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List of premiers of the Republic of China

This is a list of the Premiers of the Republic of China since 1912. The Republic of China before 1949 controlled mainland China as well as offshore islands. The Republic of China since 1949 has only controlled Taiwan and nearby islands. This current Republic of China is usually known as Taiwan. In the country's history, official title of the head of government has changed by time.

Year Chinese Mandarin
Pinyin
Taiwanese
Pe̍h-ōe-jī
Hakka
Pha̍k-fa-sṳ
1912–1914, 1916–1928 國務總理 Guówù Zŏnglĭ Kok-bū Chóng-lí Koet-vu Chúng-lî
1914–1916 政事堂國務卿 Zhèngshìtáng Guówùqīng Chèng-sū-tông Kok-bū-khing Chṳn-sṳ-thòng Koet-vu-khîn
1928–present 行政院院長 Xíngzhèng Yuàn Yuànzhǎng Hêng-chèng Īⁿ Īⁿ-tiúⁿ Hàng-chṳn Yen Yen-tshòng

Premiers also known as Presidents of Executive Yuan are appointed by Presidents in the Republic of China, but some premiers were even more powerful than the presidents, during the early age of the Republic of China. Some presidents were even expelled by the premiers they appointed. The title of premier in China had been changed several times, so this list is divided into several sections.

  • Multiple terms in office, consecutive or otherwise, are listed and counted in the first column (term number) and the second column counts individuals.

Contents

ListEdit

  Nonpartisan   Beiyang clique, etc.   Progressive   Communications   Kuomintang (Nationalist)   Democratic Progressive

Premiers of Cabinet of the Republic of China (1912–1914)Edit

  • Period: 13 March 1912 – 1 May 1914

According to the Provisional Constitution of Republic of China, which passed in 1912, the leader of the majority party or the majority coalition should be appointed premier by the president.

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Duration Political party President Legislature
(elected)
1   Tang Shaoyi
唐紹儀
13 March 1912 27 June 1912 106 days Nonpartisan  
Yuan Shikai
(Beiyang clique)
Provisional
(1912)
2   Lou Tseng-tsiang
(Pierre-Célestin Lou)

陸徵祥
29 June 1912 22 September 1912 85 days Nonpartisan
3   Zhao Bingjun
趙秉鈞
25 September 1912 16 July 1913 294 days Nonpartisan
1st (1912)
  Duan Qirui
段祺瑞
acting
19 July 1913 31 July 1913 12 days Beiyang clique
4   Xiong Xiling
熊希齡
31 July 1913 12 February 1914 196 days Nonpartisan
  Sun Baoqi
孫寶琦
acting
12 February 1914 1 May 1914 78 days Nonpartisan

Secretaries of State of the Republic of China (1914–1916)Edit

  • Period: 1 May 1914 – 22 December 1915; 22 March 1916 – 8 May 1916
No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Duration Political party President Legislature
(elected)
5   Xu Shichang
徐世昌
1 May 1914 21 December 1915 1 year, 234 days Beiyang clique  
Yuan Shikai
(Beiyang clique)
1st (1912)
Lou Tseng-tsiang as Secretary of State of the Empire of China 22 December 1915 – 22 March 1916
6   Xu Shichang
徐世昌
22 March 1916 22 April 1916 31 days Beiyang clique
7   Duan Qirui
段祺瑞
22 April 1916 8 May 1916 16 days Beiyang clique
 
Li Yuanhong
(Progressive Party)

