In road bicycle racing, a Grand Tour is one of the three major European professional cycling stage races: Giro d'Italia, Tour de France, and Vuelta a España. Collectively they are termed the Grand Tours, and all three races are similar in format, being three-week races with daily stages. They have a special status in the UCI regulations: more points for the UCI World Tour are distributed in Grand Tours than in other races,[1] and they are the only stage races allowed to last longer than 14 days,[2] and these differ from major stage races more than one week in duration.

The seven cyclists who have won all three tours. Of them, only Contador and Hinault have won each Grand Tour at least twice, and only Merckx, Hinault and Froome have won all three tours consecutively.

All three races have a substantial history, with the Tour de France first held in 1903, Giro d'Italia first held in 1909 and the Vuelta a España first held in 1935. The Giro is generally run in May, the Tour in July, and the Vuelta in late August and September. The Vuelta was originally held in the spring, usually late April, with a few editions held in June in the 1940s. In 1995, however, the race moved to September to avoid direct competition with the Giro.

The Tour de France is the oldest and most prestigious in terms of points accrued to racers of all three,[1] and is the most widely attended annual sporting event in the world.[3] The Tour, the Giro and the Road World Cycling Championship make up the Triple Crown of Cycling.

The three Grand Tours are men's events, and as of 2023, no three week races currently exist on the women's road cycling circuit. The Vuelta Femenina, Giro d'Italia Women and Tour de France Femmes are sometimes considered to be equivalent races for women – taking place over shorter, smaller routes around a week in length. The Vuelta Femenina was first held under that name in 2023, the Giro d'Italia Women was first held in 1988, and various women's Tour de France events have taken place since 1984 – with the Tour de France Femmes having its first edition in 2022.

Description

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In their current form, the Grand Tours are held over three consecutive weeks and typically include two rest days near the beginning of the second and third weeks. If the opening stages are in a country not neighbouring the home nation of the race, there is sometimes an additional rest day after the opening weekend to allow for transfers. The stages are a mix of long massed start races (sometimes including mountain and hill climbs and descents; others are flat stages favoring those with a sprint finish) and individual and team time trials. Stages in the Grand Tours are generally under 200 kilometres in length.

UCI rules regarding 'Grand Tours'

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Grand Tour events have specific rules and criteria as part of Union Cycliste Internationale (UCI) regulations. For the UCI World Tour, more points are given in grand tours than in other races; the winner of the Tour de France receives 1000 points, and the winners of the Giro and Vuelta receive 850 points. Depending on the nature of other races, points vary for the winner of the overall classification[1] The grand tours have a special status for the length: they are allowed to last between 15 and 23 days – whereas other stage races are not allowed to last longer than 14 days.[2]

Teams

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Historically, controversy surrounds which teams are invited to the event by the organiser. Typically, the UCI prefers top-rated professional teams to enter, while operators of the Grand Tours often want teams based in their country or those unlikely to cause controversy. Between 2005 and 2007, organisers had to accept all ProTour teams, leaving only two wildcard teams per Tour. However, the Unibet team, a ProTour team normally guaranteed entry, was banned from the three Grand Tours for violating gambling advertising laws. In 2008, following numerous doping scandals, some teams were refused entry to the Grand Tours: Astana did not compete at the 2008 Tour de France and Team Columbia did not compete at the 2008 Vuelta a España.

Since 2011, under the UCI World Tour rules, all UCI WorldTeams are guaranteed a place in all three events, and obliged to participate, and the organisers are free to invite wildcard teams of UCI ProContinental status to make up the 22 teams that usually compete.[citation needed]

In 2023, Team Jumbo–Visma riders Primož Roglič, Jonas Vingegaard and Sepp Kuss won the Giro, Tour and Vuelta respectively, making the team the first to win all three Grand Tours in a single calendar year.[4]

Competitions

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The main competition is the individual general classification, decided on aggregate time (sometimes after allowance of time bonuses). There are also classifications for teams and young riders, and based on climbing and sprinting points, and other minor competitions. Five riders have won three individual classifications open to all riders (general, mountains, young and points classifications) in the same race: Eddy Merckx in the 1968 Giro d'Italia and 1969 Tour de France and 1973 Vuelta a España, Tony Rominger in the 1993 Vuelta a España, Laurent Jalabert in the 1995 Vuelta a España, Marco Pantani in the 1998 Giro d'Italia, and Tadej Pogačar in the 2020 Tour de France and 2021 Tour de France.

Riders

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It is rare for cyclists to ride all grand tours in the same year; in 2004, 474 cyclists started in at least one of the grand tours, 68 of them rode two Grand Tours and only two cyclists started in all three grand tours.[5] It is not unusual for sprinters to start each of the Grand Tours and aim for stage wins before the most difficult stages occur. Alessandro Petacchi and Mark Cavendish started all three Grand Tours in 2010 and 2011, respectively, as did some of their preferred support riders. For both riders in both years, only the Tour de France was ridden to its conclusion.

