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Bridges and tunnels across the Yangtze River

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The bridges and tunnels across the Yangtze River carry rail and road traffic across China's longest and largest river and form a vital part of the country's transportation infrastructure. The river bisects China proper from west to east, and every major north-south bound highway and railway must cross the Yangtze. Large urban centers along the river such as Chongqing, Wuhan, and Nanjing also have urban mass transit rail lines crossing the Yangtze.

Pontoon bridges have been used by militaries for two thousand years on the Yangtze, but until the completion of the Wuhan Yangtze River Bridge in 1957, there were no permanent bridges along the main stretch of the river known as Chang Jiang (the "Long River"), from Yibin to the river mouth in Shanghai, a distance of 2,884 km (1,792 mi). Since then, over 75 bridges and six tunnels have been built over this stretch, the overwhelming majority since 1990. They reflect a broad array of bridge designs and, in many cases, represent significant achievements in modern bridge engineering. Several rank among the world's longest suspension, cable-stayed, arch bridges, truss and box girder bridges as well as some of the highest and tallest bridges.

Upriver from Yibin, bridge spans are more common along the Jinsha and Tongtian sections where the Yangtze is much narrower, although numerous new bridges are being added. The oldest bridge still in use is the Jinlong, a simple suspension bridge over the Jinsha section of the river in Lijiang, Yunnan that was originally built in 1880 and rebuilt in the 1936.[1]

Section names of the YangtzeEdit

Map of the Yangtze River Basin, showing the location of Shanghai, Jiujiang, Wuhan, Yueyang, Yichang, the Three Gorges Dam, Chongqing, Yibin, Panzhihua and Yushu along the river.
A high-speed train ride on the Beijing–Shanghai High-Speed Railway across the Dashengguan Bridge

Due to changes in the designation of the source of the Yangtze, various sections of the river have been thought of as distinct rivers with different names. The bridges and tunnels of the Yangtze have compound names consisting of the location name and the river section name. Today, the river has four sectional names in (in Chinese) : (1) Tuotuo, (2) Tongtian, (3) Jinsha and (4) Chang Jiang.

  1. The Tuotuo River, considered the official headstream of the Yangtze, flows 358 km (222 mi) from the glaciers of the Gelaindong massif in the Tanggula Mountains of southwestern Qinghai to the confluence with the Dangqu River to form the Tongtian River.
  2. The Tongtian continues for 813 km (505 mi) to the confluence with the Batang River at Yushu in south central Qinghai.
  3. The Jinsha or Gold Sands River continues for 2,308 km (1,434 mi) along the border of western Sichuan with Qinghai, Tibet, and Yunnan, through northern Yunnan and southern Sichuan to the confluence with the Min River at Yibin in south central Sichuan.
  4. Chang Jiang or the "Long River" refers to the final 2,884 km (1,792 mi) of the Yangtze from Yibin through southeastern Sichuan, Chongqing, western Hubei, northern Hunan, eastern Hubei, northern Jiangxi, Anhui and Jiangsu to the river's mouth in Shanghai. Chang Jiang is generally substituted by "Yangtze" in English usage.

For example, the Nanjing Chang Jiang Bridge is translated as the Nanjing Yangtze River Bridge. The Taku Jinsha River Bridge is a bridge along the Jinsha section of the Yangtze.

HistoryEdit

The Yangtze River forms a major geographic barrier dividing northern and southern China. For millennia, travelers crossed the Yangtze by ferry. In the first half of the 20th century, rail passengers from Beijing to Guangzhou and Shanghai had to disembark, respectively, at Hanyang and Pukou, and cross the river by steam ferry before resuming journeys by train.

Bridges in antiquityEdit

Pontoon bridgesEdit

 
The Song dynasty Dongjin Bridge over the Gan River, a Yangtze tributary in Jiangxi.

The earliest recorded pontoon bridge over the Yangtze was the Jiangguan Pontoon Bridge built in AD 35 by Gongsun Shu, the ruler of Sichuan, in the war with the Han Emperor Liu Xiu.[2][3] Gongsun Shu built the pontoon across a narrow part of the river between Jingmen and Yichang in (modern Hubei Province) to block the Han Emperor's navy from sailing upriver into Sichuan.[3] The pontoon was burned in battle and Liu Xiu went on to capture Sichuan.[3]

In 570, the Northern Zhou general Chen Teng built a crude suspension bridge across the Xiling Gorge using thick rope and reeds to carry food and provisions for his troops on the south bank. The bridge was cut apart by boats lined with sharp knives sent down river by the Chen general Zhang Shaoda.[4]

During the Tang Dynasty, a pontoon bridge was built in Sangouzhen in the Qutang Gorge in 619.[2][4]

In 974, during the Song Emperor Zhao Kuangyin's conquest of the Southern Tang, a pontoon over 1,000 meters long linked together by bamboo chains was erected in just three days at Caishiji (Ma'anshan, Anhui Province) and enabled the Song Army to advance swiftly across the river and capture Nanjing, the Southern Tang capital.[2][3]

The Taiping rebels made extensive use of pontoons on the Yangtze in their campaign against the Qing Dynasty in the Yangtze Basin.[3] In December 30, 1852, they built two pontoons nearly 3,000 meters long in a fortnight's time at Baishazhou and Yingwuzhou in Wuhan to move troops from Hanyang on the north bank to the Wuchang on the south bank.[3] The Taipings tied together small boats into twos and threes and steered these preassembled pieces simultaneously into the river, and used iron anchors to set the pontoons instead of chains. They added leather-covered walls to the bridges and added towers and firing positions.[3]

Pontoon bridges have not been a feasible long-term solution to cross river transport because they block boat traffic on the Yangtze, a major conduit for travelers and cargo between the coast and the Chinese interior.

Iron chain bridgesEdit

 
The Iron Rainbow (Tiehong) Bridge is a contemporary of the Jinlong Bridge over the Chongjiang River, a Yangtze tributary near the Great Bend in Shigu Town, Yulong Naxi Autonomous County, Lijiang, Yunnan.[5]

Dating back to 3rd century, militaries of antiquity have stretched iron chains across the Yangtze in the Three Gorges to block invading armies. Notable examples include the iron chain defense of the Wu Kingdom in the Xiling Gorge against the Jin Dynasty in 280, the Former Shu's chain across Kuimen in the Qutang Gorge against the Jingnan in 925, and Song general Xu Zongwu's seven-link chain at the same location against the Mongols in 1264.[4]

The first documented iron chain bridge across the river was built in the 7th century by the Tibetan Empire over the Jinsha. The Shenchuan Iron Bridge, a simple suspension bridge, stood at what is today Tacun of Weixi Lisu Autonomous County in the Dêqên Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture of northwestern Yunnan Province, and was probably built to help the Tibetan military advance against the Kingdom of Nanzhao during its invasions between 682 and 704.[6] The Tibetans stationed a frontier command office in the town called the Shenchuan Iron Bridge jiedushi.[6] The bridge facilitated trade between the two countries until 794 when the Nanzhao realigned with the Tang Dynasty and destroyed the bridge in a war with the Tibetan Empire.[6][7]

The oldest bridge still in use on the Yangtze is the Jinlong Bridge in Lijiang, a simple iron chain suspension bridge first built during the Qing Dynasty from 1876 to 1880.[8] It was destroyed in a flood in 1935 and rebuilt the following year.[8] The bridge was named a National Historical Site in 2006.[8]

Iron chain bridges are more durable than pontoon bridges and allow for year-round use, although when the river level is high during the flood season, boards on the bridge deck must be removed.[9]

Modern bridgesEdit

Chang JiangEdit

 
The opening of the Wuhan Yangtze River Bridge on October 15, 1957.

The first permanent bridge to cross the Chang Jiang section of the river was the Wuhan Yangtze River Bridge, built from 1955 to 1957. The dual-use road-rail bridge was a major infrastructural project in the early years of the People's Republic and was completed with Soviet assistance. The second bridge was a single-track railway bridge built in Chongqing in 1959. The Nanjing Yangtze River Bridge, also a road-rail bridge, was the first bridge to cross the lower reaches of the Yangtze. It was built from 1960 to 1968, after the Sino-Soviet split, and did not receive foreign assistance. The Zhicheng Road-Rail Bridge followed in 1971.

Only two bridges opened in the 1980s, the Chongqing's First Shibanpo Bridge in 1980 and the Luzhou Road Bridge in 1982. Both were in the upper reaches of Changjiang in Sichuan Province, to which Chongqing Municipality belonged at the time.

Bridge-building resumed in the 1990s and accelerated in the first decade of the 21st century due to the rapid growth of the Chinese economy. Jiangxi Province had its first bridge in 1993 with the opening of the Jiujiang Bridge. The first bridge in Anhui Province, the Tongling Bridge, opened in 1995. Six of the 11 bridges built in the 1990s and half of the 40 bridge crossings added in the 2000s were built in Chongqing Municipality, which became a directly-controlled municipality in 1997 to facilitate the construction of the Three Gorges and experienced a building boom.

By 2005, there were over 50 bridges across the Yangtze River between Yibin and Shanghai. The rapid pace of bridge construction has continued. The first tunnel under the Yangtze opened in Wuhan in 2008.

