Ministry of National Defense (Republic of China)

The Ministry of National Defense of the Republic of China (MND; Chinese: 中華民國國防部; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Mínguó Guófángbù) is a cabinet-level agency under the Executive Yuan responsible for all defense and military affairs of Taiwan. The MND is headed by Minister Chiu Kuo-cheng.

Ministry of National Defense
Zhōnghuá Mínguó Guófángbù (Mandarin)
ROC Ministry of National Defense Flag.svg
Flag of the Ministry of National Defense
ROC Ministry of National Defense Seal.svg
Emblem of the Ministry of National Defense
Agency overview
Formed1912 (as Ministry of War)
1946 (as MND)
HeadquartersZhongshan, Taipei
Ministers responsible
Parent agencyExecutive Yuan


ROC Ministry of National Defense former headquarters

The MND was originally established as Ministry of War in 1912 at the creation of the Republic of China. It established a military occupation operation center in Taipei, Formosa in November 1945, following the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers Douglas MacArthur's September 2, 1945 General Order No. 1, for the surrender of Japanese troops and auxiliary forces in Formosa and the Pescadores to Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek. It was changed to the Ministry of National Defense in 1946. Military operation activities in Formosa and the Pescadores were expanded after Japan renounced its title, right, and claim to Formosa and the Pescadores based on the April 28, 1952 Treaty of Peace with Japan. The Law of National Defense and the Organic Law of the ministry were officially promulgated for implementation on 1 March 2002.[1]

On 8 December 2014, the ministry moved out from its building from the previous one at Boai Building in Zhongzheng District to the current one in Dazhi area at Zhongshan District, where it houses the Air Force Command Headquarters, Navy Command Headquarters and Heng Shan Military Command Center.[2] The completion of the building had been delayed for nearly two decades due to the compound original architecture and the bankruptcy of the project's original contractor. The planning for the new building and relocation had been done since 1997.[3] The official ribbon-cutting ceremony was held on 27 December 2014.[4]


ROC Ministry of National Defense headquarters

The headquarters of the military was originally in eastern Nanjing near Ming Palace. Today it is located in Dazhi area of Zhongshan District in Taipei. The 8-story main building was constructed at a cost of NT$15.8 billion, spreading over 19.5 hectares of area, which houses office buildings, dormitories and other facilities, such as post office, barbershop, sports center, conference hall and sport center to accommodate its 3,000 military personnel stationed there. It also includes several annex buildings around.[5]

The security features of the building include fingerprint and eye scanners that restrict access to certain areas, sensors that can detect vehicles in the unauthorized areas and that may carry explosives and bollards on the compound to block unauthorized vehicles. The compound also has eco-friendly features, such as stone walls, aluminum and low-emission exterior glass panels. The central air conditioning system is provided by ice storage system to reduce peak load electricity demand. The building also has rainwater collecting facilities which can store up to 1,000 tons of water, complete with its waste water treatment and filtering systems.[4]


In 2016 the annual defense budget for Taiwan was NT$320 billion.[6]

In 2021 the Ministry of National Defense began directly funding defense related research at civilian universities. NT$5 billion (US$147 million) were allocated for the first five years of the program with an initial focus on information security and robotics, artificial intelligence, the internet of things and quantum computing. Previously funding had been allocated through intermediaries with most going to military affiliated research organizations like National Chung-Shan Institute of Science and Technology (NCSIST).[7]

Organizational structureEdit

Air Force Command Headquarters
National Defense Procurement Office

Military institutionsEdit

  • Armed Forces Reserve Command (後備指揮部)
  • Military Police Command (憲兵指揮部)
  • Symphonic Band of the Ministry of National Defense (国防部交响乐队)

Military authoritiesEdit

  • Army Command Headquarters (陸軍司令部)
  • Navy Command Headquarters (海軍司令部)
  • Air Force Command Headquarters (空軍司令部)

Headquarter departmentsEdit

  • Department of Strategic Planning (戰略規劃司)
  • Department of Resources Planning (資源規劃司)
  • Department of Military Justice (法律事務司)
  • Department of Integrated Assessment (整合評估司)
  • Office of the Inspector General (總督察長室)
  • All-out Defense Mobilization Office (全民防衛動員室)
  • National Defense Procurement Office (國防採購室)
  • National Defense Technology Division (國防科技處, after 1 January 2017)[8]
  • Administration Office (政務辦公室)
  • Personnel Office (人事室)
  • Ethics Office (政風室)
  • Accounting Office (主計室)