Over the years, 34 riders have completed all three Grand Tours in one year: Adam Hansen did so six years in a row. The only riders to have finished in the top 10 in each of the three tours during the same year are Raphaël Géminiani in 1955 and Gastone Nencini in 1957.

Riders from the same country winning all three Grand Tours in a single year has happened only on three occasions. It first occurred in 1964 with French riders Jacques Anquetil and Raymond Poulidor, with the second occurrence in 2008 with Spanish riders Alberto Contador and Carlos Sastre. 2018 marked the only time three different riders from the same country won all three Tours, these being British riders Chris Froome, Geraint Thomas and Simon Yates.

On four occasions, each of the three Grand Tours in the same year was won by a home rider, that is, an Italian winning the Giro, a Frenchman winning the Tour and a Spaniard winning the Vuelta. The last occasion this occurred was 1975.

Women's Grand Tour events

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As of 2024, no three week races currently exist on the women's road cycling circuit. Historically, women have participated in three week long stages races, with various women's Tour de France events taking place since 1984.[6][7] In the contemporary UCI Women's World Tour, the Giro d'Italia Women (first held in 1988), the Tour de France Femmes (first held in 2022) and the Vuelta Femenina (started in 2015, gaining its current name in 2023) are sometimes considered to be equivalent races for women – taking place over shorter, smaller routes around a week in length.[8][9] The Vuelta Femenina takes place in May, the Giro d'Italia Women is generally run in late June / early July and the Tour de France Femmes is held in late July following the men's Tour de France.

Some media and teams have referred to these women's events as Grand Tours, as they are the biggest events in the women's calendar.[10][9][11] However, they are not three week stage races, they do not have a special status in the rules and regulations of cycling (such as more points in the UCI Women's World Tour, or allowing an increased number of stages),[12][13] and some have argued that the races need to visit high mountains (such as the Alps) or contain time trial stages to be considered an equivalent event.[10][14]

Campaign groups such as Le Tour Entier and The Cyclists' Alliance continue to push organisers and the UCI to allow for longer stage races for women,[13] as well as to improve the quality and economic stability of the women's peloton to allow for three week long races in future.[14][15]

