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1983 Tour de France

The 1983 Tour de France was the 70th edition of the Tour de France, run from 1 to 24 July, with 22 stages and a prologue covering a total distance of 3,809 km (2,367 mi) The race was won by French rider Laurent Fignon. Sean Kelly of Ireland won the points classification, and Lucien Van Impe of Belgium won the mountains classification.

1983 Tour de France
Route of the 1983 Tour de France
Route of the 1983 Tour de France
Race details
Dates1–24 July
Stages22 + Prologue
Distance3,809 km (2,367 mi)
Winning time105h 07' 52"
Results
Winner  Laurent Fignon (FRA) (Renault–Elf)
  Second  Ángel Arroyo (ESP) (Reynolds)
  Third  Peter Winnen (NED) (TI–Raleigh)

Points  Sean Kelly (IRE) (Sem–Reydel–Mavic)
Mountains  Lucien Van Impe (BEL) (Metauro Mobili–Pinarello)
Youth  Laurent Fignon (FRA) (Renault–Elf)
  Sprints  Sean Kelly (IRE) (Sem–Reydel–Mavic)
  Combativity  Serge Demierre (SUI) (Cilo–Aufina)
  Team TI–Raleigh–Campagnolo
  Team Points TI–Raleigh–Campagnolo
← 1982
1984 →

Contents

TeamsEdit

The Tour organisation wanted to globalize cycling by having cyclist from the Eastern Bloc in the Tour. Because they only rode as amateurs, the 1983 Tour was also opened for amateur teams. In the end, only the Colombian and Portuguese national amateur teams applied for a place,[1] and the Portuguese team later withdrew. The 1983 Tour started with 140 cyclists, divided into 14 teams of 10 cyclists.[2]

The teams entering the race were:[2]

Route and stagesEdit

The 1983 Tour de France started on 1 July, and had one rest day, after the finish on the Alpe d'Huez.[3]

Stage characteristics and winners[2][3][4]
Stage Date Course Distance Type Winner
P 1 July Fontenay-sous-Bois 6 km (3.7 mi)   Individual time trial   Eric Vanderaerden (BEL)
1 2 July Nogent-sur-Marne to Créteil 163 km (101 mi)   Plain stage   Frits Pirard (NED)
2 3 July Soissons to Fontaine-au-Pire 100 km (62 mi)   Team time trial  COOP–Mercier–Mavic
3 4 July Valenciennes to Roubaix 152 km (94 mi)   Hilly stage   Rudy Matthijs (BEL)
4 5 July Roubaix to Le Havre 300 km (190 mi)   Plain stage   Serge Demierre (SUI)
5 6 July Le Havre to Le Mans 257 km (160 mi)   Plain stage   Dominique Gaigne (FRA)
6 7 July Châteaubriant to Nantes 58 km (36 mi)   Individual time trial   Bert Oosterbosch (NED)
7 8 July Nantes to Île d'Oléron 216 km (134 mi)   Plain stage   Riccardo Magrini (ITA)
8 9 July La Rochelle to Bordeaux 222 km (138 mi)   Plain stage   Bert Oosterbosch (NED)
9 10 July Bordeaux to Pau 207 km (129 mi)   Plain stage   Philippe Chevallier (FRA)
10 11 July Pau to Bagnères-de-Luchon 201 km (125 mi)   Stage with mountain(s)   Robert Millar (GBR)
11 12 July Bagnères-de-Luchon to Fleurance 177 km (110 mi)   Plain stage   Régis Clère (FRA)
12 13 July Fleurance to Roquefort-sur-Soulzon 261 km (162 mi)   Plain stage   Kim Andersen (DEN)
13 14 July Roquefort-sur-Soulzon to Aurillac 210 km (130 mi)   Hilly stage   Henk Lubberding (NED)
14 15 July Aurillac to Issoire 149 km (93 mi)   Hilly stage   Pierre Le Bigaut (FRA)
15 16 July Clermont-Ferrand to Puy de Dôme 16 km (9.9 mi)   Individual time trial   Ángel Arroyo (ESP)
16 17 July Issoire to Saint-Étienne 144 km (89 mi)   Hilly stage   Michel Laurent (FRA)
17 18 July La Tour-du-Pin to Alpe d'Huez 223 km (139 mi)   Stage with mountain(s)   Peter Winnen (NED)
19 July Alpe d'Huez Rest day
18 20 July Le Bourg-d'Oisans to Morzine 247 km (153 mi)   Stage with mountain(s)   Jacques Michaud (FRA)
19 21 July Morzine to Avoriaz 15 km (9.3 mi)   Individual time trial   Lucien Van Impe (BEL)
20 22 July Morzine to Dijon 291 km (181 mi)   Plain stage   Philippe Leleu (FRA)
21 23 July Dijon 50 km (31 mi)   Individual time trial   Laurent Fignon (FRA)
22 24 July Alfortville to Paris (Champs-Élysées) 195 km (121 mi)   Plain stage   Gilbert Glaus (SUI)
Total 3,809 km (2,367 mi)[5]