As of December 2014, urban Chongqing has 18 bridges, Wuhan has nine[10] bridges and three tunnels, and Nanjing has five bridges and two tunnels. About a dozen other bridges are now under construction.

 
The Yangluo Bridge, which opened in 2007, is one of eight bridges across the Yangtze River in Wuhan, and is tied with the Golden Gate Bridge as the 15th longest suspension bridge in the world.

Upstream sectionsEdit

 
The Jihong Bridge over the Jinsha River just upstream from the Tiger Leaping Gorge in Lijiang, Yunnan.

In the upper reaches of the Yangtze above Yibin, the Jinsha (Gold Sands), Tongtian, and Tuotuo sections of the river are narrower and bridges are more numerous. As of December 2014, Yibin had 10 bridges across the Jinsha and Panzhihua had 16.

The Taku Jinsha River Bridge, under construction in Lijiang, is set to become the highest bridge in the world with a bridge deck that is 512 m (1,680 ft) above the surface of the river.[11]

Bridge strainEdit

 
A weigh station for the Songyuan Bridge along the Jinsha River in Yunnan

With the advent of economic growth around the country and widespread use of heavy freight trucks, bridges along the Yangtze have been bearing greater load, leading to greater strain on older bridge structures. The Jiujiang Yangtze River Bridge was originally designed to carry trucks weighing up to 30 t (33 short tons).[12] In 2008, the tonnage limit was raised to 55 t (61 short tons).[12] In November 2011, a crack was discovered in the bridge's steel structure and forced the authorities to close the bridge to freight traffic.[13] In February 2012, the tonnage limit was lowered to 20 t (22 short tons).[12] Truck traffic had to be re-routed to neighboring provinces. In 2012, a crack was discovered in one girder of the Luzhou Yangtze River Bridge, leading to bridge closure and emergency repairs.[14]

Longest and tallest bridgesEdit

Bridges over the Yangtze including some of the longest and tallest bridges in the world.

Longest span timelineEdit

Year Bridge City Province Longest span Type
1957 First Wuhan Bridge Wuhan Hubei 128 m (420 ft) truss
1968 First Nanjing Bridge Nanjing Jiangsu 160 m (520 ft) truss
1971 Zhicheng Bridge Zhicheng Hubei 160 m (520 ft) truss
1980 First Shibanpo Bridge Chongqing Sichuan 174 m (571 ft) beam
1993 Jiujiang Bridge Jiujiang Jiangxi 216 m (709 ft) truss & arch
1995 Lijiatuo Bridge Jiulongpo District
Nan'an District
Chongqing 444 m (1,457 ft) cable-stayed
1996 Xiling Bridge Yichang Hubei 900 m (3,000 ft) suspension
1999 Jiangyin Bridge Jingjiang, Jiangyin Jiangsu 1,385 m (4,544 ft) suspension
2005 Runyang South Bridge Shiye Island, Zhenjiang Jiangsu 1,490 m (4,890 ft) suspension

List of existing bridges and tunnelsEdit

Chang JiangEdit

Name Image Location Province Opened Total length Longest Span Type Carries Coordinates
Shanghai Yangtze River Bridge
[note 1]
  Chongming, Changxing Shanghai 2009 9,997 m (32,799 ft) 730 m (2,400 ft) cable-stayed  
6-lane
31°26′06″N 121°44′39″E / 31.435°N 121.7442°E / 31.435; 121.7442 (Shanghai Yangtze River Bridge)
Shanghai Yangtze River Tunnel
[note 1]
  Changxing, Pudong 2009 8,950 m (29,360 ft)  – tunnel 31°19′33″N 121°41′40″E / 31.3258°N 121.6944°E / 31.3258; 121.6944 (Shanghai Yangtze River Tunnel)
Chongqi Bridge
[note 1]
Qidong,
Chongming
Jiangsu,
Shanghai
2011 7,150 m (23,460 ft) 185 m (607 ft) box girder 31°41′45″N 121°39′59″E / 31.6957°N 121.6663°E / 31.6957; 121.6663 (Chongming–Qidong Yangtze River Bridge)
Sutong Bridge   Nantong, Changshu Jiangsu 2008 8,206 m (26,923 ft) 1,088 m (3,570 ft) cable-stayed  
6-lane
31°47′22″N 121°00′08″E / 31.7894°N 121.0022°E / 31.7894; 121.0022 (Sutong Yangtze River Bridge)
Jiangyin Bridge   Jingjiang, Jiangyin 1999 3,071 m (10,075 ft) 1,385 m (4,544 ft) suspension  
6-lane
31°56′57″N 120°16′03″E / 31.9492°N 120.2674°E / 31.9492; 120.2674 (Jiangyin Yangtze River Bridge)
Taizhou Bridge Complex
[note 2]
  Taizhou, Yangzhong 2012 12,665 m (41,552 ft) 1,080 m (3,540 ft)x2 suspension   32°14′48″N 119°52′36″E / 32.2466°N 119.8767°E / 32.2466; 119.8767 (Taizhou Yangtze River Bridge)
Yangzhong, Zhenjiang 125 m (410 ft) box girder
Runyang Bridge Complex
[note 3]
  Yangzhou, Shiye Island
(Nouth Bridge)
2005 ~6,500 m (21,300 ft) 406 m (1,332 ft) cable-stayed  
6-lane
32°12′26″N 119°21′49″E / 32.2072°N 119.3637°E / 32.2072; 119.3637 (Runyang Yangtze River Bridge)
  Shiye Island, Zhenjiang
(South Bridge)
1,490 m (4,890 ft) suspension
Fourth Nanjing Bridge   Nanjing 2012 5,437 m (17,838 ft) 1,418 m (4,652 ft) suspension   32°10′41″N 118°56′24″E / 32.1780°N 118.9401°E / 32.1780; 118.9401 (Fourth Nanjing Yangtze Bridge)
Second Nanjing Bridge   2001 2,938 m (9,639 ft) 628 m (2,060 ft) cable-stayed  
6-lane
32°09′45″N 118°50′10″E / 32.1626°N 118.8362°E / 32.1626; 118.8362 (Second Nanjing Yangtze Bridge)
Nanjing Metro Line 3 Tunnel     2015 3,100 m (10,200 ft) tunnel
Nanjing Yangtze River Bridge   1968 4,588 m (15,052 ft) 160 m (520 ft) truss  
4-lane
Jinghu Railway
2-track
32°06′55″N 118°44′20″E / 32.1153°N 118.7389°E / 32.1153; 118.7389 (Nanjing Yangtze Bridge)
Nanjing Yangtze Tunnel (南京扬子江隧道) 2016 North: 7014m;South: 7363m  – Tunnel (4+4)-lane X-shaped highway Unknown
Nanjing Yangtze River Tunnel(南京长江隧道)   2009 3,837 m (12,589 ft)  – tunnel 6-lane highway 31°58′14″N 118°38′28″E / 31.9706°N 118.6411°E / 31.9706; 118.6411 (Nanjing Yangtze River Tunnel)
Nanjing Metro Line 10 Tunnel     2014 3,345 m (10,974 ft)  – tunnel
Third Nanjing Bridge   2005 4,744 m (15,564 ft) 648 m (2,126 ft) cable-stayed  
 
6-lane
31°58′14″N 118°38′28″E / 31.9706°N 118.6411°E / 31.9706; 118.6411 (Third Nanjing Yangtze Bridge)
Dashengguan Bridge   2010 1,615 m (5,299 ft) 336 m (1,102 ft) arch Jinghu HSR
Huhanrong PDL6-track
31°57′35″N 118°37′52″E / 31.9598°N 118.6310°E / 31.9598; 118.6310 (Dashengguan Yangtze River Bridge)
Ma'anshan Bridge Complex
[note 4]
  Ma'anshan Anhui 2013 11,209 m (36,775 ft) 1,080 m (3,540 ft)x2 suspension  
6-lane
31°36′36″N 118°23′32″E / 31.6101°N 118.3921°E / 31.6101; 118.3921 (Ma'anshan Yangtze River Bridge)
  260 m (850 ft)x2 cable-stayed
Wuhu Bridge   Wuhu 2000 2,193 m (7,195 ft) 312 m (1,024 ft) cable-stayed  
Huainan Railway
31°23′16″N 118°20′07″E / 31.3878°N 118.3353°E / 31.3878; 118.3353 (Wuhu Yangtze River Bridge)
Tongling Rail Bridge   Tongling 2015 1,290 m (4,230 ft) 630 m (2,070 ft) cable-stayed  

Hefei–Fuzhou HSR

Lutong Railway

31.082778°N 117.973889°E
Tongling Bridge   Tongling 1995 1,152 m (3,780 ft) 432 m (1,417 ft) cable-stayed  
4-lane
30°51′22″N 117°43′36″E / 30.8560°N 117.7268°E / 30.8560; 117.7268 (Tongling Yangtze River Bridge)
Anqing Yangtze River Railway Bridge Anqing 2015 2,997 m (9,833 ft) 580 m (1,900 ft) cable-stayed Nanjing–Anqing ICR 30.4991°N 117.0714°E
Anqing Bridge   Anqing 2004 1,040 m (3,410 ft) 510 m (1,670 ft) cable-stayed   30°29′57″N 117°04′17″E / 30.4991°N 117.0714°E / 30.4991; 117.0714 (Anqing Yangtze River Bridge)
Wangdong Bridge