Premiers of State Council of the Republic of China (1916–1928)Edit

  • Period: 29 June 1916 – 3 June 1928
No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Duration Political party President Legislature
(elected)
8   Duan Qirui
段祺瑞
8 May 1916 29 June 1916 52 days Beiyang clique  
Li Yuanhong
(Progressive Party)
1st (1912)
29 June 1916 23 May 1917
  Wu Tingfang
伍廷芳
acting
23 May 1917 12 June 1917 20 days Nonpartisan
  Jiang Chaozong
江朝宗
acting
12 June 1917 24 June 1917 12 days Beiyang clique
9   Li Jingxi
李經羲
25 June 1917 2 July 1917 7 days Nonpartisan
Zhang Xun as Prime Minister of the Restored Qing Imperial Government 1 July 1917 – 12 July 1917
10   Duan Qirui
段祺瑞
14 July 1917 22 November 1917 131 days Anhui clique  
Feng Guozhang
(Zhili clique)
(acting)
  Wang Daxie
汪大燮
acting
22 November 1917 30 November 1917 8 days Nonpartisan
11   Wang Shizhen
王士珍
30 November 1917 23 March 1918 113 days Zhili clique
12   Duan Qirui
段祺瑞
23 March 1918 10 October 1918 201 days Anhui clique 2nd (1918)
  Qian Nengxun
錢能訓
10 October 1918 20 December 1918 71 days Nonpartisan  
Xu Shichang
(Anhui clique)
13 20 December 1918 13 June 1919 175 days
  Gong Xinzhan
龔心湛
acting
13 June 1919 24 September 1919 103 days Nonpartisan
  Jin Yunpeng
靳雲鵬
24 September 1919 5 November 1919 42 days Anhui clique
14 5 November 1919 14 May 1920 191 days
  Sa Zhenbing
薩鎮冰
acting
2 July 1920 9 August 1920 38 days Nonpartisan
15   Jin Yunpeng
靳雲鵬
9 August 1920 14 May 1921 1 year, 131 days Anhui clique
14 May 1921 18 December 1921
  Yan Huiqing
(W.W. Yan)

顏惠慶
acting
18 December 1921 24 December 1921 6 days Nonpartisan
16   Liang Shiyi
梁士詒
24 December 1921 8 April 1922 105 days Communications Clique
  Zhou Ziqi
周自齊
acting
8 April 1922 11 June 1922 65 days Communications Clique
17   Yan Huiqing
(W.W. Yan)

顏惠慶
12 June 1922 5 August 1922 54 days Nonpartisan  
Li Yuanhong
(Research Clique)
18   Tang Shaoyi
唐紹儀
5 August 1922 19 September 1922 45 days Nonpartisan
19   Wang Chonghui
王寵惠
19 September 1922 29 November 1922 71 days Nonpartisan
20   Wang Daxie
汪大燮
29 November 1922 11 December 1922 12 days Nonpartisan
  Wang Zhengting
王正廷
acting
11 December 1922 4 January 1923 24 days Nonpartisan
21   Zhang Shaozeng
張紹曾
4 January 1923 13 June 1923 160 days Nonpartisan
  Gao Lingwei
高凌霨
acting
14 June 1923 12 October 1923 212 days Zhili clique
12 October 1923 12 January 1924  
Cao Kun
(Zhili clique)
1st (1912)
22   Sun Baoqi
孫寶琦
12 January 1924 2 July 1924 172 days Nonpartisan
  V. S. Wellington Koo
顧維鈞
acting
2 July 1924 14 September 1924 74 days Nonpartisan
23   Yan Huiqing
(W.W. Yan)

顏惠慶
14 September 1924 31 October 1924 47 days Nonpartisan
  Huang Fu
黃郛
acting
31 October 1924 24 November 1924 24 days Nonpartisan
Premiership was abolished 25 November 1924 to 26 December 1925.  
Duan Qirui
(Anhui clique)
24   Xu Shiying
許世英
26 December 1925 4 March 1926 68 days Anhui clique Abolished
25   Jia Deyao
賈德耀
4 March 1926 20 April 1926 47 days Anhui clique
  Hu Weide
胡惟德
acting
20 April 1926 13 May 1926 23 days Zhili clique Premier as
acting President
  Yan Huiqing
(W.W. Yan)

顏惠慶
acting
13 May 1926 22 June 1926 40 days Nonpartisan
  Du Xigui
杜錫珪
acting
22 June 1926 1 October 1926 101 days Zhili clique
  V. S. Wellington Koo
顧維鈞
1 October 1926 11 January 1927 102 days Nonpartisan
26 11 January 1927 16 June 1927 156 days
27   Pan Fu
潘復
20 June 1927 3 June 1928 349 days Nonpartisan  
Zhang Zuolin
(Fengtian clique)

Presidents of Executive Yuan of the National Government of the Republic of China (1928–1948)Edit

Period: 8 October 1928 – 31 May 1948

When Chiang Kai-shek established the Nanking Nationalist government in 1928, he created a presidency for the Executive Yuan instead of a premiership, in order to show the difference between his government and the previous one in Peking (then renamed Beiping). This government moved to Chongqing during the Sino-Japanese War (1937–1945) and during the Chinese Civil War relocated to Taipei where it exists today.

