7
Wuhan   China East Asia 198.6 (2017)[14] 231.6
Wulumuqi   China East Asia 59.6
Wuxi   China East Asia 155.7 (2017)[14] 211.5
Xiamen   China East Asia 64.4 (2017)[14] 76.1
Xian   China East Asia 110.6 (2017)[14] 124.2
Xuzhou   China East Asia 97.8 (2017)[14] 113.2
Yantai   China East Asia 108.7 (2017)[14] 149.0
Yerevan   Armenia Eastern Europe 5.23 (2018)[75] 5.23
Zhengzhou   China East Asia 135.3 (2017)[14] 156.0
Zhongshan   China East Asia 51.1 (2017)[14] 68.7
Zhuhai   China East Asia 38.0 (2017)[14] 41.3
Zibo   China East Asia 70.8 (2017)[14] 100.3
Zürich    Switzerland Western Europe 109.1
Busan-Ulsan   South Korea East Asia 241 (2018)[76]
Notes
  1. ^ This includes Rotterdam.
  2. ^ This includes Malmö.
  3. ^ This includes Bradford.
  4. ^ This includes Kyoto.
  5. ^ This includes Southampton.
  6. ^ This includes Amsterdam.
  7. ^ This includes Portsmouth.
  8. ^ This includes Bratislava.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Metropolitan Areas". OECD.Stat. Archived from the original on 12 April 2019.
  2. ^ Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (1 January 1955). "GDP Implicit Price Deflator in United States". FRED, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis. Archived from the original on 26 November 2019. Retrieved 25 April 2020.
  3. ^ "SOWC-2012-DEFINITIONS". UNICEF. Archived from the original on 8 December 2013. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
  4. ^ "Composition of macro geographical (continental) regions, geographical sub-regions, and selected economic and other groupings". United Nations. Archived from the original on 13 July 2011. Retrieved 23 October 2012.
  5. ^ "Global city GDP 2014". Brookings Institution. Archived from the original on 25 May 2017. Retrieved 8 May 2015.
  6. ^ a b "2008 estimate" (xls). Office for National Statistics. 6 March 2012. Archived from the original on 21 October 2012. Retrieved 13 August 2013.
  7. ^ "Abu Dhabi Economic Report" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 15 May 2015.
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