Xinyu (Chinese: 新余; pinyin: Xīnyú, formerly Chinese: 新喻; pinyin: Xīnyú),[3] is a prefecture-level city in west-central Jiangxi province, People's Republic of China.

Xinyu
新余市
Sinyu; Sinyü; Hsinyü
Yuzhou Bridge (渝州大桥)
Yuzhou Bridge (渝州大桥)
Nickname(s): 
赣西明珠、钢铁之都 (Pearl of Ganxi [W. Jiangxi], Iron Capital)
Location of Xinyu City jurisdiction in Jiangxi
Location of Xinyu City jurisdiction in Jiangxi
Xinyu is located in China
Xinyu
Xinyu
Location of the city centre in China
Coordinates (Xinyu municipal government): 27°49′07″N 114°55′00″E / 27.8186°N 114.9167°E / 27.8186; 114.9167Coordinates: 27°49′07″N 114°55′00″E / 27.8186°N 114.9167°E / 27.8186; 114.9167
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceJiangxi
County-level divisions5
Established267
Municipal seatYushui District
Government
 • CPC Xinyu SecretaryJiang Bin (蒋斌)
 • MayorDong Xiaojian (董晓健)
Area
 • Prefecture-level city3,177.68 km2 (1,226.91 sq mi)
 • Urban
1,785.92 km2 (689.55 sq mi)
Population
 (2010)[1]
 • Prefecture-level city1,138,873
 • Density360/km2 (930/sq mi)
 • Urban
839,487
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
338000
Area code0790
ISO 3166 codeCN-JX-05
GDP2011[2]
 - TotalCNY 77.921 billion (US$11.42 billion)
 - Per capitaCNY 68,419 (US$10,593)
 - GrowthIncrease 13.3%
City flowerChinese rose
City treecamphor laurel
DialectGan: Xinyu hua (新余话)
License plate prefix赣K
Websitehttp://www.xinyu.gov.cn/

HistoryEdit

Xinyu has a history of more than 1,700 years. It became a county in 267 during the Three Kingdoms period. In Jin Dynasty, it became a major city in Southern China with a population of over 50,000. In Tang Dynasty, it was part of Yuanzhou (known as Yichun today). In 742, the city's name 'Xīnyú (新渝)' was mistaken for 'Xīnyù (新喻)'. The government of PRC changed the city's name as 'Xīnyú (新余)' in 1957.[citation needed]

GeographyEdit

Xinyu has an area of 3,178 km2 (1,227 sq mi). It has a four-season, monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate. It can be very hot and rainy in summer. The city is located 135 km (84 mi) southwest of Nanchang, the provincial capital - about two and half hours away by car via highway. The city's main industry is the XinYu steel plant, which dominates the area.

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Xinyu (1981−2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 25.8
(78.4)
30.1
(86.2)
33.4
(92.1)
36.2
(97.2)
36.3
(97.3)
37.9
(100.2)
40.6
(105.1)
40.3
(104.5)
38.1
(100.6)
35.6
(96.1)
31.9
(89.4)
23.9
(75.0)
40.6
(105.1)
Average high °C (°F) 9.3
(48.7)
11.6
(52.9)
15.7
(60.3)
22.3
(72.1)
27.3
(81.1)
30.3
(86.5)
34.1
(93.4)
33.4
(92.1)
29.4
(84.9)
24.4
(75.9)
18.3
(64.9)
12.5
(54.5)
22.4
(72.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) 6.0
(42.8)
8.2
(46.8)
11.9
(53.4)
18.1
(64.6)
23.1
(73.6)
26.3
(79.3)
29.7
(85.5)
28.9
(84.0)
25.3
(77.5)
20.1
(68.2)
14.0
(57.2)
8.3
(46.9)
18.3
(65.0)
Average low °C (°F) 3.5
(38.3)
5.6
(42.1)
9.0
(48.2)
14.8
(58.6)
19.7
(67.5)
23.1
(73.6)
26.1
(79.0)
25.5
(77.9)
22.0
(71.6)
16.6
(61.9)
10.5
(50.9)
5.0
(41.0)
15.1
(59.2)
Record low °C (°F) −4.2
(24.4)
−3.5
(25.7)
−1.4
(29.5)
3.2
(37.8)
10.6
(51.1)
14.9
(58.8)
18.2
(64.8)
19.1
(66.4)
14.6
(58.3)
4.9
(40.8)
0.3
(32.5)
−8.2
(17.2)
−8.2
(17.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 86.8
(3.42)
112.0
(4.41)
179.3
(7.06)
223.5
(8.80)
212.8
(8.38)
257.9
(10.15)
122.0
(4.80)
133.1
(5.24)
81.4
(3.20)
62.9
(2.48)
79.9
(3.15)
51.5
(2.03)
1,603.1
(63.12)
Average relative humidity (%) 80 80 81 80 78 79 71 74 75 72 75 75 77
Source: China Meteorological Data Service Center[4]

AdministrationEdit

Xinyu has direct jurisdiction over 1 urban district, scenic district, 1 development zone, 1 county, 17 towns, 15 townships, 2 sub-districts, 446 villages, and 51 communities.

Urban District:

County:

Scenic District:

Development Zone:

Map

TourismEdit

Xinyu is known for the scenery and cultural sites of Xiannühu (仙女湖; 'Fairy Lake').[citation needed] The legend of Dong Yong (董永) and the Seventh Fairy (七仙女) has been passed down until now. Their love story took place at today's Xiannühu (Fairy Lake).[5]

Colleges and universitiesEdit

International relationsEdit

Friendship citiesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 新余市2010年第六次全国人口普查主要数据公报 (in Simplified Chinese). Xinyu Government. November 2010. Retrieved 24 March 2012.
  2. ^ 2011年江西省各设区市主要经济指标 (in Simplified Chinese). Statistic Bureau of Jiangxi. 2012-02-06. Retrieved 2012-02-06.
  3. ^ 现代汉语规范词典(第3版) [A Standard Dictionary of Current Chinese (Third Edition).]. Beijing: 外语教学与研究出版社 [Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press]. May 2014. p. 1607. ISBN 978-7-513-54562-4. 喻 yú {...}地名“新喻”(在江西)现在改为“新余”。
  4. ^ 中国地面气候标准值月值(1981-2010) (in Chinese (China)). China Meteorological Data Service Center. Retrieved 20 October 2018.
  5. ^ "Fairy Lake in Xinyu City, Jiangxi Province". chinaculture.org. Statistic Bureau of Jiangxi. 2010-08-16. Retrieved 2010-08-16.

External linksEdit