1983 Tour de France
The 1983 Tour de France was the 70th edition of the Tour de France, run from 1 to 24 July, with 22 stages and a prologue covering a total distance of 3,809 km (2,367 mi) The race was won by French rider Laurent Fignon. Sean Kelly of Ireland won the points classification, and Lucien Van Impe of Belgium won the mountains classification.
Route of the 1983 Tour de France
|Stages||22 + Prologue|
|Distance||3,809 km (2,367 mi)|
|Winning time||105h 07' 52"|
The Tour organisation wanted to globalize cycling by having cyclist from the Eastern Bloc in the Tour. Because they only rode as amateurs, the 1983 Tour was also opened for amateur teams. In the end, only the Colombian and Portuguese national amateur teams applied for a place, and the Portuguese team later withdrew. The 1983 Tour started with 140 cyclists, divided into 14 teams of 10 cyclists.
The teams entering the race were:
Route and stagesEdit
The 1983 Tour de France started on 1 July, and had one rest day, after the finish on the Alpe d'Huez.
|P||1 July||Fontenay-sous-Bois||6 km (3.7 mi)||Individual time trial||Eric Vanderaerden (BEL)|
|1||2 July||Nogent-sur-Marne to Créteil||163 km (101 mi)||Plain stage||Frits Pirard (NED)|
|2||3 July||Soissons to Fontaine-au-Pire||100 km (62 mi)||Team time trial||COOP–Mercier–Mavic|
|3||4 July||Valenciennes to Roubaix||152 km (94 mi)||Hilly stage||Rudy Matthijs (BEL)|
|4||5 July||Roubaix to Le Havre||300 km (190 mi)||Plain stage||Serge Demierre (SUI)|
|5||6 July||Le Havre to Le Mans||257 km (160 mi)||Plain stage||Dominique Gaigne (FRA)|
|6||7 July||Châteaubriant to Nantes||58 km (36 mi)||Individual time trial||Bert Oosterbosch (NED)|
|7||8 July||Nantes to Île d'Oléron||216 km (134 mi)||Plain stage||Riccardo Magrini (ITA)|
|8||9 July||La Rochelle to Bordeaux||222 km (138 mi)||Plain stage||Bert Oosterbosch (NED)|
|9||10 July||Bordeaux to Pau||207 km (129 mi)||Plain stage||Philippe Chevallier (FRA)|
|10||11 July||Pau to Bagnères-de-Luchon||201 km (125 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Robert Millar (GBR)|
|11||12 July||Bagnères-de-Luchon to Fleurance||177 km (110 mi)||Plain stage||Régis Clère (FRA)|
|12||13 July||Fleurance to Roquefort-sur-Soulzon||261 km (162 mi)||Plain stage||Kim Andersen (DEN)|
|13||14 July||Roquefort-sur-Soulzon to Aurillac||210 km (130 mi)||Hilly stage||Henk Lubberding (NED)|
|14||15 July||Aurillac to Issoire||149 km (93 mi)||Hilly stage||Pierre Le Bigaut (FRA)|
|15||16 July||Clermont-Ferrand to Puy de Dôme||16 km (9.9 mi)||Individual time trial||Ángel Arroyo (ESP)|
|16||17 July||Issoire to Saint-Étienne||144 km (89 mi)||Hilly stage||Michel Laurent (FRA)|
|17||18 July||La Tour-du-Pin to Alpe d'Huez||223 km (139 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Peter Winnen (NED)|
|19 July||Alpe d'Huez||Rest day|
|18||20 July||Le Bourg-d'Oisans to Morzine||247 km (153 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Jacques Michaud (FRA)|
|19||21 July||Morzine to Avoriaz||15 km (9.3 mi)||Individual time trial||Lucien Van Impe (BEL)|
|20||22 July||Morzine to Dijon||291 km (181 mi)||Plain stage||Philippe Leleu (FRA)|
|21||23 July||Dijon||50 km (31 mi)||Individual time trial||Laurent Fignon (FRA)|
|22||24 July||Alfortville to Paris (Champs-Élysées)||195 km (121 mi)||Plain stage||Gilbert Glaus (SUI)|
|Total||3,809 km (2,367 mi)|
In 1983, Fignon was a part of the team that helped Bernard Hinault to win the 1983 Vuelta a España. Guimard did not want to send Fignon to the Tour de France, because two grand tours could be too much for a 22-year-old rider. When Hinault, winner of four of five previous Tours, announced that he would not start due to injury, the Renault team was without a team captain. Fignon was added to the 1983 Tour de France selection for the Renault team, and the team decided to go for stage wins, with hopes of having Fignon or Marc Madiot compete for the young rider classification. After stage nine, the first mountain stage, Fignon was in second place, behind Pascal Simon, and he was allowed to be team leader. In the eleventh stage, Simon crashed and broke his shoulder blade. Simon continued, and only lost little time the next stages. In the fifteenth stage, a mountain time trial, Fignon was able to win back so much time that he was within one minute of Simon.
