Yuxi (Chinese: 玉溪; pinyin: Yùxī) is a prefecture-level city in the central part of Yunnan province of the People's Republic of China. The administrative center of Yuxi is Hongta District. Yuxi is approximately 90 kilometres (56 mi) south of Kunming.


Hongta District, 2007
Location of Yuxi in Yunnan
Location of Yuxi in Yunnan
Coordinates (Yuxi municipal government): 24°20′49″N 102°31′37″E / 24.347°N 102.527°E / 24.347; 102.527Coordinates: 24°20′49″N 102°31′37″E / 24.347°N 102.527°E / 24.347; 102.527
CountryPeople's Republic of China
Admin HQHongta
 • Total15,285 km2 (5,902 sq mi)
 • Total2,568,000
 • Density170/km2 (440/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
Area code(s)0877
ISO 3166 codeCN-YN-04
Websitewww.yuxi.gov.cn (in Chinese)
Yunnan e-Portal


Yuxi is located in the center of Yunnan province, about 90 kilometres (56 mi) south of Kunming, the provincial capital. Like much of the central and eastern parts of the province, it is part of the Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau.

The area is 15,285 km2 (5,902 sq mi) and the population is approximately 2.5 million.

Near Yuxi city is Fuxian Lake, the second-deepest freshwater lake in China, where there have been discovered ancient fossils that are now in the possession of the Yuxi museum. There also are three other lakes around the city. They are Xingyun Lake, Qilu Lake, Yangzong Lake.


Tempered by the low latitude and moderate elevation, Yuxi has a mild subtropical highland climate (Köppen Cwb), with short, mild, dry winters, and warm, rainy summers. Frost may occur in winter but the days still generally warm up to around 17 °C (63 °F). During summer, a majority of the days features some rainfall, and daytime temperatures rise to 26 °C (79 °F). A great majority of the year's rainfall occurs from June to October.



The city was founded in 960 AD, at a time when Yunnan was not yet part of China. Yuxi was once the core area of Yunnan Province during the Previous Qin Dynasty (period before 221 BC). In the Western Han Dynasty (206 BC-24 AD), it became a county of Yizhou Shire. The following dynasties witnessed the continuous separations and unifications of the area. It was not until 1997 that Yuxi became a prefecture-level city of the People's Republic of China.[1]


Xingmeng Township in Tonghai County is Yunnan's only Mongol ethnic township

A considerable part of the residents of Yuxi (around 31.76%, Year 2003) belong to ethnic minorities.


Rao Nanhu is the mayor of Yuxi City.(From 03/2013)


The composer of China's National Anthem, Nie Er was from Yuxi.


A distant view of the Hongta Group Headquarters (Hongta cigarette company)

Yuxi is the home of the Hongta Group, which was named after the Red Pagoda which sits atop a nearby hill. The Pagoda was originally white, but was painted red during the cultural revolution. The tobacco is of high quality because there are over 2300 hours of sunlight a year in the region, adequate rainfall in the summer, and excellent soil that produces a plethora of other fruits and vegetables. The region has begun producing wine, which could prove to be quite palatable in the next decade or so. There are substantial mineral deposits of tin and phosphate ores, including the Heavenly Triangle of Huaning,[2] Jiangchuan and Chengjiang.

Yuxi is one of the fastest growing small cities in China. In 2001, the city won an Honor Award in Analysis & Planning by the American Society of Landscape Architects. In 2004 UNIDO held a Workshop on Seed Treatment Technology, one of only two in China.


Yuxi Normal University is a university located in Yuxi with almost 8000 students. It was founded in 1978 as Yuxi Normal College. In 2000, under the approval from the Ministry of Education of the People's Republic of China, it was renamed Yuxi Normal University, with the merging of Yuxi Adult Education Center and Yuxi Normal School.


Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Population
Area (km²) Density
Hongta District 红塔区 Hóngtǎ Qū 495,129 1,004 493
Jiangchuan District 江川区 Jiāngchuān Qū 280,889 850 330
Chengjiang 澄江市 Chéngjiāng shì 169,366 773 219
Tonghai County 通海县 Tōnghǎi Xiàn 300,800 721 417
Huaning County 华宁县 Huáníng Xiàn 214,650 1,313 163
Yimen County 易门县 Yìmén Xiàn 177,110 1,571 113
Eshan Yi Autonomous County 峨山彝族自治县 Éshān Yízú Zìzhìxiàn 162,831 1,972 83
Xinping Yi and Dai Autonomous County 新平彝族傣族自治县 Xīnpíng Yízú Dǎizú Zìzhìxiàn 285,344 4,223 68
Yuanjiang Hani, Yi and Dai Autonomous County 元江哈尼族彝族傣族自治县 Yuánjiāng Hānízú Yízú Dǎizú Zìzhìxiàn 217,392 2,858 76

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Yuxi Travel Guide".
  2. ^ "USGS Mineral Set, 2002" (PDF).

External linksEdit