望东长江公路大桥

Anqing 2016 1,622 m (5,322 ft) 806 m (2,644 ft) cable-stayed   30.4991°N 117.0714°E
Jiujiang Bridge   Huangmei, Jiujiang Hubei,
Jiangxi
1993 1,806 m (5,925 ft) 216 m (709 ft) combined truss and arch  
Jingjiu Railway
29°45′01″N 116°00′49″E / 29.7502°N 116.0136°E / 29.7502; 116.0136 (Jiujiang Yangtze River Bridge)
Jiujiang Expressway Bridge   2013 1,405 m (4,610 ft) 818 m (2,684 ft) cable-stayed   29°43′20″N 115°54′30″E / 29.722306°N 115.908444°E / 29.722306; 115.908444 (Jiujiang Yangtze River Expressway Bridge)
Huangshi Bridge   Huangshi Hubei
eastern
1995 1,060 m (3,480 ft) 245 m (804 ft) beam   30°15′04″N 115°04′19″E / 30.2512°N 115.07201°E / 30.2512; 115.07201 (Huangshi Yangtze River Bridge)
Edong Bridge   Huanggang 2010 1,486 m (4,875 ft) 926 m (3,038 ft) cable-stayed  
 
30°15′39″N 115°04′28″E / 30.2607°N 115.0744°E / 30.2607; 115.0744 (Edong Yangtze River Bridge)
Ehuang Bridge   Huanggang, Ezhou 2002 1,290 m (4,230 ft) 480 m (1,570 ft) cable-stayed   30°24′44″N 114°55′09″E / 30.4121°N 114.9193°E / 30.4121; 114.9193 (Ehuang Yangtze River Bridge)
Huanggang Bridge   2014 1,215 m (3,986 ft) 567 m (1,860 ft) cable-stayed  
Wuhuang ICR
30°29′53″N 114°50′03″E / 30.4981°N 114.8342°E / 30.4981; 114.8342 (Huanggang Yangtze River Bridge)
Yangluo Bridge   Wuhan 2007 2,735 m (8,973 ft) 1,280 m (4,200 ft) suspension  
 
6-lane
30°37′27″N 114°33′28″E / 30.6242°N 114.5578°E / 30.6242; 114.5578 (Yangluo Yangtze River Bridge)
Tianxingzhou Bridge   2009 4,657 m (15,279 ft) 504 m (1,654 ft) cable-stayed Wuhan Third Ring Road
6-lane
Wuguang HSR
Huhanrong Railway
4-track
30°39′25″N 114°24′18″E / 30.6569°N 114.4050°E / 30.6569; 114.4050 (Tianxingzhou Yangtze River Bridge)
Erqi Bridge   2011 2,922 m (9,587 ft) 616 m (2,021 ft)x2 cable-stayed Wuhan Second Ring Road
8-lane
30°37′39″N 114°20′31″E / 30.6276°N 114.3420°E / 30.6276; 114.3420 (Erqi Yangtze River Bridge)
Second Wuhan Bridge   1995 1,080 m (3,540 ft) 400 m (1,300 ft) cable-stayed Wuhan Inner Ring Road 30°36′18″N 114°19′12″E / 30.6051°N 114.32012°E / 30.6051; 114.32012 (Second Wuhan Yangtze River Bridge)
Wuhan Metro Line 8 Tunnel    2017 tunnel
  Line 8
Wuhan Yangtze River Tunnel   2008 3,630 m (11,910 ft) N/A tunnel Wuhan Inner Ring Road
4-lane
30°34′45″N 114°18′26″E / 30.5792°N 114.3072°E / 30.5792; 114.3072 (Wuhan Yangtze River Tunnel)
Wuhan Metro Line 2 Tunnel    2012 3,098 m (10,164 ft) N/A tunnel
  Line 2
Wuhan Yangtze River Bridge   1957 1,670 m (5,480 ft) 128 m (420 ft) truss  
4-lane
Jingguang R.R.
30°32′59″N 114°17′18″E / 30.5497°N 114.2882°E / 30.5497; 114.2882 (Wuhan Yangtze River Bridge)
Wuhan Metro Line 4 Tunnel    2014 2,994 m (9,823 ft) (left tube)
3,003 m (9,852 ft)(right tube)
 – tunnel
  Line 4
Yingwuzhou Bridge   2014 2,300 m (7,500 ft) 850 m (2,790 ft) suspension Wuhan Second Ring Road 30°31′51″N 114°16′46″E / 30.5308°N 114.2794°E / 30.5308; 114.2794 (Yingwuzhou Yangtze River Bridge)
Baishazhou Bridge   2000 3,589 m (11,775 ft) 618 m (2,028 ft) cable-stayed Wuhan Third Ring Road 30°29′05″N 114°14′44″E / 30.4846°N 114.2455°E / 30.4846; 114.2455 (Baishazhou Yangtze River Bridge)
Zhuankou Bridge 2017 Wuhan Fourth Ring Road
Junshan Bridge   2001 2,847 m (9,341 ft) 460 m (1,510 ft) cable-stayed  
 
 
30°22′27″N 114°08′25″E / 30.374028°N 114.140278°E / 30.374028; 114.140278 (Junshan Yangtze River Bridge)
Jingyue Bridge   Jianli, Yueyang Hubei,
Hunan
2010 5,400 m (17,700 ft) 816 m (2,677 ft) cable-stayed  
6-lane
29°32′40″N 113°13′21″E / 29.54434°N 113.222433°E / 29.54434; 113.222433 (Jingyue Yangtze River Bridge)
Jingzhou Bridge   Jingzhou Hubei
western
2002 4,177 m (13,704 ft) 500 m (1,600 ft) cable-stayed  
4-lane
30°18′32″N 112°12′59″E / 30.308837°N 112.21628°E / 30.308837; 112.21628 (Jingzhou Yangtze River Bridge)
Zhicheng Bridge   Zhicheng 1971 1,742.3 m (5,716 ft) 160 m (520 ft) truss  
Jiaoliu R.R.
30°17′10″N 111°31′35″E / 30.286086°N 111.526442°E / 30.286086; 111.526442 (Zhicheng Yangtze River Bridge)
Yichang Bridge   Yichang 2001 1,187 m (3,894 ft) 960 m (3,150 ft) suspension  
 
30°34′11″N 111°23′30″E / 30.569601°N 111.391536°E / 30.569601; 111.391536 (Yichang Yangtze River Highway Bridge)
Yichang Railway Bridge   2008 2,446 m (8,025 ft) 275 m (902 ft) (x2) truss and arch Yiwan Railway
2-track
30°39′21″N 111°19′32″E / 30.655944°N 111.325583°E / 30.655944; 111.325583 (Yichang Yangtze River Railway Bridge)
Yiling Bridge   2001 936 m (3,071 ft) 348 m (1,142 ft) (x2) cable-stayed 4-lane highway 30°41′03″N 111°17′22″E / 30.684131°N 111.289515°E / 30.684131; 111.289515 (Yiling Yangtze River Bridge)
Zhixi River Bridge Complex[note 5] 至喜长江大桥 Yangtze Main Bridge 2016 3,230 m (10,600 ft) 838 m (2,749 ft) suspension 6-lane highway 30°25′31″N 111°09′44″E / 30.4252°N 111.1623°E / 30.4252; 111.1623 (Xiling Yangtze River Bridge)
Sanjiang Bridge 210 m (690 ft) cable-stayed 6-lane highway
Xiling Bridge   1996 1,119 m (3,671 ft) 900 m (3,000 ft) suspension 4-lane highway 30°49′43″N 111°02′47″E / 30.8285°N 111.0465°E / 30.8285; 111.0465 (Xiling Yangtze River Bridge)
Badong Bridge   Badong 2004 728 m (2,388 ft) 388 m (1,273 ft) cable-stayed   31°02′55″N 110°19′42″E / 31.048556°N 110.328472°E / 31.048556; 110.328472 (Badong Yangtze River Bridge)
Wushan Bridge   Wushan County Chongqing 2005 612 m (2,008 ft) 460 m (1,510 ft) arch Road 31°03′47″N 109°54′08″E / 31.063056°N 109.902111°E / 31.063056; 109.902111 (Wushan Yangtze River Bridge)
Fengjie Bridge   Fengjie 2005 893 m (2,930 ft) 460 m (1,510 ft) cable-stayed Road
S201 Provincial Road
31°01′13″N 109°28′51″E / 31.020306°N 109.480944°E / 31.020306; 109.480944 (Fengjie Yangtze River Bridge)
Yunyang Bridge   Yunyang 2005 637 m (2,090 ft) 318 m (1,043 ft) cable-stayed Road 30°54′56″N 108°42′42″E / 30.9155°N 108.71175°E / 30.9155; 108.71175 (Yunyang Yangtze River Bridge)
Second Wanzhou Bridge   Wanzhou 2004 1,153.86 m (3,786 ft) 580 m (1,900 ft) suspension 4-lane highway 30°49′33″N 108°24′17″E / 30.825889°N 108.404778°E / 30.825889; 108.404778 (Second Wanzhou Yangtze River Bridge)
Wanzhou Railway Bridge   2005 1,106 m (3,629 ft) 360 m (1,180 ft) arch Yiwan Railway
2-track
30°46′11″N 108°25′00″E / 30.769778°N 108.416528°E / 30.769778; 108.416528 (Wanzhou Railway Bridge)
Wanxian Bridge   1997 864 m (2,835 ft) 420 m (1,380 ft) arch   30°45′35″N 108°25′09″E / 30.759611°N 108.419278°E / 30.759611; 108.419278 (Wanzhou Bridge)
Zhongxian Bridge   Zhong County 2001 1,200 m (3,900 ft) 560 m (1,840 ft) suspension 4-lane S302 30°18′07″N 108°02′57″E / 30.301833°N 108.049111°E / 30.301833; 108.049111 (Zhongxian Yangtze River Bridge)
Zhongzhou Bridge   2009 2,145 m (7,037 ft) 460 m (1,510 ft) cable-stayed   30°13′55″N 108°00′21″E / 30.231944°N 108.005833°E / 30.231944; 108.005833 (Zhongzhou Yangtze River Bridge)
Fengdu Second Bridge

