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Yancheng (Chinese: 盐城; pinyin: Yánchéng) is a prefecture-level city in northeastern Jiangsu province, People's Republic of China. As the city with the largest jurisdictional area in Jiangsu, Yancheng borders Lianyungang to the north, Huai'an to the west, Yangzhou and Taizhou to the southwest, Nantong to the south, and the Yellow Sea to the east.

Yancheng
盐城市
Prefecture-level city
Yancheng
Yancheng
Yancheng is highlighted on this map
Yancheng is highlighted on this map
Yancheng is located in China
Yancheng
Yancheng
Location in China
Coordinates: 33°23′N 120°7′E / 33.383°N 120.117°E / 33.383; 120.117Coordinates: 33°23′N 120°7′E / 33.383°N 120.117°E / 33.383; 120.117
Country People's Republic of China
Province Jiangsu
Government
 • Type Prefecture-level city
 • CPC Yancheng Secretary Zhu Kejiang (朱克江)
 • Mayor Dai Yuan (戴源)
Area
 • Prefecture-level city 16,920.83 km2 (6,533.17 sq mi)
 • Urban 1,914 km2 (739 sq mi)
Population (2010 Census)
 • Prefecture-level city 7,260,240
 • Density 430/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
 • Urban 1,615,717
 • Metro 1,615,717
Time zone UTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code 224000
(Urban center)
224100-224700
(Other areas)
Area code(s) 515
ISO 3166 code CN-JS-09
GDP ¥191.7 billion (2009)
GDP per capita ¥25,553 (2009)
Major Nationalities Han
County-level divisions 9
Township-level divisions 144
License Plate Prefix 苏J
Website www.yancheng.gov.cn
Yancheng
Simplified Chinese 盐城
Traditional Chinese 鹽城
Hanyu Pinyin Yánchéng
Literal meaning Salt City

Yancheng, literally "Salt City", is named after the salt harvest fields surrounding the city. According to historical records,[which?] collection and production of sea salt in the region began as early as 119 BC, during the Western Han Dynasty, when the settlement on the current location of Yancheng was named Yandu County (鹽瀆縣). According to the 2010 Census, Yancheng has a registered population of 8,203,728 — with 7,260,240 permanent residents.[1] Its built up area of Tinghu and Yandu Districts was home to 1,615,717 inhabitants in 2010.

Contents

AdministrationEdit

The prefecture-level city of Yancheng administers 9 county-level divisions, including 3 districts, 1 county-level city and 5 counties. The population information here presented uses 2010 census data of permanent residents.

Map
Subdivision Simplified Chinese Traditional Chinese Pinyin Population (2010) Area (km2) Density
City Proper
Tinghu District 亭湖区 亭湖區 Tínghú Qū 904,417 896 1,009
Yandu District 盐都区 鹽都區 Yándū Qū 711,300 1,018 699
Dafeng District 大丰区 大豐區 Dàfēng Qū 707,069 3,059 231
Rural
Xiangshui County 响水县 響水縣 Xiǎngshuǐ Xiàn 509,524 1,461 349
Binhai County 滨海县 濱海縣 Bīnhǎi Xiàn 956,162 1,880 509
Funing County 阜宁县 阜寧縣 Fùníng Xiàn 843,275 1,439 586
Jianhu County 建湖县 建湖縣 Jiànhú Xiàn 741,646 1,154 643
Sheyang County 射阳县 射陽縣 Shèyáng Xiàn 896,639 2,855 314
Satellite cities (County-level cities)
Dongtai 东台市 東台市 Dōngtái Shì 990,208 2,340 423
Total 7,260,240 16,920 429

HistoryEdit

Yancheng has a history of 2,100 years since the first canton was founded here in Han Dynasty at year 119 BC. It was named for the salt reserves in rivers around the area, its name literally meaning "Salt City". In later years, the city was the home of Fan Zhongyan, the 12th century statesman and Shi Nai'an, the reputed author of famous novels.[2]

Yancheng was in the limelight during the Chinese Civil War from the 1930s to 1940s. The New Fourth Army led by the Communist Party of China was reestablished in Yancheng after being ambushed and battered by the enemy. After the revival, the Army played a very important role in the war and finally the foundation of the People's Republic of China. Many monuments in honor of these heroes can still be found around Yancheng.[2]

GeographyEdit

Yancheng occupies roughly 582 km (362 mi)coastline, more than half of the whole province's. By the end of the Mesolithic, the marine transgressions changed almost of the area into a shallow bay. Continued deposition of silt carried by the Yangtze River and the Huai River extend its coast to the east gradually . Since 1128, the course of the Yellow River changed to join the Huai River. That accelerated the extending.

Yancheng has a temperate climate with fairly mild winters and distinctly tropical late summers.

TransportationEdit

RoadEdit

ExpresswaysEdit

National HighwayEdit

RailwayEdit

Xinyi-Changxing Railway runs through the city.

BusesEdit

The BRT system of Yancheng uses a dedicated bus lane. The first line went into service since 2010.

AirEdit

Yancheng Nanyang International Airport now flies directly to Shanghai and Beijing, as well as flying directly to Hong Kong, Taiwan, South Korea, Japan and so on.

EconomyEdit

Yancheng's financial income used to rely heavily on agricultural industry. In 2002, Yancheng's economy has been boosted by an initial joint venture between Kia Motors and Dongfeng Automotive Group, with the creation of the Yancheng Plant. The plant was expanded in 2007.[3]

EducationEdit

TourismEdit

Outdoor activities include the Yangcheng wetlands and salt marshes, home of some unique and endangered species, including Père David's deer and the red-crowned crane. There is also a famous food street in east road springing up in recent years in which stands many restaurants in a style of Huizhou architecture.

Notable peopleEdit

Twin citiesEdit

Yancheng is twinned with the following domestic and foreign cities.

DomesticEdit

InternationalEdit

Formal paper to be signedEdit

In addition, the county-level city of Dafeng, administered by Yancheng, is also twinned with Ascoli Piceno, Italy (September 2001) and Guri, South Korea (February 20, 2003) respectively.

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit