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Campos dos Goytacazes

Coordinates: 21°45′14″S 41°19′26″W / 21.75389°S 41.32389°W / -21.75389; -41.32389

Campos dos Goytacazes (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈkɐ̃puʒ duʒ ɡojtaˈkaziʃ]) is a municipality located in the northern area of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil, with a population of 503,424 inhabitants.

Campos dos Goytacazes
Municipality
Município de Campos dos Goytacazes
Campos RJ.jpg
Flag of Campos dos Goytacazes
Flag
Coat of arms of Campos dos Goytacazes
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): 
"The Capital of Oil and Sugar"
Location of Campos in the State of Rio de Janeiro
Location of Campos in the State of Rio de Janeiro
Campos dos Goytacazes is located in Brazil
Campos dos Goytacazes
Campos dos Goytacazes
Location of Campos in the State of Rio de Janeiro
Coordinates: 21°45′14″S 41°19′26″W / 21.75389°S 41.32389°W / -21.75389; -41.32389
Country Brazil
RegionSoutheast
StateBandeira do estado do Rio de Janeiro.svg Rio de Janeiro
FoundedMarch 28, 1835
Government
 • MayorRafael Diniz (PPS)
Area
 • Total4,032 km2 (1,557 sq mi)
Elevation
14 m (46 ft)
Population
(2018)
 • Total503,424
 • Density120/km2 (320/sq mi)
 [1]
Time zoneUTC-3
Postal Code
28000-000
Area code(s)+55 22
WebsiteCampos, Rio de Janeiro

Contents

LocationEdit

Campos dos Goytacazes has an area of 4,032 km² (1,557 sq mi), which makes it the largest municipality in the state by area, and its elevation is 14 m. Its name comes from the geographical characteristic of the region, very flat with fields (campos in Portuguese) and from the Goytacazes Indians, which inhabited the region. Campos, as the city is usually known, is a macro region of the Northern Fluminense, and is a micro region of Campos dos Goytacazes. The city has a tropical climate.

The municipality contains part of the 21,444 hectares (52,990 acres) Desengano State Park, created in 1970.[2]

The city's distance to Rio de Janeiro city, which is the capital of the state, is 286 kilometres (178 mi). BR-101 is the access highway of the city of Campos. Regular air services are operated from its airport Bartolomeu Lysandro. It is the easternmost municipality in Rio de Janeiro.

HistoryEdit

Colonization of the area started in the 16th century, and the village of São Salvador de Campos de Goytacazes was founded on May 29, 1677. On March 28, 1835 the village was promoted to city status.

The Roman Catholic Diocese of Campos was the see of Bishop Antônio de Castro Mayer, nicknamed "The Lion of Campos", who was one of the bishops who opposed the Vatican II reforms and who teamed with Archbishop Marcel Lefebvre of Dakar to consecrate four independent bishops in Écône, Switzerland, in 1988. Nowadays there are in Campos two Roman Catholic jurisdictions: a Diocese, whose Bishop is Monsignor Roberto Gomes Guimarães and the Personal Apostolic Administration of Saint John Mary Vianney, whose Apostolic Administrator is Monsignor Fernando Areas Rifan.

EconomyEdit

City's economy is based on oil extraction. The GDP for the city was R$58,011,293,000. (2014).[3]

The per capita income for the city was R$122,693 (2014).[4]

EducationEdit

DemographicsEdit

YearPop.±%
1950 701,342—    
1960 630,054−10.2%
1970 609,248−3.3%
1980 564,329−7.4%
1990 517,300−8.3%
2000 436,008−15.7%
2010 471,737+8.2%

The population of Campos is 471,737, up from the 436,008 in 2000, but down from the 1990s, 1980s, 1970s, 1960s and 1950s. The city in the 1950s was the second largest of the state of Rio de Janeiro. The reasons behind these reductions are the "crash" that the economy of the town, based on oil, suffered in 1954, something similar that happened in Detroit with the auto industries. According to the 2010 census, whites represent 70.4% of population, brown or mulatos 20% and black of African 7.1%. Other races represent 3.5% of the population.

SportsEdit

There are at least four football clubs in the city, namely Americano, Campos, Goytacaz and Rio Branco. The derby between Americano and Goytacaz is known as Goyta-cano.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "2018 Populational Estimate" (PDF). Censo Populacional 2018. Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE).[permanent dead link]
  2. ^ Upam Desengano flagra corte de madeira nativa em Santa Maria Madalena (in Portuguese), Inea: Instituto Estadual do Ambiente, 14 October 2015, archived from the original on 2017-01-13, retrieved 2017-01-12
  3. ^ GDP (PDF) (in Portuguese). Campos, Brazil: IBGE. 2005. ISBN 85-240-3919-1. Retrieved 2017-03-03.
  4. ^ per capita income (PDF) (in Portuguese). Campos, Brazil: IBGE. 2005. ISBN 85-240-3919-1. Retrieved 2007-07-18.

External linksEdit