General Classification winners

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Wins per year

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Legend
Rider won 3 Grand Tours in the same year
Rider won 2 Grand Tours in the same year
Flag icon key: List of National Flags
Year   Giro d'Italia   Tour de France   Vuelta a España
1903 started in 1909   Maurice Garin (1/1) started in 1935
1904   Henri Cornet (1/1)
1905   Louis Trousselier (1/1)
1906   René Pottier (1/1)
1907   Lucien Petit-Breton (1/2)
1908   Lucien Petit-Breton (2/2)
1909   Luigi Ganna (1/1)   François Faber (1/1)
1910   Carlo Galetti (1/3)   Octave Lapize (1/1)
1911   Carlo Galetti (2/3)   Gustave Garrigou (1/1)
1912   Team Atala (Carlo Galetti (3/3),
Giovanni Micheletto (1/1) & Eberardo Pavesi (1/1))
  Odile Defraye (1/1)
1913   Carlo Oriani (1/1)   Philippe Thys (1/3)
1914   Alfonso Calzolari (1/1)   Philippe Thys (2/3)
1915 Not contested during World War I
1916
1917
1918
1919   Costante Girardengo (1/2)   Firmin Lambot (1/2)
1920   Gaetano Belloni (1/1)   Philippe Thys (3/3)
1921   Giovanni Brunero (1/3)   Léon Scieur (1/1)
1922   Giovanni Brunero (2/3)   Firmin Lambot (2/2)
1923   Costante Girardengo (2/2)   Henri Pélissier (1/1)
1924   Giuseppe Enrici (1/1)   Ottavio Bottecchia (1/2)
1925   Alfredo Binda (1/5)   Ottavio Bottecchia (2/2)
1926   Giovanni Brunero (3/3)   Lucien Buysse (1/1)
1927   Alfredo Binda (2/5)   Nicolas Frantz (1/2)
1928   Alfredo Binda (3/5)   Nicolas Frantz (2/2)
1929   Alfredo Binda (4/5)   Maurice De Waele (1/1)
1930   Luigi Marchisio (1/1)   André Leducq (1/2)
1931   Francesco Camusso (1/1)   Antonin Magne (1/2)
1932   Antonio Pesenti (1/1)   André Leducq (2/2)
1933   Alfredo Binda (5/5)   Georges Speicher (1/1)
1934   Learco Guerra (1/1)   Antonin Magne (2/2)
1935   Vasco Bergamaschi (1/1)   Romain Maes (1/1)   Gustaaf Deloor (1/2)
1936   Gino Bartali (1/5)   Sylvère Maes (1/2)   Gustaaf Deloor (2/2)
1937   Gino Bartali (2/5)   Roger Lapébie (1/1) Not contested during the Spanish Civil War
1938   Giovanni Valetti (1/2)   Gino Bartali (3/5)
1939   Giovanni Valetti (2/2)   Sylvère Maes (2/2)
1940   Fausto Coppi (1/7) Not contested during World War II
1941 Not contested during World War II   Julián Berrendero (1/2)
1942   Julián Berrendero (2/2)
1943 Not contested during World War II
1944
1945   Delio Rodríguez (1/1)
1946   Gino Bartali (4/5)   Dalmacio Langarica (1/1)
1947   Fausto Coppi (2/7)   Jean Robic (1/1)   Edward Van Dijck (1/1)
1948   Fiorenzo Magni (1/3)   Gino Bartali (5/5)   Bernardo Ruiz (1/1)
1949   Fausto Coppi (3/7)   Fausto Coppi (4/7) Not contested for lack of interest
1950   Hugo Koblet (1/2)   Ferdinand Kübler (1/1)   Emilio Rodríguez (1/1)
1951   Fiorenzo Magni (2/3)   Hugo Koblet (2/2) Not contested for lack of interest
1952   Fausto Coppi (5/7)   Fausto Coppi (6/7)
1953   Fausto Coppi (7/7)   Louison Bobet (1/3)
1954   Carlo Clerici (1/1)   Louison Bobet (2/3)
1955   Fiorenzo Magni (3/3)   Louison Bobet (3/3)   Jean Dotto (1/1)
1956   Charly Gaul (1/3)   Roger Walkowiak (1/1)   Angelo Conterno (1/1)
1957   Gastone Nencini (1/2)   Jacques Anquetil (1/8)   Jesús Loroño (1/1)
1958   Ercole Baldini (1/1)   Charly Gaul (2/3)   Jean Stablinski (1/1)
1959   Charly Gaul (3/3)   Federico Bahamontes (1/1)   Antonio Suárez (1/1)
1960   Jacques Anquetil (2/8)   Gastone Nencini (2/2)   Frans De Mulder (1/1)
1961   Arnaldo Pambianco (1/1)   Jacques Anquetil (3/8)   Angelino Soler (1/1)
1962   Franco Balmamion (1/2)   Jacques Anquetil (4/8)   Rudi Altig (1/1)
1963   Franco Balmamion (2/2)   Jacques Anquetil (6/8)   Jacques Anquetil (5/8)
1964   Jacques Anquetil (7/8)   Jacques Anquetil (8/8)   Raymond Poulidor (1/1)
1965   Vittorio Adorni (1/1)   Felice Gimondi (1/5)   Rolf Wolfshohl (1/1)
1966   Gianni Motta (1/1)   Lucien Aimar (1/1)   Francisco Gabica (1/1)
1967   Felice Gimondi (2/5)   Roger Pingeon (1/2)   Jan Janssen (1/2)
1968   Eddy Merckx (1/11)   Jan Janssen (2/2)   Felice Gimondi (3/5)
1969   Felice Gimondi (4/5)   Eddy Merckx (2/11)   Roger Pingeon (2/2)
