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Taizhou is a prefecture-level city in central Jiangsu province in eastern China. Situated on the north bank of the Yangtze River, it borders Nantong to the east, Yancheng to the north and Yangzhou to the west.

Taizhou

泰州市
Taizhou
Taizhou
Taizhou's administrative area is highlighted on this map
Taizhou's administrative area is highlighted on this map
Taizhou is located in China
Taizhou
Taizhou
Location in China
Coordinates: 32°27′N 119°55′E / 32.450°N 119.917°E / 32.450; 119.917Coordinates: 32°27′N 119°55′E / 32.450°N 119.917°E / 32.450; 119.917
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceJiangsu
Government
 • MayorXu Guoping[1]
Area
 • Prefecture-level city5,787.254 km2 (2,234.471 sq mi)
 • Urban
1,567.1 km2 (605.1 sq mi)
 • Metro
1,567.1 km2 (605.1 sq mi)
Population
(2010 census)
 • Prefecture-level city4,618,937
 • Density800/km2 (2,100/sq mi)
 • Urban
1,607,108
 • Urban density1,000/km2 (2,700/sq mi)
 • Metro
1,607,108
 • Metro density1,000/km2 (2,700/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
225300 (Urban center)
214500, 225400, 225500, 225600, 225700 (Other areas)
Area code(s)523
ISO 3166 codeCN-JS-12
GDP¥270.2 billion (2012)
GDP per capita¥58,478 (2012)
Major NationalitiesHan
County-level divisions6
Township-level divisions105
License Plate Prefix苏M
Websitewww.taizhou.gov.cn
Taizhou
T4Z name.svg
"Tàizhōu", as written in Chinese
Chinese泰州
Hanyu PinyinTàizhōu
PostalTaichow

The 2010 census counted its population at 4,618,937 of whom 1,607,108 live in the built-up (or metro) area made of three urban districts, (Hailing, Jiangyan and Gaogang).[2] Two county-level cities have more than 1 million inhabitants, Xinghua with 1,253,548 inhabitants and Taixing with 1,073,921 inhabitants, comprising two of the most important county-level cities in China. Hu Jintao, former General Secretary of the Communist Party of China, considers Taizhou his home town as did Mei Lanfang, one of the most famous Peking opera artists in modern Chinese history.

Contents

AdministrationEdit

The prefecture-level city of Taizhou administers six county-level divisions, including two districts and four county-level cities.

These are further divided into 105 township-level divisions, including 91 towns, eight townships and six subdistricts.

Map
Subdivision Hanzi Pinyin Population (2010) Area (km2) Density
City Proper
Hailing District 海陵区 Hǎilíng Qū 594,656 337.9 1,760
Suburban
Gaogang District 高港区 Gāogǎng Qū 283,807 301.7 941
Jiangyan District 姜堰区 Jiāngyàn Qū 728,645 927.53 786
Satellite cities (County-level cities)
Jingjiang 靖江市 Jìngjiāng Shì 684,360 665.6 1,044
Taixing 泰兴市 Tàixīng Shì 1,073,921 1,169.56 891.8
Xinghua 兴化市 Xīnghuà Shì 1,253,548 2,394.96 523
Total 4,618,937 5,787.25 798

Geography and climateEdit

Taizhou lies at the confluence of the Yangtze River and the Jinghang Canal (Grand Canal of China), in the south-central Jiangsu Province, which is on the north bank of lower reaches of the Yangtze River, the south end of Jianghuai Plain. Its latitude ranges from about 32° 02′ — 33°11′ N and longitude 119° 38′ — 120° 32′ E, with a total area of 5,793 square kilometres (2,237 sq mi).

Neighbouring Areas: Yangzhou to the west, Nantong to the east, and Yancheng to the north.

HistoryEdit

 
Memorial to the victims of the Zhong'anlun Yangtze ferry disaster (October 15, 1945) in Taixing

Taizhou was known as "Hǎiyáng" (海陽) in the Spring and Autumn period, supposedly.[3]

As a part of Linhuai commandery, Hailing county was founded in which modern-day Taizhou, during the Western Han. Its designation "Hǎilíng" (海陵) indicates it was a coastal elevated area. Hailing and its neighbourhood was taken away from Yangzhou to create a prefecture, Tai zhou, in 937 when Li Bian of the Southern Tang reigned over the area. In 939, Li kept the bereaved Yang family under house arrest at Yongning Palace, Taizhou, after Yang Pu's death.


Taizhou was elevated to lu (circuit) status in 1277, but restored and annexed by Yangzhou again, seven years later.

