Yuanjiang Hani, Yi and Dai Autonomous County

Yuanjiang Hani, Yi and Dai Autonomous County (Chinese: 元江哈尼族彝族傣族自治县; pinyin: Yuánjiāng Hānízú Yízú Dǎizú Zìzhìxiàn; Hani: Lalsa Haqniqssaq Haqhholssaq Aqcaoqssaq Ziiqziifxeif) is a county of south-central Yunnan province, People's Republic of China. The county seat is the town of Lijiang (澧江镇), while the county itself is under the administration of Yuxi City. It derives its name from the Red River (Asia),[1] which is known as the Yuan River (元江) in Yunnan, and is an important provincial crossroads for access to Southeast Asia.

Yuanjiang
元江县
元江哈尼族彝族傣族自治县
Yuanjiang Hani, Yi and Dai Autonomous County
Location of Yuanjiang County jurisdiction (pink) within Yuxi City (yellow) and Yunnan
Location of Yuanjiang County jurisdiction (pink) within Yuxi City (yellow) and Yunnan
Yuanjiang is located in Yunnan
Yuanjiang
Yuanjiang
Location of the county seat in Yunnan
Coordinates (Yuanjiang government): 23°35′46″N 101°59′53″E / 23.596°N 101.998°E / 23.596; 101.998Coordinates: 23°35′46″N 101°59′53″E / 23.596°N 101.998°E / 23.596; 101.998
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceYunnan
Prefecture-level cityYuxi
Area
 • Total2,858 km2 (1,103 sq mi)
Elevation
396 m (1,299 ft)
Population
 • Total189,773
 • Density66/km2 (170/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
653300
Area code(s)0877
Websiteyjx.gov.cn

Administrative divisionsEdit

Yuanjiang Hani, Yi and Dai Autonomous County has 3 subdistricts, 2 towns and 5 townships.[2]

3 subdistricts
2 towns
5 townships

ClimateEdit

Due to its location at the bottom of a deep mountainous river valley, Yuanjiang lies at the junction of three different climate types, namely the tropical savanna climate (Köppen Aw), humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cwa) and, uniquely for China, the hot subtype of a semi-arid climate (Köppen Bsh). There are two main seasons: a dry season lasting from late November to early April, with mostly warm and dry weather (and the occasional cold snap) and the wet season covering May through September. The coolest months are December and January, which each average 16.9 °C (62.4 °F), and the hottest is June, at 29.0 °C (84.2 °F).

Climate data for Yuanjiang (1981−2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 35.2
(95.4)
37.0
(98.6)
39.2
(102.6)
40.9
(105.6)
42.5
(108.5)
41.7
(107.1)
41.6
(106.9)
40.1
(104.2)
39.8
(103.6)
38.3
(100.9)
36.4
(97.5)
32.7
(90.9)
42.5
(108.5)
Average high °C (°F) 24.4
(75.9)
27.5
(81.5)
30.9
(87.6)
34.0
(93.2)
34.5
(94.1)
34.7
(94.5)
33.9
(93.0)
33.9
(93.0)
32.8
(91.0)
30.5
(86.9)
27.1
(80.8)
24.1
(75.4)
30.7
(87.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 16.9
(62.4)
19.2
(66.6)
22.7
(72.9)
26.0
(78.8)
27.8
(82.0)
29.0
(84.2)
28.5
(83.3)
27.9
(82.2)
26.6
(79.9)
24.4
(75.9)
20.2
(68.4)
17.0
(62.6)
23.8
(74.9)
Average low °C (°F) 12.0
(53.6)
13.6
(56.5)
16.9
(62.4)
20.2
(68.4)
22.9
(73.2)
25.1
(77.2)
25.1
(77.2)
24.3
(75.7)
22.9
(73.2)
20.6
(69.1)
16.0
(60.8)
12.5
(54.5)
19.3
(66.8)
Record low °C (°F) 4.0
(39.2)
6.4
(43.5)
6.1
(43.0)
12.0
(53.6)
14.9
(58.8)
18.7
(65.7)
20.4
(68.7)
20.3
(68.5)
15.5
(59.9)
12.0
(53.6)
7.5
(45.5)
−0.1
(31.8)
−0.1
(31.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 14.1
(0.56)
20.7
(0.81)
19.1
(0.75)
50.6
(1.99)
102.4
(4.03)
117.6
(4.63)
137.7
(5.42)
126.7
(4.99)
85.4
(3.36)
62.6
(2.46)
53.5
(2.11)
14.2
(0.56)
804.6
(31.67)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 3.9 4.3 4.4 8.4 13.1 15.7 17.1 16.7 12.5 11.1 7.6 3.6 118.4
Average relative humidity (%) 67 62 58 60 64 69 73 76 75 73 75 72 69
Source 1: China Meteorological Data Service Center
Source 2: Weather China (precipitation days 1971–2000)[1]

Ethnic groupsEdit

HaniEdit

The Yuanjiang County Gazetteer (1993:81) lists the following Hani subgroups.

