Tàizhōu is a prefecture-level city in central Jiangsu province in eastern China. Situated on the north bank of the Yangtze River, it borders Nantong to the east, Yancheng to the north and Yangzhou to the west.
|Coordinates (Taizhou municipal government): Coordinates:|
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|Municipal seat||Hailing District|
|• Mayor||Shi Lijun|
|• Prefecture-level city||5,787.254 km2 (2,234.471 sq mi)|
|• Urban||1,567.1 km2 (605.1 sq mi)|
|• Metro||1,567.1 km2 (605.1 sq mi)|
|Elevation||5 m (16 ft)|
|Highest elevation||55.6 m (182.4 ft)|
|• Prefecture-level city||4,512,762|
|• Density||780/km2 (2,000/sq mi)|
|• Urban density||1,100/km2 (2,900/sq mi)|
|• Metro density||1,100/km2 (2,900/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (China Standard)|
225300 (Urban center)
214500, 225400, 225500, 225600, 225700 (Other areas)
|ISO 3166 code||CN-JS-12|
|GDP||¥510.3 billion (2019)|
|GDP per capita||¥110,731 (2019)|
|License Plate Prefix||苏M|
The 2020 Chinese census counted its population at 4,512,762 of whom 1,728,408 live in the built-up (or metro) area made of three urban districts (Hailing, Jiangyan and Gaogang). Two county-level cities have more than 1 million inhabitants, Xinghua with 1,253,548 inhabitants and Taixing with 1,073,921 inhabitants, comprising two of the most important county-level cities in China. Hu Jintao, former General Secretary of the Chinese Communist Party, considers Taizhou his home town as did Mei Lanfang, one of the most famous Peking opera artists in modern Chinese history.
Administration and populationEdit
|Subdivision||Hanzi||Pinyin||Population (2010)||Area (km2)||Density|
|Hailing District||海陵区||Hǎilíng Qū||594,656||337.9||1,760|
|Gaogang District||高港区||Gāogǎng Qū||283,807||301.7||941|
|Jiangyan District||姜堰区||Jiāngyàn Qū||728,645||927.53||786|
|Satellite cities (County-level cities)|
At the end of 2019, the total household registration population was 5,005,500, and the birth population was 35,300 (birth rate 7.02 ‰), a decrease of 1.37 thousand points from the previous year. 43,400 people died in 2019 (mortality rate 8.64 ‰), an increase of 0.2 thousand points from the previous year. At the end of each year, the city's permanent population was 4,636,100, an increase of 400 over the previous year. At the end of 2019, the urbanization population of permanent residents reached 66.8%, an increase of 0.8 percentage points over the previous year.
Geography and climateEdit
Taizhou lies at the confluence of the Yangtze River and the Jinghang Canal (Grand Canal of China), in the south-central Jiangsu Province, which is on the north bank of lower reaches of the Yangtze River, the south end of Jianghuai Plain. Its latitude ranges from about 32° 02′ — 33°11′ N and longitude 119° 38′ — 120° 32′ E, with a total area of 5,793 square kilometres (2,237 sq mi).
As with the rest of central and southern Jiangsu, Taizhou has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa), influenced by the East Asian Monsoon, with cold, damp, but comparatively dry, winters, and hot, humid summers with copious rain. The normal monthly mean temperature ranges from 2.4 °C (36.3 °F) in January to 27.5 °C (81.5 °F) in July, while the annual mean is 15.36 °C (59.6 °F). Nearly half of the mean annual rainfall of 1,037 mm (40.8 in) is distributed June to August.
|Climate data for Taizhou, Jiangsu (1981–2010 normals)|
|Average high °C (°F)||6.6
|Daily mean °C (°F)||2.4
|Average low °C (°F)||−0.7
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||42.3
|Average relative humidity (%)||74||74||74||74||75||79||83||84||81||76||75||73||77|
|Source: China Meteorological Administration|
As a part of Linhuai Commandery, Hailing (海陵; Hǎilíng; 'sea mound') county was founded in which modern-day Taizhou, during the Western Han. Its designation indicates it was a coastal elevated area. Hailing and its neighbourhood was taken away from Yangzhou to create a prefecture, Tai zhou, in 937 when Li Bian of the Southern Tang reigned over the area. In 939, Li kept the bereaved Yang family under house arrest at Yongning Palace, Taizhou, after Yang Pu's death.
Taizhou was elevated to lu (circuit) status in 1277, but restored and annexed by Yangzhou again, seven years later.