In the very beginning of Republican China, Tai zhou was turned into Tai county, taken by the CPC on 21 January 1949. Then the downtown of the county was separated to found Taizhou city, which was the seat of Administrative Commission for Northern Jiangsu until November. The PLA Navy was established in Baimamiao, Tai county on 23 April 1949.[4] The county and the city was merged into the new Tai county in the May of 1950, but restored in October. It was reconverted in 1958, but divided again in 1962.

EconomyEdit

Taizhou is a center for flour mills, textile works, fishing net manufacturing, and other industries based on local agriculture.

Having a favorable geographical location, rich resources and solid economic foundation, Taizhou was approved by the State's Council to be one of the open coastal cities. In the past 20 years, the economic growth has remained stable with an average annual growth rate exceeding 10%. It is one of the central cities inside the Yangtse River Delta with its developed industry, convenient transportation and prosperous commerce. In 2009, the GDP reached RMB 165.1 billion yuan, the GDP per capita RMB 35,498 yuan, the fiscal revenue RMB 34.4 billion yuan, the total amount of bank deposits RMB 188.5 billion yuan. Five county-level cities or districts are ranked among the "China's Top 100 Counties with Greatest Comprehensive Power". It boasts numbers of large-sized enterprises or groups, such as Chunlan Group Corp.

Taizhou was among the first few cities in Jiangsu to be recognized as having a famous cultural history. In 1990, Heheng village in Jiangyan County was awarded Global 500 Roll of Honor by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) because of its success in protecting the environment while increasing the grain yield and its wide use of marsh biogas ponds.

International relationsEdit

Twin towns – Sister citiesEdit

Taizhou is twinned with:

TransportationEdit

The G2 Beijing–Shanghai Expressway and Jiangsu Provincial Highway 29 (S29 Yancheng-Jingjiang Expressway; 盐靖高速公路) pass through the city from north to south, and Jiangsu Provincial Highway 28 (S28 Qidong-Yangzhou Expressway; 启扬高速公路) from west to east.[8]

Taizhou Municipality has two Yangtze River crossings, the Taizhou Yangtze River Bridge from Gaogang District to Yangzhong and the Jiangyin Yangtze River Bridge from Jingjiang to Jiangyin.

The routes to get to Taizhou includes:

MilitaryEdit

Taizhou is headquarters of the East Sea Fleet of the People's Liberation Army Navy.

Companies headquartered in TaizhouEdit

  • Chunlan Group Corp
  • Linghai Motocyle Corp
  • Yangtze River Pharmaceutical Group
  • Oberon Dishwashing Equipment Manufacturing Co. Ltd

TourismEdit

Qintong Boat Festival is held in Qingming (around April 4–6) every year. During the festival boats from nearby villages and towns converge on Xique Lake for a few days of rejoicing. Theatrical performances, dragon and lion dances, and other folk dances are staged right on board the boats.

    • Xique Lake, Jiangyan (喜鹊湖)

The lake located in Qingtong town, 15 kilometres (9 miles) north of Jiangyan city. The water comes from the Nanhu (南湖), Xique (喜鹊湖), and Beihu (北湖) rivers. It is part of Qintong Swamp.

Biggest reserve outside of Dafeng.

    • Taizhou Park
    • Heheng Agricultural Tour, Shengao, Jiangyan
  • Museum
    • Navy Birthplace Museum
    • Hu Jintao Birthplace Museum, Jiangyan
    • Gao Ershi Museum, Jiangyan
    • Mei Lanfang Garden, opposite of 'Old Street;'

Colleges and schoolsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "About Mayor". Taizhou City Council. Retrieved 2 April 2014.
  2. ^ "China: Jiāngsū (Prefectures, Cities, Districts and Counties) - Population Statistics, Charts and Map". www.citypopulation.de.
  3. ^ 江苏省志・地理志 [Jiangsu Provical Gazetteer, Volume on Geography] (PDF). Jiangsu Guji Press. 1999. pp. 86–7. ISBN 978-7-806-43266-2.
  4. ^ "4月23日 中国人民海军成立". Minister of National Defense, PRC.
  5. ^ "Sister-city relationships". Taizhou City Council. Retrieved 2 April 2014.
  6. ^ Hassinen, Raino. "Kotka - International co-operation: Twin Cities". City of Kotka. Retrieved 2013-10-22.
  7. ^ "Some 15 Finnish towns have twinned with friendship cities in China". Helsingin Sanomat International Edition. 2013-06-20. Retrieved 2013-07-29.
  8. ^ "Taizhou". Baidu Baike. Retrieved 2 April 2014.

External linksEdit