A Hani variety called ɣa21 lo55 (orthography: Hhalo; also known as Angluo) is also spoken in Yuanjiang County.[3]

The Duoke 堕课 subgroup of the Hani people are located in two hamlets of Xiaogancha 小甘岔[4] and Xinzhai 新寨[5] villages near Mili Village 咪哩村 (Li & Minta 2016:8).[6]

YiEdit

The Yuanjiang County Gazetteer (1993:89) lists the following Yi subgroups.

  • Niesu 聂苏
  • Shansu 山苏
  • Bula 卜拉
  • Lalu 腊鲁

DaiEdit

The Yuanjiang County Gazetteer (1993:94) lists the following Dai subgroups and their respective locations.

  • Dai Le 傣泐 (Water Dai 水傣): Manlai 曼来, Mandan 曼但, Manyang 曼漾, Manfei 曼费, Manzhangna 曼章那, Manliangfei 曼梁费, Linliang 琳琅, Doulang 都郎, Xiaoyan 小燕, Longtan 龙潭, Zhega 者嘎, Lijiang 澧江
  • Dai Zhong 傣仲 (Large-Headed Flowery-Waist Dai 大头花腰傣): Dashuiping 大水平, Dabaitian 大白田, Longdong 龙洞, Nalu 那路, Lizhishu 荔枝树, Dalu Xinzhai 大路新寨, Nawai 那整, Shagoutou 沙沟头
  • Dai Ya 傣雅 (Small-Headed Flowery-Waist Dai 小头花腰傣): Ximencun 西门村, Lvlintian 绿林田, Tincun 新村, Shuanggao 双高, Gaokan 高坎, Xiaohongmiao 小红庙
  • Dai De 傣得 (Dong'e Flowery-Waist Dai 东峨花腰傣): Dong'eba 东峨坝
  • Dai Zhang 傣涨 (Ganzhuang Flowery-Waist Dai 甘庄花腰傣): Ganzhuangba 甘庄坝
  • Dai Ka 傣卡 (Chinese Dai 汉傣): Cuoke 撮科, Nancha 南岔, Nanma 南马, Nansa 南洒, Reshuitang 热水塘, Xizhuang 西庄
  • Dai Lang 傣郎 (Black Dai 黑傣): Gaozhai 高寨, Yangmahe 养马河

BaiEdit

The Yuanjiang County Gazetteer (1993:100) lists the following locations for ethnic Bai.

  • Yinyuan District 因远区: Sanjia 三甲, Anren 安仁, Anding 安定, Shapu 沙铺, Beize 北泽, Tingqing 廷庆, Benkang 奔扛, Malucun 马鹿村, Budie 补垤

LanguagesEdit

Bai (2010:148)[7] lists the following languages spoken in Yinyuan Town 因远镇, Yuanjiang County.

TransportEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b 元江城市介绍 (in Simplified Chinese). Weather China. Retrieved 2012-12-20.
  2. ^ "国家统计局" (in Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. Retrieved 2021-12-07.
  3. ^ Bradley, David. 2001. Northern Hani dialects. Paper presented at ICSTLL 34, Kunming, China, 24–28 October 2001.
  4. ^ 元江县咪哩乡甘岔村民委员会. ynszxc.net.
  5. ^ 元江县咪哩乡甘岔村民委员会新寨. ynszxc.net.
  6. ^ Li Kaidong [李凯冬]; Minta Minji [敏塔敏吉] (2016). 中国元江哈尼族多塔人文化实录. Kunming: Yunnan People's Press. ISBN 978-7-222-14571-9.
  7. ^ Bai Bibo [白碧波] (2010). 元江县因远镇语言使用现状及其演变 [Sociolinguistics of languages of Yinyuan Town, Yuanjiang County]. Beijing: Ethnic Publishing House. ISBN 9787100070522.
  8. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=252385[dead link]
  9. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=252390[dead link]
  10. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=252400[dead link]
  11. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=252435[dead link]
  12. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=252388[dead link]
  13. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=252382[dead link]

External linksEdit