豐都長江二橋

Fengdu 2017 1,466 m (4,810 ft) 680 m (2,230 ft) cable-stayed 4-lane highway 29°51′58″N 107°42′43″E / 29.866073°N 107.712039°E / 29.866073; 107.712039 (Fengdu Yangtze River Bridge)
Fengdu Bridge   1997 620 m (2,030 ft) 450 m (1,480 ft) suspension S103 29°51′20″N 107°40′11″E / 29.855417°N 107.669722°E / 29.855417; 107.669722 (Fengdu Yangtze River Bridge)
Hanjiatuo Bridge   Fuling 2012 1,137 m (3,730 ft) 432 m (1,417 ft) cable-stayed Yuli Railway 29°46′04″N 107°25′02″E / 29.767694°N 107.417278°E / 29.767694; 107.417278 (Hanjiatuo Yangtze River Bridge)
Shiban'gou Bridge   2009 975 m (3,199 ft) 450 m (1,480 ft) cable-stayed 4-lane Fuling Ring Rd 29°43′50″N 107°24′21″E / 29.730694°N 107.405944°E / 29.730694; 107.405944 (Shiban'gou Yangtze River Bridge)
Fuling Bridge   1997 631 m (2,070 ft) 330 m (1,080 ft) cable-stayed  
4-lane
29°44′11″N 107°20′49″E / 29.7365°N 107.346806°E / 29.7365; 107.346806 (Fuling Yangtze River Bridge)
Lidu Bridge   2007 822 m (2,697 ft) 398 m (1,306 ft) cable-stayed Road 29°43′37″N 107°17′36″E / 29.727028°N 107.293472°E / 29.727028; 107.293472 (Lidu Yangtze River Bridge)
Qingcaobei Bridge
青草背长江大桥
  2013 1,146 m (3,760 ft) 460 m (1,510 ft) suspension Fuling Ring Rd.
Changshou Bridge   Changshou District 2009 1,160 m (3,810 ft) 460 m (1,510 ft) cable-stayed 4-lane highway 29°48′59″N 107°03′25″E / 29.816444°N 107.057028°E / 29.816444; 107.057028 (Changshou Yangtze River Bridge)
Changshou Railway Bridge   2005 898.3 m (2,947 ft) 192 m (630 ft) truss Yuhuai Railway
2-track
29°46′22″N 106°59′30″E / 29.772796°N 106.991546°E / 29.772796; 106.991546 (Changshou Yangtze River Railway Bridge)
Yuzui Bridge   Nan'an District 2009 1,440 m (4,720 ft) 616 m (2,021 ft) suspension  
6-lane
29°36′41″N 106°46′21″E / 29.611306°N 106.772556°E / 29.611306; 106.772556 (Yuzui Yangtze River Bridge)
Cuntan Yangtze Bridge

寸滩长江大桥

2017[16] 1,600 m (5,200 ft) 880 m (2,890 ft) suspension Chongqing Second Airport Expressway 29°37′14.2″N106°36′21.8″E
Dafosi Bridge   2001 1,176 m (3,858 ft) 450 m (1,480 ft) cable-stayed  
6-lane
29°36′24″N 106°34′58″E / 29.606667°N 106.582639°E / 29.606667; 106.582639 (Dafosi Bridge)
Chaotianmen Bridge   Yubei District, Nan'an District 2009 4,880 m (16,010 ft) 552 m (1,811 ft) arch 6-lane highway
29°35′20″N 106°34′38″E / 29.588871°N 106.57721°E / 29.588871; 106.57721 (Chaotianmen Bridge)
Dongshuimen Bridge   Yuzhong District, Nan'an District 2014 1,124 m (3,688 ft) 445 m (1,460 ft) cable-stayed 4-lane highway
  Line 6
29°33′39″N 106°35′13″E / 29.5608°N 106.5869°E / 29.5608; 106.5869 (Dongshuimen Bridge)
Twin Shibanpo Bridges   1980 1,103 m (3,619 ft) 330 m (1,080 ft) box girder 8-lane highway 29°32′44″N 106°33′36″E / 29.545556°N 106.559889°E / 29.545556; 106.559889 (Shibanpo Yangtze River Bridge)
Caiyuanba Bridge   2007 1,866 m (6,122 ft) 420 m (1,380 ft) arch 6-lane highway
  Line 3
style="cell-padding:1; font-size:80%"|29°32′36″N 106°32′53″E / 29.543222°N 106.547944°E / 29.543222; 106.547944 (Caiyuanba Bridge)
E'gongyan Bridge   Jiulongpo District, Nan'an District 2000 1,022 m (3,353 ft) 600 m (2,000 ft) suspension 6 lane highway 29°31′24″N 106°31′41″E / 29.52325°N 106.528056°E / 29.52325; 106.528056 (E'gongyan Bridge)
Lijiatuo Bridge   1995 1,288 m (4,226 ft) 444 m (1,457 ft) cable-stayed Highway 29°28′46″N 106°31′42″E / 29.479472°N 106.528444°E / 29.479472; 106.528444 (Lijiatuo Yangtze River Bridge)
Masangxi Bridge   Dadukou District, Ba'nan District 2001 1,104 m (3,622 ft) 360 m (1,180 ft) cable-stayed  
6-lane
29°27′28″N 106°29′39″E / 29.457667°N 106.494194°E / 29.457667; 106.494194 (Masangxi Bridge)
Yudong Bridge   2008 1,541 m (5,056 ft) 260 m (850 ft) beam  
  Line 2
29°24′09″N 106°29′48″E / 29.402556°N 106.496611°E / 29.402556; 106.496611 (Yudong Yangtze River Bridge)
Baishatuo Railway Bridge   Dadukou District, Jiangjin District 1960 825 m (2,707 ft) 80 m (260 ft) truss Chuanqian Railway
[note 6]
29°21′13″N 106°25′31″E / 29.353714°N 106.425267°E / 29.353714; 106.425267 (Baishatuo Yangtze River Railway Bridge)
Diwei Bridge   2004 734 m (2,408 ft) 345 m (1,132 ft) cable-stayed 2-lane road 29°20′41″N 106°24′17″E / 29.344667°N 106.404722°E / 29.344667; 106.404722 (Diwei Bridge)
Guanyinyan Bridge   Jiulongpo District, Jiangjin District 2009 1,199 m (3,934 ft) 436 m (1,430 ft) cable-stayed  
 
6-lane
29°15′48″N 106°19′16″E / 29.263444°N 106.321222°E / 29.263444; 106.321222 (Guanyinyan Bridge)
Dingshan Bridge   2013 897 m (2,943 ft) 464 m (1,522 ft) cable-stayed 6-lane road 29°16′29″N 106°17′14″E / 29.274743°N 106.287242°E / 29.274743; 106.287242 (Dingshan Bridge)
Jijiang Yangtze River Bridge

