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Shizuishan (Chinese: 石嘴山; pinyin: Shízuǐshān) is a prefecture-level city and is the northernmost and, by population, the second-largest (after the regional capital of Yinchuan) city in the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, and is bordered on all sides except the south by Inner Mongolia. It also sits on the western (left) bank of the Yellow River.

Shizuishan
石嘴山市 · شِذُوِشًا شِ
Prefecture-level city
The territory of Shizuishan prefecture-level city (yellow) within the Ningxia AR
The territory of Shizuishan prefecture-level city (yellow) within the Ningxia AR
CountryPeople's Republic of China
RegionNingxia
Area
 • Urban (2018)[1]233 km2 (90 sq mi)
Population (2007)
 • Prefecture-level city730,400
 • Urban (2018)[2]720,000
 • Urban density3,100/km2 (8,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
ISO 3166 codeCN-NX-02
Websitewww.nxszs.gov.cn

Contents

HistoryEdit

In 1934, Shizuishan was occupied by the army of warlord Sun Dianying during his attempt to conquer Ningxia from the Ma clique. Sun set up a rival provincial government in the town,[3] but he was eventually defeated by Ningxia's official governor Ma Hongkui. Shizuishan was consequently returned to Ma control.[4]

Administrative divisionsEdit

Map
Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Xiao'erjing Population
(2003 est.)
Area (km²) Density (/km²)
Dawukou District 大武口区 Dàwǔkǒu Qū دَاءُﻛِﻮْ ٿُو 230,000 1,007 228
Huinong District 惠农区 Hùinóng Qū ﺧُﻮِﻧْﻮ ٿُو 200,000 1,088 184
Pingluo County 平罗县 Píngluó Xiàn پٍلُوَع ﺷِﯿًﺎ 290,000 2,608 111

GeographyEdit

Shizuishan is located on the western bank of the Yellow River at latitude 38° 21′~39° 25′ N and longitude 105° 58′~106° 39′ E, spanning 88.8 kilometres (55.2 mi) from east to west and 119.5 kilometres (74.3 mi) from south to north.

Environmental issuesEdit

Shizuishan City in Western China was once described as the best place to make a film about the end of the world. In 2005, the Chinese government blacklisted the city for its pollution problem and told local leaders to shut down the worst polluting industrial plants. Since then the city has attempted to reinvent itself, but pollution is still taking its toll on the people.[Cite?] -

EducationEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Cox, W (2018). Demographia World Urban Areas. 14th Annual Edition (PDF). St. Louis: Demographia. p. 22.
  2. ^ Cox, W (2018). Demographia World Urban Areas. 14th Annual Edition (PDF). St. Louis: Demographia. p. 22.
  3. ^ Jowett (2017), p. 217.
  4. ^ Jowett (2017), pp. 217, 218.

BibliographyEdit

  • Jowett, Philip S. (2017). The Bitter Peace. Conflict in China 1928–37. Stroud: Amberley Publishing. ISBN 978-1445651927.

External linksEdit