Secondary or Affiliated authoritiesEdit

General Staff HeadquartersEdit

  • Office of the Deputy Chief of the General Staff for Personnel (人事參謀次長室)
  • Office of the Deputy Chief of the General Staff for Intelligence (情報參謀次長室)
  • Office of the Deputy Chief of the General Staff for Operations and Planning (作戰及計畫參謀次長室)
  • Office of the Deputy Chief of the General Staff for Logistics (後勤參謀次長室)
  • Office of the Deputy Chief of the General Staff for Communications, Electronics and Information (通信電子資訊參謀次長室)
  • Office of the Deputy Chief of the General Staff for Training (訓練參謀次長室)[9]
  • Communication Development Office (電訊發展室)
  • Missile Command of the General Staff (參謀本部飛彈指揮部)

List of Ministers of WarEdit

Duan Qirui, the 1st Minister of War

1. Ministers of War during the Republic of China (1912-1928) (歷代陸軍總長):

2. Ministers of War during the National Government of the Republic of China (歷代軍政部長):

3. Ministers of the Navy during the Republic of China (1912-1928) (歷代海軍總長):

4. Ministers of the Navy during the National Government of the Republic of China (歷代海軍部長):

5. Chiefs of Staff during the Republic of China (1912-1928) (歷代參謀總長):

6. Chiefs of Staff during the National Government of the Republic of China (歷代參謀總長):

7. Directors of Training (歷代訓練總監部長):

8. 歷代軍事參議院長:

List of Ministers of National DefenceEdit

Bai Chongxi, the 1st Minister of National Defense
Chiu Kuo-cheng, the current Minister of National Defense

Ministers of National DefenseEdit

For ministers that retired from the Armed Forces to serve, the Service column denotes their military branch before retirement.[10]

