Putian or Putien (Chinese: 莆田) is a prefecture-level city in eastern Fujian province, China. It borders Fuzhou City to the north, Quanzhou City to the south, and the Taiwan Strait's Xinghai Bay to the east.[3] The Mulan River flows through the southern part of the city. It's built-up area made of 4 urban districts was home to 1,953,801 inhabitants as of 2010 census. The native language of the area is Pu-Xian Min.

Putian

莆田市

Putien
Putian Guanghua Si Shijiawenfo Ta 20120302-26.jpg
Location of Putian in Fujian
Location of Putian in Fujian
Putian is located in China
Putian
Putian
Location in China
Coordinates (Putian Government Plaza): 25°27′09″N 119°00′28″E / 25.4526°N 119.0078°E / 25.4526; 119.0078Coordinates: 25°27′09″N 119°00′28″E / 25.4526°N 119.0078°E / 25.4526; 119.0078
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceFujian
Municipal seatChengxiang District
Government
 • CPC SecretaryLin Baojin
 • Deputy MayorLi Jianhui
Area
 • Prefecture-level city4,119 km2 (1,590 sq mi)
 • Urban
2,284 km2 (882 sq mi)
 • Metro
2,284 km2 (882 sq mi)
Population
 (2010 census)[1]
 • Prefecture-level city2,778,508
 • Density670/km2 (1,700/sq mi)
 • Urban
1,953,801
 • Urban density860/km2 (2,200/sq mi)
 • Metro
1,953,801
 • Metro density860/km2 (2,200/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
351100
Area code(s)0594
ISO 3166 codeCN-FJ-03
GDP2015[1]
 - TotalCNY 167.0 billion (US$25.70 billion)
 - per capitaCNY 58,596 (US$9,014)
 - GrowthIncrease 14.5%
License Plate Prefixes闽B
Local varietyPuxian Min
Websitewww.putian.gov.cn
Putian
Simplified Chinese莆田
PostalPutien

HistoryEdit

Imperial eraEdit

Putian was first founded as an administrative area in the year of 568 as a county during the Liang Dynasty.

Putian was later re-established as a military administered city during the Song Dynasty with the stationing of military families and soldiers into the city during the period. Xinghua Prefecture was created in 979. It was abolished during the Yuan Dynasty in 1277.

The city greatly prospered during the Ming Dynasty.

Contemporary eraEdit

On August 21 and August 25, 1949, Putian and Xianyou County were captured by the People's Liberation Army, respectively. The Wuqiu Islands were never successfully captured, and continue to be under ROC control. On September 9, 1983, the State Council approved the establishment of Putian as a prefecture-level city. It has jurisdiction over Putian and Xianyou Counties, along with Chengxiang and Hanjiang Districts.

AdministrationEdit

Putian's municipal executive, legislature and judiciary are in Chengxiang District (城厢区), together with the CPC and Public Security bureaux. The municipal region comprises three other districts and one county:

Map

Languages and ethnic groupsEdit

The Han Chinese are the majority ethnic group.

Puxian Min is the largest dialect spoken in Putian. It is a dialect of Min, a Chinese language.

EconomyEdit

Putian has become an export base for Fujian products. The main industries are shoe-making, brewing, electronics, garments, fruits, vegetables, and machinery, electrical goods.[4] In particular, the area is known for high-quality counterfeits of shoes[5] and the domination of Chinese private healthcare.[6][7]

TourismEdit

Meizhou Island, most famous for being the legendary birthplace of the goddess Mazu, is located closely offshore of Putian. According to legends, Mazu in her earthly incarnation died on the seashore of Xianliang Harbor, in the coastal area of Putian, where Xianliang Mazu Temple hosts pilgrims from different Chinese provinces and from Taiwan, particularly for the ceremonies commemorating the goddess' death held in October.[8] Because of its hosting "the most sacred places for Mazu believers," Putian is known as "Mazu's hometown."[9]

College and universitiesEdit

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Putian (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 27.0
(80.6)
31.1
(88.0)
30.3
(86.5)
32.0
(89.6)
33.8
(92.8)
35.6
(96.1)
36.9
(98.4)
36.7
(98.1)
36.4
(97.5)
33.5
(92.3)
31.1
(88.0)
28.4
(83.1)
36.9
(98.4)
Average high °C (°F) 16.5
(61.7)
17.2
(63.0)
19.7
(67.5)
23.3
(73.9)
27.2
(81.0)
29.7
(85.5)
33.1
(91.6)
32.5
(90.5)
30.8
(87.4)
27.0
(80.6)
23.0
(73.4)
18.7
(65.7)
24.9
(76.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) 12.5
(54.5)
13.2
(55.8)
15.2
(59.4)
19.3
(66.7)
23.4
(74.1)
26.2
(79.2)
28.9
(84.0)
28.6
(83.5)
27.1
(80.8)
23.4
(74.1)
19.3
(66.7)
14.8
(58.6)
21.0
(69.8)
Average low °C (°F) 10.0
(50.0)
10.7
(51.3)
12.3
(54.1)
16.4
(61.5)
20.6
(69.1)
23.6
(74.5)
25.8
(78.4)
25.6
(78.1)
24.6
(76.3)
21.1
(70.0)
16.9
(62.4)
12.2
(54.0)
18.3
(65.0)
Record low °C (°F) 1.5
(34.7)
4.1
(39.4)
2.8
(37.0)
9.1
(48.4)
15.0
(59.0)
16.2
(61.2)
22.0
(71.6)
21.5
(70.7)
19.8
(67.6)
13.2
(55.8)
6.3
(43.3)
1.8
(35.2)
1.5
(34.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 37.0
(1.46)
81.1
(3.19)
130.0
(5.12)
138.4
(5.45)
199.3
(7.85)
252.5
(9.94)
158.1
(6.22)
215.6
(8.49)
155.9
(6.14)
49.1
(1.93)
34.1
(1.34)
25.8
(1.02)
1,476.9
(58.15)
Average relative humidity (%) 70 74 74 76 76 81 76 77 71 65 65 67 73
Source: China Meteorological Data Service Center

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Archived copy" 莆田市2015年国民经济和社会发展统计公报 (in Chinese). Putian Municipal Statistic Bureau. 2010-02-20. Archived from the original on 2016-02-01. Retrieved 2010-05-03.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ 教育部重編國語辭典修訂本. Retrieved 17 August 2019. 字詞 【莆田縣】 注音 ㄆㄨˊ ㄊㄧㄢˊ ㄒㄧㄢˋ 漢語拼音 pú tián xiàn
  3. ^ Litchi City Putian Archived 2011-05-22 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ China today Archived 2007-09-07 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ Schmidle, Nicholas (2010-08-19). "Inside the Knockoff-Tennis-Shoe Factory". New York Times. Retrieved 8 September 2010.
  6. ^ "The Putian phenomenon". Week in China. HSBC. 2014-06-20. Retrieved 5 May 2016.
  7. ^ "Baidu's "moral dilemma" – How a Cancer Case aroused National Attention". China Spoon. 2014-06-20. Retrieved 5 May 2016.
  8. ^ Hsun Chang, "Multiple Religious and National Identities: Mazu Pilgrimages across the Taiwan Strait after 1987," in Cheng-tian Kuo (Ed.), Religion and Nationalism in Chinese Societies, Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, 2017, 373–396 (378).
  9. ^ Hsun Chang (2017), 378.

External linksEdit