几江长江大桥

Jiangjin District 2016[17] 1,897 m (6,224 ft) 600 m (2,000 ft)[18] suspension 6-lane road
  Line 5
Jiangjin Bridge
江津长江大桥
  1997 1,360 m (4,460 ft) 240 m (790 ft) beam   29°15′50″N 106°15′09″E / 29.263806°N 106.252528°E / 29.263806; 106.252528 (Jiangjin Bridge)
Chongqing Yongchuan Bridge 重庆永川长江大桥 Jiangjin District,
Yongchuan District
2014[19] 1,685 m (5,528 ft) 608 m (1,995 ft) cable-stayed Chongqing Third Ring Rd. 29°02′30″N 105°53′18″E / 29.041667°N 105.888333°E / 29.041667; 105.888333 (Chongqing Yongchuan Yangtze River Bridge)
Bosideng Bridge   Hejiang County Sichuan 2012 841 m (2,759 ft) 530 m (1,740 ft) arch   28°53′32″N 105°52′47″E / 28.892182°N 105.879717°E / 28.892182; 105.879717 (Bosideng Bridge)
Second Hejiang Bridge   2012 1,695 m (5,561 ft) 420 m (1,380 ft) cable-stayed   28°50′42″N 105°47′57″E / 28.84491°N 105.7992°E / 28.84491; 105.7992 (Hejiang Bridge)
Huangyi Bridge
黄舣长江大桥
  Luzhou 2012 1,223 m (4,012 ft) 520 m (1,710 ft) cable-stayed   28°53′43″N 105°32′53″E / 28.895259°N 105.548094°E / 28.895259; 105.548094 (Huangyi Bridge)
Taian Bridge
泸州泰安长江大桥
  2008 1,573 m (5,161 ft) 270 m (890 ft) cable-stayed Road 28°52′42″N 105°31′34″E / 28.878326°N 105.526116°E / 28.878326; 105.526116 (Taian Bridge)
Qiancao Bridge
茜草长江大桥
  2012 1,189 m (3,901 ft) 248 m (814 ft) extradosed Road 28°53′17″N 105°27′20″E / 28.888139°N 105.455556°E / 28.888139; 105.455556 (Qiancao Bridge)
Luzhou Bridge
泸州长江大桥
  1982 1,252 m (4,108 ft) 170 m (560 ft) beam   28°52′07″N 105°26′27″E / 28.868494°N 105.440806°E / 28.868494; 105.440806 (Luzhou Bridge)
Luzhou Railway Bridge
泸州铁路长江大桥
  2002 602 m (1,975 ft) 144 m (472 ft) beam Longchang-Huangtong R.R.
1-track
28°46′22″N 105°21′17″E / 28.772813°N 105.35476°E / 28.772813; 105.35476 (Luzhou Railway Bridge)
Second Luzhou Bridge
泸州长江二桥
  2003 1,408 m (4,619 ft) 253 m (830 ft) beam  
4-lane
28°45′54″N 105°20′12″E / 28.764941°N 105.336644°E / 28.764941; 105.336644 (Second Luzhou Bridge)
Jiang'an Bridge
江安长江大桥
Jiang'an County 2008 1,093 m (3,586 ft) 252 m (827 ft) beam Road 28°43′46″N 105°04′58″E / 28.729526°N 105.082659°E / 28.729526; 105.082659 (Jiang'an Bridge)
Nanxi Bridge   Yibin 2012 1,295 m (4,249 ft) 820 m (2,690 ft) suspension   28°47′N 104°57′E / 28.78°N 104.95°E / 28.78; 104.95 (Nanxi Yangtze Bridge)
Yibin Yangtze Bridge
宜宾长江大桥 [20]
  2008 928.73 m (3,047.0 ft) 460 m (1,510 ft) cable-stayed 4-lane highway 28°46′04″N 104°39′14″E / 28.76781°N 104.65386°E / 28.76781; 104.65386 (Yibin Yangtze Bridge)
Map all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap 
Download coordinates as: KML · GPX