No. Portrait Minister of National Defense Took office Left office Time in office Party Defence branch Cabinet
1Chongxi, BaiBai Chongxi (白崇禧)
23 May 19462 June 19482 years, 10 daysKuomintang  Republic of China ArmyT. V. Soong
Chiang Kai-shek
Chang Ch'ün
Weng Wenhao
2Yingqin, HeHe Yingqin (何應欽)
3 June 194821 December 1948201 daysKuomintang  Republic of China ArmyWeng Wenhao
Sun Fo
3Yongchang, XuXu Yongchang (徐永昌)
22 December 194830 April 1949129 daysKuomintang  Republic of China ArmySun Fo
He Yingqin
(2)Yingqin, HeHe Yingqin (何應欽)
1 May 194911 June 194941 daysKuomintang  Republic of China ArmyHe Yingqin
Yan Xishan
4Xishan, YanYan Xishan (閻錫山)
12 June 194931 January 1950233 daysKuomintang  Republic of China ArmyYan Xishan
5Zhutong, GuGu Zhutong (顧祝同)
1 February 195031 March 195058 daysKuomintang  Republic of China ArmyYan Xishan
Chen Cheng
6Ta-wei, YuYu Ta-wei [zh] (俞大維)
1 April 195028 February 1951333 daysIndependent  Republic of China ArmyChen Cheng
7Chi-chiao, KuoKuo Chi-chiao [zh] (郭寄嶠)
1 March 195131 May 19543 years, 91 daysKuomintang  Republic of China ArmyChen Cheng
(6)Ta-wei, YuYu Ta-wei [zh] (俞大維)
1 June 195413 January 196510 years, 226 daysIndependent  Republic of China ArmyChen Cheng
Yu Hung-Chun
Chen Cheng
Yen Chia-kan
8Ching-kuo, ChiangChiang Ching-kuo (蔣經國)
14 January 196530 June 19694 years, 167 daysKuomintang  Republic of China ArmyYen Chia-kan
9Chieh, HuangHuang Chieh (黄杰)
1 July 196931 May 19722 years, 335 daysKuomintang  Republic of China ArmyYen Chia-kan
Chiang Ching-kuo
10Ta-ching, ChenChen Ta-ching (陳大慶)
1 June 197230 June 19731 year, 29 daysKuomintang  Republic of China ArmyChiang Ching-kuo
11Kuei-yuan, KaoKao Kuei-yuan [zh] (高魁元)
1 July 197319 November 19818 years, 141 daysKuomintang  Republic of China ArmyChiang Ching-kuo
Sun Yun-suan
12Chang-chih, SongSong Chang-chih [zh] (宋長志)
1 December 198130 June 19864 years, 211 daysKuomintang  Republic of China NavySun Yun-suan
Yu Kuo-hua
13Daoyuan, WangWang Daoyuan [zh] (汪道淵)
1 July 198628 April 1987301 daysKuomintangCivilianYu Kuo-hua
14Wei-yuan, ChengCheng Wei-yuan (鄭為元)
29 April 19874 December 19892 years, 219 daysKuomintang  Republic of China ArmyYu Kuo-hua
Lee Huan
15Pei-tsun, HauHau Pei-tsun (郝柏村)
5 December 198931 May 19911 year, 177 daysKuomintang  Republic of China ArmyLee Huan
16Li-an, ChenChen Li-an (陳履安)
(born 1937)
1 June 199126 February 19931 year, 270 daysKuomintangCivilianHau Pei-tsun
Lien Chan
17Chen, SunSun Chen (born 1934) [zh] (孫震)
(born 1934)
27 February 199315 December 19941 year, 291 daysKuomintangCivilianLien Chan
18Chung-ling, ChiangChiang Chung-ling (蔣仲苓)
16 December 199431 January 19994 years, 46 daysKuomintang  Republic of China ArmyLien Chan
Vincent Siew
19Fei, TangTang Fei (唐飛)
(born 1932)
1 February 199919 May 20001 year, 108 daysKuomintang  Republic of China Air ForceVincent Siew
20Shih-wen, WuWu Shih-wen (伍世文)
(born 1934)
20 May 200031 January 20021 year, 256 daysKuomintang  Republic of China NavyTang Fei
Chang Chun-hsiung
21Yao-ming, TangTang Yao-ming (湯曜明)
(born 1938)
1 February 200219 May 20042 years, 108 daysKuomintang  Republic of China ArmyYu Shyi-kun
22Jye, LeeLee Jye (李傑)
(born 1940)
20 May 200419 May 20072 years, 364 daysIndependent  Republic of China NavyYu Shyi-kun
Frank Hsieh
Su Tseng-chang
23Tien-yu, LeeLee Tien-yu (李天羽)
(born 1940)
20 May 200724 February 2008280 daysKuomintang  Republic of China Air ForceSu Tseng-chang I
Chang Chun-hsiung
24Tsai, MichaelMichael Tsai (蔡明憲)
(born 1941)
25 February 200819 May 200884 daysDPPCivilianChang Chun-hsiung
25Chao-min, ChenChen Chao-min (陳肇敏)
(born 1940)
20 May 20089 September 20091 year, 112 daysKuomintang  Republic of China Air ForceLiu Chao-shiuan
26Hua-chu, KaoKao Hua-chu (高華柱)
(born 1946)
10 September 200931 July 20133 years, 324 daysKuomintang  Republic of China ArmyWu Den-yih
Sean Chen
Jiang Yi-huah
27Yang, AndrewAndrew Yang (楊念祖)
(born 1946)
1 August 20137 August 20136 daysIndependentCivilianJiang Yi-huah
28Ming, YenYen Ming (嚴明)
(born 1949)
8 August 201330 January 20151 year, 175 daysKuomintang  Republic of China Air ForceJiang Yi-huah
Mao Chi-kuo
29Kuang-chi, KaoKao Kuang-chi (高廣圻)
(born 1950)
31 January 201519 May 20161 year, 109 daysKuomintang  Republic of China NavyMao Chi-kuo
Chang San-cheng
30Shih-kuan, FengFeng Shih-kuan (馮世寬)
(born 1945)
20 May 201626 February 20181 year, 282 daysIndependent  Republic of China Air ForceLin Chuan
William Lai
31Teh-fa, YenYen Teh-fa (嚴德發)
(born 1952)
26 February 201823 February 20212 years, 363 daysIndependent  Republic of China ArmyWilliam Lai
Su Tseng-chang II
32Kuo-cheng, ChiuChiu Kuo-cheng (邱國正)
(born 1953)
23 February 2021Incumbent77 daysIndependent  Republic of China ArmySu Tseng-chang II

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Kuomintang membership suspended.
  2. ^ KMT membership revoked.


  1. ^ John Pike. "Ministry of National Defense".
  2. ^ "Defense Ministry's new compound to be officially opened Dec. 8".
  3. ^ "Defense minister raises flag at new ministry compound".
  4. ^ a b "Defense Ministry's new headquarters officially opens".
  5. ^ "Taipei military complex opened".
  6. ^ "Difficult to set defense budget at 3% of GDP: premier - Politics - FOCUS TAIWAN - CNA ENGLISH NEWS".
  7. ^ Sharma, Yojana. "Universities to receive direct defence ministry funding". University World News. Retrieved 28 January 2021.
  8. ^ "Defense ministry confirms new agency - Taipei Times". Retrieved 11 August 2018.
  9. ^ "MND Organization" (PDF). Ministry of National Defense, ROC. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-12-31.
  10. ^ 歷任部長 [Past Ministers]. (in Chinese). Ministry of Nat'l Defense. Retrieved 22 February 2017.

External linksEdit