Lianyungang (simplified Chinese: 连云港; traditional Chinese: 連雲港; pinyin: Liányúngǎng) is a prefecture-level city in northeastern Jiangsu province, China. It borders Yancheng to its southeast, Huai'an and Suqian to its south, Xuzhou to its southwest, and the province of Shandong to its north. Its name derives from Lian Island (formally Dongxilian Island) the largest island in Jiangsu Province which lies off its coastline, and Yuntai Mountain (Jiangsu), the highest peak in Jiangsu Province, a few miles from the town center, and the fact that it is a port. The name can be literally translated as the Port Connecting the Clouds.
View of seaside area in Xilian Island
Lianyungang is highlighted on this map
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|• Type||Prefecture-level city|
|• CPC secretary||Yang Xingshi (杨省世)|
|• Mayor||Xiang Xuelong (项雪龙)|
|• Prefecture-level city||7,154 km2 (2,762 sq mi)|
|• Urban||2,252 km2 (870 sq mi)|
|• Metro||738 km2 (285 sq mi)|
|• Prefecture-level city||4,393,914|
|• Density||610/km2 (1,600/sq mi)|
|• Urban density||890/km2 (2,300/sq mi)|
|• Metro density||1,400/km2 (3,700/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (China Standard)|
|ISO 3166 code||CN-JS-07|
|GDP||¥216.064 billion (2015)|
|GDP per capita||¥48,416 (2015)|
"Lianyungang" in Simplified (top) and Traditional (bottom) Chinese
|Literal meaning||the port connected to the clouds|
Lianyungang was home to 4,393,914 inhabitants as of the 2010 census whom 1,050,523 lived in the built-up (or metro) area made of Haizhou and Lianyun counties. Lianyungang was known in the West as Haichow (Wade–Giles romanization), which means the City of Sea. Haichow was opened to foreign trade by the Qing imperial government in 1905.
Lianyungang is between 118°24' and 119°48' east longitude and 34°11' and 35°07' north latitude. Lianyungang covers an area of 7,777 km2 (3,003 sq mi).
The temperature in Lianyungang can reach average highs of 30 °C in the summer and drop to as low as -4 °C in the winter. The vast majority of precipitation occurs between June and August, where it can measure up to 278mm of rainfall on average. Winter precipitation is quite low, making snowfall rare and short-lived.
Lianyungang is the eastern end of the Longhai Railway (formerly the Lunghai Railway), connecting it with Lanzhou in central China. It is now the eastern terminus of the New Eurasian Land Bridge and the proposed Northern East West Freight Corridor. The government counts it among the first 14 Chinese coastal cities opening to the outside world and a rising center of industry, foreign trade, and tourism in east China.
This port is in the center of the coast, linking eastern sea routes with western land routes. Japan and the Republic of Korea in the east can be reached economically and conveniently from Liangyungang, which is also part of the worldwide network of sea transport. As well as this, the New Eurasia Continental Landbridge and the railway networks in Western Europe continue by land, connecting Lianyungang with over 40 countries and regions in Europe, South Asia and the Middle East.
The Chinese government has clearly stated its intention to build an economic belt along the New Eurasia Continental Landbridge in "the Ninth Five-Year Plan of the National Economy and Social Development and the Long-range Goal for the Year 2010." On "China's 21st Century Agenda", Lianyungang is to be developed into an international seaport linking countries on the Pacific rim with those in Central Asia. In the "National Ocean Development Plan" it is listed as one of three special development zones.
Near the Lianyun-Ports, the Tianwan Nuclear Power Plant is one of the biggest nuclear power plants in China, with two operational units and six more planned.
Lianyungang Economic & Technological Development ZoneEdit
Lianyungang Economic & Technological Development Zone (LETDZ) was approved by the State Council as one of the first batch of state-level development zones in December 1984. It is in the eastern new seashore urban area of Liangyungang City. The distance to nearest airport, Liangyungang Airport is 10–20 km (6.2–12.4 mi) and the distance to nearest highway G310 is 10–20 km (6.2–12.4 mi). Lianyungang port is 20–50 km (12–31 mi).
Lianyungang Export Processing ZoneEdit
Lianyungang Export Processing Zone is in Lianyungang Economic & Technological Development Zone (LETDZ).
Lian Island ResortEdit
One of the most popular tourist attractions in Lianyungang and the only AAAA-Class beachfront in Jiangsu Province, Lian Island (Chinese: 连岛; pinyin: lián dǎo) is a beautiful island connected to Lianyun District by a 6.7 km (4.2 mi) sea dyke, the longest in China. There are two main beach and swimming areas, several places to eat, as well as hotels. Lian Island is home to an annual music extravaganza featuring some of China's most famous pop stars.
