Hau Pei-tsun (Chinese: 郝柏村; pinyin: Hǎo Bǎicūn, courtesy name 伯春 Bóchūn; born 8 August 1919) is a retired politician who was the Premier of the Republic of China (ROC) from 1 June 1990 to 27 February 1993, and the longest-serving Chief of the General Staff of the Republic of China Armed Forces from 1 December 1981 to 4 December 1989. On 6 July 2017, Hau attended an academic meeting in Nanjing about the history of the Second Sino-Japanese War, making him the first former ROC premier to visit Mainland China since the end of the Chinese Civil War in 1949. He turned 100 in August 2019.
Hau Pei-tsun when serving as chief of the general staff
|13th Premier of the Republic of China|
1 June 1990 – 27 February 1993
|Preceded by||Lee Huan|
|Succeeded by||Lien Chan|
|Born||8 August 1919|
Yancheng, Jiangsu, Republic of China
|Nationality||Republic of China|
(m. 1950; died 2018)
|Allegiance||Republic of China|
|Branch/service||Republic of China Army|
|Years of service||1938–1989|
|Battles/wars||Second Sino-Japanese War|
World War II
Chinese Civil War
Second Taiwan Strait Crisis
Born to a well-to-do family in Yancheng, Jiangsu, on 8 August 1919, Hau received a military education from the Republic of China Military Academy, National Defense University, U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, and the War College, Armed Forces University. Hau was appointed an artillery officer in 1938, and served in the Chinese expeditionary forces in India during World War II. In the subsequent Chinese Civil War he was a staff officer.
As commander of the 9th Infantry Division from 1958 to 1961, Hau presided over the 44-day bombardment of Quemoy by the People's Liberation Army. He commanded the 3rd Corps from 1963 to 1965, served as Chief Aide to Chiang Kai-shek from 1965 to 1970. He continued his army career as Commander of the 1st Field Army from 1970 to 1973, Deputy Commander-in-Chief of the ROC Army from 1975 to 1977, Executive Vice Chief of the General Staff in the Ministry of National Defense from 1977 to 1978, Commander-in-Chief of the ROC Army 1978 to 1981, and Chief of the General Staff in the Ministry of National Defense from 1981 to 1989.
He was a member of the Central Standing Committee of the Kuomintang from 1984 to 1993 and served as Minister of National Defense from 1989 until 1990 when he was appointed Premier. He was appointed by President Lee Teng-hui in part to mollify the conservative mainlander faction within the KMT that had threatened to run a rival presidential ticket in the March 1990 election. Hau's appointment sparked protests by those who believed it marked retrogression toward military rule, while President Lee defended his decision by saying he valued Hau's tough stance on crime. As premier he held high approval ratings (even higher than Lee's)—he was tough on crime and promoted a multibillion-dollar economic development plan to industrialize Taiwan. Hau submitted his resignation in January 1993 after the KMT's poor showing in the 1992 Legislative Yuan election.
Appointed as one of four vice-chairmen of the KMT in the 14th Party Congress (immediately following the defection of the New Kuomintang Alliance) in another effort by Lee to pacify the mainlander faction, Hau served from 1993 to 1995.
He was expelled from the Kuomintang for his support of New Party candidates in the 1995 legislative elections, and was named Lin Yang-kang's running mate in the 1996 presidential election. Hau rejoined the KMT in 2005.
|1996 Republic of China Presidential Election Result|
|President Candidate||Vice President Candidate||Party||Votes||%|
|Lee Teng-hui||Lien Chan||Kuomintang||5,813,699||54.0|
|Peng Ming-min||Frank Hsieh||Democratic Progressive Party||2,274,586||21.1|
|Lin Yang-kang||Hau Pei-tsun||Independent||1,603,790||14.9|
|Chen Li-an||Wang Ching-feng||Independent||1,074,044||9.9|
He married Kuo Wan-hua and has two sons and three daughters. One of his sons is politician Hau Lung-pin, the former chairman of the New Party, and former Mayor of Taipei. Kuo Wan-hua died on 12 September 2018, aged 96.
- Profile of Hau Pei-tsun
- Miao, Tzung-han; Chang, S.C. (6 July 2017). "Ex-premier's presence in China alarms Taiwan's current government". Focus Taiwan. Retrieved 7 July 2017.
- "郝柏村百歲回憶錄 出將入相的傳奇人生". gvm.com.tw. 2019-08-08. Retrieved 2019-08-08.
- Sheng, Virginia (30 August 1996). "Lee restates ruling party's unification, diplomacy goals". Taiwan Today. Archived from the original on 7 August 2016. Retrieved 13 May 2016 – via Taiwan Info.
- Hong, Caroline (7 February 2005). "Lien beckons stray sheep to return to the KMT fold". Taipei Times. Retrieved 13 May 2016.
- "18 ex-KMT heavyweights rejoin opposition party". China Post. 7 February 2005. Retrieved 13 May 2016.
- 国民党大佬郝柏村夫人病逝 子郝龙斌望低调办后事 (in Chinese)
- Denny Roy, Taiwan: A Political History (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2003)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hau Pei-tsun.|
Quotations related to Hau Pei-tsun at Wikiquote
| Chief of the General Staff
| Minister of National Defense