1970   Eddy Merckx (3/11)   Eddy Merckx (4/11)   Luis Ocaña (1/2)
1971   Gösta Pettersson (1/1)   Eddy Merckx (5/11)   Ferdinand Bracke (1/1)
1972   Eddy Merckx (6/11)   Eddy Merckx (7/11)   José Manuel Fuente (1/2)
1973   Eddy Merckx (9/11)   Luis Ocaña (2/2)   Eddy Merckx (8/11)
1974   Eddy Merckx (10/11)   Eddy Merckx (11/11)   José Manuel Fuente (2/2)
1975   Fausto Bertoglio (1/1)   Bernard Thévenet (1/2)   Agustín Tamames (1/1)
1976   Felice Gimondi (5/5)   Lucien Van Impe (1/1)   José Pesarrodona (1/1)
1977   Michel Pollentier (1/1)   Bernard Thévenet (2/2)   Freddy Maertens (1/1)
1978   Johan De Muynck (1/1)   Bernard Hinault (2/10)   Bernard Hinault (1/10)
1979   Giuseppe Saronni (1/2)   Bernard Hinault (3/10)   Joop Zoetemelk (1/2)
1980   Bernard Hinault (4/10)   Joop Zoetemelk (2/2)   Faustino Rupérez (1/1)
1981   Giovanni Battaglin (2/2)   Bernard Hinault (5/10)   Giovanni Battaglin (1/2)
1982   Bernard Hinault (6/10)   Bernard Hinault (7/10)   Marino Lejarreta (1/1)
1983   Giuseppe Saronni (2/2)   Laurent Fignon (1/3)   Bernard Hinault (8/10)
1984   Francesco Moser (1/1)   Laurent Fignon (2/3)   Éric Caritoux (1/1)
1985   Bernard Hinault (9/10)   Bernard Hinault (10/10)   Pedro Delgado (1/3)
1986   Roberto Visentini (1/1)   Greg LeMond (1/3)   Álvaro Pino (1/1)
1987   Stephen Roche (1/2)   Stephen Roche (2/2)   Luis Herrera (1/1)
1988   Andrew Hampsten (1/1)   Pedro Delgado (2/3)   Sean Kelly (1/1)
1989   Laurent Fignon (3/3)   Greg LeMond (2/3)   Pedro Delgado (3/3)
1990   Gianni Bugno (1/1)   Greg LeMond (3/3)   Marco Giovannetti (1/1)
1991   Franco Chioccioli (1/1)   Miguel Induráin (1/7)   Melcior Mauri (1/1)
1992   Miguel Induráin (2/7)   Miguel Induráin (3/7)   Tony Rominger (1/4)
1993   Miguel Induráin (4/7)   Miguel Induráin (5/7)   Tony Rominger (2/4)
1994   Eugeni Berzin (1/1)   Miguel Induráin (6/7)   Tony Rominger (3/4)
1995   Tony Rominger (4/4)   Miguel Induráin (7/7)   Laurent Jalabert (1/1)
1996   Pavel Tonkov (1/1)   Bjarne Riis (1/1)   Alex Zülle (1/2)
1997   Ivan Gotti (1/2)   Jan Ullrich (1/2)   Alex Zülle (2/2)
1998   Marco Pantani (1/2)   Marco Pantani (2/2)   Abraham Olano (1/1)
1999   Ivan Gotti (2/2) No winner[A]   Jan Ullrich (2/2)
2000   Stefano Garzelli (1/1) No winner[A]   Roberto Heras (1/4)
2001   Gilberto Simoni (1/2) No winner[A]   Ángel Casero (1/1)
2002   Paolo Savoldelli (1/2) No winner[A]   Aitor González (1/1)
2003   Gilberto Simoni (2/2) No winner[A]   Roberto Heras (2/4)
2004   Damiano Cunego (1/1) No winner[A]   Roberto Heras (3/4)
2005   Paolo Savoldelli (2/2) No winner[A]   Roberto Heras (4/4)
2006   Ivan Basso (1/2)   Óscar Pereiro (1/1)[16]   Alexander Vinokourov (1/1)
2007   Danilo Di Luca (1/1)   Alberto Contador (1/7)   Denis Menchov (1/2)
2008   Alberto Contador (2/7)   Carlos Sastre (1/1)   Alberto Contador (3/7)
2009   Denis Menchov (2/2)   Alberto Contador (4/7)   Alejandro Valverde (1/1)
2010   Ivan Basso (2/2)   Andy Schleck (1/1)   Vincenzo Nibali (1/4)
2011   Michele Scarponi (1/1)   Cadel Evans (1/1)   Chris Froome (1/7)[16]
2012   Ryder Hesjedal (1/1)   Bradley Wiggins (1/1)   Alberto Contador (5/7)
2013   Vincenzo Nibali (2/4)   Chris Froome (2/7)   Chris Horner (1/1)
2014   Nairo Quintana (1/2)   Vincenzo Nibali (3/4)   Alberto Contador (6/7)
2015   Alberto Contador (7/7)   Chris Froome (3/7)   Fabio Aru (1/1)
2016   Vincenzo Nibali (4/4)   Chris Froome (4/7)   Nairo Quintana (2/2)
2017   Tom Dumoulin (1/1)   Chris Froome (5/7)   Chris Froome (6/7)
2018   Chris Froome (7/7)   Geraint Thomas (1/1)   Simon Yates (1/1)
2019   Richard Carapaz (1/1)   Egan Bernal (1/2)   Primož Roglič (1/4)
2020   Tao Geoghegan Hart (1/1)   Tadej Pogačar (1/4)   Primož Roglič (2/4)
2021   Egan Bernal (2/2)   Tadej Pogačar (2/4)   Primož Roglič (3/4)
2022   Jai Hindley (1/1)   Jonas Vingegaard (1/2)   Remco Evenepoel (1/1)
2023   Primož Roglič (4/4)   Jonas Vingegaard (2/2)   Sepp Kuss (1/1)
2024   Tadej Pogačar (3/4)   Tadej Pogačar (4/4) 2024 Vuelta a España
Year   Giro d'Italia   Tour de France   Vuelta a España