In the very beginning of Republican China, Tai zhou was turned into Tai county, taken by the CCP on 21 January 1949. Then the downtown of the county was separated to found Taizhou city, which was the seat of Administrative Commission for Northern Jiangsu until November. The PLA Navy was established in Baimamiao, Tai county on 23 April 1949. The county and the city was merged into the new Tai county in May 1950, but restored in October. It was reconverted in 1958, but divided again in 1962.
Taizhou is a center for flour mills, textile works, fishing net manufacturing, and other industries based on local agriculture.
Having a favorable geographical location, rich resources and solid economic foundation, Taizhou was approved by the State's Council to be one of the open coastal cities. In the past 20 years, the economic growth has remained stable with an average annual growth rate exceeding 10%. It is one of the central cities inside the Yangtse River Delta with its developed industry, convenient transportation and prosperous commerce. In 2019, the GDP reached RMB 474.45 billion yuan, the GDP per capita RMB 110,731 yuan, equals to 16,024 dollars, the fiscal revenue RMB 37.5 billion yuan, the total amount of bank deposits RMB 688 billion yuan. Five county-level cities or districts are ranked among the "China's Top 100 Counties with Greatest Comprehensive Power". It boasts numbers of large-sized enterprises or groups, such as Chunlan Group Corp.
Taizhou was among the first few cities in Jiangsu to be recognized as having a famous cultural history. In 1990, Heheng village in Jiangyan County was awarded Global 500 Roll of Honor by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) because of its success in protecting the environment while increasing the grain yield and its wide use of marsh biogas ponds.
Taizhou's China Medical City (CMC) is a specialized development zone located south of downtown Hailing district; it has attracted major international and domestic corporations who have established facilities here since its establishment in 2010. To date, more than 800 pharmaceutical enterprises have located businesses and incubation centers in CMC. Pharma companies include AstraZeneca, Takeda Pharmaceutical, Boehringer-Ingelheim, CSPC Pharmaceutical Group and Neptunus Pharmaceutical, as well as Yangtze River Pharmaceutical Company.
Twin towns – Sister citiesEdit
Taizhou is twinned with:
The G2 Beijing–Shanghai Expressway and Jiangsu Provincial Highway 29 (S29 Yancheng-Jingjiang Expressway; 盐靖高速公路) pass through the city from north to south, and Jiangsu Provincial Highway 28 (S28 Qidong-Yangzhou Expressway; 启扬高速公路) from west to east.
The routes to get to Taizhou includes:
Companies headquartered in TaizhouEdit
- Chunlan Group Corp
- Linghai Motocyle Corp
- Yangtze River Pharmaceutical Group
- Oberon Dishwashing Equipment Manufacturing Co. Ltd
- Gardens and Parks
- Qintong Boat Festival, Jiangyan (溱潼会船节)
Qintong Boat Festival is held in Qingming (around April 4–6) every year. During the festival boats from nearby villages and towns converge on Xique Lake for a few days of rejoicing. Theatrical performances, dragon and lion dances, and other folk dances are staged right on board the boats.
- Xique Lake, Jiangyan (喜鹊湖)
The lake located in Qingtong town, 15 kilometres (9 miles) north of Jiangyan city. The water comes from the Nanhu (南湖), Xique (喜鹊湖), and Beihu (北湖) rivers. It is part of Qintong Swamp.
- Père David's Deer Reserve, Jiangyan (麋鹿故乡园)
Biggest reserve outside of Dafeng.
- Taizhou Park
- Heheng Agricultural Tour, Shengao, Jiangyan
- Navy Birthplace Museum
- Hu Jintao Birthplace Museum, Jiangyan
- Gao Ershi Museum, Jiangyan
- Mei Lanfang Garden, opposite of 'Old Street;'
Colleges and schoolsEdit
- "About Mayor". Taizhou City Council. Retrieved 2 April 2014.
- "China: Jiāngsū (Prefectures, Cities, Districts and Counties) - Population Statistics, Charts and Map". www.citypopulation.de.
- 中国气象数据网 - WeatherBk Data (in Chinese (China)). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 2020-04-12.
- 江苏省志・地理志 [Jiangsu Provical Gazetteer, Volume on Geography] (PDF). Jiangsu Guji Press. 1999. pp. 86–7. ISBN 978-7-806-43266-2.
- 4月23日 中国人民海军成立. Minister of National Defense, PRC.
- , China Medical City aims for one-stop pharma center.
- "Sister-city relationships". Taizhou City Council. Retrieved 2 April 2014.
- Hassinen, Raino. "Kotka - International co-operation: Twin Cities". City of Kotka. Retrieved 2013-10-22.
- "Some 15 Finnish towns have twinned with friendship cities in China". Helsingin Sanomat International Edition. 2013-06-20. Retrieved 2013-07-29.
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Taizhou (Jiangsu).|