In the seventeenth stage, Simon had to give up, and Fignon became the new leader. In the next stages, Fignon was able to answer all attacks from his opponents, and he even won the time trial in the 21st stage. At 22 years old, Fignon was the youngest man to win the Tour since 1933.
Fignon later said that he was lucky to have won the 1983 Tour: if Hinault would have been present, Fignon would have helped Hinault, as Hinault was the team leader.
There were several classifications in the 1983 Tour de France, four of them awarding jerseys to their leaders. The most important was the general classification, calculated by adding each cyclist's finishing times on each stage. The cyclist with the least accumulated time was the race leader, identified by the yellow jersey; the winner of this classification is considered the winner of the Tour.
Additionally, there was a points classification, where cyclists got points for finishing among the best in a stage finish, or in intermediate sprints. The cyclist with the most points lead the classification, and was identified with a green jersey.
There was also a mountains classification. The organisation had categorised some climbs as either hors catégorie, first, second, third, or fourth-category; points for this classification were won by the first cyclists that reached the top of these climbs first, with more points available for the higher-categorised climbs. The cyclist with the most points lead the classification, and wore a white jersey with red polka dots.
Another classification was the young rider classification. This was decided the same way as the general classification, but only riders that rode the Tour for the first time were eligible, and the leader wore a white jersey.
The fifth individual classification was the intermediate sprints classification. This classification had similar rules as the points classification, but only points were awarded on intermediate sprints. In 1983, this classification had no associated jersey.
The team classification changed; in 1982 it was calculated with the times of the best four cyclists in every stage, and in 1983 this changed to the times of the best three cyclists. The riders in the team that lead this classification were identified by yellow caps. There was also a team points classification. Cyclists received points according to their finishing position on each stage, with the first rider receiving one point. The first three finishers of each team had their points combined, and the team with the fewest points led the classification. The riders of the team leading this classification wore green caps.
|Denotes the winner of the general classification||Denotes the winner of the points classification|
|Denotes the winner of the mountains classification||Denotes the winner of the young rider classification|
|1||Laurent Fignon (FRA)||Renault–Elf||105h 07' 52"|
|2||Ángel Arroyo (ESP)||Reynolds||+ 4' 04"|
|3||Peter Winnen (NED)||TI–Raleigh–Campagnolo||+ 4' 09"|
|4||Lucien Van Impe (BEL)||Metauro Mobili–Pinarello||+ 4' 16"|
|5||Robert Alban (FRA)||La Redoute–Motobécane||+ 7' 53"|
|6||Jean-René Bernaudeau (FRA)||Wolber–Spidel||+ 8' 59"|
|7||Sean Kelly (IRE)||Sem–Reydel–Mavic||+ 12' 09"|
|8||Marc Madiot (FRA)||Renault–Elf||+ 14' 55"|