A. a b c d e f g Lance Armstrong was declared the winner of seven consecutive Tours from 1999 to 2005. However, on 22 October 2012, he was stripped of all his titles by the UCI for his use of performance-enhancing drugs. The organizers of the Tour de France announced that the winner's slot would remain empty in the record books, rather than transfer the win to the second-place finishers each year.[17]

Wins per rider

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Rank Rider Total Giro Tour Vuelta
1   Eddy Merckx 11 5 (1968, 1970, 1972, 1973, 1974) 5 (1969, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1974) 1 (1973)
2   Bernard Hinault 10 3 (1980, 1982, 1985) 5 (1978, 1979, 1981, 1982, 1985) 2 (1978, 1983)
3   Jacques Anquetil 8 2 (1960, 1964) 5 (1957, 1961, 1962, 1963, 1964) 1 (1963)
4   Fausto Coppi 7 5 (1940, 1947, 1949, 1952, 1953) 2 (1949, 1952)
  Miguel Indurain 7 2 (1992, 1993) 5 (1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995)
  Alberto Contador 7 2 (2008, 2015) 2 (2007, 2009) 3 (2008, 2012, 2014)
  Chris Froome 7 1 (2018) 4 (2013, 2015, 2016, 2017) 2 (2011, 2017)
8   Alfredo Binda 5 5 (1925, 1927, 1928, 1929, 1933)
  Gino Bartali 5 3 (1936, 1937, 1946) 2 (1938, 1948)
  Felice Gimondi 5 3 (1967, 1969, 1976) 1 (1965) 1 (1968)
11   Tony Rominger 4 1 (1995) 3 (1992, 1993, 1994)
  Roberto Heras 4 4 (2000, 2003, 2004, 2005)
  Vincenzo Nibali 4 2 (2013, 2016) 1 (2014) 1 (2010)
  Primož Roglič 4 1 (2023) 3 (2019, 2020, 2021)
  Tadej Pogacar 4 1 (2024) 3 (2020, 2021, 2024)
  • Active riders marked in bold.

Wins by country

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Grand Tour general classification wins by country
Country Giro Tour Vuelta Total
  Italy 69 10 6 85
  France 6 36 9 51
  Spain 4 12 32 48
  Belgium 7 18 8 33
  Great Britain 2 6 3 11
   Switzerland 3 2 5 10
  Slovenia 2 3 3 8
  Luxembourg 2 5 0 7
  United States 1 3 2 6
  Netherlands 1 2 2 5
  Colombia 2 1 2 5
  Germany 0 1 3 4
  Russia 3 0 1 4
  Denmark 0 3 0 3
  Ireland 1 1 1 3
  Australia 1 1 0 2
  Sweden 1 0 0 1
  Canada 1 0 0 1
  Ecuador 1 0 0 1
  Kazakhstan 0 0 1 1

Winners of all three Grand Tours

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Seven cyclists have won all three of the Grand Tours during their career:[18]

Rider Total Giro Tour Vuelta
  Jacques Anquetil 8 2 (1960, 1964) 5 (1957, 1961, 1962, 1963, 1964) 1 (1963)
  Felice Gimondi 5 3 (1967, 1969, 1976) 1 (1965) 1 (1968)
  Eddy Merckx 11 5 (1968, 1970, 1972, 1973, 1974) 5 (1969, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1974) 1 (1973)
  Bernard Hinault 10 3 (1980, 1982, 1985) 5 (1978, 1979, 1981, 1982, 1985) 2 (1978, 1983)
  Alberto Contador 7 2 (2008, 2015) 2 (2007, 2009) 3 (2008, 2012, 2014)
  Vincenzo Nibali 4 2 (2013, 2016) 1 (2014) 1 (2010)
  Chris Froome 7 1 (2018) 4 (2013, 2015, 2016, 2017) 2 (2011, 2017)

Hinault and Contador are the only cyclists to have won each Grand Tour at least twice.

Winners of three or more consecutive Grand Tours

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Winners of multiple Grand Tours in a single year

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No rider has won all three Grand Tours in a single year in any classification (general, points, mountain, young rider). Few riders have even finished all three in a single year; of those who have, two finished in the top ten in each: Raphaël Géminiani (4th, 6th and 3rd in the Giro, Tour and Vuelta in 1955) and Gastone Nencini (1st, 6th and 9th in 1957).

Eleven riders have achieved a double by winning two grand tours in the same calendar year.[18]

Of the above ten, Pantani, Roche and Battaglin's doubles were their only Grand Tour victories in their careers.