Race overviewEdit

 
Laurent Fignon (pictured at the 1993 Tour), winner of the general classification

In 1983, Fignon was a part of the team that helped Bernard Hinault to win the 1983 Vuelta a España. Guimard did not want to send Fignon to the Tour de France, because two grand tours could be too much for a 22-year-old rider.[6] When Hinault, winner of four of five previous Tours, announced that he would not start due to injury, the Renault team was without a team captain. Fignon was added to the 1983 Tour de France selection for the Renault team, and the team decided to go for stage wins, with hopes of having Fignon or Marc Madiot compete for the young rider classification.[7] After stage nine, the first mountain stage, Fignon was in second place, behind Pascal Simon,[8] and he was allowed to be team leader.[9] In the eleventh stage, Simon crashed and broke his shoulder blade. Simon continued, and only lost little time the next stages. In the fifteenth stage, a mountain time trial, Fignon was able to win back so much time that he was within one minute of Simon.[10]

In the seventeenth stage, Simon had to give up, and Fignon became the new leader. In the next stages, Fignon was able to answer all attacks from his opponents, and he even won the time trial in the 21st stage. At 22 years old, Fignon was the youngest man to win the Tour since 1933.

Fignon later said that he was lucky to have won the 1983 Tour: if Hinault would have been present, Fignon would have helped Hinault, as Hinault was the team leader.[11]

Classification leadershipEdit

There were several classifications in the 1983 Tour de France, four of them awarding jerseys to their leaders. The most important was the general classification, calculated by adding each cyclist's finishing times on each stage. The cyclist with the least accumulated time was the race leader, identified by the yellow jersey; the winner of this classification is considered the winner of the Tour.[12]

Additionally, there was a points classification, where cyclists got points for finishing among the best in a stage finish, or in intermediate sprints. The cyclist with the most points lead the classification, and was identified with a green jersey.[12]

There was also a mountains classification. The organisation had categorized some climbs as either hors catégorie, first, second, third, or fourth-category; points for this classification were won by the first cyclists that reached the top of these climbs first, with more points available for the higher-categorized climbs. The cyclist with the most points lead the classification, and was identified with a polkadot jersey.[12]

The team classification changed; in 1982 it was calculated with the times of the best four cyclists in every stage, and in 1983 this changed to the times of the best three cyclists.[1] The riders in the team that lead this classification wore yellow caps.[13]

Another classification was the young rider classification. This was decided the same way as the general classification, but only riders that rode the Tour for the first time were eligible, and the leader wore a white jersey.[12]

The fifth individual classification was the intermediate sprints classification. This classification had similar rules as the points classification, but only points were awarded on intermediate sprints. In 1983, this classification had no associated jersey.[14]

Final standingsEdit

Legend
  Denotes the winner of the general classification   Denotes the winner of the points classification
  Denotes the winner of the mountains classification   Denotes the winner of the young rider classification

General classificationEdit

Final general classification (1–10)[2]
Rank Rider Team Time
1   Laurent Fignon (FRA)     Renault–Elf 105h 07' 52"
2   Ángel Arroyo (ESP) Reynolds + 4' 04"
3   Peter Winnen (NED) TI–Raleigh–Campagnolo + 4' 09"
4   Lucien Van Impe (BEL)   Metauro Mobili–Pinarello + 4' 16"
5   Robert Alban (FRA) La Redoute–Motobécane + 7' 53"
6   Jean-René Bernaudeau (FRA) Wolber–Spidel + 8' 59"
7   Sean Kelly (IRE)   Sem–Reydel–Mavic + 12' 09"
8   Marc Madiot (FRA) Renault–Elf + 14' 55"
9   Phil Anderson (AUS) Peugeot–Shell–Michelin + 16' 56"
10   Henk Lubberding (NED) TI–Raleigh–Campagnolo + 18' 55"

Points classificationEdit

Final points classification (1–10)[15][16]
Rank Rider Team Points
1   Sean Kelly (IRE)   Sem–Reydel–Mavic 360
2   Frits Pirard (NED) Metauro Mobili–Pinarello 144
3   Laurent Fignon (FRA)     Renault–Elf 126
4   Gilbert Glaus (SUI) Cilo–Aufina 122
5   Pierre Le Bigaut (FRA) COOP–Mercier–Mavic 103
6   Henk Lubberding (NED) TI–Raleigh–Campagnolo 101
7   Phil Anderson (AUS) Peugeot–Shell–Michelin 97
8   Adrie van der Poel (NED) Jacky Aernoudt–Rossin–Campagnolo 96
9   Kim Andersen (DEN) COOP–Mercier–Mavic 93
10   Serge Demierre (SUI) Cilo–Aufina 84