|9||Phil Anderson (AUS)||Peugeot–Shell–Michelin||+ 16' 56"|
|10||Henk Lubberding (NED)||TI–Raleigh–Campagnolo||+ 18' 55"|
|1||Sean Kelly (IRE)||Sem–Reydel–Mavic||360|
|2||Frits Pirard (NED)||Metauro Mobili–Pinarello||144|
|3||Laurent Fignon (FRA)||Renault–Elf||126|
|4||Gilbert Glaus (SUI)||Cilo–Aufina||122|
|5||Pierre Le Bigaut (FRA)||COOP–Mercier–Mavic||103|
|6||Henk Lubberding (NED)||TI–Raleigh–Campagnolo||101|
|7||Phil Anderson (AUS)||Peugeot–Shell–Michelin||97|
|8||Adrie van der Poel (NED)||Jacky Aernoudt–Rossin–Campagnolo||96|
|9||Kim Andersen (DEN)||COOP–Mercier–Mavic||93|
|10||Serge Demierre (SUI)||Cilo–Aufina||84|
|1||Lucien Van Impe (BEL)||Metauro Mobili–Pinarello||272|
|2||José Patrocinio Jiménez (COL)||Varta–Colombia||195|
|3||Robert Millar (GBR)||Peugeot–Shell–Michelin||157|
|4||Pedro Delgado (ESP)||Reynolds||133|
|5||Jean-René Bernaudeau (FRA)||Wolber–Spidel||125|
|6||Ángel Arroyo (ESP)||Reynolds||121|
|7||Jacques Michaud (FRA)||COOP–Mercier–Mavic||117|
|8||Edgar Corredor (COL)||Varta–Colombia||110|
|9||Peter Winnen (NED)||TI–Raleigh–Campagnolo||105|
|10||Laurent Fignon (FRA)||Renault–Elf||94|
Young rider classificationEdit
|1||Laurent Fignon (FRA)||Renault–Elf||105h 07' 52"|
|2||Ángel Arroyo (ESP)||Reynolds||+ 4' 04"|
|3||Stephen Roche (IRE)||Peugeot–Shell–Michelin||+ 21' 30"|
|4||Robert Millar (GBR)||Peugeot–Shell–Michelin||+ 23' 29"|
|5||Pedro Delgado (ESP)||Reynolds||+ 25' 44"|
|6||Edgar Corredor (COL)||Varta–Colombia||+ 26' 08"|
|7||José Patrocinio Jiménez (COL)||Varta–Colombia||+ 28' 05"|
|8||Eric Caritoux (FRA)||Sem–Reydel–Mavic||+ 52' 56"|
|9||Bernard Gavillet (SUI)||Cilo–Aufina||+ 1h 21' 06"|
|10||Philippe Leleu (FRA)||Wolber–Spidel||+ 1h 34' 08"|
|1||Laurent Fignon (FRA)||Renault–Elf||8|
|2||Lucien Van Impe (BEL)||Metauro Mobili–Pinarello||7|
|3||Sean Kelly (IRE)||Sem–Reydel–Mavic||5|
|4||Ángel Arroyo (ESP)||Reynolds||4|
|5||José Patrocinio Jiménez (COL)||Varta–Colombia||4|
|6||Frits Pirard (NED)||Metauro Mobili–Pinarello||4|
|7||Robert Millar (GBR)||Peugeot–Shell–Michelin||3|
|8||Peter Winnen (NED)||TI–Raleigh–Campagnolo||3|
|9||Gilbert Glaus (SUI)||Cilo–Aufina||2|
|10||Pedro Delgado (ESP)||Reynolds||2|
Intermediate sprints classificationEdit
|1||Sean Kelly (IRE)||Sem–Reydel–Mavic||151|
|2||Pierre Le Bigaut (FRA)||COOP–Mercier–Mavic||77|
|3||Laurent Fignon (FRA)||Renault–Elf||54|
|4||Phil Anderson (AUS)||Peugeot–Shell–Michelin||48|
|5||Frits Pirard (NED)||Metauro Mobili–Pinarello||42|
|6||Christian Jourdan (FRA)||La Redoute–Motobécane||40|
|7||Henk Lubberding (NED)||TI–Raleigh–Campagnolo||39|
|8||Serge Demierre (SUI)||Cilo–Aufina||37|
|9||Adri van der Poel (NED)||Jacky Aernoudt–Rossin–Campagnolo||32|
|10||Gilbert Duclos-Lassalle (FRA)||Peugeot–Shell–Michelin||31|
|1||TI–Raleigh–Campagnolo||322h 39' 07"|
|2||COOP–Mercier–Mavic||+ 4' 02"|
|3||Peugeot–Shell–Michelin||+ 9' 03"|
|4||Renault–Elf||+ 36' 39"|
|5||Sem–Reydel–Mavic||+ 40' 13"|
|6||Wolber–Spidel||+ 1h 01' 36"|
|7||Reynolds||+ 1h 19' 11"|
|8||La Redoute–Motobécane||+ 1h 56' 48"|
|9||Cilo–Aufina||+ 2h 04' 47"|
|10||Varta–Colombia||+ 2h 09' 16"|
Team points classificationEdit
- "Alleen Portugese en Colombiaanse amateurs in Ronde van Frankrijk". Amigoe (in Dutch). Koninklijke Bibliotheek. 13 January 1983. p. 6. Retrieved 29 December 2013.