JinshaEdit

Name Image Location Province Opened Total length Longest Span Type Carries Coordinates
Yibin Rongzhou Bridge
宜宾戎州大桥
  Yibin Sichuan
eastern
2004 505 m (1,657 ft) 260 m (850 ft) arch road 28°46′00″N 104°38′19″E / 28.7667°N 104.6386°E / 28.7667; 104.6386 (Yibin Rongzhou Bridge)
Yibin Xiaonanmen Bridge
宜宾小南门大桥
  1990 387 m (1,270 ft) 260 m (850 ft) arch road 28°45′50″N 104°37′30″E / 28.7639°N 104.625°E / 28.7639; 104.625 (Yibin Xiaonanmen Bridge)
Yibin Jinsha River Railway Bridge 宜宾金沙江铁路大桥 1968 400 m (1,300 ft) 176 m (577 ft) beam Yigong R.R. 28°45′33″N 104°37′02″E / 28.7592°N 104.6172°E / 28.7592; 104.6172 (Yibin Jinsha River Railway Bridge)
Yibin Zhongba Bridge
宜宾中坝大桥
  2003 427 m (1,401 ft) 252 m (827 ft) cable-stayed road 28°45′21″N 104°36′39″E / 28.7558°N 104.6108°E / 28.7558; 104.6108 (Yibin Zhongba Bridge)
Yibin Tianchi Bridge 宜宾天池大桥 2011 653 m (2,142 ft) 220 m (720 ft) rigid frame road 28°42′25″N 104°34′36″E / 28.7069°N 104.5766°E / 28.7069; 104.5766 (Yibin Tianchi Bridge)
Yibin Mamingxi Bridge 马鸣溪大桥 1979 245 m (804 ft) 150 m (490 ft) deck arch   28°42′04″N 104°33′24″E / 28.7011°N 104.5567°E / 28.7011; 104.5567 (Yibin Mamingxi Bridge)
Yishui Expressway Bridge
宜水高速公路金沙江大桥
  2005 1,712 m (5,617 ft) 249 m (817 ft) rigid frame   28°41′20″N 104°31′24″E / 28.6889°N 104.5233°E / 28.6889; 104.5233 (Yishui Expressway Bridge)
Shuifu Bridge 水富大桥 Yibin,
Zhaotong
Sichuan
Yunnan
1958 truss Neikun Railway 28°41′51″N 104°25′16″E / 28.6975°N 104.4211°E / 28.6975; 104.4211 (Shuifu Bridge)
Xiangjiaba Bridge 向家坝金沙江大桥 2007 443 m (1,453 ft) 170 m (560 ft) rigid frame road 28°38′25″N 104°24′34″E / 28.6402°N 104.4094°E / 28.6402; 104.4094 (Xiangjiaba Bridge)
Suijiang Yunchuan Bridge 绥江云川金沙江特大桥 2015[21] 718 m (2,356 ft) 228 m (748 ft) box girder road 28°36′50″N 103°59′25″E / 28.6138°N 103.9903°E / 28.6138; 103.9903 (Suijiang Yunchuan Jinsha River Bridge)
G213 Jinsha River Bridge 213国道金沙江大桥 2001 310 m (1,020 ft) 150 m (490 ft) arch road 28°39′45″N 103°52′12″E / 28.6625°N 103.87°E / 28.6625; 103.87 (G213 Jinsha River Bridge)
Xiluodu Bridge 溪洛渡大桥 Liangshan,
Zhaotong
2005 rigid frame road 28°14′30″N 103°40′31″E / 28.2417°N 103.6753°E / 28.2417; 103.6753 (Xiluodu Bridge)
Tongyang Bridge 通阳大桥 2008 500 m (1,600 ft) 180 m (590 ft) arch   27°31′54″N 103°11′59″E / 27.5317°N 103.1997°E / 27.5317; 103.1997 (Tongyang Bridge)
Hulukou Bridge
葫芦口大桥
  1998 160 m (520 ft) arch 26°57′52″N 102°53′24″E / 26.9644°N 102.89°E / 26.9644; 102.89 (Hulukou Bridge)
Jiaopingdu Bridge 皎平渡大桥 Liangshan,
Kunming
1991 144 m (472 ft) cable-stayed   26°17′34″N 102°22′59″E / 26.2928°N 102.3831°E / 26.2928; 102.3831 (Jiaopingdu Bridge)
Yuzha Bridge
鱼鲊大桥
  Liangshan,
Panzhihua
Sichuan
southern
2014 398 m (1,306 ft) 180 m (590 ft) rigid frame   26°22′06″N 101°55′36″E / 26.3683°N 101.9268°E / 26.3683; 101.9268 (Yuzha Jinsha River Bridge)
G5 Expressway Bridge
西攀高速公路金沙江大桥
  Panzhihua 2008 637 m (2,090 ft) 324 m (1,063 ft) cable-stayed   26°34′22″N 101°51′07″E / 26.5728°N 101.8519°E / 26.5728; 101.8519 (Xipan Expressway Bridge)
Chengkun Railway Bridge
成昆铁路金沙江大桥
  1970 390 m (1,280 ft) 192 m (630 ft) beam Chengkun Railway 26°34′53″N 101°50′11″E / 26.5814°N 101.8364°E / 26.5814; 101.8364 (Chengkun Railway Bridge)
Qinglongshan Expressway Bridge
丽攀高速公路青龙山大桥
  2014 862 m (2,828 ft) 230 m (750 ft) rigid frame   26°36′15″N 101°47′42″E / 26.6042°N 101.795°E / 26.6042; 101.795 (Qinglongshan Expressway Bridge)
Luoguo Bridge
倮果大桥
  1995 208 m (682 ft) 160 m (520 ft) arch   26°36′04″N 101°47′39″E / 26.6011°N 101.7942°E / 26.6011; 101.7942 (Luoguo Bridge)
New Midi Bridge
新密地大桥
  2011
2013
[note 7]
296 m (971 ft) 182 m (597 ft) arch road 26°34′33″N 101°44′59″E / 26.5758°N 101.7497°E / 26.5758; 101.7497 (New Midi Bridge)
Midi Bridge
密地大桥
1969
2014
[note 8]
284 m (932 ft) 181 m (594 ft) arch road 26°34′33″N 101°44′57″E / 26.5759°N 101.7492°E / 26.5759; 101.7492 (Midi Bridge)
Bingcaogang Bridge
炳草岗大桥
2001 516.3 m (1,694 ft) 200 m (660 ft) cable-stayed road 26°34′32″N 101°42′14″E / 26.5756°N 101.7038°E / 26.5756; 101.7038 (Bingcaogang Bridge)
New Dukou Bridge
新渡口大桥
2005 385.88 m (1,266.0 ft) 170 m (560 ft) arch   26°33′25″N 101°41′49″E / 26.557°N 101.697°E / 26.557; 101.697 (New Dukou Bridge)
Hehuachi Bridge
荷花池大桥
1976 252.2 m (827 ft) 110 m (360 ft) arch road 26°34′07″N 101°39′46″E / 26.5686°N 101.6627°E / 26.5686; 101.6627 (Hehuachi Bridge)
Hehuachi Railway Bridge
荷花池铁路桥
1995 rigid frame railway 26°35′08″N 101°39′16″E / 26.5856°N 101.6544°E / 26.5856; 101.6544 (Hehuachi Railway Bridge)
Xinzhuang Bridge
新庄大桥
1972 323.7 m (1,062 ft) 146 m (479 ft) arch   26°35′08″N 101°39′17″E / 26.5855°N 101.6546°E / 26.5855; 101.6546 (Xinzhuang Bridge)
Dashuijing Bridge
丽攀高速公路大水井大桥
  2014 475 m (1,558 ft) 230 m (750 ft) rigid frame   26°35′25″N 101°37′12″E / 26.5903°N 101.62°E / 26.5903; 101.62 (Dashuijing Bridge)
Fala Bridge
法拉大桥
  2005 233.74 m (766.9 ft) 190 m (620 ft) box girder road 26°35′15″N 101°36′01″E / 26.5876°N 101.6002°E / 26.5876; 101.6002 (Fala Bridge)
Baoding Bridge
宝鼎大桥
  1982 392 m (1,286 ft) 170 m (560 ft) box girder road 26°35′48″N 101°34′16″E / 26.5966°N 101.5711°E / 26.5966; 101.5711 (Baoding Bridge)
Zhuangshang Bridge
庄上金沙江特大桥
  2014 370 m (1,210 ft) 180 m (590 ft) rigid frame   26°35′33″N 101°29′53″E / 26.5925°N 101.4981°E / 26.5925; 101.4981 (Zhuangshang Bridge)
Panzhihua Guanyinyan Bridge
观音岩大桥
  2005 114 m (374 ft) arch road 26°31′53″N 101°26′49″E / 26.5314°N 101.4470°E / 26.5314; 101.4470 (Panzhihua Guanyinyan Bridge)
New Jinjiang Bridge
新金江大桥
  Lijiang Yunnan
2012 325 m (1,066 ft) rigid frame   26°11′03″N 100°35′37″E / 26.1842°N 100.5936°E / 26.1842; 100.5936 (New Jinjiang Bridge)
Maguaidan Bridge 麻拐旦大桥 Dali 250 m (820 ft) 170 m (560 ft) suspension road 26°28′59″N 100°25′09″E / 26.4831°N 100.4192°E / 26.4831; 100.4192 (Maguaidan Bridge)
Zhongjiang Bridge 中江大桥 2005 225 m (738 ft) 138 m (453 ft) suspension road 26°29′45″N 100°24′45″E / 26.4958°N 100.4125°E / 26.4958; 100.4125 (Zhongjiang Bridge)
Longkaikou Bridge 龙开口大桥 rigid frame road 26°43′06″N 100°23′29″E / 26.7183°N 100.3914°E / 26.7183; 100.3914 (Longkaikou Bridge)
Jinlong Bridge 金龙桥 Lijiang 1936
[note 9]
116 m (381 ft) 90 m (300 ft) simple suspension foot traffic 26°46′58″N 100°23′09″E / 26.7828°N 100.3858°E / 26.7828; 100.3858 (Jinlong Bridge)
Jin'an Bridge arch bridge 金安桥 1982 186 m (610 ft)[22] 110 m (360 ft)[22] arch   26°47′47″N 100°25′47″E / 26.7964°N 100.4297°E / 26.7964; 100.4297 (Jin'an Bridge)
Ping'an Bridge 平安大桥 arch road 26°47′55″N 100°26′24″E / 26.7986°N 100.44°E / 26.7986; 100.44 (Ping'an Bridge)
New Shudi Bridge 新树底大桥 2003
[22]
179.6 m (589 ft)[22] 120 m (390 ft)[22] rigid frame   27°00′23″N 100°26′16″E / 27.0064°N 100.4378°E / 27.0064; 100.4378 (New Shudi Bridge)
Ahai Bridge 阿海大桥 270 m (890 ft) arch road 27°20′06″N 100°30′24″E / 27.335°N 100.5067°E / 27.335; 100.5067 (Ahai Bridge)
Fengke Bridge 奉科大桥 216 m (709 ft) 150 m (490 ft) rigid frame road 27°36′15″N 100°26′37″E / 27.6042°N 100.4436°E / 27.6042; 100.4436 (Fengke Bridge)
Liyuan Bridge 梨园大桥 Dêqên,
Lijiang
arch road 27°41′13″N 100°17′23″E / 27.6869°N 100.2897°E / 27.6869; 100.2897 (Liyuan Bridge)
Jihong Bridge
继红桥
1971 150 m (490 ft) 75 m (246 ft) arch road 27°07′53″N 100°03′19″E / 27.1314°N 100.0552°E / 27.1314; 100.0552 (Jihong Bridge)
350 m (1,150 ft) 200 m (660 ft) suspension road,very narrow 27°03′04″N 100°04′38″E / 27.0511°N 100.0772°E / 27.0511; 100.0772
Songyuan Bridge 松园大桥 1996 170 m (560 ft) arch   27°00′18″N 100°04′17″E / 27.005°N 100.0714°E / 27.005; 100.0714 (Songyuan Bridge)
suspension road 27°09′10″N 99°49′28″E / 27.1528°N 99.8244°E / 27.1528; 99.8244
Qizong Bridge 其宗大桥 Dêqên 1989 cable-stayed   27°34′34″N 99°31′43″E / 27.576°N 99.5286°E / 27.576; 99.5286 (Qizong Bridge)
New Helong Bridge
新贺龙桥
Garzê,
Dêqên
Sichuan,
Yunnan
arch   28°10′16″N 99°23′22″E / 28.1711°N 99.3894°E / 28.1711; 99.3894 (Xinhe Bridge)
Quzong Bridge 曲宗大桥 arch road 28°21′10″N 99°13′47″E / 28.3528°N 99.2296°E / 28.3528; 99.2296 (Quzong Bridge)
suspension road 28°29′06″N 99°11′14″E / 28.485°N 99.1872°E / 28.485; 99.1872
Yinduba Bridge 因都坝大桥 2009 90 m (300 ft) arch road 28°36′22″N 99°09′59″E / 28.6061°N 99.1664°E / 28.6061; 99.1664 (Yinduba Bridge)
simple suspension footpath 28°44′47″N 99°07′37″E / 28.7464°N 99.1269°E / 28.7464; 99.1269
simple suspension footpath 28°53′23″N 99°07′03″E / 28.8897°N 99.1175°E / 28.8897; 99.1175
suspension road 29°13′44″N 99°06′55″E / 29.2288°N 99.1153°E / 29.2288; 99.1153
Garzê,
Chamdo
Sichuan,
Tibet
suspension road 29°18′14″N 99°03′56″E / 29.3039°N 99.0656°E / 29.3039; 99.0656
suspension road 29°21′01″N 99°03′59″E / 29.3503°N 99.0664°E / 29.3503; 99.0664
suspension footpath 29°29′02″N 99°03′29″E / 29.4839°N 99.0581°E / 29.4839; 99.0581
New Zhubalong Bridge
新竹巴龙金沙江大桥
beam   29°46′11″N 99°00′35″E / 29.7697°N 99.0097°E / 29.7697; 99.0097 (New Zhubalong Bridge)
Old Zhubalong Bridge 老竹巴龙金沙江大桥 1964 beam footpath
[note 10]
29°46′29″N 99°00′39″E / 29.7747°N 99.0108°E / 29.7747; 99.0108 (Old Zhubalong Bridge)
suspension footpath 29°56′10″N 99°03′38″E / 29.9361°N 99.0606°E / 29.9361; 99.0606
suspension footpath 30°05′05″N 99°02′35″E / 30.0847°N 99.0431°E / 30.0847; 99.0431
simple suspension footpath 30°44′39″N 98°57′39″E / 30.7442°N 98.9608°E / 30.7442; 98.9608
simple suspension footpath 31°12′51″N 98°37′25″E / 31.2141°N 98.6235°E / 31.2141; 98.6235
simple suspension footpath 31°19′11″N 98°49′07″E / 31.3198°N 98.8186°E / 31.3198; 98.8186
simple suspension footpath 31°26′08″N 98°50′23″E / 31.4356°N 98.8398°E / 31.4356; 98.8398
New Gangtuo Bridge 新岗托大桥 beam   31°37′26″N 98°35′35″E / 31.6240°N 98.5931°E / 31.6240; 98.5931 (New Gangtuo Bridge)
Gangtuo Bridge 岗托大桥 1974 140 m (460 ft) 70 m (230 ft) arch road 31°37′32″N 98°35′26″E / 31.6256°N 98.5906°E / 31.6256; 98.5906 (Gangtuo Bridge)
suspension footpath 31°41′32″N 98°33′26″E / 31.6921°N 98.5571°E / 31.6921; 98.5571
Dengmanusangba Bridge 邓玛奴桑巴桥 1988 150 m (490 ft) suspension road 32°27′37″N 97°59′47″E / 32.4603°N 97.9963°E / 32.4603; 97.9963 (Dengmanusangba Bridge)
Garzê,
Yushu
Sichuan,
Qinghai
suspension road 32°38′02″N 97°32′24″E / 32.6339°N 97.5399°E / 32.6339; 97.5399
Map all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap 
Download coordinates as: KML · GPX