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Duration Political party Chairman
1   Tan Yankai
譚延闓
8 October 1928 22 September 1930 1 year, 349 days Kuomintang  
Tan Yankai
(Co-serving)
 
Chiang Kai-shek
(Kuomintang)
  Soong Tse-ven
(T.V. Soong)

宋子文
acting
25 September 1930 18 November 1930 54 days Kuomintang
2   Chiang Kai-shek
蔣中正
18 November 1930 15 December 1931 1 year, 27 days Kuomintang
  Chen Mingshu
陳銘樞
acting
15 December 1931 28 December 1931 13 days Kuomintang  
Lin Sen
(Kuomintang)
3   Sun Fo
孫科
28 December 1931 28 January 1932 31 days Kuomintang
4   Wang Jingwei
汪兆銘
28 January 1932 1 December 1935 3 years, 307 days Kuomintang
(2)   Chiang Kai-shek
蔣中正
7 December 1935 1 January 1938 2 years, 25 days Kuomintang
5   Kung Hsiang-hsi
(H.H. Kung)

孔祥熙
1 January 1938 25 November 1939 1 year, 328 days Kuomintang
(2)   Chiang Kai-shek
蔣中正
11 December 1939 31 May 1945 5 years, 171 days Kuomintang
 
Chiang Kai-shek
(Kuomintang)
6   Soong Tse-ven
(T.V. Soong)

宋子文
31 May 1945 1 March 1947 1 year, 274 days Kuomintang
  Chiang Kai-shek
蔣中正
acting
1 March 1947 23 April 1947 48 days Kuomintang
7   Chang Ch'ün
張群
23 April 1947 31 May 1948 2 years, 0 days Kuomintang

Presidents of Executive Yuan of the Republic of China (1948–present)Edit

  • Period: 24 May 1948 – present
No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Duration Political party President Legislature
(elected)
1   Weng Wenhao
翁文灝
Wēng Wénhào
(1889–1971)
24 May 1948 26 November 1948 186 days Kuomintang  
Chiang Kai-shek
(KMT)
1st (1948)
2   Sun Fo
孫科
Sūn Kē
(1891–1973)
26 November 1948 12 March 1949 106 days Kuomintang
3   He Yingqin
何應欽
Hé Yìngqīn
(1890–1987)
12 March 1949 3 June 1949 83 days Kuomintang

Li Zongren
(KMT)
4   Yan Xishan
閻錫山
Yán Xíshān
(1883–1960)
3 June 1949 7 March 1950 277 days Kuomintang
 
Chiang Kai-shek
(KMT)
5   Chen Cheng
陳誠
Chén Chéng
(1897–1965)
7 March 1950 7 June 1954 4 years, 92 days Kuomintang
6   Yu Hung-Chun
俞鴻鈞
Yú Hóngjūn
(1897–1960)
7 June 1954 30 June 1958 4 years, 23 days Kuomintang
(5)   Chen Cheng
陳誠
Chén Chéng
(1897–1965)
30 June 1958 1 July 1963 5 years, 1 day Kuomintang
7   Yen Chia-kan
(C. K. Yen)

嚴家淦
Yán Jiāgàn
(1905–1993)
15 December 1963 29 May 1972 8 years, 166 days Kuomintang
8   Chiang Ching-kuo
蔣經國
Jiǎng Jīngguó
(1910–1988)
29 May 1972 19 May 1978 5 years, 355 days Kuomintang
 
Yen Chia-kan
(KMT)
  Hsu Ching-chung
徐慶鐘
Xú Qìngzhōng
(1907–1996)

(acting)
19 May 1978 1 June 1978 13 days Kuomintang
 
Chiang Ching-kuo
(KMT)
9 Sun Yun-suan
孫運璿
Sūn Yùnxuán
(1913–2006)
1 June 1978 20 May 1984 5 years, 354 days Kuomintang
10   Yu Kuo-hwa
俞國華
Yú Guóhuá
(1914–2000)
20 May 1984 21 May 1989 5 years, 1 day Kuomintang
 
