Shizuishan

Shizuishan, formerly Shizuizi, is a prefecture-level city in the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region of the People's Republic of China. It is the northernmost prefecture in Ningxia and the second most populous, after the regional capital Yinchuan, bordered by Inner Mongolia to all directions except the south. Shizuishan sits on the western bank of the Yellow River on the western side of the Ordos Loop. It was formerly a center for caravans traveling the northern routes to and from Beijing across the Ordos Desert.

Shizuishan

石嘴山市 · شِذُوِشًا شِ

Shihtsuishan
The territory of Shizuishan prefecture-level city (yellow) within the Ningxia AR
The territory of Shizuishan prefecture-level city (yellow) within the Ningxia AR
Shizuishan is located in Ningxia
Shizuishan
Shizuishan
Location of the city center in Ningxia
Coordinates (Shizuishan municipal government): 38°59′05″N 106°22′58″E / 38.9846°N 106.3828°E / 38.9846; 106.3828Coordinates: 38°59′05″N 106°22′58″E / 38.9846°N 106.3828°E / 38.9846; 106.3828
CountryPeople's Republic of China
Autonomous regionNingxia
Municipal seatDawukou District
Area
 • Prefecture-level city5,208.13 km2 (2,010.87 sq mi)
 • Urban
 (2018)[1]
233 km2 (90 sq mi)
Population
 (2007)
 • Prefecture-level city730,400
 • Density140/km2 (360/sq mi)
 • Urban
 (2018)[2]
720,000
 • Urban density3,100/km2 (8,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
ISO 3166 codeCN-NX-02
Websitewww.nxszs.gov.cn
Shizuishan
Chinese石嘴山
PostalShetsuishan
Literal meaningStony Beak Mountain

NameEdit

Shizuishan was formerly romanized as Shetsuishan[3] and Shihchu Shan.[4]

It was also formerly known as "Shizuizi", which was romanized Shihtsuitzu[4][5] and Chetsouidze.[6]

HistoryEdit

Shizuishan used to be a center of local trade and eventually became a mining town.[7] In 1934, Shizuishan was occupied by the army of warlord Sun Dianying during his attempt to conquer Ningxia from the Ma clique. Sun set up a rival provincial government in the town,[8] but he was eventually defeated by Ningxia's official governor Ma Hongkui. Shizuishan was consequently returned to Ma's control.[9]

Administrative divisionsEdit

Map
Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Xiao'erjing Population
(2003 est.)
Area (km²) Density (/km²)
Dawukou District 大武口区 Dàwǔkǒu Qū دَاءُﻛِﻮْ ٿُو 230,000 1,007 228
Huinong District 惠农区 Hùinóng Qū ﺧُﻮِﻧْﻮ ٿُو 200,000 1,088 184
Pingluo County 平罗县 Píngluó Xiàn پٍلُوَع ﺷِﯿًﺎ 290,000 2,608 111

GeographyEdit

Shizuishan is located on the western bank of the Yellow River between latitudes 38° 21′ and 39° 25′ N and longitudes 105° 58′ and 106° 39′ E, spanning 88.8 km (55.2 mi) from east to west and 119.5 km (74.3 mi) from south to north.

Climate data for Shizuishan (1981–2010 normals)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −0.3
(31.5)
4.3
(39.7)
11.2
(52.2)
19.4
(66.9)
25.4
(77.7)
29.6
(85.3)
31.3
(88.3)
29.2
(84.6)
24.1
(75.4)
17.3
(63.1)
8.3
(46.9)
1.0
(33.8)
16.7
(62.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) −7.0
(19.4)
−2.5
(27.5)
4.5
(40.1)
12.4
(54.3)
18.8
(65.8)
23.3
(73.9)
25.1
(77.2)
22.9
(73.2)
17.4
(63.3)
10.0
(50.0)
1.6
(34.9)
−5.3
(22.5)
10.1
(50.2)
Average low °C (°F) −12.5
(9.5)
−8.2
(17.2)
−1.6
(29.1)
5.5
(41.9)
11.6
(52.9)
16.2
(61.2)
18.9
(66.0)
17.2
(63.0)
11.6
(52.9)
4.1
(39.4)
−3.7
(25.3)
−10.3
(13.5)
4.1
(39.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 1.3
(0.05)
2.2
(0.09)
5.0
(0.20)
4.7
(0.19)
15.1
(0.59)
24.1
(0.95)
40.2
(1.58)
40.2
(1.58)
23.6
(0.93)
8.1
(0.32)
1.8
(0.07)
0.8
(0.03)
167.1
(6.58)
Average relative humidity (%) 51 44 39 32 37 43 52 58 58 53 53 54 48
Source: China Meteorological Administration[10]

Environmental issuesEdit

Shizuishan was once described[by whom?] as the best place to make a film about the end of the world.[citation needed] In 2005, the Chinese government blacklisted the city for its pollution problem and told local leaders to shut down the worst polluting industrial plants.[citation needed] Recently, the city has attempted to reinvent itself by initiating eco-friendly programs to reduce pollution, improving medical services, increasing tourism, and improve certain industries but pollution is still taking its toll on the people.[7]

EconomyEdit

The economy of Shizuishan is mainly based on coal mining, coking, and metallurgy. Agriculture, tourism, and viticulture also contribute to Shizuishan's economy.[7]

EducationEdit

ReferencesEdit

CitationsEdit

  1. ^ Cox, W (2018). Demographia World Urban Areas. 14th Annual Edition (PDF). St. Louis: Demographia. p. 22.
  2. ^ Cox, W (2018). Demographia World Urban Areas. 14th Annual Edition (PDF). St. Louis: Demographia. p. 22.
  3. ^ Stanford (1917), p. 12 & xi.
  4. ^ a b Teichman (1921), p. 179.
  5. ^ Pereira (1911), p. 261.
  6. ^ Huc (2001), Carte.
  7. ^ a b c Jingli, Song (14 March 2013). "Shizuishan, a coal city to transform". China Daily. Retrieved 12 February 2020.
  8. ^ Jowett (2017), p. 217.
  9. ^ Jowett (2017), pp. 217, 218.
  10. ^ 中国气象数据网 - WeatherBk Data (in Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 2020-04-16.

BibliographyEdit

External linksEdit