TongtianEdit

Name Image Location Province Opened Total length Longest Span Type Carries Coordinates
G214 Tongtian River Bridge 214国道通天河大桥 Chindu County,
Yushu County
Qinghai
(Yushu)
2003 beam   33°00′24″N 97°14′52″E / 33.0068°N 97.2479°E / 33.0068; 97.2479 (G214 Tongtian River Bridge)
Qingkang Highway Tongtian River Bridge 青康公路通天河大桥 1963 150 m (490 ft) 50 m (160 ft) arch road 33°00′28″N 97°14′47″E / 33.0077°N 97.2464°E / 33.0077; 97.2464 (Qingkang Highway Tongtian River Bridge)
Zhongda Tongtian River Suspension Bridge 仲达通天河索桥 simple suspension footpath 33°14′59″N 97°00′43″E / 33.2497°N 97.01184°E / 33.2497; 97.01184 (Zhongda Tongtian River Suspension Bridge)
Zhongda Tongtian River Bridge 仲达通天河大桥 2012 beam road 33°15′54″N 97°00′59″E / 33.2649°N 97.0163°E / 33.2649; 97.0163 (Zhongda Tongtian River Bridge)
beam road 33°20′20″N 96°58′41″E / 33.3390°N 96.9780°E / 33.3390; 96.9780
simple suspension road 33°19′45″N 96°52′23″E / 33.3293°N 96.8730°E / 33.3293; 96.8730
suspension road 33°19′14″N 96°49′25″E / 33.3205°N 96.8236°E / 33.3205; 96.8236
suspension road 33°33′14″N 96°37′18″E / 33.5538°N 96.6218°E / 33.5538; 96.6218
suspension footpath 33°35′48″N 96°35′28″E / 33.5968°N 96.591°E / 33.5968; 96.591
Qumarlêb County,
Zhidoi County
suspension road 33°44′18″N 96°14′17″E / 33.7383°N 96.2381°E / 33.7383; 96.2381
Qumarlêb Tongtian River Bridge 曲麻莱通天河大桥 2012
[note 11]
600 m (2,000 ft) 100 m (330 ft) rigid frame bridge   34°02′10″N 95°49′32″E / 34.0361°N 95.8255°E / 34.0361; 95.8255 (Qumarlêb Tongtian River Bridge)

TuotuoEdit

Name Image Location Province Opened Total length Longest Span Type Carries Coordinates
G109 Tuotuo River Bridge 109国道沱沱河大桥 Tanggula Town
(Golmud)
Qinghai
(Haixi)
1958
[note 12]
beam   34°13′09″N 92°26′37″E / 34.2193°N 92.4435°E / 34.2193; 92.4435 (G109 Tuotuo River Bridge)
Qinghai-Tibet Railway Tuotuo River Bridge 青藏铁路长江源特大桥 2006
[note 13]
1,389.6 m (4,559 ft) beam Qinghai–Tibet Railway 34°13′19″N 92°26′09″E / 34.222°N 92.4358°E / 34.222; 92.4358 (Qinghai-Tibet Railway Tuotuo River Bridge)

Bridges and tunnels under constructionEdit

Chang JiangEdit

Name Location Expected opening Total length Longest span Type Carries Coord.
Shanghai-Nantong Bridge
沪通长江大桥
Nantong & Zhangjiagang, Jiangsu 2019 ~7,000 m (23,000 ft) 1,092 m (3,583 ft) cable-stayed  
Hutong Railway
32°00′33″N 120°44′34″E / 32.009167°N 120.742778°E / 32.009167; 120.742778 (Shanghai-Nantong Yangtze River Bridge)
Heyan Road River Tunnel[23] 和燕路过江通道 Nanjing, Jiangsu 2022 7,368 m (24,173 ft) - tunnel road
Yijishan Bridge
弋矶山长江大桥
Wuhu, Anhui 2018 1,232 m (4,042 ft) 588 m (1,929 ft) cable-stayed Shangqiu-Hangzhou HSR
road
31°21′07″N 118°20′47″E / 31.3519°N 118.3464°E / 31.3519; 118.3464 (Yijishan Yangtze River Bridge)
Second Wuhu Bridge
芜湖长江二桥
Wuhu, Anhui 2017 1,622 m (5,322 ft) 806 m (2,644 ft) cable-stayed   31°14′09″N 118°08′14″E / 31.235833°N 118.137222°E / 31.235833; 118.137222 (Second Wuhu Yangtze River Bridge)
Chizhou Bridge
池州长江大桥
Chizhou, Anhui 2019[24] 5,818 m (19,088 ft) 828 m (2,717 ft) cable-stayed  
Yangsigang Bridge
杨泗港长江大桥
Wuhan, Hubei 2019 4,318 m (14,167 ft) 1,700 m (5,600 ft) suspension Road[25] 30°30′24″N 114°15′24″E / 30.5067°N 114.2568°E / 30.5067; 114.2568 (Yangsigang Yangtze River Bridge)
Sanyang Road Yangtze River Tunnel

三阳路长江隧道

Wuhan, Hubei 2018 2,590 m (8,500 ft) - tunnel 6-lane road
  Line 7
Dunkou Bridge
沌口长江大桥
Wuhan, Hubei 2017 3,287 m (10,784 ft) 760 m (2,490 ft) cable-stayed Wuhan 4th Ring Rd.[25] 30°26′11″N 114°11′40″E / 30.436389°N 114.194444°E / 30.436389; 114.194444 (Dunkou Yangtze River Bridge)
Gongan Bridge
公安长江大桥
Jingzhou, Hubei 2018 2,015.9 m (6,614 ft) 518 m (1,699 ft) cable-stayed Shashi-Gongan Hwy
Jingzhou-Yueyang Railroad
30°04′06″N 112°19′59″E / 30.068333°N 112.333056°E / 30.068333; 112.333056 (Gongan Yangtze River Bridge),
Fuma Bridge
驸马长江大桥
Wanzhou, Chongqing 2017[26] 2,003 m (6,572 ft) 1,050 m (3,440 ft) suspension  
Third Wanzhou Bridge
万州长江三桥
Wanzhou, Chongqing 2018 2,120 m (6,960 ft) 730 m (2,400 ft) cable-stayed road 30°47′14″N 108°24′11″E / 30.787222°N 108.403056°E / 30.787222; 108.403056 (Dunkou Yangtze River Bridge)
Guojiatuo Bridge

郭家沱長江大橋

Jiangbei & Banan, Chongqing 2021 1,363 m (4,472 ft) 720 m (2,360 ft) suspension 8-lane Expressway
  Line 8
Nanjimen Bridge

南纪门长江大桥

Nan'an District, Chongqing 2020 1,224 m (4,016 ft) 480 m (1,570 ft) cable-stayed
Egongyan Rail Transit Bridge

鵝公岩軌道專用長江大橋

Jiulongpo District, Chongqing 2019 1,650 m (5,410 ft) 600 m (2,000 ft) suspension
Baijusi Bridge

白居寺长江大桥

Dadukou & Banan, Chongqing 2019 1,384 m (4,541 ft) 660 m (2,170 ft) cable-stayed 8-lane Expressway
  Line 5
New Baishatuo Bridge
新白沙沱长江大桥
Dadukou & Jiangjin, Chongqing 2017[27] 920 m (3,020 ft) 432 m (1,417 ft) cable-stayed Chongqing–Guizhou HSR 29°21′05″N 106°25′46″E / 29.351389°N 106.429444°E / 29.351389; 106.429444 (New Baishatuo Yangtze River Bridge)
Hejiang Yangtze River Bridge
合江长江大桥
Hejiang, Sichuan 2020[28] 1,560 m (5,120 ft) 507 m (1,663 ft) arch road