Lee Teng-hui
(KMT)
11   Lee Huan
李煥
Lǐ Huàn
(1917–2010)
21 May 1989 1 June 1990 1 year, 11 days Kuomintang
12   Hau Pei-tsun
郝柏村
Hǎo Bócūn
(1919–)
1 June 1990 10 February 1993 2 years, 254 days Kuomintang
2nd (1992)
13   Lien Chan
連戰
Lián Zhàn
(1936–)
10 February 1993 1 September 1997 4 years, 203 days Kuomintang
3rd (1995)
14   Siew Wan-chang
(Vincent Siew)

蕭萬長
Xiāo Wàncháng
(1939–)
1 September 1997 20 May 2000 2 years, 243 days Kuomintang
4th (1998)
15   Tang Fei
唐飛
Táng Fēi
(1932–)
20 May 2000 6 October 2000 139 days Kuomintang  
Chen Shui-bian
(DPP)
16   Chang Chun-hsiung
張俊雄
Zhāng Jùnxióng
(1939–)
6 October 2000 1 February 2002 1 year, 118 days Democratic Progressive
5th (2001)
17   Yu Shyi-kun
游錫堃
Yóu Xíkūn
(1948–)
1 February 2002 1 February 2005 3 years, 0 days Democratic Progressive
6th (2004)
18   Hsieh Chang-ting
(Frank Hsieh)

謝長廷
Xiè Chángtíng
(1946–)
1 February 2005 25 January 2006 358 days Democratic Progressive
19   Su Tseng-chang
蘇貞昌
Sū Zhēnchāng
(1947–)
25 January 2006 21 May 2007 1 year, 116 days Democratic Progressive
(16)   Chang Chun-hsiung
張俊雄
Zhāng Jùnxióng
(1939–)
21 May 2007 20 May 2008 365 days Democratic Progressive
7th (2008)
20   Liu Chao-shiuan
劉兆玄
Liú Zhàoxuán
(1943–)
20 May 2008 10 September 2009 1 year, 113 days Kuomintang  
Ma Ying-jeou
(KMT)
21   Wu Den-yih
吳敦義
Wú Dūnyì
(1948–)
10 September 2009 6 February 2012 2 years, 149 days Kuomintang
22   Chen Chun
(Sean Chen)

陳冲
Chén Chōng
(1949–)
6 February 2012 18 February 2013 1 year, 12 days Kuomintang 8th (2012)
23   Jiang Yi-huah
江宜樺
Jiāng Yīhuá
(1960–)
18 February 2013 8 December 2014 1 year, 293 days Kuomintang
24   Mao Chi-kuo
毛治國
Máo Zhìguó
(1948–)
8 December 2014 1 February 2016 1 year, 55 days Kuomintang
25   Chang San-cheng
(Simon Chang)

張善政
Zhāng Shànzhèng
(1954–)
1 February 2016 20 May 2016 109 days Nonpartisan 9th (2016)
26   Lin Chuan
林全
Lín Quán
(1951–)
20 May 2016 8 September 2017 1 year, 111 days Nonpartisan  
Tsai Ing-wen
(DPP)
27   Lai Ching-te
(William Lai)

賴清德
Lài Qīngdé
(1959–)
8 September 2017 14 January 2019 1 year, 128 days Democratic Progressive
(19)   Su Tseng-chang
蘇貞昌
Sū Zhēnchāng
(1947–)
14 January 2019 Incumbent 188 days Democratic Progressive

TimelineEdit

William LaiLin ChuanChang San-chengMao Chi-kuoJiang Yi-huahSean Chen (politician)Wu Den-yihLiu Chao-shiuanSu Tseng-changFrank HsiehYu Shyi-kunChang Chun-hsiungTang FeiVincent SiewLien ChanHau Pei-tsunLee HuanYu Kuo-hwaSun Yun-suanHsu Ching-chungChiang Ching-kuoYen Chia-kanWang Yun-wuYu Hung-ChunChen ChengYan XishanHe YingqinSun FoWeng Wenhao 

NotesEdit

See alsoEdit