Lianyungang is famous for its Huaguoshan Shuiliandong (花果山, 水帘洞) attraction. Shuiliandong literally means the "Water Curtain Hole," since, according to legend, the hole was hidden behind a waterfall, therefore resembling a "curtain of water."
The hole is famous because according to legend it is the home of Sun Wukong, commonly known as the Monkey King from the epic novel Journey to the West. In this hole, underneath the mountain is where he and his monkey subjects lived. After learning Tao, the Monkey King traveled back to the hole so that he and his subjects could eat and play for eternity. Eventually, the Jade Emperor sent heavenly armies to battle him at this spot because of his misdeeds. While the Monkey King story is a work of fiction, Xuanzang, the monk who he accompanies on the journey of the novel, was based on a historical person.
Lianyungang has convenient transport including highway, railway, port and airport. It is one of the 42 major transportation hub cities in China.
Lianyungang Baitabu Airport, 25 km (16 mi) west of downtown Lianyungang, provides scheduled passenger service to dozens of airports in China. The new Lianyungang Huaguoshan International Airport is planned to be built in Xiaoyi, 20 km (12 mi) south of downtown by 2020. It will replace Baitabu Airport after completion.
The city serves as the designated starting point for the New Eurasian Land Bridge, a rail link from China (Longhai Railway) to western Europe. The current major stations include Lianyungang Station and Lianyungang East Station.
Several highspeed railways that go through Lianyungang are under construction:
- Qingdao-Lianyungang Highspeed Railway connects Lianyungang and Qingdao in Shandong province. It is part of China's Coastal High-speed Railway. The length is 240 km (150 mi) and the speed standard is 250 km/h (160 mph). Planned completion year is 2018.
- Shanghai-Nantong-Lianyungang Highspeed Railway connects Lianyungang and Shanghai. It is also part of China's Coastal High-speed Railway. The length is 240 km (150 mi) and the speed standard is 250 to 350 km/h (160 to 220 mph). Planned completion year is 2019.
- Lianyungang-Nanjing/Zhenjiang Highspeed Railway connects Lianyungang and the provincial capital, Nanjing. It is part of China's Coastal High-speed Railway. The length of this railway is 300 km (190 mi) and the speed standard is 250 km/h (160 mph). Planned completion year is 2019.
- Lianyungang-Xuzhou Highspeed Railway connects Lianyungang and the important provincial transportation hub of Xuzhou. It is part of the Longhai High-Speed Railway which serves to link the eastern and the western halves of the nation. The length of this railway is 180 km (110 mi)and the speed standard is 350 km/h (220 mph). Planned completion year is 2019.
- Hefei-Qingdao Highspeed Railway connects the capital of Anhui province, Hefei, with Qingdao in Shandong. It is part of the Hong Kong-Harbin High-speed Railway. The length of this railway is around 600 km (370 mi)and the speed standard is 350 km/h (220 mph). Planned completion year is 2020.
Lianyungang port is among the 10 largest ports in China and the 30 largest port in the world. The cargo throughput of Lianyungang port is 210 million ton/year (2015). The container throughput is 5 million TEU/year (2015).
|Subdivision||Simplified Chinese||Hanyu Pinyin||Population (2010)||Area (km2)||Density (/km2)|
|Lianyun District||连云区||Liányún Qū||231,697||797.10||290.67|
|Haizhou District||海州区||Hǎizhōu Qū||818,134||700,71||1,167.58|
|Ganyu District||赣榆区||Gànyú Qū||949,438||1,514.08||627.07|
|Donghai County||东海县||Dōnghǎi Xiàn||952,250||2,036.66||467.55|
|Guanyun County||灌云县||Guànyún Xiàn||817,629||1,538.33||531.50|
|Guannan County||灌南县||Guànnán Xiàn||624,766||1,028.41||607.51|
|Dissolved district: Xinpu District|
- "Nancheng Weather Forecast". WorldWeatherOnline.com.
- "Donghai, Jiangsu, China". www.jiangsu.net. Retrieved 2017-09-04.
- Rightsite.asia | Lianyungang Economic & Technological Development Zone
- Rightsite.asia | Lianyungang Export Processing Zone
- 连云港新机场拟名花果山国际机场 预计2020亮相. Carnoc (in Chinese). 2018-07-15.
- Government website of Lianyungang (in Chinese) (in English) (in Japanese) (in Korean)
- Lianyungang comprehensive guide with open directory (Jiangsu.NET)
- Tang Seng