Smallest margin between 1st and 2nd placed rider

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The margins between the winner of a Grand Tour and the runner-up are often narrow, and rarely larger than a few minutes.

As of 2021, there have been 54 Grand Tours with a winning margin less than one minute. The smallest margins are as follows:

Rank Winner Time Runner-up Margin Race
1   Éric Caritoux 90h 08' 03""   Alberto Fernández +00h 00' 06" Vuelta a España (1984)
2   Greg LeMond 87h 38' 35"   Laurent Fignon +00h 00' 08" Tour de France (1989)
3   José Manuel Fuente 86h 48' 18"   Joaquim Agostinho +00h 00' 11" Vuelta a España (1974)
  Fiorenzo Magni 124h 51' 52"   Ezio Cecchi Giro d'Italia (1948)
5   Eddy Merckx 113h 08' 13"   Gianbattista Baronchelli +00h 00' 12" Giro d'Italia (1974)
6   Angelo Conterno 105h 37' 52"   Jesús Loroño +00h 00' 13" Vuelta a España (1956)
  Fiorenzo Magni 108h 56' 12"   Fausto Coppi Giro d'Italia (1955)
8   Augustín Tamames 88h 00" 56'   Domingo Perurena +00h 00' 14" Vuelta a España (1975)
  Primož Roglič 85h 29" 02'   Geraint Thomas Giro d'Italia (2023)
10   Ryder Hesjedal 91h 39' 02"   Joaquim Rodríguez +00h 00' 16" Giro d'Italia (2012)

The biggest winning margin in a Grand Tour was 2h 59' 21" in Maurice Garin's win at the first Tour de France in 1903. The biggest margin in the history of Giro d'Italia was in 1914 when Alfonso Calzolari won by 1h 57' 26", and the biggest margin in the history of Vuelta a España was in 1945 when Delio Rodríguez finished 30' 08" clear.

Points classification winners

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The Tour/Giro/Vuelta triple has been achieved by five riders – Djamolidine Abdoujaparov, Mark Cavendish, Laurent Jalabert, Eddy Merckx and Alessandro Petacchi.

Rank Rider Total Giro Tour Vuelta
1   Erik Zabel 9 0 6 (1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001) 3 (2002, 2003, 2004)
2   Sean Kelly 8 0 4 (1982, 1983, 1985, 1989) 4 (1980, 1985, 1986, 1988)
  Peter Sagan 8 1 (2021) 7 (2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2018, 2019) 0
4   Laurent Jalabert 7 1 (1999) 2 (1992, 1995) 4 (1994, 1995, 1996, 1997)
5   Eddy Merckx 6 2 (1968, 1973) 3 (1969, 1971, 1972) 1 (1973)

Mountains classification winners

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The Tour/Giro/Vuelta triple has been achieved by two riders – Federico Bahamontes and Luis Herrera.

Rank Rider Total Giro Tour Vuelta
1   Gino Bartali 9 7 (1935, 1936, 1937, 1939, 1940, 1946, 1947) 2 (1938, 1948) 0
  Federico Bahamontes 9 1 (1956) 6 (1954, 1958, 1959, 1962, 1963, 1964) 2 (1957, 1958)
3   Lucien Van Impe 8 2 (1982, 1983) 6 (1971, 1972, 1975, 1977, 1981, 1983) 0
4   Richard Virenque 7 0 7 (1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1999, 2003, 2004) 0
5   Julio Jiménez 6 0 3 (1965, 1966, 1967) 3 (1963, 1964, 1965)

Young rider classification winners

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The Tour/Giro double has been achieved by three riders – Egan Bernal, Nairo Quintana and Andy Schleck. The Giro/Vuelta double has been achieved by one rider – Miguel Ángel López. The Tour/Vuelta double has been achieved by one rider – Tadej Pogačar.

Rank Rider Total Giro Tour Vuelta
1   Tadej Pogačar 5 0 4 (2020, 2021, 2022, 2023) 1 (2019)
2   Andy Schleck 4 1 (2007) 3 (2008, 2009, 2010) 0
3   Jan Ullrich 3 0 3 (1996, 1997, 1998) 0
  Nairo Quintana 3 1 (2014) 2 (2013, 2015) 0
  Miguel Ángel López 3 2 (2018, 2019) 0 1 (2017)

Grand Tour stage wins

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Three cyclists have won stages in all three of the Grand Tours in the same season: Miguel Poblet in 1956, Pierino Baffi in 1958 and Alessandro Petacchi in 2003.[19] The rider with the most Grand Tour stage wins in one season is Freddy Maertens who won 20 stages in 1977: 13 in the Vuelta a España and 7 in the Giro d'Italia.

