Yancheng (Chinese: 盐城; pinyin: Yánchéng) is a prefecture-level city in northeastern Jiangsu province, People's Republic of China. As the city with the largest jurisdictional area in Jiangsu, Yancheng borders Lianyungang to the north, Huai'an to the west, Yangzhou and Taizhou to the southwest, Nantong to the south, and the Yellow Sea to the east.
Yancheng is highlighted on this map
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|• Type||Prefecture-level city|
|• CPC Yancheng Secretary||Zhu Kejiang (朱克江)|
|• Mayor||Dai Yuan (戴源)|
|• Prefecture-level city||16,920.83 km2 (6,533.17 sq mi)|
|• Urban||1,914 km2 (739 sq mi)|
|• Prefecture-level city||7,200,000|
|• Density||430/km2 (1,100/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (China Standard)|
|ISO 3166 code||CN-JS-09|
|GDP||¥548.7 billion (2018)|
|GDP per capita||¥75,986 (2018)|
|License Plate Prefix||苏J|
|Literal meaning||Salt City|
Yancheng, literally "Salt City", is named after the salt harvest fields surrounding the city. According to historical records,[which?] collection and production of sea salt in the region began as early as 119 BC, during the Western Han Dynasty, when the settlement on the current location of Yancheng was named Yandu County (盐渎县). According to the 2010 Census, Yancheng has a registered population of 8,203,728 — with 7,260,240 permanent residents. Its built up area of Tinghu and Yandu Districts was home to 1,615,717 inhabitants in 2010.
The prefecture-level city of Yancheng administers 9 county-level divisions, including 3 districts, 1 county-level city and 5 counties. The population information here presented uses 2010 census data of permanent residents.
|Subdivision||Simplified Chinese||Hanyu Pinyin||Population (2010)||Area (km2)||Density (/km2)|
|Tinghu District||亭湖区||Tínghú Qū||904,417||1,072.25||843.48|
|Yandu District||盐都区||Yándū Qū||711,300||1,050.32||677.22|
|Dafeng District||大丰区||Dàfēng Qū||707,069||3,008.08||235.06|
|Xiangshui County||响水县||Xiǎngshuǐ Xiàn||509,524||1,473.80||345.72|
|Binhai County||滨海县||Bīnhǎi Xiàn||956,162||1,949.60||490.44|
|Funing County||阜宁县||Fùníng Xiàn||843,275||1,438.78||586.10|
|Sheyang County||射阳县||Shèyáng Xiàn||896,639||2,605.72||344.10|
|Jianhu County||建湖县||Jiànhú Xiàn||741,646||1,157.07||640.97|
|Satellite cities (County-level cities)|
|Dongtai City||东台市||Dōngtái Shì||990,208||3,175.67||311.81|
Yancheng has a history of 2,100 years since the first canton was founded here in Han Dynasty at year 119 BC. It was named for the salt reserves in rivers around the area, its name literally meaning "Salt City". In later years, the city was the home of Fan Zhongyan, the 12th century statesman and Shi Nai'an, the reputed author of famous novels.
Yancheng was in the limelight during the Chinese Civil War from the 1930s to 1940s. The New Fourth Army led by the Communist Party of China was reestablished in Yancheng after being ambushed and battered by the enemy. After the revival, the Army played a very important role in the war and finally the foundation of the People's Republic of China. Many monuments in honor of these heroes can still be found around Yancheng.
Yancheng occupies roughly 582 km (362 mi) of coastline, more than half of the whole province. By the end of the Mesolithic period, the marine transgressions changed almost of the area into a shallow bay. Continued deposition of silt carried by the Yangtze River and the Huai River extend its coast to the east gradually. Since 1128, the course of the Yellow River have changed to join up with the Huai River. The change has accelerated.
|Climate data for Yancheng 1981－2010|
|Record high °C (°F)||19.9
|Average high °C (°F)||6.1
|Daily mean °C (°F)||1.7
|Average low °C (°F)||−1.7
|Record low °C (°F)||−13.5
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||30.4
|Source: "中国气象数据网". 国家气象信息中心.|
- G15 Shenyang–Haikou Expressway
- G1515 Yancheng–Jingjiang Expressway
- G1516 Yancheng–Luoyang Expressway
Xinyi-Changxing Railway runs through the city.
The BRT system of Yancheng uses a dedicated bus lane. The first line went into service since 2010.
Yancheng Nanyang International Airport now flies directly to Shanghai and Beijing, as well as flying directly to Hong Kong, Taiwan, South Korea, Japan and so on.
The economy of Yancheng City has sustained its momentum. Preliminary statistics found that in 2015 gross regional products of the city was RMB 421,250,000,000, a 10.5 percent increase by comparable price from previous year. Agriculture has increased by RMB 51,653,000,000 in value, a 3.6 percent increase from previous year; industry has increased by RMB 192,547,000,000 in value, a 10.5 percent increase from previous year; tertiary business has increased by RMB 177,050,000,000 in value, a 12.5 percent increase from previous year.
Gross regional products per capita was RMB 58,299 (or USD 8,862 at the average exchange rate of 2015), a 10.4 percent increase from previous year.
Universities and collegesEdit
- Yancheng Institute of Technology
- Yancheng Teachers University
Outdoor activities include the Yangcheng wetlands and salt marshes, home of some unique and endangered species, including Père David's deer and the red-crowned crane. There is also a famous food street in east road springing up in recent years in which stands many restaurants in the style of Huizhou architecture.
Yancheng is twinned with the following domestic and foreign cities.
- Turpan, Xinjiang
- Taiyuan, Shanxi
- Yanbei Prefecture, Shanxi
- Qinzhou, Guangxi
- Wuxi, Jiangsu
- Xicheng District, Beijing
- Zhuhai, Guangdong
- Qinhuangdao, Hebei
- Jilin, Jilin
- Yan'an, Shaanxi
- Yangjia, Shanxi
- Haikou, Hainan
- Dachuan, Sichuan
- Changning District, Shanghai
- Lhasa, Tibet
- Dandong, Liaoning
- Xuhui District, Shanghai
Formal paper to be signedEdit
- (in Chinese) Compilation by LianXin website. Data from the Sixth National Population Census of the People's Republic of China
- "Yancheng Introduction (Yancheng Middle School)".
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Yancheng.|
- Government website of Yancheng (available in Chinese and English)
- Yancheng Local portal (in Simplified Chinese)
- Yancheng comprehensive guide with open directory (Jiangsu.NET)
- Yancheng Tourism Board (in Simplified Chinese)
- Yancheng Introduction (Yancheng Middle School) Extensive background on Yancheng history.