Upstream sectionsEdit

Name Location Expected opening Total length Main span Type Carries Coord.
Yibin Jinsha River Road Rail Bridge
宜宾金沙江公铁大桥
Yibin, Sichuan 2017 1,874.9 m (6,151 ft) 336 m (1,102 ft) arch road
Chengdu-Guiyang HSR
28°43′43″N 104°35′06″E / 28.7287°N 104.5851°E / 28.7287; 104.5851 (Yibin Jinsha River Road Rail Bridge)
Puhe Bridge
普和大桥
Yibin, Sichuan 2016 268 m (879 ft) 180 m (590 ft) rigid frame road 28°41′45″N 104°32′55″E / 28.6957°N 104.5487°E / 28.6957; 104.5487 (Puhe Jinsha River Bridge)
 
New Hulukou Bridge
新葫芦口大桥
Liangshan, Sichuan
Zhaotong, Yunnan
2016[29] 959 m (3,146 ft) 656 m (2,152 ft) suspension road 26°58′17″N 102°53′30″E / 26.9714°N 102.8918°E / 26.9714; 102.8918 (New Hulukou Jinsha River Bridge)
Jindong Bridge
金东大桥
Liangshan, Sichuan
Kunming, Yunnan
2016[30] 941 m (3,087 ft) 730 m (2,400 ft) suspension road 26°30′36″N 103°02′26″E / 26.5099°N 103.0406°E / 26.5099; 103.0406 (Jindong Jinsha River Bridge)
Wudongde Bridge
乌东德大桥
Liangshan, Sichuan
Kunming, Yunnan
? ~400 m (1,300 ft) 90 m (300 ft) rigid frame road 26°21′07″N 102°35′50″E / 26.352°N 102.5971°E / 26.352; 102.5971 (Wudongde Jinsha River Bridge)
Hemenkou Bridge
河门口大桥
Liangshan, Sichuan
Kunming, Yunnan
2017 522 m (1,713 ft) 240 m (790 ft) rigid frame road 26°18′27″N 102°38′04″E / 26.3074°N 102.6344°E / 26.3074; 102.6344 (Hemenkou Jinsha River Bridge)
 
Second Chengkun Railway Bridge
成昆二线金沙江大桥
Panzhihua, Sichuan 2020 cable-stayed Second Chengkun Railway 26°36′13″N 101°48′50″E / 26.6037°N 101.8139°E / 26.6037; 101.8139 (Second Chengdu-Kunming Railway Jinsha River Bridge)
Jin'an Bridge Lijiang, Yunnan 2021 1,681 m (5,515 ft) 1,386 m (4,547 ft) suspension   26°49′N 100°26′E / 26.82°N 100.44°E / 26.82; 100.44 (Jin'an Bridge)
G214 New Tongtian River Bridge
214国道新通天河大桥
Yushu, Qinghai ? ~800 m (2,600 ft) rigid frame road 33°00′20″N 97°14′56″E / 33.0055°N 97.249°E / 33.0055; 97.249 (G214 New Tongtian River Bridge)

Planned bridgesEdit

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

Map all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap 
Download coordinates as: KML · GPX
  1. ^ a b c Shanghai Yangtze River Tunnel, connecting Pudong on the south bank of the river and Changxing Island, the Shanghai Yangtze River Bridge between Changxing and Chongming Island, and the Chongming–Qidong Yangtze River Bridge linking Chongming with Qidong on the north bank of the river, collectively form one crossing near the river's mouth.
  2. ^ The Taizhou Bridge complex crosses two branch streams of the Yangtze and the Yangzhong island in the middle of the river. The bridge over the left stream is a suspension bridge with three towers and two spans. The bridge over the right stream is a pair of box-girder bridges configured as 85+125x3+85 = 545 m (1,788 ft) and 85+125x2+85=420 m (1,380 ft)
  3. ^ Runyang Bridge complex crosses the Yangtze via Shiye Island and consists of two main bridges. The Runyang North Bridge is a suspension bridge over the north branch stream between the island and Yangzhou. The Runyang South Bridge is a cable-stayed bridge over the south branch stream between the island and Zhenjiang.
  4. ^ The Ma'anshan Bridge complex crosses two branch streams of the Yangtze and the Xiaohuangzhou island in the middle of the river. The bridge over the left stream is a suspension bridge with three towers and two spans. The bridge over the right stream is a cable-stayed bridge with three towers and two spans.
  5. ^ The Miaozui Yangtze River Bridge, which spans across the right and left streams of the river and an island in the river, is composed of several bridge sections including a longer suspension bridge with a main span of 838 m (2,749 ft) and a shorter cable-stayed bridge with a main span of 210 m (690 ft).
  6. ^ The second track on the Baishatuo Yangtze River Railway Bridge was added in 1978.
  7. ^ The upstream span of the New Midi Bridge opened in 2011 and the downstream span opened in 2013
  8. ^ The Midi Bridge closed in 2014.
  9. ^ The Jinlong Bridge was first built in 1880. It was destroyed in a flood in 1935 and rebuilt in 1936.
  10. ^ The Old Zhubalong Bridge has been closed to vehicular traffic.
  11. ^ The Qumarlêb Tongtian River Bridge, a rigid frame bridge that built in 2012, replaced a beam bridge built in 1989.
  12. ^ The G109 Tuotuo River Bridge, first built in 1958, was rebuilt in 1987 and 2002.
  13. ^ The Qinghai-Tibet Railway Tuotuo River Bridge was completed in 2002 and opened to rail traffic in 2006.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ (in Chinese) 大理蒋公祠 Archived 2015-01-07 at the Wayback Machine 2014-03-12
  2. ^ a b c (in Chinese) 长江上的大桥 Xinhua 2009-07-22
  3. ^ a b c d e f g (in Chinese) "浮桥" 《古代经济专题史话》
  4. ^ a b c (in Chinese) 古代的索桥浮桥 《重庆晚报评论》 2013-02-18
  5. ^ (in Chinese) 石鼓铁虹桥 Archived 2016-03-03 at the Wayback Machine 2014-12-11
  6. ^ a b c (in Chinese) 冯智, 吐蕃南诏神州铁桥, 西藏研究 Archived 2016-03-04 at the Wayback Machine 1992-06-14
  7. ^ (in Chinese) 茶马古道:征服世界屋脊的文化之脉 2014-12-01
  8. ^ a b c (in Chinese) 杨陆, 丽江境跨江桥梁的三项"之最" 2011-02-12
  9. ^ (in Chinese) 金沙江铁索桥古迹已被江水淹没(图) 2007-09-06
  10. ^ Changjiang Weekly 2018.01.05 pp.6. Zhuankou Yangtze River Bridge Opens to traffic "The Zhuankou River Bridge, now the ninth bridge across the Yangtze in Wuhan, opened to traffic..."
  11. ^ (in Chinese) 华坪至丽江高速公路建设动员进场 Archived 2014-02-18 at the Wayback Machine 2013-10-30
  12. ^ a b c (in Chinese) 江西九江长江大桥裂缝事件追踪:超限纠错缘何迟来4年 2013-02-16
  13. ^ Key Yangtze River bridge closed for repair
  14. ^ (in Chinese) 桥墩现裂缝 泸州长江大桥禁行 Archived March 4, 2016, at the Wayback Machine 2012-11-21
  15. ^ "Shibanpo Bridge Breaks World Record for Longest Box Girder Bridge Span" American Segmental Bridge Institute Accessed 2015-02-02
  16. ^ "寸滩大桥上演最炫"中国风"". news.sina.com.cn. Retrieved 2017-12-30.
  17. ^ (in Chinese) 重庆江津几江长江大桥北岸主塔封顶(图) 2014-11-27
  18. ^ 第003版. "重庆几江长江大桥通车". paper.people.com.cn. Archived from the original on 2017-12-31. Retrieved 2017-12-30.
  19. ^ (in Chinese) 永川至江津高速通车 半小时跑全程(图) 2014-12-26
  20. ^ YIBIN YANGTZE River Bridge
  21. ^ (in Chinese) 绥江云川金沙江特大桥 完成投资1.3亿元 昭通日报 2015-01-05
  22. ^ a b c d e (in Chinese) 杨陆, "丽江境跨江桥梁的三项'之最'" 云南法制报 2011-02-12
  23. ^ (in Chinese) 南京纬三路过江隧道年底通车 新华日报 2015-01-16
  24. ^ (in Chinese) 池州长江大桥昨天动工 设计速度100公里/小时 2014-12-31
  25. ^ a b (in Chinese) 武汉昨开建两座长江大桥 2019年建成缓解过江压力 Archived 2014-12-13 at the Wayback Machine 2014-12-04
  26. ^ (in Chinese) 万利高速公路驸马长江特大桥开工建设 Archived 2015-01-02 at the Wayback Machine 2013-06-21
  27. ^ (in Chinese) 渝黔铁路预计2017年底建成 重庆7小时到香港 2015-01-05
  28. ^ (in Chinese) 合江长江大桥工程可行性研究报告喜获省发改委批复 Archived December 30, 2014, at the Wayback Machine 2014-12-05
  29. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-02-07. Retrieved 2016-01-30.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  30. ^ http://www.highestbridges.com/wiki/index.php?title=Jinshajiang_Bridge_Jindong
  31. ^ (in Chinese) 湖北将建武穴长江公路大桥对接瑞昌 项目已通过专家评估 2014-10-11

External linksEdit