Cyclists whose names are in bold are still active.
This list is complete up to and including the 2024 Tour de France.[20]
Rank Rider Total Giro Tour Vuelta Years
1   Eddy Merckx 64 24 34 6 1967–1975
2   Mario Cipollini 57 42 12 3 1989–2003
3   Mark Cavendish 55 17 35 3 2008–2024
4   Alessandro Petacchi 48 22 6 20 2000–2011
5   Alfredo Binda 43 41 2 0 1925–1933
6   Bernard Hinault 41 6 28 7 1978–1986
7   Learco Guerra 39 31 8 0 1930–1937
  Delio Rodríguez 39 0 0 39 1941–1947
9   Rik Van Looy 37 12 7 18 1958–1969
10   Freddy Maertens 35 7 15 13 1976–1981
11   Fausto Coppi 31 22 9 0 1940–1955
12   Costante Girardengo 30 30 0 0 1919–1923
13   Gino Bartali 29 17 12 0 1935–1954
14   Marino Basso 27 15 6 6 1969–1975
  Francesco Moser 27 23 2 2 1973–1986
16   Guido Bontempi 26 16 6 4 1981–1993
  Raffaele Di Paco 26 15 11 0 1930–1938
  Miguel Poblet 26 20 3 3 1955–1961
  Tadej Pogačar 26 6 17 3 2019–2024
  Giuseppe Saronni 26 24 0 2 1978–1985
21   Franco Bitossi 25 21 4 0 1964–1975
  Laurent Jalabert 25 3 4 18 1992–2001
  André Leducq 25 0 25 0 1927–1938
  Rik Van Steenbergen 25 15 4 6 1949–1957
25   Roger De Vlaeminck 24 22 1 1 1970–1984
  Robbie McEwen 24 12 12 0 1999–2007
27   André Darrigade 23 1 22 0 1953–1964
28   Jacques Anquetil 22 5 16 1 1957–1964
  André Greipel 22 7 11 4 2008–2017
  Jean Paul van Poppel 22 4 9 9 1986–1994

Grand Tour finishers

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Only 35 riders have finished all three Grand Tours in one season. Adam Hansen has done this six times consecutively, Marino Lejarreta four times and Bernardo Ruiz achieved it in three different years, while Eduardo Chozas and Carlos Sastre have completed the accomplishment twice.[21][22]

The rider with most participations on Grand Tours is Matteo Tosatto with 34 (12 Tours, 13 Giros and 9 Vueltas). The rider who has finished most Grand Tours is also Matteo Tosatto, with 28 (12 Tours, 11 Giros and 5 Vueltas). Adam Hansen has finished the most consecutive Grand Tours: 20 tours from 2011 Vuelta a España till 2018 Giro d'Italia. Bernardo Ruiz was the first rider to ride every tour of a season on three occasions which he completed in 1957. Marino Lejarreta completed every grand tour of the season for the 4th time in 1991 and of these 12 tours he finished in the top 10 of eight of them. His record of 4 was not passed until Adam Hansen completed the Vuelta in 2016.

Gastone Nencini (1957) and Sepp Kuss (2023) are the only cyclists to both ride all three Grand Tours and win one in the same season. The best average finish was the first time three Grand Tours were finished in one season, when Raphaël Géminiani finished 4th, 6th and 3rd in the Giro, Tour and Vuelta, respectively.

Rider Year Final GC position
Giro Tour Vuelta
  Sepp Kuss 2023 14 12 1
  Thomas De Gendt 2019 51 60 56
  Adam Hansen (6) 2017 93 113 95
  Alejandro Valverde 2016 3 6 12
  Adam Hansen (5) 2016 68 100 110
  Sylvain Chavanel 2015 36 54 47
  Adam Hansen (4) 2015 77 114 55
  Adam Hansen (3) 2014 73 64 53
  Adam Hansen (2) 2013 72 72 60
  Adam Hansen 2012 94 81 123
  Sebastian Lang 2011 56 113 77
  Carlos Sastre (2) 2010 8 20 8
  Julian Dean 2009 136 121 132
  Marzio Bruseghin 2008 3 27 10
  Erik Zabel 2008 80 43 49
  Mario Aerts 2007 20 70 28
  Carlos Sastre 2006 43 4 4
  Giovanni Lombardi 2005 88 118 114
  Jon Odriozola 2001 58 69 83
  Mariano Piccoli 1999 38 50 58
  Guido Bontempi 1992 40 75 62
  Neil Stephens 1992 57 74 66
  Eduardo Chozas (2) 1991 10 11 11
  Marco Giovannetti 1991 8 30 18
  Marino Lejarreta (4) 1991 5 53 3
  Inaki Gaston 1991 23 61 14
  Alberto Leanizbarrutia 1991 64 39 44
  Vladimir Poulnikov 1991 11 88 66
  Valerio Tebaldi 1991 47 89 87
  Eduardo Chozas 1990 11 6 33
  Marino Lejarreta (3) 1990 7 5 55
  Marino Lejarreta (2) 1989 10 5 20
  Luis Javier Lukin 1988 32 82 60
  Marino Lejarreta 1987 4 10 34
  Philippe Poissonnier 1985 86 90 66
  José Luis Uribezubia 1971 29 50 27
  Jose Manuel Fuente 1971 39 72 54
  Federico Bahamontes 1958 17 8 6
  Pierino Baffi 1958 23 63 37
  Mario Baroni 1957 74 53 46
  Gastone Nencini 1957 1 6 9
  Bernardo Ruiz (3) 1957 55 24 3
  Arrigo Padovan 1956 12 26 19
  Bernardo Ruiz (2) 1956 38 70 31
  José Serra 1956 26 81 9
  Raphaël Géminiani 1955 4 6 3
  Bernardo Ruiz 1955 28 22 14
  Louis Caput 1955 68 54 55