Mountains classificationEdit

Final mountains classification (1–10)[15][16]
Rank Rider Team Points
1   Lucien Van Impe (BEL)   Metauro Mobili–Pinarello 272
2   José Patrocinio Jiménez (COL) Varta–Colombia 195
3   Robert Millar (GBR) Peugeot–Shell–Michelin 157
4   Pedro Delgado (ESP) Reynolds 133
5   Jean-René Bernaudeau (FRA) Wolber–Spidel 125
6   Ángel Arroyo (ESP) Reynolds 121
7   Jacques Michaud (FRA) COOP–Mercier–Mavic 117
8   Edgar Corredor (COL) Varta–Colombia 110
9   Peter Winnen (NED) TI–Raleigh–Campagnolo 105
10   Laurent Fignon (FRA)     Renault–Elf 94

Young rider classificationEdit

Young rider classification (1–5)[15]
Rank Rider Team Time
1   Laurent Fignon (FRA)     Renault–Elf 105h 07' 52"
2   Ángel Arroyo (ESP) Reynolds + 4' 04"
3   Stephen Roche (IRE) Peugeot–Shell–Michelin + 21' 30"
4   Robert Millar (GBR) Peugeot–Shell–Michelin + 23' 29"
5   Pedro Delgado (ESP) Reynolds + 25' 44"

Intermediate sprints classificationEdit

Intermediate sprints classification (1–5)[15]
Rank Rider Team Points
1   Sean Kelly (IRE)   Sem–Reydel–Mavic 151
2   Pierre Le Bigaut (FRA) COOP–Mercier–Mavic 77
3   Laurent Fignon (FRA)     Renault–Elf 54
4   Phil Anderson (AUS) Peugeot–Shell–Michelin 48
5   Frits Pirard (NED) Metauro Mobili–Pinarello 42

Team classificationEdit

Final team classification (1–10)[16]
Rank Team Time
1 TI–Raleigh–Campagnolo 322h 39' 07"
2 COOP–Mercier–Mavic + 4' 02"
3 Peugeot–Shell–Michelin + 9' 03"
4 Renault–Elf + 36' 39"
5 Sem–Reydel–Mavic + 40' 13"
6 Wolber–Spidel + 1h 01' 36"
7 Reynolds + 1h 19' 11"
8 La Redoute–Motobécane + 1h 56' 48"
9 Cilo–Aufina + 2h 04' 47"
10 Varta–Colombia + 2h 09' 16"

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Alleen Portugese en Colombiaanse amateurs in Ronde van Frankrijk". Amigoe (in Dutch). Koninklijke Bibliotheek. 13 January 1983. p. 6. Retrieved 29 December 2013.
  2. ^ a b c d "70ème Tour de France 1983" (in French). Mémoire du cyclisme. Archived from the original on 22 March 2012. Retrieved 26 September 2016.
  3. ^ a b Augendre 2016, p. 74.
  4. ^ Zwegers, Arian. "Tour de France GC Top Ten". CVCCBike.com. Archived from the original on 10 June 2009. Retrieved 15 August 2011.
  5. ^ Augendre 2016, p. 110.
  6. ^ McGann, p. 143–144
  7. ^ McGann, p. 139
  8. ^ McGann, p. 141
  9. ^ "Rider biographies: Laurent Fignon". Cycling hall of fame. Archived from the original on 2 September 2010. Retrieved 31 August 2010.
  10. ^ McGann, p. 142
  11. ^ Pickering, Edward (31 August 2010). "Laurent Fignon: My way or the fairway". Cycling Weekly. IPC Media Ltd. Archived from the original on 2 September 2010. Retrieved 31 August 2010.
  12. ^ a b c d Christian, Sarah (2 July 2009). "Tour de France demystified - Evaluating success". RoadCycling.co.nz Ltd. Archived from the original on 9 February 2013. Retrieved 27 April 2012.
  13. ^ Chauner, David; Halstead, Michael (1990). The Tour de France Complete Book of Cycling. Villard. ISBN 0-679-72936-4. Retrieved 27 April 2012.
  14. ^ Mark, Eddy van der. "Tour Xtra: Intermediate Sprints Classification". Chippewa Valley Cycling Club. Retrieved 27 April 2012.
  15. ^ a b c d "Clasificaciones". El Mundo Deportivo (in Spanish). 25 July 1983. Retrieved 19 February 2012.
  16. ^ a b c "Eindklassement". Leidsch Dagblad (in Dutch). Regionaal Archief Leiden. 25 July 1983. p. 10. Retrieved 18 July 2013.

SourcesEdit

External linksEdit