- "70ème Tour de France 1983" [70th Tour de France 1983] (in French). Mémoire du cyclisme. Archived from the original on 15 May 2019. Retrieved 15 May 2019.
- Augendre 2016, p. 74.
- Zwegers, Arian. "Tour de France GC top ten". CVCCBike.com. Archived from the original on 10 June 2009. Retrieved 15 August 2011.
- Augendre 2016, p. 110.
- McGann & McGann 2008, pp. 143–144.
- McGann & McGann 2008, p. 139.
- McGann & McGann 2008, p. 141.
- "Rider biographies: Laurent Fignon". Cycling hall of fame. Archived from the original on 2 September 2010. Retrieved 31 August 2010.
- McGann & McGann 2008, p. 142.
- Pickering, Edward (31 August 2010). "Laurent Fignon: My way or the fairway". Cycling Weekly. IPC Media Ltd. Archived from the original on 2 September 2010. Retrieved 31 August 2010.
- Nauright & Parrish 2012, pp. 452–455.
- Nauright & Parrish 2012, pp. 452–453.
- Nauright & Parrish 2012, pp. 453–454.
- Nauright & Parrish 2012, p. 454.
- Nauright & Parrish 2012, pp. 454–455.
- Nauright & Parrish 2012, p. 455.
- "Dag na dag" [Day to day]. Gazet van Antwerpen (in Dutch). 25 July 1983. p. 21. Archived from the original on 14 February 2019.
- van den Akker, Pieter. "Informatie over de Tour de France van 1983" [Information about the Tour de France from 1983]. TourDeFranceStatistieken.nl (in Dutch). Archived from the original on 2 March 2019. Retrieved 2 March 2019.
- "Clasificaciones". El Mundo Deportivo (in Spanish). 25 July 1983. Retrieved 19 February 2012.
- "Eindklassement" [Final classification]. Leidsch Dagblad (in Dutch). 25 July 1983. p. 10. Retrieved 18 July 2013 – via Regionaal Archief Leiden.
- van den Akker, Pieter. "Stand in het jongerenklassement – Etappe 22" [Standings in the youth classification – Stage 22]. TourDeFranceStatistieken.nl (in Dutch). Archived from the original on 24 April 2019. Retrieved 24 April 2019.
- van den Akker, Pieter. "Combinatieklassement" [Combination classification]. TourDeFranceStatistieken.nl (in Dutch). Archived from the original on 6 March 2019. Retrieved 6 March 2019.
- van den Akker, Pieter. "Sprintdoorkomsten in de Tour de France 1983" [Sprint results in the Tour de France 1983]. TourDeFranceStatistieken.nl (in Dutch). Archived from the original on 25 April 2019. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
- Augendre, Jacques (2016). Guide historique [Historical guide] (PDF). Tour de France (in French). Paris: Amaury Sport Organisation. Archived (PDF) from the original on 17 August 2016. Retrieved 27 October 2016.
- McGann, Bill; McGann, Carol (2008). The Story of the Tour de France: 1965–2007. 2. Indianapolis, IN: Dog Ear Publishing. ISBN 978-1-59858-608-4.
- Nauright, John; Parrish, Charles (2012). Sports Around the World: History, Culture, and Practice. 2. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO. ISBN 978-1-59884-300-2.