References

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  1. ^ a b c "UCI Cycling regulations—Part 2: Road Races" (PDF). January 1, 2017. p. 64. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-07-12. Retrieved 2017-07-06.
  2. ^ a b "UCI Cycling regulations". p. 41. Archived from the original on 2011-06-23. Retrieved 2012-07-20.
  3. ^ McMahon, Daniel. "Tour de France, world's biggest annual sporting event, is an amazing race and breathtaking logistical feat". Business Insider.
  4. ^ "Kuss crowned Vuelta champion as Jumbo-Visma make history". france24.com. 17 September 2023. Archived from the original on 18 September 2023. Retrieved 18 May 2024.
  5. ^ Riche, Antoine (19 March 2005). "Doubler deux Grands Tours revient à la mode" (in French). CyclisMag. Archived from the original on 20 November 2010. Retrieved 11 November 2010.
  6. ^ "Why is there no women's Tour de France?". BBC Sport. 16 July 2018. Retrieved 2022-02-15.
  7. ^ Macur, Juliet; Jaques, Monique (27 July 2022). "For Women's Cyclists, It's a Steep Climb to Tour Equality". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 1 August 2022.
  8. ^ Rogers, Owen (2020-11-19). "Giro Rosa: fading glory". cyclingnews.com. Retrieved 2022-08-04.
  9. ^ a b Goldman, Tom (22 July 2022). "After more than 30 years, a multiday women's Tour de France is back". NPR.org. Retrieved 2022-08-04. After the Tour de France femmes avec Zwift announced its record $250,000 purse, another women's grand tour event, the Giro d'Italia Donne, matched the Tour's prize money amount.
  10. ^ a b Frattini, Kirsten; Price, Matilda (2022-08-02). "9 conclusions from historic 2022 Tour de France Femmes avec Zwift". cyclingnews.com. Retrieved 2022-08-04.
  11. ^ "All info on the 2022 Giro Donne, the first women's Grand Tour of the year for the Movistar Team | Movistar Team". Movistar Team. 2022-06-18. Retrieved 2022-08-04.
  12. ^ "UCI CYCLING REGULATIONS PART 2 ROAD RACES" (PDF). Union Cycliste Internationale. 1 April 2022. p. 59. Retrieved 4 August 2022. Elite women world circuit The duration of events ... is limited to 6 days unless an exemption is made by the UCI Management Committee
  13. ^ a b Frattini, Kirsten (16 October 2021). "A closer look reveals the inequity at Tour de France Femmes". cyclingnews.com. Retrieved 28 February 2022.
  14. ^ a b Rogers, Owen (2022-07-31). "Seven woman teams a possibility at the 2023 Tour de France Femmes". cyclingweekly.com. Retrieved 2022-08-01.
  15. ^ Ostlere, Lawrence (22 July 2022). "Why the inaugural Tour de France Femmes 'changes everything'". The Independent. Retrieved 23 July 2022. I think if you asked everyone in the peloton what's more important, the prize money or the TV coverage, I think most would say TV coverage.
  16. ^ a b Later declared the legitimate winner
  17. ^ "The History of Tour de France". letour.fr.
  18. ^ a b "Historical Results – The Grand Tours". Retrieved 2012-07-20.
  19. ^ "Petacchi equals Poblet and Baffi". cyclingnews.com. September 9, 2003.
  20. ^ "Most stage wins". Pro Cycling Stats.
  21. ^ L'impresa di Adam Hansen: completati Giro, Tour e Vuelta in un anno, Spazio Ciclismo, 9. sept. 2012
  22. ^ "Tour Xtra: Tour Records". cvccbike.com.